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1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2     <guide link="/doc/en/quickinstall.xml">
3     <title>Gentoo Linux Install Reference</title>
4     <author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author>
5     <author title="Editor">
6     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
7     </author>
8    
9     <abstract>
10     The Quick install reference covers all details of the install process in a
11     non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with
12 swift 1.2 installing gentoo linux if they want to follow this guide.
13     </abstract>
14    
15 swift 1.1 <license/>
16 swift 1.2
17 swift 1.4 <version>1.1</version>
18     <date>November 1, 2003</date>
19 swift 1.1
20     <chapter>
21     <title>Quick Install Reference</title>
22     <body>
23    
24     <p>
25     The installation ISOs are on the <uri link=
26     "http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">Gentoo Mirrors</uri>. Detailed
27     descriptions of the different CDs are available in the <uri
28     link="http://store.gentoo.org">Gentoo Store</uri>. CD 1 contains
29     everything you need to install Gentoo Linux quickly and without a
30     connection to the Internet. CD2 is optional and contains pre-compiled packages
31     such as KDE, GNOME, OpenOffice, Mozilla, Evolution and more.
32     </p>
33    
34     <p>
35     Boot from the first Gentoo CD. Press &lt;F1&gt; and/or &lt;F2&gt; to
36     see what boot options are available. Press &lt;ENTER&gt; at the bootscreen to
37     continue with the default kernel. You'll eventually receive a prompt.
38     </p>
39    
40     <pre caption="Beginning settings">
41     # <i>date</i> (Make sure your time and date is correct. If wrong, set it with <i>date MMDDhhmmCCYY</i> )
42     # <i>modprobe module_name</i> (Optional - Load any necessary modules)
43     # <i>net-setup eth0</i> (Configure the network)
44     # <i>fdisk /dev/hda</i> (Partition your drive)
45     </pre>
46    
47     <p>
48     The recommended setup is a 64 meg boot volume with ext3, a swap partition
49     twice the size of your available RAM, and the rest for your root partition
50     using ReiserFS.
51     </p>
52    
53     <p>
54     Initialise your partitions using <c>mke2fs</c> (Ext2), <c>mke2fs
55     -j</c> (Ext3), <c>mkreiserfs</c> (ReiserFS), <c>mkfs.xfs</c> (XFS),
56     <c>mkfs.jfs</c> (JFS) and <c>mkswap</c> (swap partition). For instance:
57     <c>mke2fs -j /dev/hda3</c>.
58     </p>
59    
60     <p>
61     Continue by mounting the partitions and extracting the appropriate stage
62     file.
63     </p>
64    
65     <pre caption="Preparing the Installation">
66     (Activate the swap partition) # <i>swapon /dev/hdax</i>
67     (Mount the root partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo</i>
68     (Create the boot mountpoint) # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
69     (Mount the boot partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
70     (Go to the mountpoint) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo</i>
71     (Extract a stage tarball...) # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stages/stage?-*.tar.bz2</i>
72     (<comment>or</comment> download the latest tarball...) # <i>links http://gentoo.oregonstate.edu/releases/x86/1.4/</i>
73     ( ... and extract) # <i>tar -xvjpf stage*</i>
74     (GRP-only: unpack a portage tree) # <i>tar -xvjf /mnt/cdrom/snapshots/portage-*.tar.bz2 -C /mnt/gentoo/usr</i>
75     (GRP-only: copy over distfiles) # <i>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</i>
76     (GRP-only: copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/packages</i>
77     (Select a mirror) # <i>mirrorselect -i -o &gt;&gt; /mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</i>
78     (Copy over nameserver information) # <i>cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf</i>
79     (Mount the proc filesystem) # <i>mount -t proc proc /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
80     (Chroot into the new environment) # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
81     (Load the necessary variables) # <i>env-update; source /etc/profile</i>
82     (Network-only, non-GRP: update Portage) # <i>emerge sync</i>
83     </pre>
84    
85     <p>
86     Now we install Gentoo:
87     </p>
88    
89     <pre caption = "Installing Gentoo">
90     (Change USE, CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Stage1 can also change CHOST) # <i>nano -w /etc/make.conf</i>
91     (Stage1 only: bootstrap system) # <i>cd /usr/portage; scripts/bootstrap.sh</i>
92     (Stage1, Stage2 only: install base system) # <i>emerge system</i>
93     </pre>
94    
95     <p>
96     Next we set up the necessary information:
97     </p>
98    
99     <pre caption = "Setting up Configuration Files">
100     (Set timezone information) # <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/path/to/timezonefile /etc/localtime</i>
101     (Edit fstab file) # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
102     </pre>
103    
104     <p>
105     Use the following as a <e>template</e> (don't copy verbatim) for
106     <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
107     </p>
108    
109     <pre caption="/etc/fstab">
110     # &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mountpoint&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt;
111     /dev/hdax /boot ext3 noauto,noatime 1 2
112     /dev/hdax / reiserfs noatime 0 1
113     /dev/hdax none swap sw 0 0
114     /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro,user 0 0
115     none /proc proc defaults 0 0
116     none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
117     /dev/hdax /mnt/dosc ntfs ro,noatime,umask=0222 0 0
118     </pre>
119    
120     <p>
121     Continue by installing the Linux kernel:
122     </p>
123    
124     <pre caption="Installing the Kernel">
125     (Install the kernel sources) # <i>emerge -k sys-kernel/gentoo-sources</i>
126     (Configure your kernel using genkernel...) # <i>emerge -k genkernel; genkernel</i>
127     (<comment>or</comment> (1) manually build your kernel) # <i>cd /usr/src/linux; make menuconfig;</i>
128     ( (2) Include VM fs, /proc fs, /dev fs, /dev fs auto mount at boot)
129     ( (3) Compile your kernel) # <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make clean bzImage modules modules_install</i>
130     ( (4) Copy over the kernel) # <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot; cp System.map /boot</i>
131     </pre>
132    
133     <p>
134     Now install other tools you might want:
135     </p>
136    
137     <pre caption = "Install important system tools">
138     (Install system logger; choice: sysklogd, metalog, msyslog, syslog-ng) # <i>emerge -k app-admin/syslog-ng </i>
139     (Have the systemlogger automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add syslog-ng default</i>
140     (Install cron daemon; choice: vcron, dcron, fcron) # <i>emerge -k sys-apps/vcron</i>
141     (Have the cron daemon automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add vcron default</i>
142     (genkernel users only: install hotplug) # <i>emerge -k hotplug</i>
143     (genkernel users only: have hotplug automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add hotplug default</i>
144     (Non-ext2,ext3 users only; choice: reiserfsprogs, xfsprogs, jfsutils) # <i>emerge -k reiserfsprogs</i>
145     </pre>
146    
147     <p>
148     If you need specialised kernel ebuilds, now is a good time to install them:
149     </p>
150    
151     <pre caption = "Install Specialised Kernel Ebuilds">
152     # <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> (or <i>emu10k1</i>, <i>nforce-net</i>, <i>nforce-audio</i>, <i>e100</i>, <i>e1000</i>, <i>ati-drivers</i>, <i>rp-pppoe</i>)
153     # <i>VIDEO_CARDS="yourcard" emerge xfree-drm</i> (for ATI Radeon up to 9200, Rage128, Matrox, Voodoo and other cards)
154     </pre>
155    
156     <p>
157     Finalise the settings for your Gentoo system:
158     </p>
159    
160     <pre caption = "Finalise the Configuration Settings">
161     (Set root password) # <i>passwd</i>
162     (Create a user) # <i>useradd your_user -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
163     (Set password for that user) # <i>passwd your_user</i>
164     (Set the system hostname) # <i>echo mymachine &gt; /etc/hostname</i>
165     (Set the system domainname) # <i>echo mydomain.com &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
166     (Set the hostsfile, at least set "127.0.0.1 mymachine") # <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
167     </pre>
168    
169     <pre caption = "Set up Networking">
170     (Setup networking; dhcp-users should set iface_eth0="dhcp") # <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
171     (List modules to be loaded at startup) # <i>nano -w /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.4</i>
172     (Configure basic system settings; follow comments) # <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
173     (Non-PCMCIA only: start networking automatically at boot) # <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
174     (Only if you have multiple network interfaces:)
175     (1) Create initscripts for each interface) # <i>ln -s /etc/init.d/net.eth0 /etc/init.d/net.ethx</i>
176     (2) Automatically start at boot if no PCMCIA) # <i>rc-update add net.ethx default</i>
177     (PCMCIA only: verify /etc/conf.d/pcmcia and load PCMCIA at boot) # <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
178     </pre>
179    
180     <p>
181     Now install a bootloader. Left is for grub, right for lilo:
182     </p>
183    
184     <pre caption = "Install and Configure a bootloader">
185     # <i>emerge -k grub</i> | # <i>emerge -k lilo</i>
186     # <i>grub</i> | # <i>nano -w /etc/lilo.conf</i>
187     grub&gt; <i>root (hd0,0)</i> (Boot partition) | boot=/dev/hda
188     grub&gt; <i>setup (hd0)</i> (Install on MBR) | prompt
189     grub&gt; <i>quit</i> | timeout=50
190     # <i>nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf</i> | default=gentoo
191     default 0 |
192     timeout 15 | <comment># Genkernel only:</comment>
193     splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz | image=/boot/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
194     | root=/dev/hda3
195     title=Gentoo Linux | label=gentoo
196     root (hd0,0) |
197     <comment># Genkernel only:</comment> | <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment>
198     kernel (hd0,0)/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/hda3 | image=/boot/bzImage
199     initrd (hd0,0)/initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> | root=/dev/hda3
200     <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment> | label=gentoo
201     kernel (hd0,0)/bzImage |
202     | <comment># For dualbooting:</comment>
203     <comment># For dualbooting:</comment> | other=/dev/hda<comment>X</comment>
204     title=Windows XP | label=windows
205     root (hd0,5) |
206     chainloader (hd0,5)+1 | # <i>/sbin/lilo</i>
207     </pre>
208    
209     <p>
210     Now unmount all partitions and reboot into your new system:
211     </p>
212    
213     <pre caption="Finishing off and installing GUI">
214     (Updating configuration files) # <i>etc-update</i>
215     (Exiting the chroot) # <i>exit; cd /</i>
216     (Unmounting partitions) # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
217     (Reboot; Remove the install CD from the tray) # <i>reboot</i>
218     (After booting:)
219     (ADSL-users only) # <i>adsl-setup</i>
220     (GRP-users only, optional CD2 usage)
221     ( (1) Mount CD2) # <i>mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom</i>
222     ( (2) Copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
223     ( (3) Install extra software) # <i>emerge -k xfree gnome kde mozilla openoffice-bin</i>
224     ( (4) Configure your Xserver) # <i>/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config</i>
225     </pre>
226    
227     <p>
228 swift 1.3 You can get more information from the <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">Gentoo Documentation</uri>.
229 swift 1.1 </p>
230     </body></chapter>
231    
232     </guide>

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