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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/altinstall.xml,v 1.77 2010/06/14 20:22:17 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4
5 <guide>
6
7 <title>The Gentoo Linux alternative installation method HOWTO</title>
8
9 <author title="Contributor">
10 <mail link="gerrynjr@gentoo.org">Gerald Normandin Jr.</mail>
11 </author>
12 <author title="Contributor">
13 <mail link="lordviram@rebelpacket.net">Travis Tilley</mail>
14 </author>
15 <author title="Contributor">
16 <mail link="volontir@yahoo.com">Oleg Raisky</mail>
17 </author>
18 <author title="Contributor">
19 <mail link="luminousit@hotmail.com">Alex Garbutt</mail>
20 </author>
21 <author title="Contributor">
22 <mail link="alex@openvs.com">Alexandre Georges</mail>
23 </author>
24 <author title="Contributor">
25 <mail link="vargen@b0d.org">Magnus Backanda</mail>
26 </author>
27 <author title="Contributor">
28 <mail link="davoid@gentoo.org">Faust A. Tanasescu</mail>
29 </author>
30 <author title="Contributor">
31 <mail link="aliz@gentoo.org">Daniel Ahlberg</mail>
32 </author>
33 <author title="Editor">
34 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
35 </author>
36 <author title="Reviewer">
37 Ken Nowack <!-- antifa@gentoo.org seems out -->
38 </author>
39 <author title="Editor">
40 <mail link="blubber@gentoo.org">Tiemo Kieft</mail>
41 </author>
42 <author title="Editor">
43 <mail link="bennyc@gentoo.org">Benny Chuang</mail>
44 </author>
45 <author title="Editor">
46 <mail link="smithj@gentoo.org">Jonathan Smith</mail>
47 </author>
48 <author title="Editor">
49 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
50 </author>
51
52 <abstract>
53 This HOWTO is meant to be a repository of alternative Gentoo installation
54 methods, for those with special installation needs such as lack of a cdrom
55 or a computer that can't boot cds.
56 </abstract>
57
58 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
59 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
60 <license/>
61
62 <version>3</version>
63 <date>2010-06-14</date>
64
65 <chapter>
66 <title>About this document</title>
67 <section>
68 <body>
69
70 <p>
71 If the standard boot-from-CD install method doesn't work for you (or you just
72 don't like it), help is now here. This document serves to provide a repository
73 of alternative Gentoo Linux installation techniques to those who need them.
74 Or, if you prefer, it serves as a place to put your wacky installation methods.
75 If you have an installation method that you yourself find useful, or you have
76 devised an amusing way of installing Gentoo, please don't hesitate to write
77 something up and post it on <uri link="http://bugs.gentoo.org">Bugzilla</uri>.
78 </p>
79
80 </body>
81 </section>
82 </chapter>
83
84 <chapter>
85 <title>Booting the Install CD with Smart BootManager</title>
86 <section>
87 <body>
88
89 <p>
90 Download Smart BootManager available from
91 <uri>http://btmgr.sourceforge.net/download.html</uri>.
92 Linux source or binary format and windows .exe versions are available as well
93 as many language packs. However, at this time, the preferred method would be to
94 use the binary format, as the source will not compile with newer versions of
95 NASM.
96 </p>
97
98 <p>
99 Either compile the package from source or just grab the binary. There are
100 several options that can be utilized while creating your boot floppy, as seen
101 below.
102 </p>
103
104 <pre caption="Smart BootManager Options">
105 sbminst [-t theme] [-d drv] [-b backup_file] [-u backup_file]
106
107 -t theme select the theme to be used, in which the theme could be:
108 us = English theme de = German theme
109 hu = Hungarian theme zh = Chinese theme
110 ru = Russian theme cz = Czech theme
111 es = Spanish theme fr = French theme
112 pt = Portuguese theme
113
114
115 -d drv set the drive that you want to install Smart BootManager on;
116 for Linux:
117 /dev/fd0 is the first floppy driver,
118 /dev/hda is the first IDE harddisk driver.
119 /dev/sda is the first SCSI harddisk driver.
120 for DOS:
121 0 is the first floppy drive
122 128 is the first hard drive;
123
124 -c disable CD-ROM booting feature;
125
126 -b backup_file backup the data that will be overwritten for
127 future uninstallation;
128
129 -u backup_file uninstall Smart BootManager, should be used alone;
130
131 -y do not ask any question or warning.
132 </pre>
133
134 <pre caption="Using sbminst to build the boot floppy">
135 # <i>sbminst -t us -d /dev/fd0</i>
136 </pre>
137
138 <note>
139 Replace <path>fd0</path> with your respective floppy device name if yours is
140 different.
141 </note>
142
143 <p>
144 Now simply place the floppy in the floppy drive of the computer you'd like to
145 boot the Install CD on, as well as placing the Install CD in the CD-ROM and boot
146 the computer.
147 </p>
148
149 <p>
150 You'll be greeted with the Smart BootManager dialog. Select your CD-ROM and
151 press ENTER to boot the Install CD. Once booted proceed with the standard
152 installation instructions.
153 </p>
154
155 <p>
156 Further information on Smart BootManager may be found at
157 <uri>http://btmgr.sourceforge.net/</uri>
158 </p>
159
160 </body>
161 </section>
162 </chapter>
163
164 <chapter>
165 <title>Installation from non-Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
166 <section>
167 <title>Introduction</title>
168 <body>
169
170 <impo>
171 The Gentoo developers cannot support you if something goes wrong with a
172 non-Gentoo LiveCD, as there's no way to fix, troubleshoot, or document every
173 quirk of every LiveCD out there. Only Gentoo LiveCDs are officially supported.
174 If you run into problems with alternative installation media, please visit the
175 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo Forums</uri> for community help.
176 </impo>
177
178 <p>
179 It is possible to boot some other LiveCD besides the Gentoo-provided CDs. This
180 will give you a functional environment to use while you're compiling and
181 installing Gentoo. The instructions provided here should work in principle with
182 just about any other LiveCD.
183 </p>
184
185 <p>
186 There are too many LiveCDs out there to <uri
187 link="http://distrowatch.com/search.php">list</uri>, but you might try <uri
188 link="http://www.knoppix.org/">Knoppix</uri>. It provides a full graphical
189 desktop, with office applications, web browsers, and games to keep you busy.
190 Knoppix is only available for x86 users, so depending on your needs you may need
191 to find a different LiveCD.
192 </p>
193
194 <warn>
195 Be aware that if you save anything in your LiveCD's home directory while waiting
196 for your Gentoo system to install, it will not be available when you reboot
197 into Gentoo. Be sure to save important files on the hard disk or on some other
198 computer!
199 </warn>
200
201 </body>
202 </section>
203 <section>
204 <title>Installation instructions</title>
205 <body>
206
207 <p>
208 Boot from your LiveCD. Open a terminal and run <c>su -</c> so you can change your
209 password. This lets you set the root password for the CD. You can now configure
210 <c>sshd</c> for remote login, if you need to install Gentoo remotely. Next,
211 you'll need to create the <path>/mnt/gentoo</path> mountpoint.
212 </p>
213
214 <pre caption="Creating the /mnt/gentoo mountpoint">
215 # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo</i>
216 </pre>
217
218 <p>
219 At this point, you can pick up with the standard install documentation at <uri
220 link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=1&amp;chap=4">part 4</uri>.
221 However, when you are asked to mount the proc system, issue the following
222 command instead:
223 </p>
224
225 <pre caption="Bind-mounting the proc pseudo filesystem">
226 # <i>mount -o bind /proc /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
227 </pre>
228
229 <p>
230 When you're ready to unpack the stage tarball in <uri
231 link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=1&amp;chap=5_sect4">part 5</uri>, you
232 will need to use a different <c>tar</c> command to ensure that proper group IDs
233 are enforced on the unpacked stage:
234 </p>
235
236 <pre caption="Unpacking the stage tarball">
237 # <i>tar --numeric-owner -xvjpf stage3-*.tar.bz2</i>
238 </pre>
239
240 <p>
241 Once you're ready to chroot into your unpacked stage in <uri
242 link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=1&amp;chap=6#doc_chap1">part
243 6</uri>, you will need to use a different chroot command sequence. This ensures
244 that your environment variables are properly setup.
245 </p>
246
247 <pre caption="Chrooting into the new environment">
248 # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
249 # <i>su -</i>
250 # <i>env-update</i>
251 # <i>source /etc/profile</i>
252 # <i>export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"</i>
253 </pre>
254
255 <p>
256 Finally, know that some Portage FEATURES may not work in your LiveCD. Especially
257 watch out for <c>userpriv</c> and <c>usersandbox</c>. If you find yourself
258 getting errors, it might be wise to disable some or all of the optional
259 FEATURES.
260 </p>
261
262 <!--
263 Commenting out due to #78716. If it needs to be restated again, note
264 that some will require to bind-mount it, others don't, and that you have
265 a 50-50 chance of winning the gold strike.
266
267
268 <p>
269 You will also need to bind-mount the device tree to resolve permission issues
270 with various device files.
271 </p>
272
273 < ! - -
274 If this doesn't seem to work, #71901 mentions the following command:
275 mount -o remount,rw,nosuid /dev/hd* /mnt/hd*
276 before all. Looks weird to me, but if this doesn't work, we might want to try
277 that.
278 - - >
279
280 <pre caption="Bind-mounting the device tree">
281 # <i>mount -o bind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev</i>
282 </pre>
283 -->
284
285 </body>
286 </section>
287 </chapter>
288
289 <chapter>
290 <title>Diskless install using PXE boot</title>
291 <section>
292 <title>Requirements</title>
293 <body>
294
295 <p>
296 You will need a network card on the diskless client that uses the PXE protocol
297 to boot, like many 3com cards. You will also need a BIOS that supports booting
298 from PXE.
299 </p>
300
301 </body>
302 </section>
303 <section>
304 <title>Server base setup</title>
305 <body>
306
307 <p>
308 Create directories: The first thing to do is to create the directories where
309 your diskless system will be stored. Create a directory called
310 <path>/diskless</path> which houses a directory for each diskless client. For
311 the rest of this howto we'll be working on the client 'eta'.
312 </p>
313
314 <pre caption="Directory setup">
315 # <i>mkdir /diskless</i>
316 # <i>mkdir /diskless/eta</i>
317 # <i>mkdir /diskless/eta/boot</i>
318 </pre>
319
320 <p>
321 DHCP and TFTP setup: The client will get boot informations using DHCP and
322 download all the required files using TFTP.
323 </p>
324
325 <p>
326 For dhcpd, just run <c>emerge dhcp</c> (or any other DHCP server of your
327 choice). Make sure that the correct interface is selected in
328 <path>/etc/conf.d/dhcpd</path>, and configure it for your basic needs. Then, add
329 the following on <path>/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf</path>.
330 </p>
331
332 <note>
333 This provides a static IP address for the client and the path of a PXE boot
334 image, here <path>pxegrub</path>. You have to replace the MAC address of the
335 ethernet card of the client and the directory where you will put the client
336 files with the one you use.
337 </note>
338
339 <pre caption="dhcpd.conf">
340 option option-150 code 150 = text ;
341 ddns-update-style none ;
342 host eta {
343 hardware ethernet 00:00:00:00:00:00;
344 fixed-address <i>ip.add.re.ss</i>;
345 option option-150 "/eta/boot/grub.lst";
346 filename "/eta/boot/pxegrub";
347 }
348 </pre>
349
350 <p>
351 Next you'll need to configure your interface in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> so
352 that it doesn't get cleared at bootup. See <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>
353 for more information.
354 </p>
355
356 <pre caption="/etc/conf.d/net">
357 <comment>(Replace eth0 with the correct interface)</comment>
358 config_eth0=( "noop" )
359 </pre>
360
361 <p>
362 For TFTP, emerge <c>app-admin/tftp-hpa</c>. In
363 <path>/etc/conf.d/in.tftpd</path>, put the following :
364 </p>
365
366 <pre caption="in.tftpd">
367 INTFTPD_PATH="/diskless"
368 INTFTPD_USER="nobody"
369 INTFTPD_OPTS="-u ${INTFTPD_USER} -l -vvvvvv -p -c -s ${INTFTPD_PATH}"
370 </pre>
371
372 <p>
373 Setup GRUB: To provide PXE booting I use GRUB with the <c>netboot</c> USE flag
374 enabled. Once GRUB is compiled, copy the PXE image to the diskless client's
375 boot directory. Then edit its <path>grub.lst</path> config file.
376 </p>
377
378 <pre caption="Grub setup">
379 # <i>echo "sys-boot/grub netboot" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
380 # <i>emerge -av grub</i>
381 # <i>cp /usr/lib/grub/pxegrub /diskless/eta/boot/pxegrub</i>
382 # <i>nano -w /diskless/eta/boot/grub.lst</i>
383 </pre>
384
385 <pre caption="grub.lst">
386 default 0
387 timeout 30
388
389 title=Diskless Gentoo
390 root (nd)
391 kernel /eta/bzImage ip=dhcp root=/dev/nfs nfsroot=<i>ip.add.re.ss</i>:/diskless/eta
392
393 <comment># For the nfsroot option, the IP address is the one of the server and
394 the directory is the one where your diskless client files are located (on the server).</comment>
395 </pre>
396
397 <p>
398 Setup NFS: NFS is quite easy to configure. The only thing you have to do is to
399 add a line on the <path>/etc/exports</path> config file:
400 </p>
401
402 <pre caption="/etc/exports">
403 # <i>nano -w /etc/exports</i>
404 # /etc/exports: NFS file systems being exported. See exports(5).
405 /diskless/eta eta(rw,sync,no_root_squash)
406 </pre>
407
408 <p>
409 Update your hosts: One important thing to do now is to modify your
410 <path>/etc/hosts</path> file to fit your needs.
411 </p>
412
413 <pre caption="/etc/hosts">
414 127.0.0.1 localhost
415
416 192.168.1.10 eta.example.com eta
417 192.168.1.20 sigma.example.com sigma
418 </pre>
419
420 </body>
421 </section>
422 <section>
423 <title>Creating the system on the server</title>
424 <body>
425
426 <p>
427 You might want to reboot the server with a Gentoo Install CD, although you can
428 very well continue immediately if you know how to proceed with the Gentoo
429 Installation Instructions from an existing installation. Follow the standard
430 install procedure as explained in the <uri link="/doc/en/handbook/">Gentoo
431 Handbook</uri> BUT with the following differences:
432 When you mount the file system, do the following (where <path>hdaX</path> is
433 the partition where you created the <path>/diskless</path> directory). You do
434 not need to mount any other partitions as all of the files will reside in the
435 <path>/diskless/eta</path> directory.
436 </p>
437
438 <pre caption="Mounting the filesystem">
439 #<i> mount /dev/hdaX /mnt/gentoo</i>
440 </pre>
441
442 <p>
443 Stage tarballs and chroot: This example uses a stage3 tarball. Mount
444 <path>/proc</path> to your diskless directory and chroot into it to continue
445 with the install. Then follow the installation manual until kernel
446 configuration.
447 </p>
448
449 <warn>
450 Be very careful where you extract your stage tarball. You don't want to end up
451 extracting over your existing installation.
452 </warn>
453
454 <pre caption="Extracting the stage tarball">
455 # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo/diskless/eta/</i>
456 # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/gentoo/stage3-*.tar.bz2</i>
457 # <i>mount -t proc /proc /mnt/gentoo/diskless/eta/proc</i>
458 # <i>cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/diskless/eta/etc/resolv.conf</i>
459 # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo/diskless/eta/ /bin/bash</i>
460 # <i>env-update</i>
461 # <i>source /etc/profile</i>
462 </pre>
463
464 <p>
465 Kernel configuration: When you do the <c>make menuconfig</c> of your kernel
466 configuration, don't forget to enable the following options with the others
467 recommended into the install howto.
468 </p>
469
470 <pre caption="menuconfig options">
471 - Your network card device support
472 <comment>(In the kernel, *not* as a module!)</comment>
473
474 - Under "Networking options" :
475
476 [*] TCP/IP networking
477 [*] IP: kernel level autoconfiguration
478 [*] IP: DHCP support
479 [*] IP: BOOTP support
480
481
482 - Under "File systems --> Network File Systems" :
483
484 &lt;*&gt; NFS file system support
485 [*] Provide NFSv3 client support
486 [*] Root file system on NFS
487 </pre>
488
489 <p>
490 Save the kernel in your chrooted <path>/</path> (not in <path>/boot</path>)
491 according to the pxegrub setting defined earlier. Next configure your
492 diskless client's <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
493 </p>
494
495 <pre caption="/etc/fstab">
496 # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
497 /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro 0 0
498 proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
499 tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
500 </pre>
501
502 <p>
503 You also need to prevent the client to run a filesystem check:
504 </p>
505
506 <pre caption="Preventing the client to run a filesystem check">
507 # <i>touch /fastboot</i>
508 # <i>echo "touch /fastboot" &gt;&gt; /etc/conf.d/local.start</i>
509 </pre>
510
511 <p>
512 Install <c>nfs-utils</c> since your client will heavily depend on it:
513 </p>
514
515 <pre caption="Installing nfs-utils">
516 # <i>emerge nfs-utils</i>
517 </pre>
518
519 <p>
520 Bootloader. Don't install another bootloader because we already have one -
521 pxegrub. Simply finish the install and restart the server. Start the services
522 you'll need to boot the new client: DHCP, TFTPD, and NFS.
523 </p>
524
525 <pre caption="Starting services">
526 # <i>/etc/init.d/dhcp start</i>
527 # <i>/etc/init.d/in.tftpd start</i>
528 # <i>/etc/init.d/nfs start</i>
529 </pre>
530
531 </body>
532 </section>
533 <section>
534 <title>Booting the new client</title>
535 <body>
536
537 <p>
538 For the new client to boot properly, you'll need to configure the bios and the
539 network card to use PXE as the first boot method - before CD-ROM or floppy. For
540 help with this consult your hardware manuals or manufacturers website. The
541 network card should get an IP address using DHCP and download the GRUB PXE
542 image using TFTP. Then, you should see a nice black and white GRUB bootmenu
543 where you will select the kernel to boot and press Enter. If everything is ok
544 the kernel should boot, mount the root filesystem using NFS and provide you
545 with a login prompt. Enjoy.
546 </p>
547
548 </body>
549 </section>
550 </chapter>
551
552 <chapter>
553 <title>Installing Gentoo from an existing Linux distribution</title>
554 <section>
555 <title>Requirements</title>
556 <body>
557
558 <p>
559 In order to install Gentoo from your existing Linux distribution you need to
560 have chroot command installed, and have a copy of the Gentoo installation
561 tarball or ISO you want to install. A network connection would be preferable if
562 you want more than what's supplied in your tarball. (by the way, a tarball is
563 just a file ending in .tbz or .tar.gz). The author used RedHat Linux 7.3 as the
564 "host" operating system, but it is not very important. Let's get started!
565 </p>
566
567 </body>
568 </section>
569 <section>
570 <title>Overview</title>
571 <body>
572
573 <p>
574 We will first allocate a partition to Gentoo by resizing our existing Linux
575 partition, mount the partition, untar the tarball to the partition that is
576 mounted, chroot inside the pseudo-system and start building. Once the bootstrap
577 process is done, we will do some final configuration on the system so as to
578 make sure it boots, then we are ready to reboot and use Gentoo.
579 </p>
580
581 </body>
582 </section>
583 <section>
584 <title>How should we make space for Gentoo?</title>
585 <body>
586
587 <p>
588 The root partition is the filesystem mounted under <path>/</path>. A quick run
589 of <c>mount</c> on my system shows what I am talking about. We well also use
590 <c>df</c> (disk free) to see how much space I have left and how I will be
591 resizing. Note that it is not mandatory to resize your root partition! You
592 could be resizing anything else supported by our resizer, but let's talk about
593 that later.
594 </p>
595
596 <pre caption="Filesystem information">
597 # <i>mount</i>
598 /dev/hdb2 on / type ext3 (rw)
599 none on /proc type proc (rw)
600 none on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620)
601 none on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nodev,nosuid,noexec)
602 # <i>df -h </i>
603 Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
604 /dev/hdb2 4.0G 1.9G 2.4G 82% /
605 none 38M 0 38M 0% /dev/shm
606 </pre>
607
608 <p>
609 As we can see, the partition mounted as <path>/</path> named
610 <path>/dev/hdb2</path> has 2.4 gigabytes free. In my case, I think I will
611 resize it as to leave 400Megs free of space, therefore allocating 2 gigabytes
612 for Gentoo. Not bad, I could have quite some stuff installed. However, I think
613 that even one gigabyte is enough for most users. So let's partition this thing!
614 </p>
615
616 </body>
617 </section>
618 <section>
619 <title>Building parted to resize partition</title>
620 <body>
621
622 <p>
623 Parted is an utility supplied by the GNU foundation, an old and respectable
624 huge project whose software you are using in this very moment. There is one
625 tool, however, that is extremely useful for us at the moment. It's called
626 parted, partition editor and we can get it from
627 <uri>http://www.gnu.org/software/parted/</uri>
628 </p>
629
630 <note>
631 There are other tools for doing resize of partitions as well, but the author is
632 unsure/uninterested whether PartitionMagic(tm) or other software of the kind do
633 the job. It's the reader's job to check them out
634 </note>
635
636 <p>
637 Look up on that page the type of filesystem you want to resize and see if
638 parted can do it. If not, you're out of luck, you will have to destroy some
639 partition to make space for Gentoo, and reinstall back. Go ahead by downloading
640 the software, install it. Here we have a problem. We want to resize our Linux
641 root partition, therefore we must boot from a floppy disk a minimal linux
642 system and use previously-compiled parted copied to a diskette in order to
643 resize <path>/</path>. However, if you can unmount the partition while still
644 in Linux you are lucky, you don't need to do what follows. Just compile parted
645 and run it on an unmounted partition you chose to resize. Here's how I did it
646 for my system.
647 </p>
648
649 <impo>
650 Make sure that the operations you want to do on your partition are supported by
651 parted!
652 </impo>
653
654 <p>
655 Get the mininux boot/root disk (a 2.4-powered mini Linux distribution on a
656 floppy - free of charge) from <uri>http://mininux.free.fr/uk/</uri>, create a
657 floppy as suggested in the Documentation that accompanies the software package
658 and insert a new floppy in the drive for the next step.
659 </p>
660
661 <note>
662 Note again that Linux is synonym of "There's one more way to do it". Your
663 objective is to run parted on an unmounted partition so it can do its work. You
664 might use some boot/root diskset other than mininux. You might not even
665 need to do this step at all, ie. you might only have umount the filesystem you
666 want to repartition in your Linux session and run parted on it.
667 </note>
668
669 <pre caption="Utility disk creation">
670 # <i>mkfs.minix /dev/fd0</i>
671 480 inodes
672 1440 blocks
673 Firstdatazone=19 (19)
674 Zonesize=1024
675 Maxsize=268966912
676 </pre>
677
678 <p>
679 We will now proceed with the build of parted. If it's not already downloaded
680 and untarred, do so now and <c>cd</c> into the corresponding directory. Now run
681 the following set of commands to build the utility and copy it to your floppy
682 disk.
683 </p>
684
685 <pre caption="Building the utility floppy">
686 # <i> mkdir /floppy; mount -t minix /dev/fd0 /floppy &amp;&amp;
687 export CFLAGS="-O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -static" &amp;&amp; ./configure
688 &amp;&amp; make &amp;&amp; cp parted/parted /floppy &amp;&amp; umount /floppy </i>
689 </pre>
690
691 <p>
692 Congratulations, you are ready to reboot and resize your partition. Do this
693 only after taking a quick look at the parted documentation on the GNU website.
694 The resize should take under 30 minutes for the largest hard-drives, be
695 patient. Reboot your system with the mininux boot disk (just pop it inside),
696 and once you are logged in, switch the disk in the drive with your utility disk
697 we have created above and type <c>mount /dev/fd0 /floppy</c> to have parted
698 under <path>/floppy</path>. There you go. Run parted and you will be able to
699 resize your partition. Once this lenghty process done, we are ready to have the
700 real fun, by installing Gentoo. Reboot back into your old Linux system for now.
701 The drive you wish to operate on is the drive containing the partition we want
702 to resize. For example, if we want to resize /dev/hda3, the drive is /dev/hda.
703 </p>
704
705 <pre caption="Commands to run once logged into mininux system">
706 # <i>mount /dev/fd0 /floppy </i>
707 # <i>cd /floppy; ./parted [drive you wish to operate on]</i>
708 (parted) <i> print </i>
709 Disk geometry for /dev/hdb: 0.000-9787.148 megabytes
710 Disk label type: msdos
711 Minor Start End Type Filesystem Flags
712 1 0.031 2953.125 primary ntfs
713 3 2953.125 3133.265 primary linux-swap
714 2 3133.266 5633.085 primary ext3
715 4 5633.086 9787.148 extended
716 5 5633.117 6633.210 logical
717 6 6633.242 9787.148 logical ext3
718 (parted) <i> help resize </i>
719 resize MINOR START END resize filesystem on partition MINOR
720
721 MINOR is the partition number used by Linux. On msdos disk labels, the
722 primary partitions number from 1-4, and logical partitions are 5
723 onwards.
724 START and END are in megabytes
725 (parted) <i> resize 2 3133.266 4000.000 </i>
726 </pre>
727
728 <impo>
729 Be patient! The computer is working! Just look at the harddrive LED on your case
730 to see that it is really working. This should take between 2 and 30 minutes.
731 </impo>
732
733 <p>
734 Once you have resized, boot back into your old linux as described. Then go to
735 <uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=1&amp;chap=4">The Gentoo
736 Handbook: Preparing the Disks</uri> and follow the instructions. When
737 chrooting, use the following command to flush your environment:
738 </p>
739
740 <pre caption="Flushing the environment during chroot">
741 # <i>env -i HOME=$HOME TERM=$TERM chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
742 # <i>/usr/sbin/env-update</i>
743 # <i>source /etc/profile</i>
744 </pre>
745
746 <p>
747 Enjoy!
748 </p>
749
750 </body>
751 </section>
752 </chapter>
753 </guide>

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