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quick'n'dirty de-HALification for the gnome guide, bug 373805

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.32 2010/06/07 09:02:51 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4
5 <guide>
6 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
7
8 <author title="Author">
9 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10 </author>
11 <author title="Editor">
12 <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
13 </author>
14 <author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
16 </author>
17
18 <abstract>
19 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21 </abstract>
22
23 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 <license/>
26
27 <version>2</version>
28 <date>2011-07-02</date>
29
30 <chapter>
31 <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32 <section>
33 <title>The Project</title>
34 <body>
35
36 <p>
37 The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38 project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40 Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 Project.
42 </p>
43
44 </body>
45 </section>
46 <section>
47 <title>The Software</title>
48 <body>
49
50 <p>
51 GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52 software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53 interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54 </p>
55
56 </body>
57 </section>
58 <section>
59 <title>The Community</title>
60 <body>
61
62 <p>
63 Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64 development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65 contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66 link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67 <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68 GNOME developers.
69 </p>
70
71 </body>
72 </section>
73 </chapter>
74 <chapter>
75 <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76 <section>
77 <title>What do you need?</title>
78 <body>
79
80 <impo>
81 First read and follow the instructions in the <uri
82 link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri> to setup your
83 X environment.
84 </impo>
85
86 <p>
87 Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
88 Make sure that <c>X</c>, <c>gtk</c>, and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable
89 listed in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>dbus</c>, a
90 system message bus Gnome uses extensively, add it to your USE flags. If you
91 don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove <c>qt4</c>
92 and <c>kde</c>.
93 </p>
94
95 <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
96 USE="-qt4 -kde X dbus gtk gnome"
97 </pre>
98
99 <p>
100 You can add the <c>branding</c> USE flag to get a lovely Gentoo-branded
101 splashscreen instead of the default Gnome splashscreen:
102 </p>
103
104 <pre caption="Enabling Gentoo branding">
105 # <i>echo "gnome-base/gnome-session branding" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
106 </pre>
107
108 <note>
109 If you use the <c>desktop</c> profile, these USE flags will be set for you. You
110 can check your profile by running <c>eselect profile list</c> and <c>eselect
111 profile set &lt;profile-name&gt;</c> as root.
112 </note>
113
114 <p>
115 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c>:
116 </p>
117
118 <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
119 # <i>emerge gnome</i>
120 </pre>
121
122 <p>
123 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
124 </p>
125
126 <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
127 # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
128 </pre>
129
130 <p>
131 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
132 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
133 environment variables:
134 </p>
135
136 <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
137 # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
138 </pre>
139
140 <p>
141 Next we'll clean up the remaining services and user groups.
142 </p>
143
144 <pre caption="Services and groups">
145 # <i>gpasswd -a yourregularuser plugdev</i>
146 # <i>/etc/init.d/dbus start</i>
147 # <i>rc-update add dbus default</i>
148 </pre>
149
150 </body>
151 </section>
152 <section>
153 <title>First Impressions</title>
154 <body>
155
156 <p>
157 Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
158 as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
159 <c>startx</c> command (see also
160 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
161 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
162 </p>
163
164 <pre caption="Setting GNOME as the default desktop environment">
165 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
166 </pre>
167
168 <p>
169 Starting with <c>gnome-base/gnome-session-2.26.2</c>, you will need to prepend
170 the XDG_MENU_PREFIX variable to get the Gnome menus if you're using the
171 <path>~/.xinitrc</path> method to start your desktop. (If you're not using
172 <path>~/.xinitrc</path>, it will be handled automatically for you; no additional
173 configuration is needed.)
174 </p>
175
176 <pre caption="Prepending XDG_MENU_PREFIX to ~/.xinitrc">
177 $ <i>sed -i '1i\export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-' ~/.xinitrc</i>
178 </pre>
179
180 <p>
181 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
182 </p>
183
184 <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
185 $ <i>startx</i>
186 </pre>
187
188 <p>
189 If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
190 take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
191 </p>
192
193 </body>
194 </section>
195 </chapter>
196 <chapter>
197 <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
198 <section>
199 <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
200 <body>
201
202 <p>
203 If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
204 (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
205 default runlevel:
206 </p>
207
208 <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
209 # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
210 </pre>
211
212 <p>
213 Now edit <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
214 </p>
215
216 <pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
217 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
218 </pre>
219
220 <p>
221 If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
222 and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
223 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
224 those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
225 you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
226 </p>
227
228 </body>
229 </section>
230 </chapter>
231 </guide>

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