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Fri Mar 25 15:55:32 2005 UTC (9 years, 6 months ago) by swift
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#86654 - Explain startx better, keep session stuff in right sections, patch from greg_g@gentoo.org

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2
3 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.4 2005/03/17 07:27:31 swift Exp $ -->
4
5 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6
7 <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8
9 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10
11 <author title="Author">
12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13 </author>
14 <author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16 </author>
17
18 <abstract>
19 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21 </abstract>
22
23 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
25 <license/>
26
27 <version>1.5</version>
28 <date>2005-03-25</date>
29
30 <chapter>
31 <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32 <section>
33 <title>The Project</title>
34 <body>
35
36 <p>
37 The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38 project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40 Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 Project.
42 </p>
43
44 </body>
45 </section>
46 <section>
47 <title>The Software</title>
48 <body>
49
50 <p>
51 GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52 software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53 interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54 </p>
55
56 </body>
57 </section>
58 <section>
59 <title>The Community</title>
60 <body>
61
62 <p>
63 Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64 development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65 contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66 link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67 <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68 GNOME developers.
69 </p>
70
71 </body>
72 </section>
73 </chapter>
74 <chapter>
75 <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76 <section>
77 <title>What do you need?</title>
78 <body>
79
80 <p>
81 Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82 Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84 abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85 <c>howl</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS X).
86 If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87 <c>qt</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 </p>
89
90 <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 USE="-qt -kde gtk gnome hal howl"
92 </pre>
93
94 <p>
95 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
96 <c>xscreensaver</c>:
97 </p>
98
99 <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
100 # <i>emerge gnome xscreensaver</i>
101 </pre>
102
103 <p>
104 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
105 </p>
106
107 <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
108 # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
109 </pre>
110
111 <p>
112 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
113 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
114 environment variables:
115 </p>
116
117 <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
118 # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
119 </pre>
120
121 <p>
122 If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
123 you'll notice that it suggests adding <c>famd</c> to the default runlevel to
124 have nautilus and gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
125 </p>
126
127 <pre caption="Adding famd, hald and mDNSResponder to the default runlevel">
128 # <i>/etc/init.d/famd start</i>
129 # <i>rc-update add famd default</i>
130
131 # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
132 # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
133
134 # <i>/etc/init.d/mDNSResponder start</i>
135 # <i>rc-update add mDNSResponder default</i>
136 </pre>
137
138 </body>
139 </section>
140 <section>
141 <title>First Impressions</title>
142 <body>
143
144 <p>
145 Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
146 as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
147 <c>startx</c> command (see also
148 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
149 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
150 </p>
151
152 <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
153 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
154 </pre>
155
156 <p>
157 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
158 </p>
159
160 <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
161 $ <i>startx</i>
162 </pre>
163
164 <p>
165 If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
166 take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
167 </p>
168
169 </body>
170 </section>
171 </chapter>
172 <chapter>
173 <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
174 <section>
175 <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
176 <body>
177
178 <p>
179 If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
180 (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
181 default runlevel:
182 </p>
183
184 <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
185 # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
186 </pre>
187
188 <p>
189 Now edit <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
190 </p>
191
192 <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
193 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
194 </pre>
195
196 <p>
197 If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
198 and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
199 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
200 those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
201 you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
202 </p>
203
204 <p>
205 To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
206 and edit its preferences.
207 </p>
208
209 </body>
210 </section>
211 </chapter>
212 </guide>

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