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Revision 1.15 - (hide annotations) (download) (as text)
Sun Dec 17 03:50:54 2006 UTC (7 years, 9 months ago) by nightmorph
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.14: +5 -5 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
made unmerge fam instructions even more crystal clear; apparently all the <impo> and *if* statements aren't enough, bug 158307

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2    
3 nightmorph 1.15 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.14 2006/11/29 15:48:57 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6    
7     <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8    
9     <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10    
11     <author title="Author">
12 nightmorph 1.14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13 swift 1.1 </author>
14 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19     A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20     all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 neysx 1.7 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 swift 1.1 <license/>
26    
27 nightmorph 1.15 <version>1.12</version>
28     <date>2006-12-16</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39     development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41     Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80     <p>
81     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82 rane 1.9 Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 dertobi123 1.3 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84     abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85 neysx 1.7 <c>avahi</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS
86     X). If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87     <c>qt*</c>, <c>arts</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 swift 1.1 </p>
89    
90     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 nightmorph 1.10 USE="-qt3 -qt4 -arts -kde gtk gnome hal avahi"
92 swift 1.1 </pre>
93    
94     <p>
95     Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
96 nightmorph 1.12 <c>gnome-screensaver</c>:
97 swift 1.1 </p>
98    
99     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
100 nightmorph 1.11 # <i>emerge gnome gnome-screensaver</i>
101 swift 1.1 </pre>
102    
103     <p>
104 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
105     </p>
106    
107     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
108     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
109     </pre>
110    
111     <p>
112 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
113     mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
114     environment variables:
115     </p>
116    
117     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
118     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
119     </pre>
120    
121     <p>
122     If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
123 nightmorph 1.6 you'll notice that it suggests using <c>gamin</c> to have nautilus and
124     gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
125 swift 1.1 </p>
126    
127 nightmorph 1.6 <pre caption="Installing gamin, a file alteration monitor">
128     # <i>emerge gamin</i>
129     </pre>
130    
131     <impo>
132     If you are switching from <c>fam</c> (the old, deprecated file monitor) to
133     <c>gamin</c>, you will need to remove <c>famd</c> from all runlevels and then
134     unmerge it:
135     </impo>
136    
137 nightmorph 1.15 <pre caption="Optional: switching to gamin from fam">
138 nightmorph 1.6 # <i>rc-update del famd default</i>
139 nightmorph 1.15 # <i>emerge --unmerge app-admin/fam</i>
140 nightmorph 1.6 </pre>
141    
142     <p>
143     Next we'll clean up the remaining runlevels.
144     </p>
145 dertobi123 1.3
146 neysx 1.7 <pre caption="Adding hald and avahi-dnsconfd to the default runlevel">
147 dertobi123 1.3 # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
148     # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
149    
150 neysx 1.7 # <i>/etc/init.d/avahi-dnsconfd start</i>
151     # <i>rc-update add avahi-dnsconfd default</i>
152 swift 1.1 </pre>
153    
154     </body>
155     </section>
156     <section>
157     <title>First Impressions</title>
158     <body>
159    
160     <p>
161     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
162     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
163 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
164     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
165     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
166 swift 1.1 </p>
167    
168     <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
169     $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
170     </pre>
171    
172     <p>
173     Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
174     </p>
175    
176     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
177     $ <i>startx</i>
178     </pre>
179    
180     <p>
181     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
182     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
183     </p>
184    
185     </body>
186     </section>
187     </chapter>
188     <chapter>
189     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
190     <section>
191     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
192     <body>
193    
194     <p>
195     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
196     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
197     default runlevel:
198     </p>
199    
200     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
201     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
202     </pre>
203    
204     <p>
205 swift 1.5 Now edit <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
206 swift 1.1 </p>
207    
208     <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
209     DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
210     </pre>
211    
212     <p>
213     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
214     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
215 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
216     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
217     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
218 swift 1.1 </p>
219    
220 dertobi123 1.3 <p>
221     To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
222 nightmorph 1.11 and edit its preferences. Also, you'll need to add your user to the
223     <c>plugdev</c> group.
224 dertobi123 1.3 </p>
225    
226 swift 1.1 </body>
227     </section>
228     </chapter>
229     </guide>

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