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1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2    
3 swift 1.4 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.3 2005/02/14 00:36:50 dertobi123 Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6    
7     <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8    
9     <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10    
11     <author title="Author">
12     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13     </author>
14 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19     A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20     all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
25     <license/>
26    
27 swift 1.4 <version>1.4</version>
28     <date>2005-03-17</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39     development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41     Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80     <p>
81     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82     Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 dertobi123 1.3 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84     abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85     <c>howl</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS X).
86     If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87     <c>qt</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 swift 1.1 </p>
89    
90     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 dertobi123 1.3 USE="-qt -kde gtk gnome hal howl"
92 swift 1.1 </pre>
93    
94     <p>
95     Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
96     <c>xscreensaver</c>:
97     </p>
98    
99     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
100     # <i>emerge gnome xscreensaver</i>
101     </pre>
102    
103     <p>
104 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
105     </p>
106    
107     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
108     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
109     </pre>
110    
111     <p>
112 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
113     mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
114     environment variables:
115     </p>
116    
117     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
118     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
119     </pre>
120    
121     <p>
122     If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
123     you'll notice that it suggests adding <c>famd</c> to the default runlevel to
124     have nautilus and gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
125     </p>
126    
127 dertobi123 1.3 <pre caption="Adding famd, hald and mDNSResponder to the default runlevel">
128 swift 1.1 # <i>/etc/init.d/famd start</i>
129     # <i>rc-update add famd default</i>
130 dertobi123 1.3
131     # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
132     # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
133    
134     # <i>/etc/init.d/mDNSResponder start</i>
135     # <i>rc-update add mDNSResponder default</i>
136 swift 1.1 </pre>
137    
138     </body>
139     </section>
140     <section>
141     <title>First Impressions</title>
142     <body>
143    
144     <p>
145     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
146     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
147     <c>startx</c> command:
148     </p>
149    
150     <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
151     $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
152     </pre>
153    
154     <p>
155     Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
156     </p>
157    
158     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
159     $ <i>startx</i>
160     </pre>
161    
162     <p>
163     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
164     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
165     </p>
166    
167     </body>
168     </section>
169     </chapter>
170     <chapter>
171     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
172     <section>
173     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
174     <body>
175    
176     <p>
177     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
178     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
179     default runlevel:
180     </p>
181    
182     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
183     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
184     </pre>
185    
186     <p>
187 swift 1.2 Now check the contents of the <path>/usr/share/xsessions</path>:
188 swift 1.1 </p>
189    
190 swift 1.2 <pre caption="Checking the contents of /usr/share/xsessions">
191     # <i>ls /usr/share/xsessions</i>
192     fluxbox.desktop gnome.desktop
193 swift 1.1 </pre>
194    
195     <p>
196     As you can see, there is a session called <c>gnome</c> available. Now edit
197     <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter two variables: DISPLAYMANAGER (which should
198     be set to <c>gdm</c>) and XSESSION (which should be set to <c>Gnome</c>):
199     </p>
200    
201     <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
202     DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
203 swift 1.2 XSESSION="gnome"
204 swift 1.1 </pre>
205    
206     <p>
207     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
208     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
209     you will have the option of selecting a different one of course).
210     </p>
211    
212 dertobi123 1.3 <p>
213     To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
214     and edit its preferences.
215     </p>
216    
217 swift 1.1 </body>
218     </section>
219     </chapter>
220     </guide>

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