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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.83 2005/06/04 17:05:39 neysx Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.84 2005/06/05 16:44:56 neysx Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title> 6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
7<author title="Previous Chief Architect"> 7<author title="Previous Chief Architect">
38please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team. 38please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.
39</abstract> 39</abstract>
40 40
41<license/> 41<license/>
42 42
43<version>2.15</version> 43<version>2.16</version>
44<date>2005-04-16</date> 44<date>2005-06-05</date>
45 45
46<chapter> 46<chapter>
47<title>Featured Questions</title> 47<title>Featured Questions</title>
48<section> 48<section>
49<title>Getting Started</title> 49<title>Getting Started</title>
124 <li> 124 <li>
125 <uri link="#firewall">How do I use emerge from behind a 125 <uri link="#firewall">How do I use emerge from behind a
126 firewall?</uri> 126 firewall?</uri>
127 </li> 127 </li>
128 <li> 128 <li>
129 <uri link="#unison">Can I rsync from another operating
130 system?</uri>
131 </li>
132 <li>
133 <uri link="#manualdownload">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can 129 <uri link="#manualdownload">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can
134 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri> 130 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri>
135 </li> 131 </li>
136 <li> 132 <li>
137 <uri link="#distfiles">.tar.gz sources for installed software are 133 <uri link="#distfiles">.tar.gz sources for installed software are
150<title>Usage</title> 146<title>Usage</title>
151<body> 147<body>
152 148
153<ul> 149<ul>
154 <li> 150 <li>
155 <uri link="#rootssh">I have installed openssh on my box, but can
156 only log in as root - my normal user account doesn't work.</uri>
157 </li>
158 <li>
159 <uri link="#rootX">I can start X applications as root only</uri>
160 </li>
161 <li>
162 <uri link="#intkeyboard">How do I set up an International Keyboard 151 <uri link="#intkeyboard">How do I set up an International Keyboard
163 Layout?</uri> 152 Layout?</uri>
164 </li> 153 </li>
165 <li> 154 <li>
166 <uri link="#rootdns">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri> 155 <uri link="#rootdns">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri>
190<ul> 179<ul>
191 <li> 180 <li>
192 <uri link="#filecorruption">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- 181 <uri link="#filecorruption">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues --
193 how to fix'em, etc.</uri> 182 how to fix'em, etc.</uri>
194 </li> 183 </li>
195 <li>
196 <uri link="#metalogd">Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</uri>
197 </li>
198</ul> 184</ul>
199 185
200</body> 186</body>
201</section> 187</section>
202<section> 188<section>
209 </li> 195 </li>
210 <li> 196 <li>
211 <uri link="#releases">How often are new releases made?</uri> 197 <uri link="#releases">How often are new releases made?</uri>
212 </li> 198 </li>
213 <li> 199 <li>
214 <uri link="#addfaq">How can I add a question or answer to this
215 FAQ?</uri>
216 </li>
217 <li>
218 <uri link="#beeping">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling 200 <uri link="#beeping">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling
219 Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?</uri> 201 Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?</uri>
220 </li> 202 </li>
221</ul> 203</ul>
222 204
231 <uri link="#resources">Where can I find more information about Gentoo 213 <uri link="#resources">Where can I find more information about Gentoo
232 Linux?</uri> 214 Linux?</uri>
233 </li> 215 </li>
234 <li> 216 <li>
235 <uri link="#buycd">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri> 217 <uri link="#buycd">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri>
236 </li>
237 <li>
238 <uri link="#mailinglist">Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo
239 mailinglist, does my answer only go to the original poster and not the
240 entire list?</uri>
241 </li> 218 </li>
242 <li> 219 <li>
243 <uri link="#help">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I 220 <uri link="#help">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I
244 do now?</uri> 221 do now?</uri>
245 </li> 222 </li>
656appropriately. 633appropriately.
657</p> 634</p>
658 635
659</body> 636</body>
660</section> 637</section>
661<section id="unison">
662<title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title>
663<body>
664
665<p>
666There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available
667from <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>.
668</p>
669
670</body>
671</section>
672<section id="manualdownload"> 638<section id="manualdownload">
673<title> 639<title>
674 I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere 640 I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere
675 else and add them to my system? 641 else and add them to my system?
676</title> 642</title>
723</section> 689</section>
724</chapter> 690</chapter>
725 691
726<chapter> 692<chapter>
727<title>Usage</title> 693<title>Usage</title>
728<section id="rootssh">
729<title>
730 I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal
731 user account doesn't work.
732</title>
733<body>
734
735<p>
736This is most probably because your user account doesn't have a valid shell
737specified. Check for your user entry in <path>/etc/passwd</path> and see if it
738ends in /bin/bash (or any other shell). If it doesn't, you must set a shell for
739the user. This is done using the usermod command, like this:
740</p>
741
742<pre caption="Using usermod">
743# <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i>
744</pre>
745
746</body>
747</section>
748<section id="rootX">
749<title>I can start X applications as root only.</title>
750<body>
751
752<p>
753Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the
754sticky bit set). Type the following as root:
755</p>
756
757<pre caption="Changing /tmp permissions">
758# <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i>
759</pre>
760
761</body>
762</section>
763<section id="intkeyboard"> 694<section id="intkeyboard">
764<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title> 695<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title>
765<body> 696<body>
766 697
767<p> 698<p>
884to the corruption. 815to the corruption.
885</p> 816</p>
886 817
887</body> 818</body>
888</section> 819</section>
889<section id="metalogd">
890<title>Metalogd doesn't log in real time</title>
891<body>
892
893<p>
894Metalog flushes output to the disk in blocks, so messages aren't immediately
895recorded into the system logs. If you are trying to debug a daemon, this
896performance-enhancing behavior is less than helpful. When your Gentoo Linux
897system is up and running, you can send metalog a USR1 signal to temporarily
898turn off this message buffering (meaning that <c>tail -f
899<path>/var/log/everything/current</path></c> will now work in real time, as
900expected) and a USR2 signal to turn buffering back on again. If you want to
901disable buffering permanently, you can change METALOG_OPTS="-B" to
902METALOG_OPTS="-B -s" in <path>/etc/conf.d/metalog</path>.
903</p>
904
905<pre caption="Turning metalog buffering on/off">
906<comment>(To turn the buffering off)</comment>
907# <i>killall -USR1 metalog</i>
908<comment>(To turn the buffering back on)</comment>
909# <i>killall -USR2 metalog</i>
910</pre>
911
912</body>
913</section>
914</chapter> 820</chapter>
915
916<chapter> 821<chapter>
917<title>Development</title> 822<title>Development</title>
918<section id="reportbugs"> 823<section id="reportbugs">
919<title>Where can I report bugs?</title> 824<title>Where can I report bugs?</title>
920<body> 825<body>
940<uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page. 845<uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page.
941</p> 846</p>
942 847
943</body> 848</body>
944</section> 849</section>
945<section id="addfaq">
946<title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title>
947<body>
948
949<p>
950Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the
951"Docs-user" product, "Gentoo Linux FAQ" component.
952</p>
953
954</body>
955</section>
956<section id="beeping"> 850<section id="beeping">
957<title> 851<title>
958 My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console 852 My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console
959 beeps? 853 beeps?
960</title> 854</title>
1015</p> 909</p>
1016 910
1017<p> 911<p>
1018You can also find fresh CDs from various resellers listed on our <uri 912You can also find fresh CDs from various resellers listed on our <uri
1019link="/main/en/where.xml">Get Gentoo!</uri> page. 913link="/main/en/where.xml">Get Gentoo!</uri> page.
1020</p>
1021
1022</body>
1023</section>
1024<section id="mailinglist">
1025<title>
1026 Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer
1027 only go to the original poster and not the entire list?
1028</title>
1029<body>
1030
1031<p>
1032The mailing list administrators have decided to go with minimal munging
1033(altering of mail headers), which means that they have decided against
1034altering headers to have replies go to the mailing list. There are various
1035reasons for this. For example, if a subscriber has a full mailbox, the
1036entire list receives notice of this every time that something is posted.
1037</p>
1038
1039<p>
1040Most GUI based mailers have a "reply to all" function. This will ensure that
1041your reply goes to the mailing list as well as the original poster. Most
1042users of text based emailers already know the methods to use, but if you
1043don't, in Pine, there is a "reply to group" option. Setting Mutt to reply to
1044the list is covered in the unofficial documentation at
1045<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=1085">forums.gentoo.org</uri>.
1046</p>
1047
1048<p>
1049Some list members do not like this method, but it was very heavily
1050discussed when it went into effect, with arguments on both sides.
1051Eventually the list administrators decided to keep it this way. Discussing
1052it on the mailing list will sometimes bring a polite explanation and other
1053times a rather brusque comment to check the archives. Although the
1054administrators regret the inconvenience that it may cause some users, it is
1055felt that at present it is preferable to the alternative for several
1056reasons, many of these covered
1057<uri link="http://www.unicom.com/pw/reply-to-harmful.html">here</uri>.
1058</p>
1059
1060<p>
1061(There are other eloquent arguments in favor of munging, and yes, the list
1062administrators have seen them).
1063</p> 914</p>
1064 915
1065</body> 916</body>
1066</section> 917</section>
1067<section id="help"> 918<section id="help">

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