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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <!-- $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml,v 1.7 2003/12/21 12:06:22 aaby Exp $ -->
3
4 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5
6 <guide link="/doc/en/quickinstall.xml">
7 <title>Gentoo Linux Install Reference</title>
8 <author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author>
9 <author title="Editor">
10 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
11 </author>
12
13 <abstract>
14 The Quick install reference covers all details of the install process in a
15 non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with
16 installing Gentoo Linux if they want to follow this guide.
17 </abstract>
18
19 <license/>
20
21 <version>1.2</version>
22 <date>December 1, 2003</date>
23
24 <chapter>
25 <title>Quick Install Reference</title>
26 <section>
27 <body>
28
29 <p>
30 The installation ISOs are on the <uri link=
31 "http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">Gentoo
32 Mirrors</uri>. Detailed descriptions of the different CDs are
33 available in the <uri link="http://store.gentoo.org">Gentoo
34 Store</uri>. CD 1 contains everything you need to install Gentoo Linux
35 quickly and without a connection to the Internet. CD 2 is optional and
36 contains pre-compiled packages such as KDE, GNOME, OpenOffice,
37 Mozilla, Evolution and more.
38 </p>
39
40 <p>
41 Boot from the first Gentoo CD. Press &lt;F1&gt; and/or &lt;F2&gt; to
42 see what boot options are available. Press &lt;ENTER&gt; at the bootscreen to
43 continue with the default kernel. You'll eventually receive a prompt.
44 </p>
45
46 <pre caption="Beginning settings">
47 # <i>date</i> (Make sure your time and date is correct. If wrong, set it with <i>date MMDDhhmmCCYY</i> )
48 # <i>modprobe module_name</i> (Optional - Load any necessary modules)
49 # <i>net-setup eth0</i> (Configure the network)
50 # <i>fdisk /dev/hda</i> (Partition your drive)
51 </pre>
52
53 <p>
54 The recommended setup is a 64 meg boot volume with ext2, a swap partition
55 twice the size of your available RAM, and the rest for your root partition
56 using ReiserFS.
57 </p>
58
59 <p>
60 Initialise your partitions using <c>mke2fs</c> (Ext2), <c>mke2fs
61 -j</c> (Ext3), <c>mkreiserfs</c> (ReiserFS), <c>mkfs.xfs</c> (XFS),
62 <c>mkfs.jfs</c> (JFS) and <c>mkswap</c> (swap partition). For instance:
63 <c>mke2fs -j /dev/hda3</c>.
64 </p>
65
66 <p>
67 Continue by mounting the partitions and extracting the appropriate stage
68 file.
69 </p>
70
71 <pre caption="Preparing the Installation">
72 (Activate the swap partition) # <i>swapon /dev/hdax</i>
73 (Mount the root partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo</i>
74 (Create the boot mountpoint) # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
75 (Mount the boot partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
76 (Go to the mountpoint) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo</i>
77 (Extract a stage tarball...) # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stages/stage?-*.tar.bz2</i>
78 (<comment>or</comment> download the latest tarball...) # <i>links http://gentoo.oregonstate.edu/releases/x86/1.4/</i>
79 ( ... and extract) # <i>tar -xvjpf stage*</i>
80 (GRP-only: unpack a portage tree) # <i>tar -xvjf /mnt/cdrom/snapshots/portage-*.tar.bz2 -C /mnt/gentoo/usr</i>
81 (GRP-only: copy over distfiles) # <i>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</i>
82 (GRP-only: copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/packages</i>
83 (Select a mirror) # <i>mirrorselect -i -o &gt;&gt; /mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</i>
84 (Copy over nameserver information) # <i>cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf</i>
85 (Mount the proc filesystem) # <i>mount -t proc proc /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
86 (Chroot into the new environment) # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
87 (Load the necessary variables) # <i>env-update; source /etc/profile</i>
88 (Network-only, non-GRP: update Portage) # <i>emerge sync</i>
89 </pre>
90
91 <p>
92 Now we install Gentoo:
93 </p>
94
95 <pre caption = "Installing Gentoo">
96 (Change USE, CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Stage1 can also change CHOST) # <i>nano -w /etc/make.conf</i>
97 (Stage1 only: bootstrap system) # <i>cd /usr/portage; scripts/bootstrap.sh</i>
98 (Stage1, Stage2 only: install base system) # <i>emerge system</i>
99 </pre>
100
101 <p>
102 Next we set up the necessary information:
103 </p>
104
105 <pre caption = "Setting up Configuration Files">
106 (Set timezone information) # <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/path/to/timezonefile /etc/localtime</i>
107 (Edit fstab file) # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
108 </pre>
109
110 <p>
111 Use the following as a <e>template</e> (don't copy verbatim) for
112 <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
113 </p>
114
115 <pre caption="/etc/fstab">
116 # &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mountpoint&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt;
117 /dev/hdax /boot ext3 noauto,noatime 1 2
118 /dev/hdax / reiserfs noatime 0 1
119 /dev/hdax none swap sw 0 0
120 /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro,user 0 0
121 none /proc proc defaults 0 0
122 none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
123 /dev/hdax /mnt/dosc ntfs ro,noatime,umask=0222 0 0
124 </pre>
125
126 <p>
127 Continue by installing the Linux kernel:
128 </p>
129
130 <pre caption="Installing the Kernel">
131 (Install the kernel sources) # <i>emerge -k gentoo-sources</i>
132 (Configure your kernel using genkernel...) # <i>emerge -k genkernel; genkernel</i>
133 (<comment>or</comment> (1) manually build your kernel) # <i>cd /usr/src/linux; make menuconfig;</i>
134 ( (2) Include VM fs, /proc fs, /dev fs, /dev fs auto mount at boot)
135 ( (3) Compile your kernel) # <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make clean bzImage modules modules_install</i>
136 ( (4) Copy over the kernel) # <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot; cp System.map /boot</i>
137 </pre>
138
139 <p>
140 Now install other tools you might want:
141 </p>
142
143 <pre caption = "Install important system tools">
144 (Install system logger; choice: sysklogd, metalog, msyslog, syslog-ng) # <i>emerge -k syslog-ng </i>
145 (Have the systemlogger automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add syslog-ng default</i>
146 (Install cron daemon; choice: vcron, dcron, fcron) # <i>emerge -k vcron</i>
147 (Have the cron daemon automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add vcron default</i>
148 (genkernel users only: install hotplug) # <i>emerge -k hotplug</i>
149 (genkernel users only: have hotplug automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add hotplug default</i>
150 (Non-ext2,ext3 users only; choice: reiserfsprogs, xfsprogs, jfsutils) # <i>emerge -k reiserfsprogs</i>
151 </pre>
152
153 <p>
154 If you need specialised kernel ebuilds, now is a good time to install them:
155 </p>
156
157 <pre caption = "Install Specialised Kernel Ebuilds">
158 # <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> (or <i>emu10k1</i>, <i>nforce-net</i>, <i>nforce-audio</i>, <i>e100</i>, <i>e1000</i>, <i>ati-drivers</i>, <i>rp-pppoe</i>)
159 # <i>VIDEO_CARDS="yourcard" emerge xfree-drm</i> (for ATI Radeon up to 9200, Rage128, Matrox, Voodoo and other cards)
160 </pre>
161
162 <p>
163 Finalise the settings for your Gentoo system:
164 </p>
165
166 <pre caption = "Finalise the Configuration Settings">
167 (Set root password) # <i>passwd</i>
168 (Create a user) # <i>useradd your_user -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
169 (Set password for that user) # <i>passwd your_user</i>
170 (Set the system hostname) # <i>echo mymachine &gt; /etc/hostname</i>
171 (Set the system domainname) # <i>echo mydomain.com &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
172 (Set the hostsfile, at least set "127.0.0.1 mymachine") # <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
173 </pre>
174
175 <pre caption = "Set up Networking">
176 (Setup networking; dhcp-users should set iface_eth0="dhcp") # <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
177 (List modules to be loaded at startup) # <i>nano -w /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.4</i>
178 (Configure basic system settings; follow comments) # <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
179 (Non-PCMCIA only: start networking automatically at boot) # <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
180 (Only if you have multiple network interfaces:)
181 (1) Create initscripts for each interface) # <i>ln -s /etc/init.d/net.eth0 /etc/init.d/net.ethx</i>
182 (2) Automatically start at boot if no PCMCIA) # <i>rc-update add net.ethx default</i>
183 (PCMCIA only: verify /etc/conf.d/pcmcia and load PCMCIA at boot) # <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
184 </pre>
185
186 <p>
187 Now install a bootloader. Left is for grub, right for lilo:
188 </p>
189
190 <pre caption = "Install and Configure a bootloader">
191 # <i>emerge -k grub</i> | # <i>emerge -k lilo</i>
192 # <i>grub</i> | # <i>nano -w /etc/lilo.conf</i>
193 grub&gt; <i>root (hd0,0)</i> (Boot partition) | boot=/dev/hda
194 grub&gt; <i>setup (hd0)</i> (Install on MBR) | prompt
195 grub&gt; <i>quit</i> | timeout=50
196 # <i>nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf</i> | default=gentoo
197 default 0 |
198 timeout 15 | <comment># Genkernel only:</comment>
199 splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz | image=/boot/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
200 | root=/dev/hda3
201 title=Gentoo Linux | label=gentoo
202 root (hd0,0) |
203 <comment># Genkernel only:</comment> | <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment>
204 kernel (hd0,0)/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/hda3 | image=/boot/bzImage
205 initrd (hd0,0)/initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> | root=/dev/hda3
206 <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment> | label=gentoo
207 kernel (hd0,0)/bzImage |
208 | <comment># For dualbooting:</comment>
209 <comment># For dualbooting:</comment> | other=/dev/hda<comment>X</comment>
210 title=Windows XP | label=windows
211 root (hd0,5) |
212 chainloader (hd0,5)+1 | # <i>/sbin/lilo</i>
213 </pre>
214
215 <p>
216 Now unmount all partitions and reboot into your new system:
217 </p>
218
219 <pre caption="Finishing off and installing GUI">
220 (Updating configuration files) # <i>etc-update</i>
221 (Exiting the chroot) # <i>exit; cd /</i>
222 (Unmounting partitions) # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
223 (Reboot; Remove the install CD from the tray) # <i>reboot</i>
224 (After booting:)
225 (ADSL-users only) # <i>adsl-setup</i>
226 (GRP-users only, optional CD2 usage)
227 ( (1) Mount CD2) # <i>mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom</i>
228 ( (2) Copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
229 ( (3) Install extra software) # <i>emerge -k xfree gnome kde mozilla openoffice-bin</i>
230 ( (4) Configure your Xserver) # <i>/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config</i>
231 </pre>
232
233 <p>
234 You can get more information from the <uri
235 link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">Gentoo
236 Documentation</uri>.
237 </p>
238 </body>
239 </section>
240 </chapter>
241 </guide>

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