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Revision 1.135 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Thu Mar 16 17:00:21 2006 UTC (8 years, 4 months ago) by solar
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.134: +2 -3 lines
File MIME type: text/x-csrc
- invert logic for glob64

1 /*
2 * Copyright 2003-2006 Gentoo Foundation
3 * Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
4 * $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo-projects/pax-utils/scanelf.c,v 1.134 2006/03/15 03:20:29 vapier Exp $
5 *
6 * Copyright 2003-2006 Ned Ludd - <solar@gentoo.org>
7 * Copyright 2004-2006 Mike Frysinger - <vapier@gentoo.org>
8 */
9
10 #include "paxinc.h"
11
12 static const char *rcsid = "$Id: scanelf.c,v 1.134 2006/03/15 03:20:29 vapier Exp $";
13 #define argv0 "scanelf"
14
15 #define IS_MODIFIER(c) (c == '%' || c == '#' || c == '+')
16
17 #define do_state(option, flag) \
18 if (islower(option)) { \
19 flags &= ~PF_##flag; \
20 flags |= PF_NO##flag; \
21 } else { \
22 flags &= ~PF_NO##flag; \
23 flags |= PF_##flag; \
24 }
25
26
27 /* prototypes */
28 static int scanelf_elfobj(elfobj *elf);
29 static int scanelf_elf(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len);
30 static int scanelf_archive(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len);
31 static void scanelf_file(const char *filename);
32 static void scanelf_dir(const char *path);
33 static void scanelf_ldpath(void);
34 static void scanelf_envpath(void);
35 static void usage(int status);
36 static void parseargs(int argc, char *argv[]);
37 static char *xstrdup(const char *s);
38 static void *xmalloc(size_t size);
39 static void xstrncat(char **dst, const char *src, size_t *curr_len, size_t n);
40 #define xstrcat(dst,src,curr_len) xstrncat(dst,src,curr_len,0)
41 static inline void xchrcat(char **dst, const char append, size_t *curr_len);
42
43 /* variables to control behavior */
44 static char match_etypes[126] = "";
45 static char *ldpaths[256];
46 static char scan_ldpath = 0;
47 static char scan_envpath = 0;
48 static char scan_symlink = 1;
49 static char scan_archives = 0;
50 static char dir_recurse = 0;
51 static char dir_crossmount = 1;
52 static char show_pax = 0;
53 static char show_phdr = 0;
54 static char show_textrel = 0;
55 static char show_rpath = 0;
56 static char show_needed = 0;
57 static char show_interp = 0;
58 static char show_bind = 0;
59 static char show_soname = 0;
60 static char show_textrels = 0;
61 static char show_banner = 1;
62 static char be_quiet = 0;
63 static char be_verbose = 0;
64 static char be_wewy_wewy_quiet = 0;
65 static char be_semi_verbose = 0;
66 static char *find_sym = NULL, *versioned_symname = NULL;
67 static char *find_lib = NULL;
68 static char *find_section = NULL;
69 static char *out_format = NULL;
70 static char *search_path = NULL;
71 static char fix_elf = 0;
72 static char gmatch = 0;
73 static char use_ldcache = 0;
74
75 int match_bits = 0;
76 caddr_t ldcache = 0;
77 size_t ldcache_size = 0;
78 unsigned long setpax = 0UL;
79
80 /* sub-funcs for scanelf_file() */
81 static void scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elfobj *elf, void **sym, void **tab)
82 {
83 /* find the best SHT_DYNSYM and SHT_STRTAB sections */
84 #define GET_SYMTABS(B) \
85 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
86 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab, *strtab, *dynsym, *dynstr; \
87 /* debug sections */ \
88 symtab = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".symtab")); \
89 strtab = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".strtab")); \
90 /* runtime sections */ \
91 dynsym = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynsym")); \
92 dynstr = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr")); \
93 if (symtab && dynsym) { \
94 *sym = (void*)((EGET(symtab->sh_size) > EGET(dynsym->sh_size)) ? symtab : dynsym); \
95 } else { \
96 *sym = (void*)(symtab ? symtab : dynsym); \
97 } \
98 if (strtab && dynstr) { \
99 *tab = (void*)((EGET(strtab->sh_size) > EGET(dynstr->sh_size)) ? strtab : dynstr); \
100 } else { \
101 *tab = (void*)(strtab ? strtab : dynstr); \
102 } \
103 }
104 GET_SYMTABS(32)
105 GET_SYMTABS(64)
106 }
107
108 static char *scanelf_file_pax(elfobj *elf, char *found_pax)
109 {
110 static char ret[7];
111 unsigned long i, shown;
112
113 if (!show_pax) return NULL;
114
115 shown = 0;
116 memset(&ret, 0, sizeof(ret));
117
118 if (elf->phdr) {
119 #define SHOW_PAX(B) \
120 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
121 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
122 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
123 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
124 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_PAX_FLAGS) \
125 continue; \
126 if (fix_elf && setpax) { \
127 /* set the paxctl flags */ \
128 ESET(phdr[i].p_flags, setpax); \
129 } \
130 if (be_quiet && (EGET(phdr[i].p_flags) == (PF_NOEMUTRAMP | PF_NORANDEXEC))) \
131 continue; \
132 memcpy(ret, pax_short_pf_flags(EGET(phdr[i].p_flags)), 6); \
133 *found_pax = 1; \
134 ++shown; \
135 break; \
136 } \
137 }
138 SHOW_PAX(32)
139 SHOW_PAX(64)
140 }
141
142
143 if (fix_elf && setpax) {
144 /* set the chpax settings */
145 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS32) {
146 if (EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_DYN || EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_EXEC)
147 ESET(EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_ident[EI_PAX], pax_pf2hf_flags(setpax));
148 } else {
149 if (EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_DYN || EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_EXEC)
150 ESET(EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_ident[EI_PAX], pax_pf2hf_flags(setpax));
151 }
152 }
153
154 /* fall back to EI_PAX if no PT_PAX was found */
155 if (!*ret) {
156 static char *paxflags;
157 paxflags = pax_short_hf_flags(EI_PAX_FLAGS(elf));
158 if (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && EI_PAX_FLAGS(elf))) {
159 *found_pax = 1;
160 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : paxflags);
161 }
162 strncpy(ret, paxflags, sizeof(ret));
163 }
164
165 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet || (be_quiet && !shown))
166 return NULL;
167 else
168 return ret;
169 }
170
171 static char *scanelf_file_phdr(elfobj *elf, char *found_phdr, char *found_relro, char *found_load)
172 {
173 static char ret[12];
174 char *found;
175 unsigned long i, shown, multi_stack, multi_relro, multi_load;
176 int max_pt_load;
177
178 if (!show_phdr) return NULL;
179
180 memcpy(ret, "--- --- ---\0", 12);
181
182 shown = 0;
183 multi_stack = multi_relro = multi_load = 0;
184 max_pt_load = elf_max_pt_load(elf);
185
186 #define NOTE_GNU_STACK ".note.GNU-stack"
187 #define SHOW_PHDR(B) \
188 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
189 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
190 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
191 uint32_t flags, check_flags; \
192 if (elf->phdr != NULL) { \
193 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
194 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); ++i) { \
195 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_STACK) { \
196 if (multi_stack++) warnf("%s: multiple PT_GNU_STACK's !?", elf->filename); \
197 found = found_phdr; \
198 offset = 0; \
199 check_flags = PF_X; \
200 } else if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_RELRO) { \
201 if (multi_relro++) warnf("%s: multiple PT_GNU_RELRO's !?", elf->filename); \
202 found = found_relro; \
203 offset = 4; \
204 check_flags = PF_X; \
205 } else if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_LOAD) { \
206 if (ehdr->e_type == ET_DYN || ehdr->e_type == ET_EXEC) \
207 if (multi_load++ > max_pt_load) warnf("%s: more than %i PT_LOAD's !?", elf->filename, max_pt_load); \
208 found = found_load; \
209 offset = 8; \
210 check_flags = PF_W|PF_X; \
211 } else \
212 continue; \
213 flags = EGET(phdr[i].p_flags); \
214 if (be_quiet && ((flags & check_flags) != check_flags)) \
215 continue; \
216 if ((EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_LOAD) && (fix_elf && ((flags & PF_X) != flags))) { \
217 ESET(phdr[i].p_flags, flags & (PF_X ^ (size_t)-1)); \
218 ret[3] = ret[7] = '!'; \
219 flags = EGET(phdr[i].p_flags); \
220 } \
221 memcpy(ret+offset, gnu_short_stack_flags(flags), 3); \
222 *found = 1; \
223 ++shown; \
224 } \
225 } else if (elf->shdr != NULL) { \
226 /* no program headers which means this is prob an object file */ \
227 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *shdr = SHDR ## B (elf->shdr); \
228 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = shdr + EGET(ehdr->e_shstrndx); \
229 char *str; \
230 if ((void*)strtbl > (void*)elf->data_end) \
231 goto skip_this_shdr##B; \
232 check_flags = SHF_WRITE|SHF_EXECINSTR; \
233 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_shnum); ++i) { \
234 if (EGET(shdr[i].sh_type) != SHT_PROGBITS) continue; \
235 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(shdr[i].sh_name); \
236 str = elf->data + offset; \
237 if (str > elf->data + offset + sizeof(NOTE_GNU_STACK)) continue; \
238 if (!strcmp(str, NOTE_GNU_STACK)) { \
239 if (multi_stack++) warnf("%s: multiple .note.GNU-stack's !?", elf->filename); \
240 flags = EGET(shdr[i].sh_flags); \
241 if (be_quiet && ((flags & check_flags) != check_flags)) \
242 continue; \
243 ++*found_phdr; \
244 shown = 1; \
245 if (flags & SHF_WRITE) ret[0] = 'W'; \
246 if (flags & SHF_ALLOC) ret[1] = 'A'; \
247 if (flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) ret[2] = 'X'; \
248 if (flags & 0xFFFFFFF8) warn("Invalid section flags for GNU-stack"); \
249 break; \
250 } \
251 } \
252 skip_this_shdr##B: \
253 if (!multi_stack) { \
254 *found_phdr = 1; \
255 shown = 1; \
256 memcpy(ret, "!WX", 3); \
257 } \
258 } \
259 }
260 SHOW_PHDR(32)
261 SHOW_PHDR(64)
262
263 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet || (be_quiet && !shown))
264 return NULL;
265 else
266 return ret;
267 }
268 static const char *scanelf_file_textrel(elfobj *elf, char *found_textrel)
269 {
270 static const char *ret = "TEXTREL";
271 unsigned long i;
272
273 if (!show_textrel && !show_textrels) return NULL;
274
275 if (elf->phdr) {
276 #define SHOW_TEXTREL(B) \
277 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
278 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
279 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
280 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
281 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
282 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
283 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \
284 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
285 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
286 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + offset); \
287 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
288 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_TEXTREL) { /*dyn->d_tag != DT_FLAGS)*/ \
289 *found_textrel = 1; \
290 /*if (dyn->d_un.d_val & DF_TEXTREL)*/ \
291 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : ret); \
292 } \
293 ++dyn; \
294 } \
295 } }
296 SHOW_TEXTREL(32)
297 SHOW_TEXTREL(64)
298 }
299
300 if (be_quiet || be_wewy_wewy_quiet)
301 return NULL;
302 else
303 return " - ";
304 }
305 static char *scanelf_file_textrels(elfobj *elf, char *found_textrels, char *found_textrel)
306 {
307 unsigned long s, r, rmax;
308 void *symtab_void, *strtab_void, *text_void;
309
310 if (!show_textrels) return NULL;
311
312 /* don't search for TEXTREL's if the ELF doesn't have any */
313 if (!*found_textrel) scanelf_file_textrel(elf, found_textrel);
314 if (!*found_textrel) return NULL;
315
316 scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elf, &symtab_void, &strtab_void);
317 text_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".text");
318
319 if (symtab_void && strtab_void && text_void && elf->shdr) {
320 #define SHOW_TEXTRELS(B) \
321 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
322 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
323 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *shdr = SHDR ## B (elf->shdr); \
324 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab = SHDR ## B (symtab_void); \
325 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtab = SHDR ## B (strtab_void); \
326 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *text = SHDR ## B (text_void); \
327 Elf ## B ## _Addr vaddr = EGET(text->sh_addr); \
328 uint ## B ## _t memsz = EGET(text->sh_size); \
329 Elf ## B ## _Rel *rel; \
330 Elf ## B ## _Rela *rela; \
331 /* search the section headers for relocations */ \
332 for (s = 0; s < EGET(ehdr->e_shnum); ++s) { \
333 uint32_t sh_type = EGET(shdr[s].sh_type); \
334 if (sh_type == SHT_REL) { \
335 rel = REL ## B (elf->data + EGET(shdr[s].sh_offset)); \
336 rela = NULL; \
337 rmax = EGET(shdr[s].sh_size) / sizeof(*rel); \
338 } else if (sh_type == SHT_RELA) { \
339 rel = NULL; \
340 rela = RELA ## B (elf->data + EGET(shdr[s].sh_offset)); \
341 rmax = EGET(shdr[s].sh_size) / sizeof(*rela); \
342 } else \
343 continue; \
344 /* now see if any of the relocs are in the .text */ \
345 for (r = 0; r < rmax; ++r) { \
346 unsigned long sym_max; \
347 Elf ## B ## _Addr offset_tmp; \
348 Elf ## B ## _Sym *func; \
349 Elf ## B ## _Sym *sym; \
350 Elf ## B ## _Addr r_offset; \
351 uint ## B ## _t r_info; \
352 if (sh_type == SHT_REL) { \
353 r_offset = EGET(rel[r].r_offset); \
354 r_info = EGET(rel[r].r_info); \
355 } else { \
356 r_offset = EGET(rela[r].r_offset); \
357 r_info = EGET(rela[r].r_info); \
358 } \
359 /* make sure this relocation is inside of the .text */ \
360 if (r_offset < vaddr || r_offset >= vaddr + memsz) { \
361 if (be_verbose <= 2) continue; \
362 } else \
363 *found_textrels = 1; \
364 /* locate this relocation symbol name */ \
365 sym = SYM ## B (elf->data + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
366 if ((void*)sym > (void*)elf->data_end) { \
367 warn("%s: corrupt ELF symbol", elf->filename); \
368 continue; \
369 } \
370 sym_max = ELF ## B ## _R_SYM(r_info); \
371 if (sym_max * EGET(symtab->sh_entsize) < symtab->sh_size) \
372 sym += sym_max; \
373 else \
374 sym = NULL; \
375 sym_max = EGET(symtab->sh_size) / EGET(symtab->sh_entsize); \
376 /* show the raw details about this reloc */ \
377 printf(" %s: ", elf->base_filename); \
378 if (sym && sym->st_name) \
379 printf("%s", (char*)(elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(sym->st_name))); \
380 else \
381 printf("(memory/fake?)"); \
382 printf(" [0x%lX]", (unsigned long)r_offset); \
383 /* now try to find the closest symbol that this rel is probably in */ \
384 sym = SYM ## B (elf->data + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
385 func = NULL; \
386 offset_tmp = 0; \
387 while (sym_max--) { \
388 if (EGET(sym->st_value) < r_offset && EGET(sym->st_value) > offset_tmp) { \
389 func = sym; \
390 offset_tmp = EGET(sym->st_value); \
391 } \
392 ++sym; \
393 } \
394 printf(" in "); \
395 if (func && func->st_name) \
396 printf("%s", (char*)(elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(func->st_name))); \
397 else \
398 printf("(NULL: fake?)"); \
399 printf(" [0x%lX]\n", (unsigned long)offset_tmp); \
400 } \
401 } }
402 SHOW_TEXTRELS(32)
403 SHOW_TEXTRELS(64)
404 }
405 if (!*found_textrels)
406 warnf("ELF %s has TEXTREL markings but doesnt appear to have any real TEXTREL's !?", elf->filename);
407
408 return NULL;
409 }
410
411 static void rpath_security_checks(elfobj *, char *, const char *);
412 static void rpath_security_checks(elfobj *elf, char *item, const char *dt_type)
413 {
414 struct stat st;
415 switch (*item) {
416 case '/': break;
417 case '.':
418 warnf("Security problem with relative %s '%s' in %s", dt_type, item, elf->filename);
419 break;
420 case ':':
421 case '\0':
422 warnf("Security problem NULL %s in %s", dt_type, elf->filename);
423 break;
424 case '$':
425 if (fstat(elf->fd, &st) != -1)
426 if ((st.st_mode & S_ISUID) || (st.st_mode & S_ISGID))
427 warnf("Security problem with %s='%s' in %s with mode set of %o",
428 dt_type, item, elf->filename, st.st_mode & 07777);
429 break;
430 default:
431 warnf("Maybe? sec problem with %s='%s' in %s", dt_type, item, elf->filename);
432 break;
433 }
434 }
435 static void scanelf_file_rpath(elfobj *elf, char *found_rpath, char **ret, size_t *ret_len)
436 {
437 unsigned long i, s;
438 char *rpath, *runpath, **r;
439 void *strtbl_void;
440
441 if (!show_rpath) return;
442
443 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
444 rpath = runpath = NULL;
445
446 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
447 #define SHOW_RPATH(B) \
448 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
449 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
450 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
451 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
452 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
453 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
454 Elf ## B ## _Xword word; \
455 /* Scan all the program headers */ \
456 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
457 /* Just scan dynamic headers */ \
458 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \
459 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
460 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
461 /* Just scan dynamic RPATH/RUNPATH headers */ \
462 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + offset); \
463 while ((word=EGET(dyn->d_tag)) != DT_NULL) { \
464 if (word == DT_RPATH) { \
465 r = &rpath; \
466 } else if (word == DT_RUNPATH) { \
467 r = &runpath; \
468 } else { \
469 ++dyn; \
470 continue; \
471 } \
472 /* Verify the memory is somewhat sane */ \
473 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
474 if (offset < (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
475 if (*r) warn("ELF has multiple %s's !?", get_elfdtype(word)); \
476 *r = (char*)(elf->data + offset); \
477 /* cache the length in case we need to nuke this section later on */ \
478 if (fix_elf) \
479 offset = strlen(*r); \
480 /* If quiet, don't output paths in ld.so.conf */ \
481 if (be_quiet) { \
482 size_t len; \
483 char *start, *end; \
484 /* note that we only 'chop' off leading known paths. */ \
485 /* since *r is read-only memory, we can only move the ptr forward. */ \
486 start = *r; \
487 /* scan each path in : delimited list */ \
488 while (start) { \
489 rpath_security_checks(elf, start, get_elfdtype(word)); \
490 end = strchr(start, ':'); \
491 len = (end ? abs(end - start) : strlen(start)); \
492 if (use_ldcache) \
493 for (s = 0; ldpaths[s]; ++s) \
494 if (!strncmp(ldpaths[s], start, len) && !ldpaths[s][len]) { \
495 *r = end; \
496 /* corner case ... if RPATH reads "/usr/lib:", we want \
497 * to show ':' rather than '' */ \
498 if (end && end[1] != '\0') \
499 (*r)++; \
500 break; \
501 } \
502 if (!*r || !end) \
503 break; \
504 else \
505 start = start + len + 1; \
506 } \
507 } \
508 if (*r) { \
509 if (fix_elf > 2 || (fix_elf && **r == '\0')) { \
510 /* just nuke it */ \
511 nuke_it##B: \
512 memset(*r, 0x00, offset); \
513 *r = NULL; \
514 ESET(dyn->d_tag, DT_DEBUG); \
515 ESET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr, 0); \
516 } else if (fix_elf) { \
517 /* try to clean "bad" paths */ \
518 size_t len, tmpdir_len; \
519 char *start, *end; \
520 const char *tmpdir; \
521 start = *r; \
522 tmpdir = (getenv("TMPDIR") ? : "."); \
523 tmpdir_len = strlen(tmpdir); \
524 while (1) { \
525 end = strchr(start, ':'); \
526 if (start == end) { \
527 eat_this_path##B: \
528 len = strlen(end); \
529 memmove(start, end+1, len); \
530 start[len-1] = '\0'; \
531 end = start - 1; \
532 } else if (tmpdir && !strncmp(start, tmpdir, tmpdir_len)) { \
533 if (!end) { \
534 if (start == *r) \
535 goto nuke_it##B; \
536 *--start = '\0'; \
537 } else \
538 goto eat_this_path##B; \
539 } \
540 if (!end) \
541 break; \
542 start = end + 1; \
543 } \
544 if (**r == '\0') \
545 goto nuke_it##B; \
546 } \
547 if (*r) \
548 *found_rpath = 1; \
549 } \
550 } \
551 ++dyn; \
552 } \
553 } }
554 SHOW_RPATH(32)
555 SHOW_RPATH(64)
556 }
557
558 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return;
559
560 if (rpath && runpath) {
561 if (!strcmp(rpath, runpath)) {
562 xstrcat(ret, runpath, ret_len);
563 } else {
564 fprintf(stderr, "RPATH [%s] != RUNPATH [%s]\n", rpath, runpath);
565 xchrcat(ret, '{', ret_len);
566 xstrcat(ret, rpath, ret_len);
567 xchrcat(ret, ',', ret_len);
568 xstrcat(ret, runpath, ret_len);
569 xchrcat(ret, '}', ret_len);
570 }
571 } else if (rpath || runpath)
572 xstrcat(ret, (runpath ? runpath : rpath), ret_len);
573 else if (!be_quiet)
574 xstrcat(ret, " - ", ret_len);
575 }
576
577 #define LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC "ld.so-"
578 #define LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN (sizeof LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC -1)
579 #define LDSO_CACHE_VER "1.7.0"
580 #define LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN (sizeof LDSO_CACHE_VER -1)
581 #define FLAG_ANY -1
582 #define FLAG_TYPE_MASK 0x00ff
583 #define FLAG_LIBC4 0x0000
584 #define FLAG_ELF 0x0001
585 #define FLAG_ELF_LIBC5 0x0002
586 #define FLAG_ELF_LIBC6 0x0003
587 #define FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK 0xff00
588 #define FLAG_SPARC_LIB64 0x0100
589 #define FLAG_IA64_LIB64 0x0200
590 #define FLAG_X8664_LIB64 0x0300
591 #define FLAG_S390_LIB64 0x0400
592 #define FLAG_POWERPC_LIB64 0x0500
593 #define FLAG_MIPS64_LIBN32 0x0600
594 #define FLAG_MIPS64_LIBN64 0x0700
595
596 static char *lookup_cache_lib(elfobj *, char *);
597 static char *lookup_cache_lib(elfobj *elf, char *fname)
598 {
599 int fd = 0;
600 char *strs;
601 static char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX] = "";
602 const char *cachefile = "/etc/ld.so.cache";
603 struct stat st;
604
605 typedef struct {
606 char magic[LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN];
607 char version[LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN];
608 int nlibs;
609 } header_t;
610 header_t *header;
611
612 typedef struct {
613 int flags;
614 int sooffset;
615 int liboffset;
616 } libentry_t;
617 libentry_t *libent;
618
619 if (fname == NULL)
620 return NULL;
621
622 if (ldcache == 0) {
623 if (stat(cachefile, &st) || (fd = open(cachefile, O_RDONLY)) == -1)
624 return NULL;
625
626 /* cache these values so we only map/unmap the cache file once */
627 ldcache_size = st.st_size;
628 ldcache = mmap(0, ldcache_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
629
630 close(fd);
631
632 if (ldcache == (caddr_t)-1) {
633 ldcache = 0;
634 return NULL;
635 }
636
637 if (memcmp(((header_t *) ldcache)->magic, LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC, LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN))
638 return NULL;
639 if (memcmp (((header_t *) ldcache)->version, LDSO_CACHE_VER, LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN))
640 return NULL;
641 }
642
643 header = (header_t *) ldcache;
644 libent = (libentry_t *) (ldcache + sizeof(header_t));
645 strs = (char *) &libent[header->nlibs];
646
647 for (fd = 0; fd < header->nlibs; fd++) {
648 /* this should be more fine grained, but for now we assume that
649 * diff arches will not be cached together. and we ignore the
650 * the different multilib mips cases. */
651 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS64 && !(libent[fd].flags & FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK))
652 continue;
653 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS32 && (libent[fd].flags & FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK))
654 continue;
655
656 if (strcmp(fname, strs + libent[fd].sooffset) != 0)
657 continue;
658 strncpy(buf, strs + libent[fd].liboffset, sizeof(buf));
659 }
660 return buf;
661 }
662
663
664 static const char *scanelf_file_needed_lib(elfobj *elf, char *found_needed, char *found_lib, int op, char **ret, size_t *ret_len)
665 {
666 unsigned long i;
667 char *needed;
668 void *strtbl_void;
669 char *p;
670
671 if ((op==0 && !show_needed) || (op==1 && !find_lib)) return NULL;
672
673 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
674
675 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
676 #define SHOW_NEEDED(B) \
677 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
678 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
679 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
680 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
681 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
682 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
683 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
684 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \
685 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
686 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
687 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + offset); \
688 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
689 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_NEEDED) { \
690 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
691 if (offset >= (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
692 ++dyn; \
693 continue; \
694 } \
695 needed = (char*)(elf->data + offset); \
696 if (op == 0) { \
697 if (!be_wewy_wewy_quiet) { \
698 if (*found_needed) xchrcat(ret, ',', ret_len); \
699 if (use_ldcache) \
700 if ((p = lookup_cache_lib(elf, needed)) != NULL) \
701 needed = p; \
702 xstrcat(ret, needed, ret_len); \
703 } \
704 *found_needed = 1; \
705 } else { \
706 if (!strncmp(find_lib, needed, strlen( !gmatch ? needed : find_lib))) { \
707 *found_lib = 1; \
708 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : needed); \
709 } \
710 } \
711 } \
712 ++dyn; \
713 } \
714 } }
715 SHOW_NEEDED(32)
716 SHOW_NEEDED(64)
717 if (op == 0 && !*found_needed && be_verbose)
718 warn("ELF lacks DT_NEEDED sections: %s", elf->filename);
719 }
720
721 return NULL;
722 }
723 static char *scanelf_file_interp(elfobj *elf, char *found_interp)
724 {
725 void *strtbl_void;
726
727 if (!show_interp) return NULL;
728
729 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".interp");
730
731 if (strtbl_void) {
732 #define SHOW_INTERP(B) \
733 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
734 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
735 *found_interp = 1; \
736 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset)); \
737 }
738 SHOW_INTERP(32)
739 SHOW_INTERP(64)
740 }
741 return NULL;
742 }
743 static char *scanelf_file_bind(elfobj *elf, char *found_bind)
744 {
745 unsigned long i;
746 struct stat s;
747 char dynamic = 0;
748
749 if (!show_bind) return NULL;
750 if (!elf->phdr) return NULL;
751
752 #define SHOW_BIND(B) \
753 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
754 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
755 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
756 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
757 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
758 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
759 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \
760 dynamic = 1; \
761 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
762 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
763 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + offset); \
764 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
765 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_BIND_NOW || \
766 (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_FLAGS && EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val) & DF_BIND_NOW)) \
767 { \
768 if (be_quiet) return NULL; \
769 *found_bind = 1; \
770 return (char *)(be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : "NOW"); \
771 } \
772 ++dyn; \
773 } \
774 } \
775 }
776 SHOW_BIND(32)
777 SHOW_BIND(64)
778
779 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return NULL;
780
781 if (be_quiet && !fstat(elf->fd, &s) && !(s.st_mode & S_ISUID || s.st_mode & S_ISGID)) {
782 return NULL;
783 } else {
784 *found_bind = 1;
785 return (char *) (dynamic ? "LAZY" : "STATIC");
786 }
787 }
788 static char *scanelf_file_soname(elfobj *elf, char *found_soname)
789 {
790 unsigned long i;
791 char *soname;
792 void *strtbl_void;
793
794 if (!show_soname) return NULL;
795
796 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
797
798 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
799 #define SHOW_SONAME(B) \
800 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
801 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
802 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
803 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
804 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
805 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
806 /* only look for soname in shared objects */ \
807 if (ehdr->e_type != ET_DYN) \
808 return NULL; \
809 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
810 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \
811 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
812 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
813 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + offset); \
814 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
815 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_SONAME) { \
816 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
817 if (offset >= (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
818 ++dyn; \
819 continue; \
820 } \
821 soname = (char*)(elf->data + offset); \
822 *found_soname = 1; \
823 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : soname); \
824 } \
825 ++dyn; \
826 } \
827 } }
828 SHOW_SONAME(32)
829 SHOW_SONAME(64)
830 }
831
832 return NULL;
833 }
834 static char *scanelf_file_sym(elfobj *elf, char *found_sym)
835 {
836 unsigned long i;
837 char *ret;
838 void *symtab_void, *strtab_void;
839
840 if (!find_sym) return NULL;
841 ret = find_sym;
842
843 scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elf, &symtab_void, &strtab_void);
844
845 if (symtab_void && strtab_void) {
846 #define FIND_SYM(B) \
847 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
848 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab = SHDR ## B (symtab_void); \
849 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtab = SHDR ## B (strtab_void); \
850 Elf ## B ## _Sym *sym = SYM ## B (elf->data + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
851 unsigned long cnt = EGET(symtab->sh_entsize); \
852 char *symname; \
853 if (cnt) \
854 cnt = EGET(symtab->sh_size) / cnt; \
855 for (i = 0; i < cnt; ++i) { \
856 if (sym->st_name) { \
857 /* make sure the symbol name is in acceptable memory range */ \
858 symname = (char *)(elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(sym->st_name)); \
859 if ((void*)symname > (void*)elf->data_end) { \
860 warnf("%s: corrupt ELF symbols", elf->filename); \
861 ++sym; \
862 continue; \
863 } \
864 /* debug display ... show all symbols and some extra info */ \
865 if (*ret == '*') { \
866 printf("%s(%s) %5lX %15s %s\n", \
867 ((*found_sym == 0) ? "\n\t" : "\t"), \
868 elf->base_filename, \
869 (unsigned long)sym->st_size, \
870 get_elfstttype(sym->st_info), \
871 symname); \
872 *found_sym = 1; \
873 } else { \
874 /* allow the user to specify a comma delimited list of symbols to search for */ \
875 char *this_sym, *next_sym; \
876 this_sym = ret; \
877 do { \
878 next_sym = strchr(this_sym, ','); \
879 if (next_sym == NULL) \
880 next_sym = this_sym + strlen(this_sym); \
881 /* do we want a defined symbol ? */ \
882 if (*this_sym == '+') { \
883 if (sym->st_value == 0) \
884 goto skip_this_sym##B; \
885 ++this_sym; \
886 /* do we want an undefined symbol ? */ \
887 } else if (*this_sym == '-') { \
888 if (sym->st_value != 0) \
889 goto skip_this_sym##B; \
890 ++this_sym; \
891 } \
892 /* ok, lets compare the name now */ \
893 if ((strncmp(this_sym, symname, (next_sym-this_sym)) == 0 && symname[next_sym-this_sym] == '\0') || \
894 (strcmp(symname, versioned_symname) == 0)) { \
895 if (be_semi_verbose) { \
896 char buf[126]; \
897 snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%lX %s %s", \
898 (unsigned long)sym->st_size, get_elfstttype(sym->st_info), this_sym); \
899 ret = buf; \
900 } else \
901 ret = this_sym; \
902 (*found_sym)++; \
903 goto break_out; \
904 } \
905 skip_this_sym##B: this_sym = next_sym + 1; \
906 } while (*next_sym != '\0'); \
907 } \
908 } \
909 ++sym; \
910 } }
911 FIND_SYM(32)
912 FIND_SYM(64)
913 }
914
915 break_out:
916 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return NULL;
917
918 if (*find_sym != '*' && *found_sym)
919 return ret;
920 if (be_quiet)
921 return NULL;
922 else
923 return (char *)" - ";
924 }
925
926
927 static char *scanelf_file_sections(elfobj *elf, char *found_section)
928 {
929 if (!find_section)
930 return NULL;
931
932 #define FIND_SECTION(B) \
933 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
934 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *section; \
935 section = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, find_section)); \
936 if (section != NULL) \
937 *found_section = 1; \
938 }
939 FIND_SECTION(32)
940 FIND_SECTION(64)
941
942
943 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return NULL;
944
945 if (*found_section)
946 return find_section;
947
948 if (be_quiet)
949 return NULL;
950 else
951 return (char *)" - ";
952 }
953
954 /* scan an elf file and show all the fun stuff */
955 #define prints(str) write(fileno(stdout), str, strlen(str))
956 static int scanelf_elfobj(elfobj *elf)
957 {
958 unsigned long i;
959 char found_pax, found_phdr, found_relro, found_load, found_textrel,
960 found_rpath, found_needed, found_interp, found_bind, found_soname,
961 found_sym, found_lib, found_file, found_textrels, found_section;
962 static char *out_buffer = NULL;
963 static size_t out_len;
964
965 found_pax = found_phdr = found_relro = found_load = found_textrel = \
966 found_rpath = found_needed = found_interp = found_bind = found_soname = \
967 found_sym = found_lib = found_file = found_textrels = found_section = 0;
968
969 if (be_verbose > 2)
970 printf("%s: scanning file {%s,%s}\n", elf->filename,
971 get_elfeitype(EI_CLASS, elf->elf_class),
972 get_elfeitype(EI_DATA, elf->data[EI_DATA]));
973 else if (be_verbose > 1)
974 printf("%s: scanning file\n", elf->filename);
975
976 /* init output buffer */
977 if (!out_buffer) {
978 out_len = sizeof(char) * 80;
979 out_buffer = (char*)xmalloc(out_len);
980 }
981 *out_buffer = '\0';
982
983 /* show the header */
984 if (!be_quiet && show_banner) {
985 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
986 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) continue;
987
988 switch (out_format[++i]) {
989 case '+': break;
990 case '%': break;
991 case '#': break;
992 case 'F':
993 case 'p':
994 case 'f': prints("FILE "); found_file = 1; break;
995 case 'o': prints(" TYPE "); break;
996 case 'x': prints(" PAX "); break;
997 case 'e': prints("STK/REL/PTL "); break;
998 case 't': prints("TEXTREL "); break;
999 case 'r': prints("RPATH "); break;
1000 case 'n': prints("NEEDED "); break;
1001 case 'i': prints("INTERP "); break;
1002 case 'b': prints("BIND "); break;
1003 case 'S': prints("SONAME "); break;
1004 case 's': prints("SYM "); break;
1005 case 'N': prints("LIB "); break;
1006 case 'T': prints("TEXTRELS "); break;
1007 case 'k': prints("SECTION "); break;
1008 default: warnf("'%c' has no title ?", out_format[i]);
1009 }
1010 }
1011 if (!found_file) prints("FILE ");
1012 prints("\n");
1013 found_file = 0;
1014 show_banner = 0;
1015 }
1016
1017 /* dump all the good stuff */
1018 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
1019 const char *out;
1020 const char *tmp;
1021
1022 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) {
1023 xchrcat(&out_buffer, out_format[i], &out_len);
1024 continue;
1025 }
1026
1027 out = NULL;
1028 be_wewy_wewy_quiet = (out_format[i] == '#');
1029 be_semi_verbose = (out_format[i] == '+');
1030 switch (out_format[++i]) {
1031 case '+':
1032 case '%':
1033 case '#':
1034 xchrcat(&out_buffer, out_format[i], &out_len); break;
1035 case 'F':
1036 found_file = 1;
1037 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1038 xstrcat(&out_buffer, elf->filename, &out_len);
1039 break;
1040 case 'p':
1041 found_file = 1;
1042 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1043 tmp = elf->filename;
1044 if (search_path) {
1045 ssize_t len_search = strlen(search_path);
1046 ssize_t len_file = strlen(elf->filename);
1047 if (!strncmp(elf->filename, search_path, len_search) && \
1048 len_file > len_search)
1049 tmp += len_search;
1050 if (*tmp == '/' && search_path[len_search-1] == '/') tmp++;
1051 }
1052 xstrcat(&out_buffer, tmp, &out_len);
1053 break;
1054 case 'f':
1055 found_file = 1;
1056 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1057 tmp = strrchr(elf->filename, '/');
1058 tmp = (tmp == NULL ? elf->filename : tmp+1);
1059 xstrcat(&out_buffer, tmp, &out_len);
1060 break;
1061 case 'o': out = get_elfetype(elf); break;
1062 case 'x': out = scanelf_file_pax(elf, &found_pax); break;
1063 case 'e': out = scanelf_file_phdr(elf, &found_phdr, &found_relro, &found_load); break;
1064 case 't': out = scanelf_file_textrel(elf, &found_textrel); break;
1065 case 'T': out = scanelf_file_textrels(elf, &found_textrels, &found_textrel); break;
1066 case 'r': scanelf_file_rpath(elf, &found_rpath, &out_buffer, &out_len); break;
1067 case 'n':
1068 case 'N': out = scanelf_file_needed_lib(elf, &found_needed, &found_lib, (out_format[i]=='N'), &out_buffer, &out_len); break;
1069 case 'i': out = scanelf_file_interp(elf, &found_interp); break;
1070 case 'b': out = scanelf_file_bind(elf, &found_bind); break;
1071 case 'S': out = scanelf_file_soname(elf, &found_soname); break;
1072 case 's': out = scanelf_file_sym(elf, &found_sym); break;
1073 case 'k': out = scanelf_file_sections(elf, &found_section); break;
1074 default: warnf("'%c' has no scan code?", out_format[i]);
1075 }
1076 if (out) {
1077 /* hack for comma delimited output like `scanelf -s sym1,sym2,sym3` */
1078 if (out_format[i] == 's' && (tmp=strchr(out,',')) != NULL)
1079 xstrncat(&out_buffer, out, &out_len, (tmp-out));
1080 else
1081 xstrcat(&out_buffer, out, &out_len);
1082 }
1083 }
1084
1085 #define FOUND_SOMETHING() \
1086 (found_pax || found_phdr || found_relro || found_load || found_textrel || \
1087 found_rpath || found_needed || found_interp || found_bind || \
1088 found_soname || found_sym || found_lib || found_textrels || found_section )
1089
1090 if (!found_file && (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && FOUND_SOMETHING()))) {
1091 xchrcat(&out_buffer, ' ', &out_len);
1092 xstrcat(&out_buffer, elf->filename, &out_len);
1093 }
1094 if (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && FOUND_SOMETHING())) {
1095 puts(out_buffer);
1096 fflush(stdout);
1097 }
1098
1099 return 0;
1100 }
1101
1102 /* scan a single elf */
1103 static int scanelf_elf(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len)
1104 {
1105 int ret = 1;
1106 elfobj *elf;
1107
1108 /* verify this is real ELF */
1109 if ((elf = _readelf_fd(filename, fd, len, !fix_elf)) == NULL) {
1110 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: not an ELF\n", filename);
1111 return ret;
1112 }
1113 switch (match_bits) {
1114 case 32:
1115 if (elf->elf_class != ELFCLASS32)
1116 goto label_done;
1117 break;
1118 case 64:
1119 if (elf->elf_class != ELFCLASS64)
1120 goto label_done;
1121 break;
1122 default: break;
1123 }
1124 if (strlen(match_etypes)) {
1125 char sbuf[126];
1126 strncpy(sbuf, match_etypes, sizeof(sbuf));
1127 if (strchr(match_etypes, ',') != NULL) {
1128 char *p;
1129 while((p = strrchr(sbuf, ',')) != NULL) {
1130 *p = 0;
1131 if (etype_lookup(p+1) == get_etype(elf))
1132 goto label_ret;
1133 }
1134 }
1135 if (etype_lookup(sbuf) != get_etype(elf))
1136 goto label_done;
1137 }
1138
1139 label_ret:
1140 ret = scanelf_elfobj(elf);
1141
1142 label_done:
1143 unreadelf(elf);
1144 return ret;
1145 }
1146
1147 /* scan an archive of elfs */
1148 static int scanelf_archive(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len)
1149 {
1150 archive_handle *ar;
1151 archive_member *m;
1152 char *ar_buffer;
1153 elfobj *elf;
1154
1155 ar = ar_open_fd(filename, fd);
1156 if (ar == NULL)
1157 return 1;
1158
1159 ar_buffer = (char*)mmap(0, len, PROT_READ | (fix_elf ? PROT_WRITE : 0), (fix_elf ? MAP_SHARED : MAP_PRIVATE), fd, 0);
1160 while ((m=ar_next(ar)) != NULL) {
1161 elf = readelf_buffer(m->name, ar_buffer+lseek(fd,0,SEEK_CUR), m->size);
1162 if (elf) {
1163 scanelf_elfobj(elf);
1164 unreadelf(elf);
1165 }
1166 }
1167 munmap(ar_buffer, len);
1168
1169 return 0;
1170 }
1171 /* scan a file which may be an elf or an archive or some other magical beast */
1172 static void scanelf_file(const char *filename)
1173 {
1174 struct stat st;
1175 int fd;
1176
1177 /* make sure 'filename' exists */
1178 if (lstat(filename, &st) == -1) {
1179 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: does not exist\n", filename);
1180 return;
1181 }
1182
1183 /* always handle regular files and handle symlinked files if no -y */
1184 if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
1185 if (!scan_symlink) return;
1186 stat(filename, &st);
1187 }
1188 if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
1189 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: skipping non-file\n", filename);
1190 return;
1191 }
1192
1193 if ((fd=open(filename, (fix_elf ? O_RDWR : O_RDONLY))) == -1)
1194 return;
1195
1196 if (scanelf_elf(filename, fd, st.st_size) == 1 && scan_archives)
1197 /* if it isn't an ELF, maybe it's an .a archive */
1198 scanelf_archive(filename, fd, st.st_size);
1199
1200 close(fd);
1201 }
1202
1203 /* scan a directory for ET_EXEC files and print when we find one */
1204 static void scanelf_dir(const char *path)
1205 {
1206 register DIR *dir;
1207 register struct dirent *dentry;
1208 struct stat st_top, st;
1209 char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
1210 size_t pathlen = 0, len = 0;
1211
1212 /* make sure path exists */
1213 if (lstat(path, &st_top) == -1) {
1214 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: does not exist\n", path);
1215 return;
1216 }
1217
1218 /* ok, if it isn't a directory, assume we can open it */
1219 if (!S_ISDIR(st_top.st_mode)) {
1220 scanelf_file(path);
1221 return;
1222 }
1223
1224 /* now scan the dir looking for fun stuff */
1225 if ((dir = opendir(path)) == NULL) {
1226 warnf("could not opendir %s: %s", path, strerror(errno));
1227 return;
1228 }
1229 if (be_verbose > 1) printf("%s: scanning dir\n", path);
1230
1231 pathlen = strlen(path);
1232 while ((dentry = readdir(dir))) {
1233 if (!strcmp(dentry->d_name, ".") || !strcmp(dentry->d_name, ".."))
1234 continue;
1235 len = (pathlen + 1 + strlen(dentry->d_name) + 1);
1236 if (len >= sizeof(buf)) {
1237 warnf("Skipping '%s': len > sizeof(buf); %lu > %lu\n", path,
1238 (unsigned long)len, (unsigned long)sizeof(buf));
1239 continue;
1240 }
1241 sprintf(buf, "%s/%s", path, dentry->d_name);
1242 if (lstat(buf, &st) != -1) {
1243 if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
1244 scanelf_file(buf);
1245 else if (dir_recurse && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
1246 if (dir_crossmount || (st_top.st_dev == st.st_dev))
1247 scanelf_dir(buf);
1248 }
1249 }
1250 }
1251 closedir(dir);
1252 }
1253
1254 static int scanelf_from_file(const char *filename)
1255 {
1256 FILE *fp = NULL;
1257 char *p;
1258 char path[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
1259
1260 if (strcmp(filename, "-") == 0)
1261 fp = stdin;
1262 else if ((fp = fopen(filename, "r")) == NULL)
1263 return 1;
1264
1265 while ((fgets(path, __PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX, fp)) != NULL) {
1266 if ((p = strchr(path, '\n')) != NULL)
1267 *p = 0;
1268 search_path = path;
1269 scanelf_dir(path);
1270 }
1271 if (fp != stdin)
1272 fclose(fp);
1273 return 0;
1274 }
1275
1276 static int load_ld_so_conf(int i, const char *fname)
1277 {
1278 FILE *fp = NULL;
1279 char *p;
1280 char path[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
1281
1282 if (i + 1 == sizeof(ldpaths) / sizeof(*ldpaths))
1283 return i;
1284
1285 if ((fp = fopen(fname, "r")) == NULL)
1286 return i;
1287
1288 while ((fgets(path, __PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX, fp)) != NULL) {
1289 if ((p = strrchr(path, '\r')) != NULL)
1290 *p = 0;
1291 if ((p = strchr(path, '\n')) != NULL)
1292 *p = 0;
1293 #ifdef HAVE_GLOB
1294 // recursive includes of the same file will make this segfault.
1295 if ((memcmp(path, "include", 7) == 0) && isblank(path[7])) {
1296 glob64_t gl;
1297 size_t x;
1298 char gpath[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
1299
1300 memset(gpath, 0, sizeof(gpath));
1301
1302 if (path[8] != '/')
1303 snprintf(gpath, sizeof(gpath), "/etc/%s", &path[8]);
1304 else
1305 strncpy(gpath, &path[8], sizeof(gpath));
1306
1307 if ((glob64(gpath, 0, NULL, &gl)) == 0) {
1308 for (x = 0; x < gl.gl_pathc; ++x) {
1309 /* try to avoid direct loops */
1310 if (strcmp(gl.gl_pathv[x], fname) == 0)
1311 continue;
1312 i = load_ld_so_conf(i, gl.gl_pathv[x]);
1313 if (i + 1 >= sizeof(ldpaths) / sizeof(*ldpaths)) {
1314 globfree64(&gl);
1315 return i;
1316 }
1317 }
1318 globfree64 (&gl);
1319 continue;
1320 } else
1321 abort();
1322 }
1323 #endif
1324 if (*path != '/')
1325 continue;
1326
1327 ldpaths[i++] = xstrdup(path);
1328
1329 if (i + 1 == sizeof(ldpaths) / sizeof(*ldpaths))
1330 break;
1331 }
1332 ldpaths[i] = NULL;
1333
1334 fclose(fp);
1335 return i;
1336 }
1337
1338 /* scan /etc/ld.so.conf for paths */
1339 static void scanelf_ldpath()
1340 {
1341 char scan_l, scan_ul, scan_ull;
1342 int i = 0;
1343
1344 if (!ldpaths[0])
1345 err("Unable to load any paths from ld.so.conf");
1346
1347 scan_l = scan_ul = scan_ull = 0;
1348
1349 while (ldpaths[i]) {
1350 if (!scan_l && !strcmp(ldpaths[i], "/lib")) scan_l = 1;
1351 if (!scan_ul && !strcmp(ldpaths[i], "/usr/lib")) scan_ul = 1;
1352 if (!scan_ull && !strcmp(ldpaths[i], "/usr/local/lib")) scan_ull = 1;
1353 scanelf_dir(ldpaths[i]);
1354 ++i;
1355 }
1356
1357 if (!scan_l) scanelf_dir("/lib");
1358 if (!scan_ul) scanelf_dir("/usr/lib");
1359 if (!scan_ull) scanelf_dir("/usr/local/lib");
1360 }
1361
1362 /* scan env PATH for paths */
1363 static void scanelf_envpath()
1364 {
1365 char *path, *p;
1366
1367 path = getenv("PATH");
1368 if (!path)
1369 err("PATH is not set in your env !");
1370 path = xstrdup(path);
1371
1372 while ((p = strrchr(path, ':')) != NULL) {
1373 scanelf_dir(p + 1);
1374 *p = 0;
1375 }
1376
1377 free(path);
1378 }
1379
1380 /* usage / invocation handling functions */
1381 #define PARSE_FLAGS "plRmyAXz:xetrnLibSs:k:gN:TaqvF:f:o:E:M:BhV"
1382 #define a_argument required_argument
1383 static struct option const long_opts[] = {
1384 {"path", no_argument, NULL, 'p'},
1385 {"ldpath", no_argument, NULL, 'l'},
1386 {"recursive", no_argument, NULL, 'R'},
1387 {"mount", no_argument, NULL, 'm'},
1388 {"symlink", no_argument, NULL, 'y'},
1389 {"archives", no_argument, NULL, 'A'},
1390 {"ldcache", no_argument, NULL, 'L'},
1391 {"fix", no_argument, NULL, 'X'},
1392 {"setpax", a_argument, NULL, 'z'},
1393 {"pax", no_argument, NULL, 'x'},
1394 {"header", no_argument, NULL, 'e'},
1395 {"textrel", no_argument, NULL, 't'},
1396 {"rpath", no_argument, NULL, 'r'},
1397 {"needed", no_argument, NULL, 'n'},
1398 {"interp", no_argument, NULL, 'i'},
1399 {"bind", no_argument, NULL, 'b'},
1400 {"soname", no_argument, NULL, 'S'},
1401 {"symbol", a_argument, NULL, 's'},
1402 {"section", a_argument, NULL, 'k'},
1403 {"lib", a_argument, NULL, 'N'},
1404 {"gmatch", no_argument, NULL, 'g'},
1405 {"textrels", no_argument, NULL, 'T'},
1406 {"etype", a_argument, NULL, 'E'},
1407 {"bits", a_argument, NULL, 'M'},
1408 {"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
1409 {"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
1410 {"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
1411 {"format", a_argument, NULL, 'F'},
1412 {"from", a_argument, NULL, 'f'},
1413 {"file", a_argument, NULL, 'o'},
1414 {"nobanner", no_argument, NULL, 'B'},
1415 {"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
1416 {"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'},
1417 {NULL, no_argument, NULL, 0x0}
1418 };
1419
1420 static const char *opts_help[] = {
1421 "Scan all directories in PATH environment",
1422 "Scan all directories in /etc/ld.so.conf",
1423 "Scan directories recursively",
1424 "Don't recursively cross mount points",
1425 "Don't scan symlinks",
1426 "Scan archives (.a files)",
1427 "Utilize ld.so.cache information (use with -r/-n)",
1428 "Try and 'fix' bad things (use with -r/-e)",
1429 "Sets EI_PAX/PT_PAX_FLAGS to <arg> (use with -Xx)\n",
1430 "Print PaX markings",
1431 "Print GNU_STACK/PT_LOAD markings",
1432 "Print TEXTREL information",
1433 "Print RPATH information",
1434 "Print NEEDED information",
1435 "Print INTERP information",
1436 "Print BIND information",
1437 "Print SONAME information",
1438 "Find a specified symbol",
1439 "Find a specified section",
1440 "Find a specified library",
1441 "Use strncmp to match libraries. (use with -N)",
1442 "Locate cause of TEXTREL",
1443 "Print only ELF files matching etype ET_DYN,ET_EXEC ...",
1444 "Print only ELF files matching numeric bits",
1445 "Print all scanned info (-x -e -t -r -b)\n",
1446 "Only output 'bad' things",
1447 "Be verbose (can be specified more than once)",
1448 "Use specified format for output",
1449 "Read input stream from a filename",
1450 "Write output stream to a filename",
1451 "Don't display the header",
1452 "Print this help and exit",
1453 "Print version and exit",
1454 NULL
1455 };
1456
1457 /* display usage and exit */
1458 static void usage(int status)
1459 {
1460 unsigned long i;
1461 printf("* Scan ELF binaries for stuff\n\n"
1462 "Usage: %s [options] <dir1/file1> [dir2 dirN file2 fileN ...]\n\n", argv0);
1463 printf("Options: -[%s]\n", PARSE_FLAGS);
1464 for (i = 0; long_opts[i].name; ++i)
1465 if (long_opts[i].has_arg == no_argument)
1466 printf(" -%c, --%-14s* %s\n", long_opts[i].val,
1467 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]);
1468 else
1469 printf(" -%c, --%-7s <arg> * %s\n", long_opts[i].val,
1470 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]);
1471
1472 if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
1473 exit(status);
1474
1475 puts("\nThe format modifiers for the -F option are:");
1476 puts(" F Filename \tx PaX Flags \te STACK/RELRO");
1477 puts(" t TEXTREL \tr RPATH \tn NEEDED");
1478 puts(" i INTERP \tb BIND \ts symbol");
1479 puts(" N library \to Type \tT TEXTRELs");
1480 puts(" S SONAME \tk section");
1481 puts(" p filename (with search path removed)");
1482 puts(" f filename (short name/basename)");
1483 puts("Prefix each modifier with '%' (verbose) or '#' (silent)");
1484
1485 puts("\nELF Etypes:");
1486 print_etypes(stdout);
1487
1488 exit(status);
1489 }
1490
1491 /* parse command line arguments and preform needed actions */
1492 static void parseargs(int argc, char *argv[])
1493 {
1494 int i;
1495 const char *from_file = NULL;
1496
1497 opterr = 0;
1498 while ((i=getopt_long(argc, argv, PARSE_FLAGS, long_opts, NULL)) != -1) {
1499 switch (i) {
1500
1501 case 'V':
1502 printf("pax-utils-%s: %s compiled %s\n%s\n"
1503 "%s written for Gentoo by <solar and vapier @ gentoo.org>\n",
1504 VERSION, __FILE__, __DATE__, rcsid, argv0);
1505 exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
1506 break;
1507 case 'h': usage(EXIT_SUCCESS); break;
1508 case 'f':
1509 if (from_file) warn("You prob don't want to specify -f twice");
1510 from_file = optarg;
1511 break;
1512 case 'E':
1513 strncpy(match_etypes, optarg, sizeof(match_etypes));
1514 break;
1515 case 'M':
1516 match_bits = atoi(optarg);
1517 break;
1518 case 'o': {
1519 FILE *fp = NULL;
1520 if ((fp = freopen(optarg, "w", stdout)) == NULL)
1521 err("Could not open output stream '%s': %s", optarg, strerror(errno));
1522 SET_STDOUT(fp);
1523 break;
1524 }
1525 case 'k':
1526 if (find_section) warn("You prob don't want to specify -k twice");
1527 find_section = optarg;
1528 break;
1529 case 's': {
1530 if (find_sym) warn("You prob don't want to specify -s twice");
1531 find_sym = optarg;
1532 versioned_symname = (char*)xmalloc(sizeof(char) * (strlen(find_sym)+1+1));
1533 sprintf(versioned_symname, "%s@", find_sym);
1534 break;
1535 }
1536 case 'N': {
1537 if (find_lib) warn("You prob don't want to specify -N twice");
1538 find_lib = optarg;
1539 break;
1540 }
1541
1542 case 'F': {
1543 if (out_format) warn("You prob don't want to specify -F twice");
1544 out_format = optarg;
1545 break;
1546 }
1547 case 'z': {
1548 unsigned long flags = (PF_NOEMUTRAMP | PF_NORANDEXEC);
1549 size_t x;
1550
1551 for (x = 0 ; x < strlen(optarg); x++) {
1552 switch(optarg[x]) {
1553 case 'p':
1554 case 'P':
1555 do_state(optarg[x], PAGEEXEC);
1556 break;
1557 case 's':
1558 case 'S':
1559 do_state(optarg[x], SEGMEXEC);
1560 break;
1561 case 'm':
1562 case 'M':
1563 do_state(optarg[x], MPROTECT);
1564 break;
1565 case 'e':
1566 case 'E':
1567 do_state(optarg[x], EMUTRAMP);
1568 break;
1569 case 'r':
1570 case 'R':
1571 do_state(optarg[x], RANDMMAP);
1572 break;
1573 case 'x':
1574 case 'X':
1575 do_state(optarg[x], RANDEXEC);
1576 break;
1577 default:
1578 break;
1579 }
1580 }
1581 if (!(((flags & PF_PAGEEXEC) && (flags & PF_NOPAGEEXEC)) ||
1582 ((flags & PF_SEGMEXEC) && (flags & PF_NOSEGMEXEC)) ||
1583 ((flags & PF_RANDMMAP) && (flags & PF_NORANDMMAP)) ||
1584 ((flags & PF_RANDEXEC) && (flags & PF_NORANDEXEC)) ||
1585 ((flags & PF_EMUTRAMP) && (flags & PF_NOEMUTRAMP)) ||
1586 ((flags & PF_RANDMMAP) && (flags & PF_NORANDMMAP))))
1587 setpax = flags;
1588 break;
1589 }
1590 case 'g': gmatch = 1; break;
1591 case 'L': use_ldcache = 1; break;
1592 case 'y': scan_symlink = 0; break;
1593 case 'A': scan_archives = 1; break;
1594 case 'B': show_banner = 0; break;
1595 case 'l': scan_ldpath = 1; break;
1596 case 'p': scan_envpath = 1; break;
1597 case 'R': dir_recurse = 1; break;
1598 case 'm': dir_crossmount = 0; break;
1599 case 'X': ++fix_elf; break;
1600 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break;
1601 case 'e': show_phdr = 1; break;
1602 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break;
1603 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break;
1604 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break;
1605 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break;
1606 case 'b': show_bind = 1; break;
1607 case 'S': show_soname = 1; break;
1608 case 'T': show_textrels = 1; break;
1609 case 'q': be_quiet = 1; break;
1610 case 'v': be_verbose = (be_verbose % 20) + 1; break;
1611 case 'a': show_pax = show_phdr = show_textrel = show_rpath = show_bind = 1; break;
1612
1613 case ':':
1614 err("Option '%c' is missing parameter", optopt);
1615 case '?':
1616 err("Unknown option '%c' or argument missing", optopt);
1617 default:
1618 err("Unhandled option '%c'; please report this", i);
1619 }
1620 }
1621
1622 /* let the format option override all other options */
1623 if (out_format) {
1624 show_pax = show_phdr = show_textrel = show_rpath = \
1625 show_needed = show_interp = show_bind = show_soname = \
1626 show_textrels = 0;
1627 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
1628 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) continue;
1629
1630 switch (out_format[++i]) {
1631 case '+': break;
1632 case '%': break;
1633 case '#': break;
1634 case 'F': break;
1635 case 'p': break;
1636 case 'f': break;
1637 case 'k': break;
1638 case 's': break;
1639 case 'N': break;
1640 case 'o': break;
1641 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break;
1642 case 'e': show_phdr = 1; break;
1643 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break;
1644 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break;
1645 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break;
1646 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break;
1647 case 'b': show_bind = 1; break;
1648 case 'S': show_soname = 1; break;
1649 case 'T': show_textrels = 1; break;
1650 default:
1651 err("Invalid format specifier '%c' (byte %i)",
1652 out_format[i], i+1);
1653 }
1654 }
1655
1656 /* construct our default format */
1657 } else {
1658 size_t fmt_len = 30;
1659 out_format = (char*)xmalloc(sizeof(char) * fmt_len);
1660 if (!be_quiet) xstrcat(&out_format, "%o ", &fmt_len);
1661 if (show_pax) xstrcat(&out_format, "%x ", &fmt_len);
1662 if (show_phdr) xstrcat(&out_format, "%e ", &fmt_len);
1663 if (show_textrel) xstrcat(&out_format, "%t ", &fmt_len);
1664 if (show_rpath) xstrcat(&out_format, "%r ", &fmt_len);
1665 if (show_needed) xstrcat(&out_format, "%n ", &fmt_len);
1666 if (show_interp) xstrcat(&out_format, "%i ", &fmt_len);
1667 if (show_bind) xstrcat(&out_format, "%b ", &fmt_len);
1668 if (show_soname) xstrcat(&out_format, "%S ", &fmt_len);
1669 if (show_textrels) xstrcat(&out_format, "%T ", &fmt_len);
1670 if (find_sym) xstrcat(&out_format, "%s ", &fmt_len);
1671 if (find_section) xstrcat(&out_format, "%k ", &fmt_len);
1672 if (find_lib) xstrcat(&out_format, "%N ", &fmt_len);
1673 if (!be_quiet) xstrcat(&out_format, "%F ", &fmt_len);
1674 }
1675 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("Format: %s\n", out_format);
1676
1677 /* now lets actually do the scanning */
1678 if (scan_ldpath || use_ldcache)
1679 load_ld_so_conf(0, "/etc/ld.so.conf");
1680 if (scan_ldpath) scanelf_ldpath();
1681 if (scan_envpath) scanelf_envpath();
1682 if (!from_file && ttyname(0) == NULL)
1683 from_file = "-";
1684 if (from_file) {
1685 scanelf_from_file(from_file);
1686 from_file = *argv;
1687 }
1688 if (optind == argc && !scan_ldpath && !scan_envpath && !from_file)
1689 err("Nothing to scan !?");
1690 while (optind < argc) {
1691 search_path = argv[optind++];
1692 scanelf_dir(search_path);
1693 }
1694
1695 /* clean up */
1696 if (versioned_symname) free(versioned_symname);
1697 for (i = 0; ldpaths[i]; ++i)
1698 free(ldpaths[i]);
1699
1700 if (ldcache != 0)
1701 munmap(ldcache, ldcache_size);
1702 }
1703
1704
1705
1706 /* utility funcs */
1707 static char *xstrdup(const char *s)
1708 {
1709 char *ret = strdup(s);
1710 if (!ret) err("Could not strdup(): %s", strerror(errno));
1711 return ret;
1712 }
1713 static void *xmalloc(size_t size)
1714 {
1715 void *ret = malloc(size);
1716 if (!ret) err("Could not malloc() %li bytes", (unsigned long)size);
1717 return ret;
1718 }
1719 static void xstrncat(char **dst, const char *src, size_t *curr_len, size_t n)
1720 {
1721 size_t new_len;
1722
1723 new_len = strlen(*dst) + strlen(src);
1724 if (*curr_len <= new_len) {
1725 *curr_len = new_len + (*curr_len / 2);
1726 *dst = realloc(*dst, *curr_len);
1727 if (!*dst)
1728 err("could not realloc() %li bytes", (unsigned long)*curr_len);
1729 }
1730
1731 if (n)
1732 strncat(*dst, src, n);
1733 else
1734 strcat(*dst, src);
1735 }
1736 static inline void xchrcat(char **dst, const char append, size_t *curr_len)
1737 {
1738 static char my_app[2];
1739 my_app[0] = append;
1740 my_app[1] = '\0';
1741 xstrcat(dst, my_app, curr_len);
1742 }
1743
1744
1745
1746 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
1747 {
1748 if (argc < 2)
1749 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
1750 parseargs(argc, argv);
1751 fclose(stdout);
1752 #ifdef __BOUNDS_CHECKING_ON
1753 warn("The calls to add/delete heap should be off by 1 due to the out_buffer not being freed in scanelf_file()");
1754 #endif
1755 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
1756 }

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