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1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 swift 1.27 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml,v 1.26 2004/12/26 15:38:03 swift Exp $ -->
3 swift 1.8
4     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5    
6 neysx 1.16 <guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml">
7 swift 1.1 <title>Gentoo Linux Install Reference</title>
8     <author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author>
9     <author title="Editor">
10     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
11     </author>
12    
13     <abstract>
14     The Quick install reference covers all details of the install process in a
15     non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with
16 aaby 1.7 installing Gentoo Linux if they want to follow this guide.
17 swift 1.2 </abstract>
18    
19 swift 1.1 <license/>
20 swift 1.2
21 swift 1.27 <version>1.22</version>
22     <date>2005-01-22</date>
23 swift 1.1
24     <chapter>
25     <title>Quick Install Reference</title>
26 aaby 1.7 <section>
27 swift 1.1 <body>
28    
29     <p>
30     The installation ISOs are on the <uri link=
31 aaby 1.7 "http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">Gentoo
32     Mirrors</uri>. Detailed descriptions of the different CDs are
33     available in the <uri link="http://store.gentoo.org">Gentoo
34 neysx 1.13 Store</uri>. A universal CD contains everything you need to install Gentoo Linux
35     quickly and without a connection to the Internet. A Package CD is optional and
36 aaby 1.7 contains pre-compiled packages such as KDE, GNOME, OpenOffice,
37     Mozilla, Evolution and more.
38 swift 1.1 </p>
39    
40     <p>
41 neysx 1.13 Boot from the Universal CD. Press &lt;F1&gt; and/or &lt;F2&gt; to
42 swift 1.1 see what boot options are available. Press &lt;ENTER&gt; at the bootscreen to
43     continue with the default kernel. You'll eventually receive a prompt.
44     </p>
45    
46     <pre caption="Beginning settings">
47     # <i>date</i> (Make sure your time and date is correct. If wrong, set it with <i>date MMDDhhmmCCYY</i> )
48     # <i>modprobe module_name</i> (Optional - Load any necessary modules)
49     # <i>net-setup eth0</i> (Configure the network)
50     # <i>fdisk /dev/hda</i> (Partition your drive)
51     </pre>
52    
53     <p>
54 aaby 1.7 The recommended setup is a 64 meg boot volume with ext2, a swap partition
55 swift 1.1 twice the size of your available RAM, and the rest for your root partition
56     using ReiserFS.
57     </p>
58    
59     <p>
60     Initialise your partitions using <c>mke2fs</c> (Ext2), <c>mke2fs
61     -j</c> (Ext3), <c>mkreiserfs</c> (ReiserFS), <c>mkfs.xfs</c> (XFS),
62     <c>mkfs.jfs</c> (JFS) and <c>mkswap</c> (swap partition). For instance:
63     <c>mke2fs -j /dev/hda3</c>.
64     </p>
65    
66     <p>
67     Continue by mounting the partitions and extracting the appropriate stage
68     file.
69     </p>
70    
71     <pre caption="Preparing the Installation">
72 swift 1.21 (Activate the swap partition) # <i>swapon /dev/hdax</i>
73     (Mount the root partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo</i>
74     (Create the boot mountpoint) # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
75     (Mount the boot partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
76     (Go to the mountpoint) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo</i>
77     (Extract a stage tarball...) # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stages/stage&lt;your stage&gt;.tar.bz2</i>
78     (<comment>or</comment> download the latest tarball...)
79     # <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml</i>
80     ( ... and extract) # <i>tar -xvjpf stage&lt;your stage&gt;.tar.bz2</i>
81     (Optional: unpack a portage tree)# <i>tar -xvjf /mnt/cdrom/snapshots/portage-*.tar.bz2 \
82     -C /mnt/gentoo/usr</i>
83     (Optional: copy over distfiles) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage; mkdir distfiles;</i>
84     # <i>cp /mnt/cdrom/distfiles/* distfiles/</i>
85     (Select a mirror) # <i>mirrorselect -a -s4 -o | grep 'GENTOO_MIRRORS=' \
86     &gt;&gt; /mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</i>
87     (Copy over nameserver information)
88     # <i>cp -L /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf</i>
89     (Mount the proc filesystem) # <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
90     (Chroot into the new environment)# <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
91     (Load the necessary variables) # <i>env-update; source /etc/profile</i>
92     (Network-only, non-GRP: update Portage)
93 cam 1.22 # <i>emerge --sync</i>
94 swift 1.1 </pre>
95    
96     <p>
97     Now we install Gentoo:
98     </p>
99    
100     <pre caption = "Installing Gentoo">
101 swift 1.21 (Change USE, CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Stage1 can also change CHOST)
102     # <i>nano -w /etc/make.conf</i>
103     (Stage1 only: bootstrap system) # <i>cd /usr/portage; scripts/bootstrap.sh</i>
104     (Stage1, Stage2 only: install base system)
105     # <i>emerge system</i>
106 swift 1.1 </pre>
107    
108     <p>
109     Next we set up the necessary information:
110     </p>
111    
112     <pre caption = "Setting up Configuration Files">
113 swift 1.21 (Set timezone information) # <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/<comment>&lt;path to time zone file&gt;</comment> /etc/localtime</i>
114     (Edit fstab file) # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
115 swift 1.1 </pre>
116    
117     <p>
118     Use the following as a <e>template</e> (don't copy verbatim) for
119     <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
120     </p>
121    
122     <pre caption="/etc/fstab">
123 swift 1.21 # &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mountpoint&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt;
124 swift 1.26 /dev/hdax /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
125 swift 1.21 /dev/hdax none swap sw 0 0
126     /dev/hdax / reiserfs noatime 0 1
127     /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
128     none /proc proc defaults 0 0
129 vapier 1.24 none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
130 swift 1.1 </pre>
131    
132     <p>
133     Continue by installing the Linux kernel:
134     </p>
135    
136     <pre caption="Installing the Kernel">
137 swift 1.21 (Install the kernel sources) # <i>emerge <comment>&lt;kernel-package-here&gt;</comment></i>
138     (Configure your kernel using genkernel...)
139     # <i>emerge genkernel; genkernel --menuconfig all</i>
140     (<comment>or</comment> (1) manually build your kernel)
141     # <i>cd /usr/src/linux; make menuconfig;</i>
142 swift 1.1 ( (2) Include VM fs, /proc fs, /dev fs, /dev fs auto mount at boot)
143 swift 1.23 ( (3) Compile your kernel)
144     (for a 2.4 kernel) # <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make clean bzImage modules modules_install</i>
145     (for a 2.6 kernel) # <i>make &amp;&amp; make modules_install</i>
146 swift 1.21 ( (4) Copy over the kernel) # <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot; cp System.map /boot</i>
147 swift 1.1 </pre>
148    
149     <p>
150     Now install other tools you might want:
151     </p>
152    
153     <pre caption = "Install important system tools">
154 swift 1.21 (Install system logger; choice: sysklogd, metalog, msyslog, syslog-ng)
155     # <i>emerge syslog-ng </i>
156     (Have the systemlogger automatically started at boot)
157     # <i>rc-update add syslog-ng default</i>
158     (Install cron daemon; choice: vixie-cron, dcron, fcron)
159     # <i>emerge vixie-cron</i>
160     (Have the cron daemon automatically started at boot)
161     # <i>rc-update add vixie-cron default</i>
162     (genkernel users only: install hotplug) # <i>emerge hotplug</i>
163     (genkernel users only: have hotplug automatically started at boot)
164     # <i>rc-update add hotplug default</i>
165     (Non-ext2,ext3 users only; choice: reiserfsprogs, xfsprogs, jfsutils)
166     # <i>emerge reiserfsprogs</i>
167 swift 1.25 (Optional: install DHCP client) # <i>emerge dhcpcd</i>
168 swift 1.21 (Domain name init script) # <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
169 swift 1.1 </pre>
170    
171     <p>
172     If you need specialised kernel ebuilds, now is a good time to install them:
173     </p>
174    
175     <pre caption = "Install Specialised Kernel Ebuilds">
176 swift 1.9 # <i>emerge pcmcia-cs</i> (or <i>nforce-net</i>, <i>nforce-audio</i>, <i>e100</i>, <i>e1000</i>, <i>ati-drivers</i>, <i>rp-pppoe</i>)
177 swift 1.26 # <i>VIDEO_CARDS="yourcard" emerge x11-drm</i> (for ATI Radeon up to 9200, Rage128,
178 swift 1.21 Matrox, Voodoo and other cards)
179 swift 1.1 </pre>
180    
181     <p>
182     Finalise the settings for your Gentoo system:
183     </p>
184    
185     <pre caption = "Finalise the Configuration Settings">
186 swift 1.21 (Set root password) # <i>passwd</i>
187     (Create a user) # <i>useradd your_user -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
188     (Set password for that user) # <i>passwd your_user</i>
189     (Set the system hostname) # <i>echo mymachine &gt; /etc/hostname</i>
190     (Set the system domainname) # <i>echo mydomain.com &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
191     (Set the hostsfile, ex:"127.0.0.1 localhost mymachine")
192     # <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
193     (Configure basic system settings; follow comments)
194     # <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
195 swift 1.1 </pre>
196    
197     <pre caption = "Set up Networking">
198 swift 1.21 (Setup networking; dhcp-users should set iface_eth0="dhcp")
199     # <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
200     (List modules to be loaded at startup)
201     # <i>nano -w /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-<comment>&lt;version&gt;</comment></i>
202     (Non-PCMCIA only: start networking automatically at boot)
203     # <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
204 swift 1.1 (Only if you have multiple network interfaces:)
205 swift 1.21 (1) Create initscripts for each interface)
206     # <i>ln -s /etc/init.d/net.eth0 /etc/init.d/net.ethx</i>
207     (2) Automatically start at boot if no PCMCIA)
208     # <i>rc-update add net.ethx default</i>
209     (PCMCIA only: verify /etc/conf.d/pcmcia and load PCMCIA at boot)
210     # <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
211 swift 1.1 </pre>
212    
213     <p>
214 swift 1.9 Now install a bootloader.
215 swift 1.1 </p>
216    
217 swift 1.9 <pre caption="Install and configure GRUB">
218     # <i>emerge grub</i>
219     # <i>grub</i>
220     grub&gt; <i>root (hd0,0)</i>
221     grub&gt; <i>setup (hd0)</i>
222     grub&gt; <i>quit</i>
223     # <i>nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf</i>
224     default 0
225     timeout 15
226     splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
227    
228     title=Gentoo Linux
229     root (hd0,0)
230     <comment># genkernel users:</comment>
231 swift 1.27 kernel /kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc real_root=/dev/hda3 ramdisk=8192
232 swift 1.9 initrd /initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
233     <comment># non-genkernel users:</comment>
234     kernel /kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/hda3
235     </pre>
236    
237     <pre caption="Install and configure LILO">
238     # <i>emerge lilo</i>
239     # <i>nano -w /etc/lilo.conf</i>
240     boot=/dev/hda
241     prompt
242 swift 1.11 timeout=50
243 swift 1.9 default=gentoo
244    
245     image=/boot/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
246     label=gentoo
247     read-only
248     <comment># genkernel users:</comment>
249 swift 1.27 append="init=/linuxrc real_root=/dev/hda3 ramdisk=8192"
250 swift 1.9 root=/dev/ram0
251     initrd=/boot/initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
252     <comment># non-genkernel users:</comment>
253     root=/dev/hda3
254    
255     # <i>/sbin/lilo</i>
256 swift 1.1 </pre>
257    
258     <p>
259     Now unmount all partitions and reboot into your new system:
260     </p>
261    
262     <pre caption="Finishing off and installing GUI">
263 swift 1.21 (Exiting the chroot) # <i>exit; cd /</i>
264     (Unmounting partitions) # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
265     (Reboot; Remove the universal CD from the tray)
266     # <i>reboot</i>
267 swift 1.1 (After booting:)
268 swift 1.21 (ADSL-users only) # <i>adsl-setup</i>
269 swift 1.9 (GRP-users only)
270 swift 1.21 (1) Mount Package CD # <i>mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom</i>
271     (2) Copy over packages # <i>mkdir /usr/portage/packages</i>
272     # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
273     (3) Install extra software# <i>USE="bindist" emerge -k xfree gnome kde mozilla openoffice-bin</i>
274     (4) Configure your Xserver# <i>/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config</i>
275 swift 1.1 </pre>
276    
277     <p>
278 aaby 1.7 You can get more information from the <uri
279     link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">Gentoo
280     Documentation</uri>.
281     </p>
282     </body>
283     </section>
284     </chapter>
285 swift 1.1 </guide>

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