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Wed May 12 08:26:35 2004 UTC (10 years, 7 months ago) by swift
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GNOME Configuration HOWTO

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2
3 <!-- $Header$ -->
4
5 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6
7 <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8
9 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10
11 <author title="Author">
12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13 </author>
14
15 <abstract>
16 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
17 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
18 </abstract>
19
20 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
21 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
22 <license/>
23
24 <version>1.1</version>
25 <date>May 12, 2004</date>
26
27 <chapter>
28 <title>What is GNOME?</title>
29 <section>
30 <title>The Project</title>
31 <body>
32
33 <p>
34 The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
35 project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
36 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
37 Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
38 Project.
39 </p>
40
41 </body>
42 </section>
43 <section>
44 <title>The Software</title>
45 <body>
46
47 <p>
48 GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
49 software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
50 interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
51 </p>
52
53 </body>
54 </section>
55 <section>
56 <title>The Community</title>
57 <body>
58
59 <p>
60 Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
61 development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
62 contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
63 link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
64 <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
65 GNOME developers.
66 </p>
67
68 </body>
69 </section>
70 </chapter>
71 <chapter>
72 <title>Installing GNOME</title>
73 <section>
74 <title>What do you need?</title>
75 <body>
76
77 <p>
78 Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
79 Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
80 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you don't want KDE support (the other big
81 desktop environment), remove <c>qt</c> and <c>kde</c>.
82 </p>
83
84 <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
85 USE="-qt -kde gtk gnome"
86 </pre>
87
88 <p>
89 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
90 <c>xscreensaver</c>:
91 </p>
92
93 <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
94 # <i>emerge gnome xscreensaver</i>
95 </pre>
96
97 <p>
98 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
99 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
100 environment variables:
101 </p>
102
103 <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
104 # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
105 </pre>
106
107 <p>
108 If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
109 you'll notice that it suggests adding <c>famd</c> to the default runlevel to
110 have nautilus and gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
111 </p>
112
113 <pre caption="Adding famd to the default runlevel">
114 # <i>/etc/init.d/famd start</i>
115 # <i>rc-update add famd default</i>
116 </pre>
117
118 </body>
119 </section>
120 <section>
121 <title>First Impressions</title>
122 <body>
123
124 <p>
125 Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
126 as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
127 <c>startx</c> command:
128 </p>
129
130 <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
131 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
132 </pre>
133
134 <p>
135 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
136 </p>
137
138 <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
139 $ <i>startx</i>
140 </pre>
141
142 <p>
143 If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
144 take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
145 </p>
146
147 </body>
148 </section>
149 </chapter>
150 <chapter>
151 <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
152 <section>
153 <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
154 <body>
155
156 <p>
157 If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
158 (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
159 default runlevel:
160 </p>
161
162 <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
163 # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
164 </pre>
165
166 <p>
167 Now check the contents of the <path>/etc/X11/Sessions</path>:
168 </p>
169
170 <pre caption="Checking the contents of /etc/X11/Sessions">
171 # <i>ls /etc/X11/Sessions</i>
172 Xsession Gnome
173 </pre>
174
175 <p>
176 As you can see, there is a session called <c>gnome</c> available. Now edit
177 <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter two variables: DISPLAYMANAGER (which should
178 be set to <c>gdm</c>) and XSESSION (which should be set to <c>Gnome</c>):
179 </p>
180
181 <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
182 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
183 XSESSION="Gnome"
184 </pre>
185
186 <p>
187 If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
188 and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
189 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course).
190 </p>
191
192 </body>
193 </section>
194 </chapter>
195 </guide>

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