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#146994, getting rid of gtk2 USE flag

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2
3 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gnome-config.xml,v 1.8 2006/08/01 13:45:21 neysx Exp $ -->
4
5 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6
7 <guide link="/doc/en/gnome-config.xml">
8
9 <title>The GNOME Configuration HOWTO</title>
10
11 <author title="Author">
12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13 </author>
14 <author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="lars@strojny.net">Lars Strojny</mail>
16 </author>
17
18 <abstract>
19 A frequently used environment is GNOME. This HOWTO tries to describe
20 all aspects of GNOME, including installation, configuration, usage, ...
21 </abstract>
22
23 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
24 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
25 <license/>
26
27 <version>1.8</version>
28 <date>2006-09-09</date>
29
30 <chapter>
31 <title>What is GNOME?</title>
32 <section>
33 <title>The Project</title>
34 <body>
35
36 <p>
37 The <uri link="http://www.gnome.org">GNOME</uri> project is a free software
38 project dedicated to the development of GNOME, a Unix/Linux desktop suite and
39 development platform. The <uri link="http://foundation.gnome.org">GNOME
40 Foundation</uri> coordinates the development and other aspects of the GNOME
41 Project.
42 </p>
43
44 </body>
45 </section>
46 <section>
47 <title>The Software</title>
48 <body>
49
50 <p>
51 GNOME is a desktop environment and a development platform. This piece of free
52 software is the desktop of choice for several industry leaders. It is
53 interesting both for business users, home users as well as developers.
54 </p>
55
56 </body>
57 </section>
58 <section>
59 <title>The Community</title>
60 <body>
61
62 <p>
63 Like with any big free software project, GNOME has an extensive user- and
64 development base. <uri link="http://www.gnomedesktop.org">Footnotes</uri>
65 contains GNOME Desktop news for users; <uri
66 link="http://planet.gnome.org">GnomePlanet</uri> is for hackers/contributors and
67 <uri link="http://developer.gnome.org">Developer.Gnome.Org</uri> is for the
68 GNOME developers.
69 </p>
70
71 </body>
72 </section>
73 </chapter>
74 <chapter>
75 <title>Installing GNOME</title>
76 <section>
77 <title>What do you need?</title>
78 <body>
79
80 <p>
81 Before you start installing GNOME, you might want to edit your USE variables.
82 Make sure that <c>gtk</c> and <c>gnome</c> are in your USE variable listed in
83 <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If you want support for <c>hald</c>, the hardware
84 abstraction layer daemon add <c>hal</c> to your USE flags. USE variable
85 <c>avahi</c> brings DNS-detection to GNOME (similiar to Rendevouz under Mac OS
86 X). If you don't want KDE support (the other big desktop environment), remove
87 <c>qt*</c>, <c>arts</c> and <c>kde</c>.
88 </p>
89
90 <pre caption="Example USE in /etc/make.conf">
91 USE="-qt -qt3 -qt4 -arts -kde gtk gnome hal avahi"
92 </pre>
93
94 <p>
95 Once done, start installing GNOME by emerging <c>gnome</c> and
96 <c>xscreensaver</c>:
97 </p>
98
99 <pre caption="Installing GNOME">
100 # <i>emerge gnome xscreensaver</i>
101 </pre>
102
103 <p>
104 You can also opt for a minimal Gnome installation using <c>gnome-light</c>:
105 </p>
106
107 <pre caption="Installing a minimal GNOME environment">
108 # <i>emerge gnome-light</i>
109 </pre>
110
111 <p>
112 This will take a while, so you might want to start reading all those books your
113 mother bought you but you never opened. Done? Great, now update your
114 environment variables:
115 </p>
116
117 <pre caption="Updating environment variables">
118 # <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
119 </pre>
120
121 <p>
122 If you paid attention to the output of your previous <c>emerge</c> command,
123 you'll notice that it suggests using <c>gamin</c> to have nautilus and
124 gnome-vfs monitor file changes:
125 </p>
126
127 <pre caption="Installing gamin, a file alteration monitor">
128 # <i>emerge gamin</i>
129 </pre>
130
131 <impo>
132 If you are switching from <c>fam</c> (the old, deprecated file monitor) to
133 <c>gamin</c>, you will need to remove <c>famd</c> from all runlevels and then
134 unmerge it:
135 </impo>
136
137 <pre caption="Switching to gamin">
138 # <i>rc-update del famd default</i>
139 # <i>emerge --unmerge fam</i>
140 </pre>
141
142 <p>
143 Next we'll clean up the remaining runlevels.
144 </p>
145
146 <pre caption="Adding hald and avahi-dnsconfd to the default runlevel">
147 # <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
148 # <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
149
150 # <i>/etc/init.d/avahi-dnsconfd start</i>
151 # <i>rc-update add avahi-dnsconfd default</i>
152 </pre>
153
154 </body>
155 </section>
156 <section>
157 <title>First Impressions</title>
158 <body>
159
160 <p>
161 Let us first take a look at what we just built. Exit your root shell and log on
162 as a regular user. We will configure our session to run GNOME when we issue the
163 <c>startx</c> command (see also
164 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml#using_startx">Using startx</uri> in the
165 <uri link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>):
166 </p>
167
168 <pre caption="Having GNOME as default desktop environment">
169 $ <i>echo "exec gnome-session" &gt; ~/.xinitrc</i>
170 </pre>
171
172 <p>
173 Now start your graphical environment by running <c>startx</c>:
174 </p>
175
176 <pre caption="Starting GNOME">
177 $ <i>startx</i>
178 </pre>
179
180 <p>
181 If all goes well, you should be greeted by GNOME. Congratulations. Now let us
182 take a look at how you can configure GNOME to suit your needs.
183 </p>
184
185 </body>
186 </section>
187 </chapter>
188 <chapter>
189 <title>Configuring GNOME</title>
190 <section>
191 <title>GNOME's Graphical Login Manager</title>
192 <body>
193
194 <p>
195 If you want the GNOME Display Manager (GDM) to run automatically when you boot
196 (so you can log on graphically), you must add the <c>xdm</c> init script to the
197 default runlevel:
198 </p>
199
200 <pre caption="Adding xdm to the default runlevel">
201 # <i>rc-update add xdm default</i>
202 </pre>
203
204 <p>
205 Now edit <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and alter the DISPLAYMANAGER variable.
206 </p>
207
208 <pre caption="Editing /etc/rc.conf">
209 DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
210 </pre>
211
212 <p>
213 If you reboot now, the GNOME Display Manager will prompt you for your username
214 and password and will default to using GNOME as Desktop Environment (even though
215 you will have the option of selecting a different one of course, choosing from
216 those available in <path>/usr/share/xsessions/</path>). Thus, if you use GDM,
217 you don't need to edit <path>~/.xinitrc</path>.
218 </p>
219
220 <p>
221 To use the functionality of <c>hald</c> just start <c>gnome-volume-manager</c>
222 and edit its preferences.
223 </p>
224
225 </body>
226 </section>
227 </chapter>
228 </guide>

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