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quick'n'dirty de-HALification for the gnome guide, bug 373805

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3 nightmorph 1.33 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.32 2010/06/07 09:02:51 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5 nightmorph 1.28 <guide>
6 swift 1.1 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
7    
8     <author title="Author">
9 nightmorph 1.14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10 swift 1.1 </author>
11 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
12     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
13     </author>
14 nightmorph 1.21 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="nightmorph"/>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19 swift 1.26 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 swift 1.1 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 neysx 1.7 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 swift 1.1 <license/>
26    
27 nightmorph 1.33 <version>2</version>
28     <date>2011-07-02</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 swift 1.26 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 swift 1.1 Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80 nightmorph 1.30 <impo>
81     First read and follow the instructions in the <uri
82 nightmorph 1.31 link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri> to setup your
83 nightmorph 1.30 X environment.
84     </impo>
85    
86 swift 1.1 <p>
87     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
88 nightmorph 1.21 Make sure that <c>X</c>, <c>gtk</c>, and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable
89 nightmorph 1.33 listed in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>dbus</c>, a
90     system message bus Gnome uses extensively, add it to your USE flags. If you
91     don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove <c>qt4</c>
92     and <c>kde</c>.
93 swift 1.1 </p>
94    
95     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
96 nightmorph 1.33 USE="-qt4 -kde X dbus gtk gnome"
97 swift 1.1 </pre>
98    
99     <p>
100 nightmorph 1.17 You can add the <c>branding</c> USE flag to get a lovely Gentoo-branded
101     splashscreen instead of the default Gnome splashscreen:
102     </p>
103    
104     <pre caption="Enabling Gentoo branding">
105     # <i>echo "gnome-base/gnome-session branding" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
106     </pre>
107    
108 nightmorph 1.33 <note>
109     If you use the <c>desktop</c> profile, these USE flags will be set for you. You
110     can check your profile by running <c>eselect profile list</c> and <c>eselect
111     profile set &lt;profile-name&gt;</c> as root.
112     </note>
113    
114 nightmorph 1.17 <p>
115 nightmorph 1.18 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c>:
116 swift 1.1 </p>
117    
118     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
119 nightmorph 1.18 # <i>emerge gnome</i>
120 swift 1.1 </pre>
121    
122     <p>
123 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
124     </p>
125    
126     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
127     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
128     </pre>
129    
130     <p>
131 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
132 swift 1.26 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
133 swift 1.1 environment variables:
134     </p>
135    
136     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
137     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
138     </pre>
139    
140     <p>
141 nightmorph 1.33 Next we'll clean up the remaining services and user groups.
142 nightmorph 1.6 </p>
143 dertobi123 1.3
144 nightmorph 1.33 <pre caption="Services and groups">
145     # <i>gpasswd -a yourregularuser plugdev</i>
146 nightmorph 1.23 # <i>/etc/init.d/dbus start</i>
147 nightmorph 1.22 # <i>rc-update add dbus default</i>
148 swift 1.1 </pre>
149    
150     </body>
151     </section>
152     <section>
153     <title>First Impressions</title>
154     <body>
155    
156     <p>
157     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
158     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
159 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
160     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
161     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
162 swift 1.1 </p>
163    
164 nightmorph 1.33 <pre caption="Setting GNOME as the default desktop environment">
165 swift 1.1 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
166     </pre>
167    
168     <p>
169 nightmorph 1.27 Starting with <c>gnome-base/gnome-session-2.26.2</c>, you will need to prepend
170     the XDG_MENU_PREFIX variable to get the Gnome menus if you're using the
171     <path>~/.xinitrc</path> method to start your desktop. (If you're not using
172     <path>~/.xinitrc</path>, it will be handled automatically for you; no additional
173     configuration is needed.)
174     </p>
175    
176     <pre caption="Prepending XDG_MENU_PREFIX to ~/.xinitrc">
177 nightmorph 1.29 $ <i>sed -i '1i\export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-' ~/.xinitrc</i>
178 nightmorph 1.27 </pre>
179    
180     <p>
181 swift 1.1 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
182     </p>
183    
184     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
185     $ <i>startx</i>
186     </pre>
187    
188     <p>
189     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
190     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
191     </p>
192    
193     </body>
194     </section>
195     </chapter>
196     <chapter>
197     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
198     <section>
199     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
200     <body>
201    
202     <p>
203     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
204     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
205     default runlevel:
206     </p>
207    
208     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
209     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
210     </pre>
211    
212     <p>
213 nightmorph 1.16 Now edit <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
214 swift 1.1 </p>
215    
216 nightmorph 1.16 <pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
217 swift 1.1 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
218     </pre>
219    
220     <p>
221     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
222     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
223 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
224     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
225     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
226 swift 1.1 </p>
227    
228     </body>
229     </section>
230     </chapter>
231     </guide>

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