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Revision 1.17 - (hide annotations) (download) (as text)
Mon Jan 8 21:05:06 2007 UTC (7 years, 7 months ago) by nightmorph
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.16: +12 -3 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
added a blurb on branding gnome to get the lovely gentoo splashscreen

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2    
3 nightmorph 1.17 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.16 2006/12/23 04:40:54 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6    
7     <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8    
9     <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10    
11     <author title="Author">
12 nightmorph 1.14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13 swift 1.1 </author>
14 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19     A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20     all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 neysx 1.7 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 swift 1.1 <license/>
26    
27 nightmorph 1.17 <version>1.14</version>
28     <date>2007-01-08</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39     development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41     Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80     <p>
81     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82 rane 1.9 Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 dertobi123 1.3 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84     abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85 neysx 1.7 <c>avahi</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS
86     X). If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87     <c>qt*</c>, <c>arts</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 swift 1.1 </p>
89    
90     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 nightmorph 1.10 USE="-qt3 -qt4 -arts -kde gtk gnome hal avahi"
92 swift 1.1 </pre>
93    
94     <p>
95 nightmorph 1.17 You can add the <c>branding</c> USE flag to get a lovely Gentoo-branded
96     splashscreen instead of the default Gnome splashscreen:
97     </p>
98    
99     <pre caption="Enabling Gentoo branding">
100     # <i>echo "gnome-base/gnome-session branding" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
101     </pre>
102    
103     <p>
104 swift 1.1 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
105 nightmorph 1.12 <c>gnome-screensaver</c>:
106 swift 1.1 </p>
107    
108     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
109 nightmorph 1.11 # <i>emerge gnome gnome-screensaver</i>
110 swift 1.1 </pre>
111    
112     <p>
113 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
114     </p>
115    
116     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
117     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
118     </pre>
119    
120     <p>
121 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
122     mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
123     environment variables:
124     </p>
125    
126     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
127     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
128     </pre>
129    
130     <p>
131     If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
132 nightmorph 1.6 you'll notice that it suggests using <c>gamin</c> to have nautilus and
133     gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
134 swift 1.1 </p>
135    
136 nightmorph 1.6 <pre caption="Installing gamin, a file alteration monitor">
137     # <i>emerge gamin</i>
138     </pre>
139    
140     <impo>
141     If you are switching from <c>fam</c> (the old, deprecated file monitor) to
142     <c>gamin</c>, you will need to remove <c>famd</c> from all runlevels and then
143     unmerge it:
144     </impo>
145    
146 nightmorph 1.15 <pre caption="Optional: switching to gamin from fam">
147 nightmorph 1.6 # <i>rc-update del famd default</i>
148 nightmorph 1.15 # <i>emerge --unmerge app-admin/fam</i>
149 nightmorph 1.6 </pre>
150    
151     <p>
152     Next we'll clean up the remaining runlevels.
153     </p>
154 dertobi123 1.3
155 neysx 1.7 <pre caption="Adding hald and avahi-dnsconfd to the default runlevel">
156 dertobi123 1.3 # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
157     # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
158    
159 neysx 1.7 # <i>/etc/init.d/avahi-dnsconfd start</i>
160     # <i>rc-update add avahi-dnsconfd default</i>
161 swift 1.1 </pre>
162    
163     </body>
164     </section>
165     <section>
166     <title>First Impressions</title>
167     <body>
168    
169     <p>
170     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
171     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
172 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
173     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
174     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
175 swift 1.1 </p>
176    
177     <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
178     $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
179     </pre>
180    
181     <p>
182     Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
183     </p>
184    
185     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
186     $ <i>startx</i>
187     </pre>
188    
189     <p>
190     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
191     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
192     </p>
193    
194     </body>
195     </section>
196     </chapter>
197     <chapter>
198     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
199     <section>
200     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
201     <body>
202    
203     <p>
204     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
205     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
206     default runlevel:
207     </p>
208    
209     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
210     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
211     </pre>
212    
213     <p>
214 nightmorph 1.16 Now edit <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
215 swift 1.1 </p>
216    
217 nightmorph 1.16 <pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
218 swift 1.1 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
219     </pre>
220    
221     <p>
222     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
223     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
224 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
225     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
226     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
227 swift 1.1 </p>
228    
229 dertobi123 1.3 <p>
230     To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
231 nightmorph 1.11 and edit its preferences. Also, you'll need to add your user to the
232     <c>plugdev</c> group.
233 dertobi123 1.3 </p>
234    
235 swift 1.1 </body>
236     </section>
237     </chapter>
238     </guide>

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