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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3
4 <guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
5 <title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
6 <author title="Chief Architect"><mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail></author>
7 <author title="Reviewer">Colin Morey</author>
8 <author title="Editor"><mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail></author>
9 <author title="Editor"><mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail></author>
10 <author title="Editor"><mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail></author>
11 <abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract>
12
13 <version>1.1.3</version>
14 <date>15 January 2003</date>
15
16 <chapter>
17 <title>Getting Started</title>
18
19 <section>
20 <title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title>
21 <body><p>Gentoo is a species of small fast penguin, pronounced "gen-too" (The "g" in "gentoo" is a soft "g", as in "gentle".)</p></body>
22 </section>
23
24 <section>
25 <title>What makes Gentoo different?</title>
26 <body>
27 <p>Gentoo Linux is a fast, modern distribution with a clean and flexible
28 design -- in this respect, Gentoo may appeal to
29 <uri link="http://www.slackware.com/">Slackware</uri>,
30 <uri link="http://www.linuxfromscratch.org">Linux From Scratch</uri> or
31 <uri link="http://www.bsd.org">BSD</uri> users. Unlike most Linux
32 distros, Gentoo has a package system reminiscent of BSD's ports,
33 meaning the packages are continually updated to the lastest
34 versions.
35 </p>
36 </body>
37 </section>
38 </chapter>
39
40 <chapter>
41 <title>Installation</title>
42
43 <section>
44
45 <warn>REPORT all bugs to <uri>bugs.gentoo.org</uri>! Do not report bugs to upstream (original)
46 authors. Report the bugs to Gentoo, and we will move them upstream if necessary.
47 </warn>
48
49 <title>What is the difference between the .iso and .tbz2 files?</title>
50 <body><p>The build <e>.tbz2</e> file is a minimal set of system files
51 that is necessary for allowing a user to bootstrap and install
52 Gentoo Linux. The build <e>.iso</e> is a complete, bootable CD image that
53 contains a system kernel, a reasonably complete set of kernel modules,
54 necessary system tools such as <c>mkfs</c> and networking support,
55 as well as the <e>.tbz2</e> minimal-system tarball. Most users will install
56 Gentoo Linux by burning the .iso file onto a CD, booting off of the CD,
57 and installing from within the minimal linux environment provided by
58 the Gentoo boot CD. It is possible, however, for users to install
59 Gentoo Linux directly from an already-existing Linux distribution.
60 Such users need only download the .tbz2 file, install the contents
61 on a spare partition (making sure to use the <c>p</c> flag when
62 untarring the tarball!), chroot, and install in the usual fashion.</p>
63 </body>
64 </section>
65
66 <section>
67 <title>Why do the build .iso and .tbz2 files sometimes have different -r (revision) numbers?</title>
68 <body><p>
69 The .tbz2 minimal-system tarball only needs to be revised when there have
70 been significant changes to the core Gentoo Linux system (such as baselayout
71 changes, or a new profile), and as such .tbz2 updates are relatively rare.
72 The .iso file tends to get updated whenever we discover that somebody has
73 hardware that won't boot from our .iso. Since new kernel modules and
74 patches are constantly being generated, this situation probably won't
75 stabilise anytime soon.
76 </p>
77 </body>
78 </section>
79
80 <section>
81 <title>I have a Sony Super-Slim VAIO laptop, and the Gentoo Linux CD is having problems
82 finding my PCMCIA ATAPI CD-ROM.</title>
83 <body>
84 <p>Make sure the second IDE port is set to CDROM (it unsets itself if the device isn't
85 attached on boot) then do the following at the isolinux <c>boot:</c> prompt:</p>
86 <pre>
87 boot: <i>rescue ide2=0x180,0x386</i>
88 </pre>
89 <p>If you are using a 1.0_rc5 or earlier boot CD, apart from thinking about downloading the latest iso,
90 type <c>gentoo</c> instead of <c>rescue</c>, above.</p>
91 </body>
92
93 </section>
94 <section>
95 <title>I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math
96 -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives?</title>
97 <body>
98 <p>When you use any optimizations beyond <c>-O3</c>, you're really taking the risk of
99 having broken packages.
100 Very aggressive optimizations sometimes cause the compiler to streamline the assembly code
101 to the point where it doesn't quite do the same thing anymore. <e>Loc-Dog</e> (on IRC)
102 uses <c>-O3 -mcpu=i686 -march=i686 -fforce-addr -fomit-frame-pointer -funroll-loops
103 -frerun-cse-after-loop -frerun-loop-opt -malign-functions=4</c>, which is about
104 as much as I'd want to push global optimization settings. Beyond this, it's best to use
105 ultra-high optimizations only with specific packages where you really need that extra 2%,
106 (eg graphics and various multimedia programs), and where you can easily test the package
107 to ensure that it hasn't been optimized into oblivion.</p>
108 <p>Please try first to compile with CFLAGS <c>-march= -O2</c> before reporting a bug</p>
109 </body>
110 </section>
111
112 <section>
113 <title>What's the default root password after installation?</title>
114 <body><p>The default password is blank; hit enter.</p></body>
115 </section>
116
117 <section>
118 <title>How can i change the root (or indeed any other user's) password?</title>
119 <body><p>You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged into.
120 for extra options and setting, please see <c>man passwd</c> once you've completed the install.
121 </p></body>
122 </section>
123 <section>
124 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title>
125 <body><p>Everyone seems to think that i shouldn't be using <e>root</e> for everyday use,
126 how can i add another user?</p>
127 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give
128 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p>
129 <p>Insteed of <c>adduser</c> you can also use:
130 <pre># <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i></pre>
131 This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his login shell.
132 </p>
133 </body>
134 </section>
135 <section>
136 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
137 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the
138 <e>wheel</e> group. To add a <i>username</i> to the <e>wheel</e> group, issue the following
139 command as root:</p>
140 <pre># <i>usermod -G users,wheel username</i></pre>
141 </body>
142 </section>
143 <section>
144 <title>How do I enable devfs?</title>
145 <body>
146 <p>
147 If you're using 1.0_rc5 or greater, you don't need to do anything special to get
148 devfs working; it's already active (you did make sure that devfs was built into the
149 kernel, didn't you?).
150 However, if you are using a version of Gentoo Linux <e>prior</e> to version 1.0_rc5, add
151 <c>devfs=mount</c> to your <c>GRUB</c> kernel boot options so that the line looks something
152 like <c>kernel /boot/boot/bzImage devfs=mount foo=bar</c> The kernel will then mount the
153 <path>/dev</path> <e>devfs</e> filesystem automatically at boot-time.
154 </p>
155 </body>
156 </section>
157 <section>
158 <title>How to I disable devfs?</title>
159 <body>
160 <p>Under Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc6 and later, you can disable devfs by passing the
161 <c>gentoo=nodevfs</c> to the kernel.</p>
162 </body>
163 </section>
164 <section>
165 <title>How do I get a <path>/dev/mouse </path> that
166 doesn't go away when I reboot (when using devfs)?</title>
167 <body>
168 <p>
169 If you are using 1.0_rc6 or later, then you can just use <c>ln -s</c>
170 to make the usual symbolic link from <path>/dev/mouse</path>, and
171 it will be preserved between reboots.
172 </p>
173 <p>All other users need to edit <path>/etc/devfsd.conf</path>
174 and add these lines:</p>
175 <pre>
176 REGISTER ^misc/psaux$ CFUNCTION GLOBAL symlink misc/psaux mouse
177 UNREGISTER ^misc/psaux$ CFUNCTION GLOBAL unlink mouse
178 </pre>
179 <p>If you are not using the devfs PS/2 mouse <path>/dev/misc/psaux</path> device,
180 adjust the <c>misc/psaux</c> strings above accoringly. You'll then want to
181 <c>killall -HUP devfsd</c>
182 to get devfsd to reread <path>/etc/devfsd.conf</path>.</p>
183 </body>
184 </section>
185 <section>
186 <title>Grub can't find stage x.y?</title>
187 <body><p>
188 During installation the grub boot files are copied
189 to <path>/boot/grub</path> (<path>/boot/boot/grub</path> in Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and
190 earlier.) Grub automatically looks in the <path>/boot/grub</path> directory on the boot
191 partition. (We strongly recommend having a separate no-auto boot partition mounted at
192 <path>/boot</path>, since that way it is much more difficult to clobber your kernel and boot
193 info by accident.) The above error generally arises from (a) not using a separate boot
194 partition, (b) forgetting to mount the boot partition at <path>/boot</path> before either
195 unpacking the build snapshot or running
196 <c>emerge --usepkg system</c>, or (c) forgetting the
197 <c>notail</c> option when mounting a ReiserFS <path>/boot</path> partition.
198 You can get more information on grub, including how to
199 debug grub from the grub prompt, by reading the
200 <uri link="http://www-105.ibm.com/developerworks/education.nsf/linux-onlinecourse-bytitle/0F1731DC664023B7862569D0005C44AF?OpenDocument">IBM developerWorks Grub tutorial</uri>.
201 </p>
202 </body>
203 </section>
204
205 <section>
206 <title>My ASUS CUV4X-D won't boot and it freezes during various stages of kernel loading and hardware
207 detection. </title>
208 <body>
209 <p>Disable MPS 1.4 (multi-processor-system) in the BIOS or switch this
210 function to 1.1. By using this option you just switch the MPS version. The Multi-Processor-System
211 will still work properly. Make sure to boot Gentoo Linux with the following boot option, noapic. </p>
212 </body>
213 </section>
214
215 </chapter>
216
217 <chapter>
218 <title>Package Management</title>
219 <section>
220 <title>In what format are the packages stored?</title>
221 <body><p>They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; we are primarily
222 a ports-based distribution, meaning that we provide scripts (<c>.ebuild</c> files) and a
223 special system (Portage) so that you can build apps from sources. We generally only build
224 binaries for releases and snapshots. The <uri link="/doc/gentoo-howto.html">Development HOWTO
225 </uri> covers the contents of an ebuild script in detail. For full binary ISO releases, we
226 create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced <c>.tbz2</c> format (<c>.tar.bz2</c>
227 compatible with meta-information attached to the end of the file.)</p>
228 </body>
229 </section>
230
231 <section>
232 <title>Why write a new port system (Portage) instead of using BSD's version?</title>
233 <body>
234 <p>In one sentence, because Portage is much better in so many ways. One of the design
235 philosophies of the <c>.ebuild</c> syntax was to make it an analog of what you'd type to
236 install the program manually, thus making Portage very easy to learn and modify to your
237 needs. We also have OpenBSD-style "fake" installs, safe unmerging, system profiles,
238 package masking, a real dependency system, and lots of other good stuff.</p>
239 </body>
240 </section>
241
242 <section>
243 <title>How does this differ from Debian's apt or BSD's ports?</title>
244 <body><p>Portage features the best of apt and ports; for example, USE options, a full
245 dependency system, safe installs and uninstalls, and a true package database. Think of
246 Portage as the best of both worlds; a ports system with the sensibilities and safety of a
247 Linux package management system built-in.</p></body>
248 </section>
249
250 <section>
251 <title>How do I install and uninstall packages?</title>
252 <body>
253 <p>The <uri link="/doc/portage-user.html">Portage User Guide</uri> details how to install
254 and uninstall packages, and update Portage.</p>
255 </body>
256 </section>
257
258 <section>
259 <title>How can I set a global configuration for compiling packages?</title>
260 <body><p><path>/etc/make.conf</path> should be modified to override global and
261 profile-specific default options used to compile and merge packages. The most common options
262 are as follows:</p>
263 <table>
264 <tr>
265 <th>Flag</th>
266 <th>Description</th>
267 </tr>
268 <tr>
269 <ti>CHOST</ti>
270 <ti>This sets the HOST variable for compiles, e.g. <c>i686-pc-linux-gnu</c></ti>
271 </tr>
272 <tr>
273 <ti>CFLAGS</ti>
274 <ti>The options for <c>gcc</c> when compiling programs written in C (*.c files)</ti>
275 </tr>
276 <tr>
277 <ti>CXXFLAGS</ti>
278 <ti>The options for <c>gcc</c> when compiling programs written in C++ (*.c,*.cpp etc.
279 files)</ti>
280 </tr>
281 <tr>
282 <ti>USE</ti>
283 <ti>This allows you to set what optional components you'd like compiled-in, if
284 available. For example, if you have <c>gnome</c> inside the USE string, then when
285 you compile <c>xchat</c>, it will include GNOME support. All our dependencies are
286 also USE-aware.</ti>
287 </tr>
288 <tr>
289 <ti>GENTOO_MIRRORS</ti>
290 <ti>A space separated list of URIs currently mirroring the Gentoo packages. Portage
291 will attempt download from a <c>GENTOO_MIRROR</c> first before trying the official
292 <c>SRC_URI</c>. To force Portage to skip mirrors, set this variable to "".</ti>
293 </tr>
294 </table>
295 </body>
296 </section>
297
298 <section>
299 <title>What happened to <path>/etc/make.defaults</path>?</title>
300 <body>
301 <p>As of Portage 1.5 onwards, <path>/etc/make.defaults</path> is antiquated;
302 if you have portage-1.5-r1 or above installed then you can safely delete it.
303 This file has been replaced by <path>/etc/make.profile/make.defaults</path>
304 (<path>/etc/make.profile</path> should actually be a symlink to,
305 <path>/usr/portage/profiles/default</path>),
306 which contains system profile-specific default settings. The priority order of
307 the various configuration files is as follows (highest first):
308 <ol>
309 <li>Environment variables</li>
310 <li><path>/etc/make.conf</path>, for your use</li>
311 <li><path>/etc/make.profile/make.defaults</path>, for profile-specific defaults</li>
312 <li><path>/etc/make.globals</path>, for global defaults (settings not specified in
313 any other place come from here)</li>
314 </ol></p></body>
315 </section>
316
317 <section>
318 <title>Is there a way to upgrade all installed packages
319 e.g. <e>apt-get upgrade</e> or <e>make World</e>?</title>
320 <body><p><b>YES!</b> Type <c>emerge --update system</c> (use it with <c>--pretend</c> first) to
321 update all core system packages, and use <c>emerge --update world</c> (again, use it with
322 <c>--pretend</c> first) to do a complete system upgrade of all installed packages.
323
324
325 </p></body>
326 </section>
327
328 <section>
329 <title>When updating a package using <c>emerge</c> or <c>ebuild</c>, how do I avoid
330 clobbering my config files?</title>
331 <body><p>
332 Portage now includes config file management support by default. Type
333 <c>emerge --help config</c> for more details. The (overly) simple answer is that if
334 a package installs <path>foo</path> somewhere under <path>/etc</path>, and
335 another <path>foo</path> already exists there, then the new <path>foo</path> will
336 instead be renamed to <path>._cfgxxxx_foo</path> in that directory. A useful
337 tool for examining and updating any protected config files is <c>etc-update</c>,
338 currently obtained by <c>emerge app-admin/gentoolkit</c>.
339 </p></body>
340 </section>
341
342 <section>
343 <title>I want to perform the <c>./configure</c> step myself. Can I?</title>
344 <body><p>
345 Yes, but it is not trivial. First do <c>man ebuild</c> followed by
346 <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild unpack</c>. Then <c>cd</c> to
347 <path>/var/tmp/portage/foo-x.y.z/work</path>. You can manually perform
348 the <c>./configure</c> and <c>make</c> steps yourself (you'll have to do
349 both, since Portage does not separate the configure and build steps). To
350 have Portage finish the installation (so that you can easily remove it later,
351 should you desire to do so, and it will be registered in Portage as a possible
352 dependency) you first need to <c>touch /var/tmp/portage/foo-x.y.z/.compiled</c>
353 (tricking Portage into thinking that <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild compile</c> has
354 completed), followed by <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild merge</c>.
355 </p></body>
356 </section>
357
358 <section>
359 <title>What if rsync doesn't work for me?</title>
360 <body><p>
361 If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit
362 rsync traffic, then you can instead download the daily
363 /usr/portage snapshots from
364 <uri>http://cvs.gentoo.org/snapshots/</uri>. Just unpack
365 the tarball (using <c>tar xvjf portage-foo.tbz2</c>) in
366 the <path>/usr</path> directory.
367 </p></body>
368 </section>
369
370 <section>
371 <title>How do I use <i>emerge</i> from behind a firewall?</title>
372 <body><p>
373 Edit the PROXY settings in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If that doesn't work,
374 edit <path>/etc/wget/wgetrc</path> and edit http_proxy and ftp_proxy
375 appropriately.
376 </p></body>
377 </section>
378
379 <section>
380 <title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title>
381 <body><p>There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available from
382 <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>.</p></body>
383 </section>
384
385 <section>
386 <title>I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere else and
387 add them to my system?</title>
388 <body><p>
389 Definitely. You can run <c>emerge --pretend package</c> to see what programs
390 are going to be installed. Download sources and bring them on any media
391 home. Put the sources into <path>/usr/portage/distfiles</path> and run
392 <c>emerge package</c> to see it picking up the sources you just brought in!
393 </p></body>
394 </section>
395
396 <section>
397 <title>.tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles/ using
398 valuable space. Is it safe to delete these files?</title>
399 <body><p>
400 Yes, you can safely delete these files. But if you are on a slow
401 connection, such as a modem, you might want to keep the archives if
402 possible; often several ebuilds will be released for the same version of
403 a specific piece of software - if you have deleted the archive and you
404 upgrade the software it will have to be downloaded from the internet
405 again.
406 </p></body>
407 </section>
408
409 <section>
410 <title>How can I manage my own ebuilds without destroying them by (r)sync?</title>
411 <body>
412 <p>The simplest method is to use anonymous CVS instead of rsync, and
413 maintain your local
414 ebuilds in /usr/portage/local. Here's how to do it:</p>
415 <pre>
416 # <i>emerge cvs</i> <comment>(if necessary)</comment>
417 # <i>cd <path>/usr</path></i>
418 # <i>cvs -d :pserver:anonymous@gentoo.org:/home/anoncvs login</i> <comment>(hit &lt;enter&gt;)</comment>
419 # <i>cvs -d :pserver:anonymous@gentoo.org:/home/anoncvs get gentoo-x86</i>
420 # <i>cp /usr/portage/distfiles/* gentoo-x86/distfiles/</i>
421 # <i>cp -a /usr/portage/packages/* gentoo-x86/packages/</i>
422 # <i>mv portage portage.old</i>
423 # <i>ln -s gentoo-x86 portage</i>
424 # <i>mkdir /usr/portage/local</i>
425 # <i>echo local &gt;&gt; /usr/portage/profiles/categories</i>
426 # <i>cp /etc/make.conf /etc/make.conf.orig</i>
427 # <i>sed -e 's/#SYNC="cvs/SYNC="cvs/' /etc/make.conf.orig &gt; /etc/make.conf</i>
428 </pre>
429 </body>
430 </section>
431
432 <section>
433 <title>I went to emerge blackdown-jdk and blackdown-jre, and afterwards
434 <c>java-config --list-available-vms</c> would only list blackdown-jre.
435 Openoffice would then refuse to emerge. What do I do? </title>
436
437 <body>
438 <p>Solution: </p>
439 <pre caption = "Solution">
440 # <c>emerge unmerge blackdown-jre blackdown-jdk </c>
441 # <c>CONFIG_PROTECT="" emerge blackdown-jdk </c>
442 </pre>
443
444 </body>
445 </section>
446 </chapter>
447
448 <chapter>
449 <title>Usage</title>
450 <section>
451 <title>I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal user
452 account doesn't work. </title>
453 <body>
454 <p>
455 This is most probably because your user account doesn't have a valid shell specified. Check
456 for your user entry in
457 <path>/etc/passwd</path> and see if it ends in /bin/bash (or any other shell). If it doesn't,
458 you must set a shell for the user. This is done using the usermod command, like this ;
459 </p>
460 <pre># <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i></pre>
461 </body>
462 </section>
463
464 <section>
465 <title>I can start X applications as root only.</title>
466 <body><p>Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the sticky bit
467 set). Type the following as root:</p>
468 <pre># <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i></pre>
469 </body>
470 </section>
471
472 <section>
473 <title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title>
474 <body><p>Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>.
475 Then either reboot or restart the keymaps script:
476 <c>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</c>.</p>
477 </body>
478 </section>
479
480 <section>
481 <title>DNS name resolution works for root only.</title>
482 <body><p><path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as follows:
483 </p>
484 <pre># <i>chmod 0644 /etc/resolv.conf</i></pre>
485 </body>
486 </section>
487
488 <section>
489 <title>Why is KDE not reading <path>/etc/profile</path>?</title>
490 <body><p>You need to add <c>--login</c> to the first line in <path>/opt/kde2.1/bin/startkde
491 </path>, so that it reads as follows:</p>
492 <pre>#!/bin/sh --login</pre>
493 <p>This fix has been added to recent versions of KDE.</p>
494 </body>
495 </section>
496
497 <section>
498 <title>Why can't my user use their own crontab?</title>
499 <body><p>You need to add that user to the <i>cron</i> group.
500 </p>
501 </body>
502 </section>
503 </chapter>
504
505 <chapter>
506 <title>Maintenance</title>
507 <section>
508 <title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</title>
509 <body>
510 <p>
511 If your
512 ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo
513 Linux boot CD and run <c>reiserfsck --rebuild-tree</c> on
514 the corrupted filesystem. This should make the filesystem consistent
515 again, although you may have lost some files or directories due
516 to the corruption.
517 </p>
518 </body>
519 </section>
520 <!-- is this still relevant? -cpm -->
521 <section>
522 <title>How to I view the timestamps in /var/log/syslog.d, etc. on a pre-1.0_rc5 Gentoo
523 system?</title>
524 <body>
525 <p>To view multilog (Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier) timestamps, you need to pipe the
526 current log through the <c>tai64nlocal</c>command:</p>
527
528 <pre>
529 # <i>tai64nlocal &lt; /var/log/syslog.d/current | less</i>
530 </pre>
531
532 <p>Or, alternatively, if you want to "tail" the log:</p>
533
534 <pre>
535 # <i>tail -f /var/log/syslog.d/current | tai64nlocal</i>
536 </pre>
537
538 </body>
539 </section>
540 </chapter>
541
542 <chapter>
543 <title>Development</title>
544 <section>
545 <title>Where can I report bugs?</title>
546 <body><p>For bugs within a specific program, contact the program's author. Otherwise, use our
547 Bugzilla bug tracker at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri>. You can also visit us in
548 <c>#gentoo</c> on the <uri link="http://www.openprojects.net">OpenProjects</uri> IRC network.
549 </p></body>
550 </section>
551
552 <section>
553 <title>How often are new releases made?</title>
554 <body><p>New releases are announced on the <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/lists.xml">gentoo-announce</uri>
555 mailing list<!-- TODO: approximatley every X months -->, In reality the packages themselves
556 are updated shortly after the main authors release new code. As for when new Cd images etc
557 are released, that tends to be whenever there are any major updates to the base code, or when
558 new modules get added.</p></body>
559 </section>
560
561 <section>
562 <title>I would like a package to be added to Portage; how would I go about this?</title>
563 <body><p>Head over to <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and submit a new bug of the type
564 "ebuild". Attach your ebuild to the bug report.</p></body>
565 </section>
566
567 <section>
568 <title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title>
569 <body><p>Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the
570 "Docs-user" product.</p></body>
571 </section>
572
573 <section>
574 <title>make -f Makefile.cvs on a KDE app produces "invalid unused variable" errors</title>
575 <body><p>
576 Export <c>WANT_AUTOMAKE_1_4=1</c> for all KDE projects before running
577 <c>make -f Makefile.cvs</c>. Also, for KDE2 apps export <c>WANT_AUTOCONF_2_1=1</c>,
578 and for KDE3 apps export <c>WANT_AUTOCONF_2_5=1</c>.
579 </p></body>
580 </section>
581
582
583 <section>
584 <title>My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?
585 </title>
586 <body>
587 <p>
588 Console beeps can be turned off using setterm, like this ;
589
590 <pre># <i>setterm -blength 0</i></pre>
591
592 If you would like to turn off the console beeps on boot
593 you need to put this command in
594 <path>/etc/conf.d/local.start</path>. However, this only
595 disables beeps for the current terminal. To disable
596 beeps for other terminals, pipe the command output to the
597 target terminal, like this ;
598
599 <pre># <i>setterm -blength 0 >/dev/vc/1</i></pre>
600
601 You need to replace /dev/vc/1 with the terminal
602 you would like to disable console beeps for.
603 </p>
604 </body>
605 </section>
606 </chapter>
607
608 <chapter>
609 <title>Resources</title>
610 <section>
611 <title>Where can I find more about supervise used by default in Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier?</title>
612 <body><p><!-- TODO: --><uri>http://cr.yp.to/daemontools.html</uri></p></body>
613 </section>
614
615 <section>
616 <title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title>
617 <body><p>The official Gentoo documentation can be found on <uri>http://www.gentoo.org</uri>; general Linux information is at <uri>http://www.linuxdoc.org</uri>.</p></body>
618 </section>
619
620 <section>
621 <title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title>
622 <body><p>Yes! Fresh CDRs are available for $5 USD apiece from
623 <uri link = "http://cart.cheapbytes.com/cgi-bin/cart/0070010805">Cheapbytes</uri>.
624 </p>
625 <p>There are also CDs for sale at <uri link = "http://www.tuxcds.com/section.php?section=42">
626 tuxcds</uri> for a very good price. These people also bounce back a portion of the profits
627 to the Gentoo project, so buy them while they are hot! </p>
628 </body>
629 </section>
630
631 <section>
632 <title>Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer
633 only go to the original poster and not the entire list?</title>
634 <body>
635 <p>The mailing list administrators have decided to go with minimal munging
636 (altering of mail headers), which means that they have decided against
637 altering headers to have replies go to the mailing list. There are various
638 reasons for this. For example, if a subscriber has a full mailbox, the
639 entire list receives notice of this every time that something is posted.
640
641 Most GUI based mailers have a "reply to all" function. This will ensure that
642 your reply goes to the mailing list as well as the original poster. Most
643 users of text based emailers already know the methods to use, but if you
644 don't, in Pine, there is a "reply to group" option. Setting Mutt to reply to
645 the list is covered in the unofficial documentation at
646 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=1085">forums.gentoo.org</uri>.
647
648 Some list members do not like this method, but it was very heavily
649 discussed when it went into effect, with arguments on both sides.
650 Eventually the list administrators decided to keep it this way. Discussing
651 it on the mailing list will sometimes bring a polite explanation and other
652 times a rather brusque comment to check the archives. Although the
653 administrators regret the inconvenience that it may cause some users, it is
654 felt that at present it is preferable to the alternative for several
655 reasons, many of these covered
656 <uri link="http://www.unicom.com/pw/reply-to-harmful.html">here</uri>.
657
658 (There are other eloquent arguments in favor of munging, and yes, the list
659 administrators have seen them.) </p>
660 </body>
661 </section>
662
663 <section>
664 <title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title>
665 <body>
666 <p>A good first step is to browse through the relevant doumentation <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/index-docs.html">here</uri>,
667 failing that, the various Gentoo Linux mailing
668 lists listed on <uri link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri>. To search through the Gentoo mailling lists, just enter "lists.gentoo.org foo" to search for "foo". If all else fails, or you just want
669 to hang out with Gentoo folks, visit us on irc: <i>#gentoo</i>
670 on <i>irc.freenode.net</i>.
671 </p>
672 </body>
673 </section>
674 </chapter>
675 </guide>

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