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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-upgrading.xml,v 1.10 2004/09/25 12:49:11 swift Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-upgrading.xml,v 1.11 2004/10/24 22:48:37 neysx Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-upgrading.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-upgrading.xml">
6<title>Gentoo Upgrading Guide</title> 6<title>Gentoo Upgrading Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="g.guidi@sns.it">Gregorio Guidi</mail> 9 <mail link="g.guidi@sns.it">Gregorio Guidi</mail>
10</author> 10</author>
11 11
12<abstract> 12<abstract>
13This document explains how new Gentoo releases affect existing installs. 13This document explains how new Gentoo releases affect existing installs.
14</abstract> 14</abstract>
15 15
16<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 16<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
17<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 17<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
18<license/> 18<license/>
35</p> 35</p>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38You know (being a Gentoo user after all) that this process is extremely 38You know (being a Gentoo user after all) that this process is extremely
39frustrating for power users that want to live on the bleeding edge. Even power 39frustrating for power users that want to live on the bleeding edge. Even power
40users from other distributions probably share the same feelings, given the 40users from other distributions probably share the same feelings, given the
41popularity and spread of tools like apt or apt-rpm which make it 41popularity and spread of tools like apt or apt-rpm which make it
42possible to have quick and frequent updates. However, no distibution is more 42possible to have quick and frequent updates. However, no distibution is more
43suited than Gentoo to satisfy these kind of demanding users. From the beginning, 43suited than Gentoo to satisfy these kind of demanding users. From the beginning,
44Gentoo was designed around the concept of fast, incremental updates. 44Gentoo was designed around the concept of fast, incremental updates.
45</p> 45</p>
46 46
47<p> 47<p>
48Ideally, you install once and then do not to bother with releases: 48Ideally, you install once and then do not to bother with releases:
49just follow the instructions in 49just follow the instructions in
50<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">Portage and 50<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">A Portage
51Software</uri> in the 51Introduction</uri> in the
52<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/">Gentoo Handbook</uri> that explain how to keep 52<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/">Gentoo Handbook</uri> that explain how to keep
53your system up to date. While that's the way things usually go, sometimes 53your system up to date. While that's the way things usually go, sometimes
54changes are made to the core system which require updates to be done manually. 54changes are made to the core system which require updates to be done manually.
55</p> 55</p>
56 56
57</body> 57</body>
58</section> 58</section>
59<section> 59<section>
60<title>Releases and Profiles</title> 60<title>Releases and Profiles</title>
61<body> 61<body>
62 62
63<p> 63<p>
64A recurring question about the Gentoo release process is: "Why roll out new 64A recurring question about the Gentoo release process is: "Why roll out new
65releases frequently, if they are not intended to let users update software?". 65releases frequently, if they are not intended to let users update software?".
66There are various reasons: 66There are various reasons:
127 127
128<chapter> 128<chapter>
129<title>Keeping up with new releases</title> 129<title>Keeping up with new releases</title>
130<section> 130<section>
131<title>Releases without profile changes</title> 131<title>Releases without profile changes</title>
132<body> 132<body>
133 133
134<p> 134<p>
135If a new Gentoo release is announced that does not include a new profile (such 135If a new Gentoo release is announced that does not include a new profile (such
136as the 2004.1 release for x86), then you can safely pretend that it never 136as the 2004.1 release for x86), then you can safely pretend that it never
137happened :). 137happened :).
138</p> 138</p>
139 139
140<p> 140<p>
141If you update your installed packages 141If you update your installed packages
142<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">as explained in 142<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">as explained in
143the Gentoo Handbook</uri>, then your system will be exactly the same as one 143the Gentoo Handbook</uri>, then your system will be exactly the same as one
144that has been installed using the new release. 144that has been installed using the new release.
145</p> 145</p>
146 146
147</body> 147</body>
148</section> 148</section>
149<section> 149<section>
150<title>Releases with profile changes</title> 150<title>Releases with profile changes</title>
151<body> 151<body>
152 152
153<p> 153<p>
154If a release introduces a new profile, you have the choice to migrate to the 154If a release introduces a new profile, you have the choice to migrate to the
155new profile. 155new profile.
156</p> 156</p>
157 157
158<p> 158<p>
159Naturally, you are not forced to do so, and you can continue to use the old profile 159Naturally, you are not forced to do so, and you can continue to use the old profile
160and just update your packages 160and just update your packages
161<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">as explained in 161<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">as explained in
162the Gentoo Handbook</uri>. 162the Gentoo Handbook</uri>.
163</p> 163</p>
164 164
165<p> 165<p>
166However, Gentoo strongly recommends updating your profile if it becomes deprecated. 166However, Gentoo strongly recommends updating your profile if it becomes deprecated.
167When this happens, it means that Gentoo developers no longer plan on supporting it. 167When this happens, it means that Gentoo developers no longer plan on supporting it.
168Using the table below, you can quickly check to see what profiles are currently supported. 168Using the table below, you can quickly check to see what profiles are currently supported.
169</p> 169</p>
170 170
171<p> 171<p>
172If you decide to migrate to the new profile, then you will have to manually 172If you decide to migrate to the new profile, then you will have to manually
173perform the update. The way you update may vary significantly from release to release; it 173perform the update. The way you update may vary significantly from release to release; it
174depends on how deep the modifications introduced in the new profile. 174depends on how deep the modifications introduced in the new profile.
175</p> 175</p>
176 176

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