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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <?xml-stylesheet href="/xsl/guide.xsl" type="text/xsl"?>
3
4 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5
6 <guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
7 <title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
8 <author title="Chief Architect"><mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail></author>
9 <author title="Reviewer">Colin Morey</author>
10 <author title="Editor"><mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail></author>
11 <author title="Editor"><mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail></author>
12 <abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract>
13
14 <version>1.1.2</version>
15 <date>06 December 2002</date>
16
17 <chapter>
18 <title>Getting Started</title>
19
20 <section>
21 <title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title>
22 <body><p>Gentoo is a species of small fast penguin, pronounced "jen-two".</p></body>
23 </section>
24
25 <section>
26 <title>What makes Gentoo different?</title>
27 <body>
28 <p>Gentoo Linux is a fast, modern distribution with a clean and flexible
29 design -- in this respect, Gentoo may appeal to
30 <uri link="http://www.slackware.com/">Slackware</uri>,
31 <uri link="http://www.linuxfromscratch.org">Linux From Scratch</uri> or
32 <uri link="http://www.bsd.org">BSD</uri> users. Unlike most Linux
33 distros, Gentoo has a package system reminiscent of BSD's ports,
34 meaning the packages are continually updated to the lastest
35 versions.
36 </p>
37 </body>
38 </section>
39 </chapter>
40
41 <chapter>
42 <title>Installation</title>
43
44 <section>
45
46 <impo>REPORT all bugs to <uri>bugs.gentoo.org</uri>! Do not report bugs to upstream (original)
47 authors. Report the bugs to Gentoo, and we will move them upstream if necessary.
48 </impo>
49
50 <title>What is the difference between the .iso and .tbz2 files?</title>
51 <body><p>The build <e>.tbz2</e> file is a minimal set of system files
52 that is necessary for allowing a user to bootstrap and install
53 Gentoo Linux. The build <e>.iso</e> is a complete, bootable CD image that
54 contains a system kernel, a reasonably complete set of kernel modules,
55 necessary system tools such as <c>mkfs</c> and networking support,
56 as well as the <e>.tbz2</e> minimal-system tarball. Most users will install
57 Gentoo Linux by burning the .iso file onto a CD, booting off of the CD,
58 and installing from within the minimal linux environment provided by
59 the Gentoo boot CD. It is possible, however, for users to install
60 Gentoo Linux directly from an already-existing Linux distribution.
61 Such users need only download the .tbz2 file, install the contents
62 on a spare partition (making sure to use the <c>p</c> flag when
63 untarring the tarball!), chroot, and install in the usual fashion.</p>
64 </body>
65 </section>
66
67 <section>
68 <title>Why do the build .iso and .tbz2 files sometimes have different -r (revision) numbers?</title>
69 <body><p>
70 The .tbz2 minimal-system tarball only needs to be revised when there have
71 been significant changes to the core Gentoo Linux system (such as baselayout
72 changes, or a new profile), and as such .tbz2 updates are relatively rare.
73 The .iso file tends to get updated whenever we discover that somebody has
74 hardware that won't boot from our .iso. Since new kernel modules and
75 patches are constantly being generated, this situation probably won't
76 stabilise anytime soon.
77 </p>
78 </body>
79 </section>
80
81 <section>
82 <title>I have a Sony Super-Slim VAIO laptop, and the Gentoo Linux CD is having problems
83 finding my PCMCIA ATAPI CD-ROM.</title>
84 <body>
85 <p>Make sure the second IDE port is set to CDROM (it unsets itself if the device isn't
86 attached on boot) then do the following at the isolinux <c>boot:</c> prompt:</p>
87 <pre>
88 boot: <i>rescue ide2=0x180,0x386</i>
89 </pre>
90 <p>If you are using a 1.0_rc5 or earlier boot CD, apart from thinking about downloading the latest iso,
91 type <c>gentoo</c> instead of <c>rescue</c>, above.</p>
92 </body>
93
94 </section>
95 <section>
96 <title>I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math
97 -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives?</title>
98 <body>
99 <p>When you use any optimizations beyond <c>-O3</c>, you're really taking the risk of
100 having broken packages.
101 Very aggressive optimizations sometimes cause the compiler to streamline the assembly code
102 to the point where it doesn't quite do the same thing anymore. <e>Loc-Dog</e> (on IRC)
103 uses <c>-O3 -mcpu=i686 -march=i686 -fforce-addr -fomit-frame-pointer -funroll-loops
104 -frerun-cse-after-loop -frerun-loop-opt -malign-functions=4</c>, which is about
105 as much as I'd want to push global optimization settings. Beyond this, it's best to use
106 ultra-high optimizations only with specific packages where you really need that extra 2%,
107 (eg graphics and various multimedia programs), and where you can easily test the package
108 to ensure that it hasn't been optimized into oblivion.</p>
109 <p>Please try first to compile with CFLAGS <c>-march= -O2</c> before reporting a bug</p>
110 </body>
111 </section>
112
113 <section>
114 <title>What's the default root password after installation?</title>
115 <body><p>The default password is blank; hit enter.</p></body>
116 </section>
117
118 <section>
119 <title>How can i change the root (or indeed any other user's) password?</title>
120 <body><p>You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged into.
121 for extra options and setting, please see <c>man passwd</c> once you've completed the install.
122 </p></body>
123 </section>
124 <section>
125 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title>
126 <body><p>Everyone seems to think that i shouldn't be using <e>root</e> for everyday use,
127 how can i add another user?</p>
128 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give
129 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p>
130 </body>
131 </section>
132 <section>
133 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
134 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the
135 <e>wheel</e> group. To add a <i>username</i> to the <e>wheel</e> group, issue the following
136 command as root:</p>
137 <pre># <i>usermod -G users,wheel username</i></pre>
138 </body>
139 </section>
140 <section>
141 <title>How do I enable devfs?</title>
142 <body>
143 <p>
144 If you're using 1.0_rc5 or greater, you don't need to do anything special to get
145 devfs working; it's already active (you did make sure that devfs was built into the
146 kernel, didn't you?).
147 However, if you are using a version of Gentoo Linux <e>prior</e> to version 1.0_rc5, add
148 <c>devfs=mount</c> to your <c>GRUB</c> kernel boot options so that the line looks something
149 like <c>kernel /boot/boot/bzImage devfs=mount foo=bar</c> The kernel will then mount the
150 <path>/dev</path> <e>devfs</e> filesystem automatically at boot-time.
151 </p>
152 </body>
153 </section>
154 <section>
155 <title>How to I disable devfs?</title>
156 <body>
157 <p>Under Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc6 and later, you can disable devfs by passing the
158 <c>gentoo=nodevfs</c> to the kernel.</p>
159 </body>
160 </section>
161 <section>
162 <title>How do I get a <path>/dev/mouse </path> that
163 doesn't go away when I reboot (when using devfs)?</title>
164 <body>
165 <p>
166 If you are using 1.0_rc6 or later, then you can just use <c>ln -s</c>
167 to make the usual symbolic link from <path>/dev/mouse</path>, and
168 it will be preserved between reboots.
169 </p>
170 <p>All other users need to edit <path>/etc/devfsd.conf</path>
171 and add these lines:</p>
172 <pre>
173 REGISTER ^misc/psaux$ CFUNCTION GLOBAL symlink misc/psaux mouse
174 UNREGISTER ^misc/psaux$ CFUNCTION GLOBAL unlink mouse
175 </pre>
176 <p>If you are not using the devfs PS/2 mouse <path>/dev/misc/psaux</path> device,
177 adjust the <c>misc/psaux</c> strings above accoringly. You'll then want to
178 <c>killall -HUP devfsd</c>
179 to get devfsd to reread <path>/etc/devfsd.conf</path>.</p>
180 </body>
181 </section>
182 <section>
183 <title>Grub can't find stage x.y?</title>
184 <body><p>
185 During installation the grub boot files are copied
186 to <path>/boot/grub</path> (<path>/boot/boot/grub</path> in Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and
187 earlier.) Grub automatically looks in the <path>/boot/grub</path> directory on the boot
188 partition. (We strongly recommend having a separate no-auto boot partition mounted at
189 <path>/boot</path>, since that way it is much more difficult to clobber your kernel and boot
190 info by accident.) The above error generally arises from (a) not using a separate boot
191 partition, (b) forgetting to mount the boot partition at <path>/boot</path> before either
192 unpacking the build snapshot or running
193 <c>emerge --usepkg system</c>, or (c) forgetting the
194 <c>notail</c> option when mounting a ReiserFS <path>/boot</path> partition.
195 You can get more information on grub, including how to
196 debug grub from the grub prompt, by reading the
197 <uri link="http://www-105.ibm.com/developerworks/education.nsf/linux-onlinecourse-bytitle/0F1731DC664023B7862569D0005C44AF?OpenDocument">IBM developerWorks Grub tutorial</uri>.
198 </p>
199 </body>
200 </section>
201
202 <section>
203 <title>My ASUS CUV4X-D won't boot and it freezes during various stages of kernel loading and hardware
204 detection. </title>
205 <body>
206 <p>Disable MPS 1.4 (multi-processor-system) in the BIOS or switch this
207 function to 1.1. By using this option you just switch the MPS version. The Multi-Processor-System
208 will still work properly. Make sure to boot Gentoo Linux with the following boot option, noapic. </p>
209 </body>
210 </section>
211
212 </chapter>
213
214 <chapter>
215 <title>Package Management</title>
216 <section>
217 <title>In what format are the packages stored?</title>
218 <body><p>They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; we are primarily
219 a ports-based distribution, meaning that we provide scripts (<c>.ebuild</c> files) and a
220 special system (Portage) so that you can build apps from sources. We generally only build
221 binaries for releases and snapshots. The <uri link="/doc/gentoo-howto.html">Development HOWTO
222 </uri> covers the contents of an ebuild script in detail. For full binary ISO releases, we
223 create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced <c>.tbz2</c> format (<c>.tar.bz2</c>
224 compatible with meta-information attached to the end of the file.)</p>
225 </body>
226 </section>
227
228 <section>
229 <title>Why write a new port system (Portage) instead of using BSD's version?</title>
230 <body>
231 <p>In one sentence, because Portage is much better in so many ways. One of the design
232 philosophies of the <c>.ebuild</c> syntax was to make it an analog of what you'd type to
233 install the program manually, thus making Portage very easy to learn and modify to your
234 needs. We also have OpenBSD-style "fake" installs, safe unmerging, system profiles,
235 package masking, a real dependency system, and lots of other good stuff.</p>
236 </body>
237 </section>
238
239 <section>
240 <title>How does this differ from Debian's apt or BSD's ports?</title>
241 <body><p>Portage features the best of apt and ports; for example, USE options, a full
242 dependency system, safe installs and uninstalls, and a true package database. Think of
243 Portage as the best of both worlds; a ports system with the sensibilities and safety of a
244 Linux package management system built-in.</p></body>
245 </section>
246
247 <section>
248 <title>How do I install and uninstall packages?</title>
249 <body>
250 <p>The <uri link="/doc/portage-user.html">Portage User Guide</uri> details how to install
251 and uninstall packages, and update Portage.</p>
252 </body>
253 </section>
254
255 <section>
256 <title>How can I set a global configuration for compiling packages?</title>
257 <body><p><path>/etc/make.conf</path> should be modified to override global and
258 profile-specific default options used to compile and merge packages. The most common options
259 are as follows:</p>
260 <table>
261 <tr>
262 <th>Flag</th>
263 <th>Description</th>
264 </tr>
265 <tr>
266 <ti>CHOST</ti>
267 <ti>This sets the HOST variable for compiles, e.g. <c>i686-pc-linux-gnu</c></ti>
268 </tr>
269 <tr>
270 <ti>CFLAGS</ti>
271 <ti>The options for <c>gcc</c> when compiling programs written in C (*.c files)</ti>
272 </tr>
273 <tr>
274 <ti>CXXFLAGS</ti>
275 <ti>The options for <c>gcc</c> when compiling programs written in C++ (*.c,*.cpp etc.
276 files)</ti>
277 </tr>
278 <tr>
279 <ti>USE</ti>
280 <ti>This allows you to set what optional components you'd like compiled-in, if
281 available. For example, if you have <c>gnome</c> inside the USE string, then when
282 you compile <c>xchat</c>, it will include GNOME support. All our dependencies are
283 also USE-aware.</ti>
284 </tr>
285 <tr>
286 <ti>GENTOO_MIRRORS</ti>
287 <ti>A space separated list of URIs currently mirroring the Gentoo packages. Portage
288 will attempt download from a <c>GENTOO_MIRROR</c> first before trying the official
289 <c>SRC_URI</c>. To force Portage to skip mirrors, set this variable to "".</ti>
290 </tr>
291 </table>
292 </body>
293 </section>
294
295 <section>
296 <title>What happened to <path>/etc/make.defaults</path>?</title>
297 <body>
298 <p>As of Portage 1.5 onwards, <path>/etc/make.defaults</path> is antiquated;
299 if you have portage-1.5-r1 or above installed then you can safely delete it.
300 This file has been replaced by <path>/etc/make.profile/make.defaults</path>
301 (<path>/etc/make.profile</path> should actually be a symlink to,
302 <path>/usr/portage/profiles/default</path>),
303 which contains system profile-specific default settings. The priority order of
304 the various configuration files is as follows (highest first):
305 <ol>
306 <li>Environment variables</li>
307 <li><path>/etc/make.conf</path>, for your use</li>
308 <li><path>/etc/make.profile/make.defaults</path>, for profile-specific defaults</li>
309 <li><path>/etc/make.globals</path>, for global defaults (settings not specified in
310 any other place come from here)</li>
311 </ol></p></body>
312 </section>
313
314 <section>
315 <title>Is there a way to upgrade all installed packages
316 e.g. <e>apt-get upgrade</e> or <e>make World</e>?</title>
317 <body><p><b>YES!</b> Type <c>emerge --update system</c> (use it with <c>--pretend</c> first) to
318 update all core system packages, and use <c>emerge --update world</c> (again, use it with
319 <c>--pretend</c> first) to do a complete system upgrade of all installed packages.
320
321
322 </p></body>
323 </section>
324
325 <section>
326 <title>When updating a package using <c>emerge</c> or <c>ebuild</c>, how do I avoid
327 clobbering my config files?</title>
328 <body><p>
329 Portage now includes config file management support by default. Type
330 <c>emerge --help config</c> for more details. The (overly) simple answer is that if
331 a package installs <path>foo</path> somewhere under <path>/etc</path>, and
332 another <path>foo</path> already exists there, then the new <path>foo</path> will
333 instead be renamed to <path>._cfgxxxx_foo</path> in that directory. A useful
334 tool for examining and updating any protected config files is <c>etc-update</c>,
335 currently obtained by <c>emerge app-admin/gentoolkit</c>.
336 </p></body>
337 </section>
338
339 <section>
340 <title>I want to perform the <c>./configure</c> step myself. Can I?</title>
341 <body><p>
342 Yes, but it is not trivial. First do <c>man ebuild</c> followed by
343 <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild unpack</c>. Then <c>cd</c> to
344 <path>/var/tmp/portage/foo-x.y.z/work</path>. You can manually perform
345 the <c>./configure</c> and <c>make</c> steps yourself (you'll have to do
346 both, since Portage does not separate the configure and build steps). To
347 have Portage finish the installation (so that you can easily remove it later,
348 should you desire to do so, and it will be registered in Portage as a possible
349 dependency) you first need to <c>touch /var/tmp/portage/foo-x.y.z/.compiled</c>
350 (tricking Portage into thinking that <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild compile</c> has
351 completed), followed by <c>ebuild foo-x.y.z.ebuild merge</c>.
352 </p></body>
353 </section>
354
355 <section>
356 <title>What if rsync doesn't work for me?</title>
357 <body><p>
358 If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit
359 rsync traffic, then you can instead download the daily
360 /usr/portage snapshot from
361 <uri>http://cvs.gentoo.org/snapshots</uri>. Just unpack
362 the tarball (using <c>tar xvjf portage-foo.tbz2</c>) in
363 the <path>/usr</path> directory.
364 </p></body>
365 </section>
366
367 <section>
368 <title>How do I use <i>emerge</i> from behind a firewall?</title>
369 <body><p>
370 Edit the PROXY settings in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If that doesn't work,
371 edit <path>/etc/wget/wgetrc</path> and edit http_proxy and ftp_proxy
372 appropriately.
373 </p></body>
374 </section>
375
376 <section>
377 <title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title>
378 <body><p>There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available from
379 <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>.</p></body>
380 </section>
381
382 <section>
383 <title>I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere else and
384 add them to my system?</title>
385 <body><p>
386 Definitely. You can run <c>emerge --pretend package</c> to see what programs
387 are going to be installed. Download sources and bring them on any media
388 home. Put the sources into <path>/usr/portage/distfiles</path> and run
389 <c>emerge package</c> to see it picking up the sources you just brought in!
390 </p></body>
391 </section>
392
393 <section>
394 <title>.tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles/ using
395 valuable space. Is it safe to delete these files?</title>
396 <body><p>
397 Yes, you can safely delete these files. But if you are on a slow
398 connection, such as a modem, you might want to keep the archives if
399 possible; often several ebuilds will be released for the same version of
400 a specific piece of software - if you have deleted the archive and you
401 upgrade the software it will have to be downloaded from the internet
402 again.
403 </p></body>
404 </section>
405
406 <section>
407 <title>How can I manage my own ebuilds without destroying them by (r)sync?</title>
408 <body>
409 <p>The simplest method is to use anonymous CVS instead of rsync, and
410 maintain your local
411 ebuilds in /usr/portage/local. Here's how to do it:</p>
412 <pre>
413 # <i>emerge cvs</i> <comment>(if necessary)</comment>
414 # <i>cd <path>/usr</path></i>
415 # <i>cvs -d :pserver:anonymous@gentoo.org:/home/anoncvs login</i> <comment>(hit &lt;enter&gt;)</comment>
416 # <i>cvs -d :pserver:anonymous@gentoo.org:/home/anoncvs get gentoo-x86</i>
417 # <i>cp /usr/portage/distfiles/* gentoo-x86/distfiles/</i>
418 # <i>cp -a /usr/portage/packages/* gentoo-x86/packages/</i>
419 # <i>mv portage portage.old</i>
420 # <i>ln -s gentoo-x86 portage</i>
421 # <i>mkdir /usr/portage/local</i>
422 # <i>echo local &gt;&gt; /usr/portage/profiles/categories</i>
423 # <i>cp /etc/make.conf /etc/make.conf.orig</i>
424 # <i>sed -e 's/#SYNC="cvs/SYNC="cvs/' /etc/make.conf.orig &gt; /etc/make.conf</i>
425 </pre>
426 </body>
427 </section>
428
429 <section>
430 <title>I went to emerge blackdown-jdk and blackdown-jre, and afterwards
431 <c>java-config --list-available-vms</c> would only list blackdown-jre.
432 Openoffice would then refuse to emerge. What do I do? </title>
433
434 <body>
435 <p>Solution: </p>
436 <pre caption = "Solution">
437 # <c>emerge unmerge blackdown-jre blackdown-jdk </c>
438 # <c>CONFIG_PROTECT="" emerge blackdown-jdk </c>
439 </pre>
440
441 </body>
442 </section>
443 </chapter>
444
445 <chapter>
446 <title>Usage</title>
447 <section>
448 <title>I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal user
449 account doesn't work. </title>
450 <body>
451 <p>
452 This is most probably because your user account doesn't have a valid shell specified. Check
453 for your user entry in
454 <path>/etc/passwd</path> and see if it ends in /bin/bash (or any other shell). If it doesn't,
455 you must set a shell for the user. This is done using the usermod command, like this ;
456 </p>
457 <pre># <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i></pre>
458 </body>
459 </section>
460
461 <section>
462 <title>I can start X applications as root only.</title>
463 <body><p>Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the sticky bit
464 set). Type the following as root:</p>
465 <pre># <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i></pre>
466 </body>
467 </section>
468
469 <section>
470 <title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title>
471 <body><p>Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>.
472 Then either reboot or restart the keymaps script:
473 <c>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</c>.</p>
474 </body>
475 </section>
476
477 <section>
478 <title>DNS name resolution works for root only.</title>
479 <body><p><path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as follows:
480 </p>
481 <pre># <i>chmod 0644 /etc/resolv.conf</i></pre>
482 </body>
483 </section>
484
485 <section>
486 <title>Why is KDE not reading <path>/etc/profile</path>?</title>
487 <body><p>You need to add <c>--login</c> to the first line in <path>/opt/kde2.1/bin/startkde
488 </path>, so that it reads as follows:</p>
489 <pre>#!/bin/sh --login</pre>
490 <p>This fix has been added to recent versions of KDE.</p>
491 </body>
492 </section>
493 </chapter>
494
495 <chapter>
496 <title>Maintenance</title>
497 <section>
498 <title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</title>
499 <body>
500 <p>
501 If your
502 ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo
503 Linux boot CD and run <c>reiserfsck --rebuild-tree</c> on
504 the corrupted filesystem. This should make the filesystem consistent
505 again, although you may have lost some files or directories due
506 to the corruption.
507 </p>
508 </body>
509 </section>
510 <!-- is this still relevant? -cpm -->
511 <section>
512 <title>How to I view the timestamps in /var/log/syslog.d, etc. on a pre-1.0_rc5 Gentoo
513 system?</title>
514 <body>
515 <p>To view multilog (Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier) timestamps, you need to pipe the
516 current log through the <c>tai64nlocal</c>command:</p>
517
518 <pre>
519 # <i>cat /var/log/syslog.d/current | tai64nlocal | less</i>
520 </pre>
521
522 <p>Or, alternatively, if you want to "tail" the log:</p>
523
524 <pre>
525 # <i>tail -f /var/log/syslog.d/current | tai64nlocal</i>
526 </pre>
527
528 </body>
529 </section>
530 </chapter>
531
532 <chapter>
533 <title>Development</title>
534 <section>
535 <title>Where can I report bugs?</title>
536 <body><p>For bugs within a specific program, contact the program's author. Otherwise, use our
537 Bugzilla bug tracker at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri>. You can also visit us in
538 <c>#gentoo</c> on the <uri link="http://www.openprojects.net">OpenProjects</uri> IRC network.
539 </p></body>
540 </section>
541
542 <section>
543 <title>How often are new releases made?</title>
544 <body><p>New releases are announced on the <uri link="http://lists.gentoo.org/mailman/listinfo/gentoo-announce">gentoo-announce</uri>
545 mailing list<!-- TODO: approximatley every X months -->, In reality the packages themselves
546 are updated shortly after the main authors release new code. As for when new Cd images etc
547 are released, that tends to be whenever there are any major updates to the base code, or when
548 new modules get added.</p></body>
549 </section>
550
551 <section>
552 <title>I would like a package to be added to Portage; how would I go about this?</title>
553 <body><p>Head over to <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and submit a new bug of the type
554 "ebuild". Attach your ebuild to the bug report.</p></body>
555 </section>
556
557 <section>
558 <title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title>
559 <body><p>Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the
560 "Docs-user" product.</p></body>
561 </section>
562
563 <section>
564 <title>make -f Makefile.cvs on a KDE app produces "invalid unused variable" errors</title>
565 <body><p>
566 Export <c>WANT_AUTOMAKE_1_4=1</c> for all KDE projects before running
567 <c>make -f Makefile.cvs</c>. Also, for KDE2 apps export <c>WANT_AUTOCONF_2_1=1</c>,
568 and for KDE3 apps export <c>WANT_AUTOCONF_2_5=1</c>.
569 </p></body>
570 </section>
571
572
573 <section>
574 <title>My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?
575 </title>
576 <body>
577 <p>
578 Console beeps can be turned off using setterm, like this ;
579
580 <pre># <i>setterm -blength 0</i></pre>
581
582 If you would like to turn off the console beeps on boot
583 you need to put this command in
584 <path>/etc/conf.d/local.start</path>. However, this only
585 disables beeps for the current terminal. To disable
586 beeps for other terminals, pipe the command output to the
587 target terminal, like this ;
588
589 <pre># <i>setterm -blength 0 >/dev/vc/1</i></pre>
590
591 You need to replace /dev/vc/1 with the terminal
592 you would like to disable console beeps for.
593 </p>
594 </body>
595 </section>
596 </chapter>
597
598 <chapter>
599 <title>Resources</title>
600 <section>
601 <title>Where can I find more about supervise used by default in Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier?</title>
602 <body><p><!-- TODO: --><uri>http://cr.yp.to/daemontools.html</uri></p></body>
603 </section>
604
605 <section>
606 <title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title>
607 <body><p>The official Gentoo documentation can be found on <uri>http://www.gentoo.org</uri>; general Linux information is at <uri>http://www.linuxdoc.org</uri>.</p></body>
608 </section>
609
610 <section>
611 <title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title>
612 <body><p>Yes! Fresh CDRs are available for $5 USD apiece from
613 <uri link = "http://cart.cheapbytes.com/cgi-bin/cart/0070010805">Cheapbytes</uri>.
614 </p>
615 <p>There are also CDs for sale at <uri link = "http://www.tuxcds.com/section.php?section=42">
616 tuxcds</uri> for a very good price. These people also bounce back a portion of the profits
617 to the Gentoo project, so buy them while they are hot! </p>
618 </body>
619 </section>
620
621 <section>
622 <title>Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer
623 only go to the original poster and not the entire list?</title>
624 <body>
625 <p>The mailing list administrators have decided to go with minimal munging
626 (altering of mail headers), which means that they have decided against
627 altering headers to have replies go to the mailing list. There are various
628 reasons for this. For example, if a subscriber has a full mailbox, the
629 entire list receives notice of this every time that something is posted.
630
631 Most GUI based mailers have a "reply to all" function. This will ensure that
632 your reply goes to the mailing list as well as the original poster. Most
633 users of text based emailers already know the methods to use, but if you
634 don't, in Pine, there is a "reply to group" option. Setting Mutt to reply to
635 the list is covered in the unofficial documentation at
636 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=1085">forums.gentoo.org</uri>.
637
638 Some list members do not like this method, but it was very heavily
639 discussed when it went into effect, with arguments on both sides.
640 Eventually the list administrators decided to keep it this way. Discussing
641 it on the mailing list will sometimes bring a polite explanation and other
642 times a rather brusque comment to check the archives. Although the
643 administrators regret the inconvenience that it may cause some users, it is
644 felt that at present it is preferable to the alternative for several
645 reasons, many of these covered
646 <uri link="http://www.unicom.com/pw/reply-to-harmful.html">here</uri>.
647
648 (There are other eloquent arguments in favor of munging, and yes, the list
649 administrators have seen them.) </p>
650 </body>
651 </section>
652
653 <section>
654 <title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title>
655 <body>
656 <p>A good first step is to browse through the relevant doumentation <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/index-docs.html">here</uri>,
657 failing that, the various Gentoo Linux mailing
658 lists listed on <uri link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri>. To search through the Gentoo mailling lists, just enter "lists.gentoo.org foo" to search for "foo". If all else fails, or you just want
659 to hang out with Gentoo folks, visit us on irc: <i>#gentoo</i>
660 on <i>irc.freenode.net</i>.
661 </p>
662 </body>
663 </section>
664 </chapter>
665 </guide>

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