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Revision 1.5 - (hide annotations) (download) (as text)
Fri Mar 25 15:55:32 2005 UTC (9 years, 4 months ago) by swift
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#86654 - Explain startx better, keep session stuff in right sections, patch from greg_g@gentoo.org

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2    
3 swift 1.5 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.4 2005/03/17 07:27:31 swift Exp $ -->
4 swift 1.1
5     <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6    
7     <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8    
9     <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10    
11     <author title="Author">
12     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13     </author>
14 dertobi123 1.3 <author title="Editor">
15     <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16     </author>
17 swift 1.1
18     <abstract>
19     A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20     all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21     </abstract>
22    
23     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
25     <license/>
26    
27 swift 1.5 <version>1.5</version>
28     <date>2005-03-25</date>
29 swift 1.1
30     <chapter>
31     <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32     <section>
33     <title>The Project</title>
34     <body>
35    
36     <p>
37     The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38     project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39     development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40     Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41     Project.
42     </p>
43    
44     </body>
45     </section>
46     <section>
47     <title>The Software</title>
48     <body>
49    
50     <p>
51     GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52     software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53     interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54     </p>
55    
56     </body>
57     </section>
58     <section>
59     <title>The Community</title>
60     <body>
61    
62     <p>
63     Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64     development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65     contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66     link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67     <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68     GNOME developers.
69     </p>
70    
71     </body>
72     </section>
73     </chapter>
74     <chapter>
75     <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76     <section>
77     <title>What do you need?</title>
78     <body>
79    
80     <p>
81     Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82     Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 dertobi123 1.3 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84     abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85     <c>howl</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS X).
86     If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87     <c>qt</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 swift 1.1 </p>
89    
90     <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 dertobi123 1.3 USE="-qt -kde gtk gnome hal howl"
92 swift 1.1 </pre>
93    
94     <p>
95     Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
96     <c>xscreensaver</c>:
97     </p>
98    
99     <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
100     # <i>emerge gnome xscreensaver</i>
101     </pre>
102    
103     <p>
104 swift 1.4 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
105     </p>
106    
107     <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
108     # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
109     </pre>
110    
111     <p>
112 swift 1.1 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
113     mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
114     environment variables:
115     </p>
116    
117     <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
118     # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
119     </pre>
120    
121     <p>
122     If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
123     you'll notice that it suggests adding <c>famd</c> to the default runlevel to
124     have nautilus and gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
125     </p>
126    
127 dertobi123 1.3 <pre caption="Adding famd, hald and mDNSResponder to the default runlevel">
128 swift 1.1 # <i>/etc/init.d/famd start</i>
129     # <i>rc-update add famd default</i>
130 dertobi123 1.3
131     # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
132     # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
133    
134     # <i>/etc/init.d/mDNSResponder start</i>
135     # <i>rc-update add mDNSResponder default</i>
136 swift 1.1 </pre>
137    
138     </body>
139     </section>
140     <section>
141     <title>First Impressions</title>
142     <body>
143    
144     <p>
145     Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
146     as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
147 swift 1.5 <c>startx</c> command (see also
148     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
149     <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
150 swift 1.1 </p>
151    
152     <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
153     $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
154     </pre>
155    
156     <p>
157     Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
158     </p>
159    
160     <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
161     $ <i>startx</i>
162     </pre>
163    
164     <p>
165     If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
166     take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
167     </p>
168    
169     </body>
170     </section>
171     </chapter>
172     <chapter>
173     <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
174     <section>
175     <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
176     <body>
177    
178     <p>
179     If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
180     (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
181     default runlevel:
182     </p>
183    
184     <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
185     # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
186     </pre>
187    
188     <p>
189 swift 1.5 Now edit <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
190 swift 1.1 </p>
191    
192     <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
193     DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
194     </pre>
195    
196     <p>
197     If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
198     and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
199 swift 1.5 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
200     those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
201     you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
202 swift 1.1 </p>
203    
204 dertobi123 1.3 <p>
205     To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
206     and edit its preferences.
207     </p>
208    
209 swift 1.1 </body>
210     </section>
211     </chapter>
212     </guide>

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