/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml
Gentoo

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12<author title="Editor"><mail link="peesh@gentoo.org">Jorge Paulo</mail></author> 12<author title="Editor"><mail link="peesh@gentoo.org">Jorge Paulo</mail></author>
13<author title="Editor"><mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail></author> 13<author title="Editor"><mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail></author>
14<abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract> 14<abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract>
15 15
16<version>1.1.4</version> 16<version>1.1.4</version>
17<date>23 June 2003</date> 17<date>29 June 2003</date>
18
19<chapter>
20<title>Featured Questions</title>
21<section>
22<title>Getting Started</title>
23<body>
24<ul>
25<li><uri link="#doc_chap2_sect1">How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean? </uri></li>
26<li><uri link="#doc_chap2_sect2">What makes Gentoo different?</uri></li>
27</ul>
28</body>
29</section>
30<section>
31<title>Installation</title>
32<body>
33<ul>
34<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect1">What is the difference between the .iso and .tbz2 files?</uri></li>
35<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect2">Why do the build .iso and .tbz2 files sometimes have different -r (revision) numbers?</uri></li>
36<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect3">I have a Sony Super-Slim VAIO laptop, and the Gentoo Linux CD is having problems finding my PCMCIA ATAPI CD-ROM.</uri></li>
37<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect4">I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives?</uri></li>
38<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect5">What's the default root password after installation?</uri></li>
39<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect6">How can i change the root (or indeed any other user's) password?</uri></li>
40<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect7">How do i add a normal user?</uri></li>
41<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect8">Why can't a user su to root? </uri></li>
42<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect9">How do I enable devfs?</uri></li>
43<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect10">How to I disable devfs?</uri></li>
44<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect11">How do I get a /dev/mouse that doesn't go away when I reboot (when using devfs)? </uri></li>
45<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect12">Grub can't find stage x.y?</uri></li>
46<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect13">My ASUS CUV4X-D won't boot and it freezes during various stages of kernel loading and hardware detection.</uri></li>
47<li><uri link="#doc_chap3_sect14">If I have Gentoo 1.4_rc1 can I upgrade to 1.4_rc2, 1.4_final/_rc3 without reinstalling?</uri></li>
48</ul>
49</body>
50</section>
51<section>
52<title>Package Management</title>
53<body>
54<ul>
55<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect1">In what format are the packages stored?</uri></li>
56<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect2">Why write a new port system (Portage) instead of using BSD's version?</uri></li>
57<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect3">How does this differ from Debian's apt or BSD's ports?</uri></li>
58<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect4">How do I install and uninstall packages?</uri></li>
59<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect5">How can I set a global configuration for compiling packages?</uri></li>
60<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect6">What happened to /etc/make.defaults?</uri></li>
61<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect7">Is there a way to upgrade all installed packages e.g. apt-get upgrade or make World?</uri></li>
62<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect8">When updating a package using emerge or ebuild, how do I avoid clobbering my config files?</uri></li>
63<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect9">I want to perform the ./configure step myself. Can I?</uri></li>
64<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect10">What if rsync doesn't work for me?</uri></li>
65<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect11">How do I use emerge from behind a firewall?</uri></li>
66<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect12">Can I rsync from another operating system?</uri></li>
67<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect13">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri></li>
68<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect14">.tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles/ using valuable space. Is it safe to delete these files?</uri></li>
69<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect15">I went to emerge blackdown-jdk and blackdown-jre, and afterwards java-config --list-available-vms would only list blackdown-jre. Openoffice would then refuse to emerge. What do I do? </uri></li>
70<li><uri link="#doc_chap4_sect16">What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to delete the files and directories in /var/tmp/portage? </uri></li>
71</ul>
72</body>
73</section>
74<section>
75<title>Usage</title>
76<body>
77<ul>
78<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect1">I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal user account doesn't work.</uri></li>
79<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect2">I can start X applications as root only. </uri></li>
80<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect3">How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</uri></li>
81<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect4">DNS name resolution works for root only. </uri></li>
82<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect5">Why is KDE not reading /etc/profile? </uri></li>
83<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect6">Why can't my user use their own crontab? </uri></li>
84<li><uri link="#doc_chap5_sect7">How do I get numlock to start on boot?</uri></li>
85</ul>
86</body>
87</section>
88<section>
89<title>Maintenance</title>
90<body>
91<ul>
92<li><uri link="#doc_chap6_sect1">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</uri></li>
93<li><uri link="#doc_chap6_sect2">How to I view the timestamps in /var/log/syslog.d, etc. on a pre-1.0_rc5 Gentoo system? </uri></li>
94</ul>
95</body>
96</section>
97<section>
98<title>Development</title>
99<body>
100<ul>
101<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect1">Where can I report bugs?</uri></li>
102<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect2">How often are new releases made? </uri></li>
103<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect3">I would like a package to be added to Portage; how would I go about this?</uri></li>
104<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect4">How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</uri></li>
105<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect5">make -f Makefile.cvs on a KDE app produces "invalid unused variable" errors </uri></li>
106<li><uri link="#doc_chap7_sect6">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps? </uri></li>
107</ul>
108</body>
109</section>
110<section>
111<title>Resources</title>
112<body>
113<ul>
114<li><uri link="#doc_chap8_sect1">Where can I find more about supervise used by default in Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier? </uri></li>
115<li><uri link="#doc_chap8_sect2">Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux? </uri></li>
116<li><uri link="#doc_chap8_sect3">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri></li>
117<li><uri link="#doc_chap8_sect4">Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer only go to the original poster and not the entire list?</uri></li>
118<li><uri link="#doc_chap8_sect5">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now? </uri></li>
119</ul>
120</body>
121</section>
122</chapter>
123
18 124
19<chapter> 125<chapter>
20 <title>Getting Started</title> 126 <title>Getting Started</title>
21 127
22 <section> 128 <section>
122 for extra options and setting, please see <c>man passwd</c> once you've completed the install. 228 for extra options and setting, please see <c>man passwd</c> once you've completed the install.
123 </p></body> 229 </p></body>
124 </section> 230 </section>
125 <section> 231 <section>
126 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title> 232 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title>
127 <body><p>Everyone seems to think that i shouldn't be using <e>root</e> for everyday use, 233 <body>
128 how can i add another user?</p>
129 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give 234 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give
130 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p> 235 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p>
131 <p>Insteed of <c>adduser</c> you can also use: 236 <p>Instead of <c>adduser</c> you can also use:
132 <pre># <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i></pre> 237 <pre># <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i></pre>
133 This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his login shell. 238 This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his login shell.
134 </p> 239 </p>
240 <p>You can also install <c>superadduser</c> using <c>emerge superadduser</c> and then issue <c>superadduser gentoo</c> to add a user called gentoo. Just follow the instructions given to you by <c>superadduser</c>.
241 </p>
135 </body> 242 </body>
136 </section> 243 </section>
137 <section> 244 <section>
138 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title> 245 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
139 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the 246 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the

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