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Revision 1.34 - (hide annotations) (download) (as text)
Sun Aug 14 15:08:59 2011 UTC (3 years, 1 month ago) by swift
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Changes since 1.33: +18 -5 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
Bug #377885 - Tell users about adding themselves to the plugdev group if that group exists

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3 swift 1.34 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.33 2011/07/03 04:07:04 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5 nightmorph 1.28 <guide>
6 swift 1.1 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
7    
8     <author title="Author">
9 nightmorph 1.14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10 swift 1.1 </author>
11 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
12     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
13     </author>
14 nightmorph 1.21 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="nightmorph"/>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19 swift 1.26 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 swift 1.1 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 neysx 1.7 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 swift 1.1 <license/>
26    
27 swift 1.34 <version>3</version>
28     <date>2011-08-13</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 swift 1.26 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 swift 1.1 Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80 nightmorph 1.30 <impo>
81     First read and follow the instructions in the <uri
82 nightmorph 1.31 link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri> to setup your
83 nightmorph 1.30 X environment.
84     </impo>
85    
86 swift 1.1 <p>
87     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
88 nightmorph 1.21 Make sure that <c>X</c>, <c>gtk</c>, and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable
89 nightmorph 1.33 listed in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>dbus</c>, a
90     system message bus Gnome uses extensively, add it to your USE flags. If you
91     don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove <c>qt4</c>
92     and <c>kde</c>.
93 swift 1.1 </p>
94    
95     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
96 nightmorph 1.33 USE="-qt4 -kde X dbus gtk gnome"
97 swift 1.1 </pre>
98    
99     <p>
100 nightmorph 1.17 You can add the <c>branding</c> USE flag to get a lovely Gentoo-branded
101     splashscreen instead of the default Gnome splashscreen:
102     </p>
103    
104     <pre caption="Enabling Gentoo branding">
105     # <i>echo "gnome-base/gnome-session branding" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
106     </pre>
107    
108 nightmorph 1.33 <note>
109     If you use the <c>desktop</c> profile, these USE flags will be set for you. You
110     can check your profile by running <c>eselect profile list</c> and <c>eselect
111     profile set &lt;profile-name&gt;</c> as root.
112     </note>
113    
114 nightmorph 1.17 <p>
115 nightmorph 1.18 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c>:
116 swift 1.1 </p>
117    
118     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
119 nightmorph 1.18 # <i>emerge gnome</i>
120 swift 1.1 </pre>
121    
122     <p>
123 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
124     </p>
125    
126     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
127     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
128     </pre>
129    
130     <p>
131 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
132 swift 1.26 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
133 swift 1.1 environment variables:
134     </p>
135    
136     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
137     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
138     </pre>
139    
140     <p>
141 nightmorph 1.33 Next we'll clean up the remaining services and user groups.
142 nightmorph 1.6 </p>
143 dertobi123 1.3
144 swift 1.34 <pre caption="Setting up the DBUS service">
145 nightmorph 1.23 # <i>/etc/init.d/dbus start</i>
146 nightmorph 1.22 # <i>rc-update add dbus default</i>
147 swift 1.1 </pre>
148    
149 swift 1.34 <p>
150     Check if the <e>plugdev</e> group exists. If it does, it is adviseable to make
151     yourself member of that group, but this is optional (the group is not that
152     common anymore).
153     </p>
154    
155     <pre caption="Checking and adding users to plugdev">
156     ~# <i>getent group plugdev</i>
157     plugdev:x:104:
158    
159     <comment># Substitute yourUserName with your user name ;-)</comment>
160     ~# <i>gpasswd -a yourUserName plugdev</i>
161     </pre>
162    
163 swift 1.1 </body>
164     </section>
165     <section>
166     <title>First Impressions</title>
167     <body>
168    
169     <p>
170     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
171     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
172 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
173     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
174     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
175 swift 1.1 </p>
176    
177 nightmorph 1.33 <pre caption="Setting GNOME as the default desktop environment">
178 swift 1.1 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
179     </pre>
180    
181     <p>
182 nightmorph 1.27 Starting with <c>gnome-base/gnome-session-2.26.2</c>, you will need to prepend
183     the XDG_MENU_PREFIX variable to get the Gnome menus if you're using the
184     <path>~/.xinitrc</path> method to start your desktop. (If you're not using
185     <path>~/.xinitrc</path>, it will be handled automatically for you; no additional
186     configuration is needed.)
187     </p>
188    
189     <pre caption="Prepending XDG_MENU_PREFIX to ~/.xinitrc">
190 nightmorph 1.29 $ <i>sed -i '1i\export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-' ~/.xinitrc</i>
191 nightmorph 1.27 </pre>
192    
193     <p>
194 swift 1.1 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
195     </p>
196    
197     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
198     $ <i>startx</i>
199     </pre>
200    
201     <p>
202     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
203     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
204     </p>
205    
206     </body>
207     </section>
208     </chapter>
209     <chapter>
210     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
211     <section>
212     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
213     <body>
214    
215     <p>
216     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
217     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
218     default runlevel:
219     </p>
220    
221     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
222     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
223     </pre>
224    
225     <p>
226 nightmorph 1.16 Now edit <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
227 swift 1.1 </p>
228    
229 nightmorph 1.16 <pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
230 swift 1.1 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
231     </pre>
232    
233     <p>
234     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
235     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
236 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
237     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
238     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
239 swift 1.1 </p>
240    
241     </body>
242     </section>
243     </chapter>
244     </guide>

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