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Tue Sep 1 23:58:43 2009 UTC (5 years, 3 months ago) by nightmorph
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Update the guide for pending 2.26 stuff, bug 281423

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3 nightmorph 1.27 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.26 2008/05/23 20:00:57 swift Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5     <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
6     <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
7    
8     <author title="Author">
9 nightmorph 1.14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10 swift 1.1 </author>
11 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
12     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
13     </author>
14 nightmorph 1.21 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="nightmorph"/>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19 swift 1.26 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 swift 1.1 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 neysx 1.7 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 swift 1.1 <license/>
26    
27 nightmorph 1.27 <version>1.20</version>
28     <date>2009-09-01</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 swift 1.26 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 swift 1.1 Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80     <p>
81     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82 nightmorph 1.21 Make sure that <c>X</c>, <c>gtk</c>, and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable
83     listed in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the
84     hardware abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. The same
85     goes for <c>dbus</c>, a system message bus Gnome uses extensively. The
86 cam 1.25 <c>avahi</c> USE flag brings DNS detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendezvous
87     under Mac OS X). If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop
88     environment), remove <c>qt3</c>, <c>qt4</c>, <c>arts</c>, and <c>kde</c>.
89 swift 1.1 </p>
90    
91     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
92 nightmorph 1.21 USE="-qt3 -qt4 -arts -kde X dbus gtk gnome hal avahi"
93 swift 1.1 </pre>
94    
95     <p>
96 nightmorph 1.17 You can add the <c>branding</c> USE flag to get a lovely Gentoo-branded
97     splashscreen instead of the default Gnome splashscreen:
98     </p>
99    
100     <pre caption="Enabling Gentoo branding">
101     # <i>echo "gnome-base/gnome-session branding" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
102     </pre>
103    
104     <p>
105 nightmorph 1.18 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c>:
106 swift 1.1 </p>
107    
108     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
109 nightmorph 1.18 # <i>emerge gnome</i>
110 swift 1.1 </pre>
111    
112     <p>
113 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
114     </p>
115    
116     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
117     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
118     </pre>
119    
120     <p>
121 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
122 swift 1.26 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
123 swift 1.1 environment variables:
124     </p>
125    
126     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
127     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
128     </pre>
129    
130     <p>
131 jkt 1.19 Next we'll clean up the remaining services.
132 nightmorph 1.6 </p>
133 dertobi123 1.3
134 neysx 1.7 <pre caption="Adding hald and avahi-dnsconfd to the default runlevel">
135 dertobi123 1.3 # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
136     # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
137    
138 nightmorph 1.23 # <i>/etc/init.d/dbus start</i>
139 nightmorph 1.22 # <i>rc-update add dbus default</i>
140    
141 neysx 1.7 # <i>/etc/init.d/avahi-dnsconfd start</i>
142     # <i>rc-update add avahi-dnsconfd default</i>
143 swift 1.1 </pre>
144    
145     </body>
146     </section>
147     <section>
148     <title>First Impressions</title>
149     <body>
150    
151     <p>
152     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
153     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
154 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
155     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
156     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
157 swift 1.1 </p>
158    
159     <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
160     $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
161     </pre>
162    
163     <p>
164 nightmorph 1.27 Starting with <c>gnome-base/gnome-session-2.26.2</c>, you will need to prepend
165     the XDG_MENU_PREFIX variable to get the Gnome menus if you're using the
166     <path>~/.xinitrc</path> method to start your desktop. (If you're not using
167     <path>~/.xinitrc</path>, it will be handled automatically for you; no additional
168     configuration is needed.)
169     </p>
170    
171     <pre caption="Prepending XDG_MENU_PREFIX to ~/.xinitrc">
172     $ <i>sed '1i\export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-' ~/.xinitrc</i>
173     </pre>
174    
175     <p>
176 swift 1.1 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
177     </p>
178    
179     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
180     $ <i>startx</i>
181     </pre>
182    
183     <p>
184     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
185     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
186     </p>
187    
188     </body>
189     </section>
190     </chapter>
191     <chapter>
192     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
193     <section>
194     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
195     <body>
196    
197     <p>
198     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
199     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
200     default runlevel:
201     </p>
202    
203     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
204     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
205     </pre>
206    
207     <p>
208 nightmorph 1.16 Now edit <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
209 swift 1.1 </p>
210    
211 nightmorph 1.16 <pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
212 swift 1.1 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
213     </pre>
214    
215     <p>
216     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
217     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
218 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
219     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
220     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
221 swift 1.1 </p>
222    
223 dertobi123 1.3 <p>
224 nightmorph 1.27 To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> you need to add your user to the
225     <c>plugdev</c> group. If you want support for devices not handled by the
226     <c>nautilus</c> file manager, or if you're not using <c>nautilus</c> at all, you
227     might want to make sure that <c>gnome-volume-manager</c> is built with the
228     <c>automount</c> USE flag, and that it's started every time you login.
229 dertobi123 1.3 </p>
230    
231 swift 1.1 </body>
232     </section>
233     </chapter>
234     </guide>

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