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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/2008.0/hb-install-hppa-medium.xml,v 1.4 2008/05/02 08:04:24 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>9.2</version>
12 <date>2009-01-13</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <p>
32 A list of supported hardware can be found on the <uri
33 link="http://www.pateam.org/list.html">PA Team website</uri>. You may find
34 additional information about your box in the <uri
35 link="http://hwdb.parisc-linux.org/">Parisc-Linux Hardware Database</uri> and
36 the <uri link="http://www.openpa.net/pa-risc_processors.html">processor
37 list</uri> on <uri link="http://www.openpa.net/">www.openpa.net</uri>.
38 </p>
39
40 <p>
41 If you don't know which version of PA-RISC your box is using, please check the
42 links above to find out whether you're using version 1.1 or 2.0. You will need
43 this information later on.
44 </p>
45
46 <table>
47 <tr>
48 <th>Memory</th>
49 <ti>64 MB</ti>
50 </tr>
51 <tr>
52 <th>Diskspace</th>
53 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
54 </tr>
55 <tr>
56 <th>Swap space</th>
57 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
58 </tr>
59 </table>
60
61 </body>
62 </subsection>
63 </section>
64
65 <!-- START -->
66 <section>
67 <title>The Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
68 <subsection>
69 <title>Introduction</title>
70 <body>
71
72 <p>
73 Gentoo Linux can be installed using a <e>stage3</e> tarball file.
74 Such a tarball is an archive that contains a minimal environment from
75 which you can succesfully install Gentoo Linux onto your system.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 Installations using a stage1 or stage2 tarball file are not documented in the
80 Gentoo Handbook - please read the <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">Gentoo
81 FAQ</uri> on these matters.
82 </p>
83
84 </body>
85 </subsection>
86 <subsection>
87 <title>Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
88 <body>
89
90 <p>
91 An Installation CD is a bootable medium which contains a self-sustained Gentoo
92 environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD. During the boot process
93 your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers are loaded. The Gentoo
94 Installation CDs are maintained by Gentoo developers.
95 </p>
96
97 <p>
98 There currently are two Installation CDs available:
99 </p>
100
101 <ul>
102 <li>
103 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
104 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
105 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
106 installation instructions for your architecture.
107 </li>
108 <li>
109 The Minimal Installation CD contains only a minimal environment that allows
110 you to boot up and configure your network so you can connect to the
111 Internet. It does not contain any additional files and cannot be used
112 during the current installation approach.
113 </li>
114 </ul>
115
116 </body>
117 </subsection>
118 </section>
119 <!-- STOP -->
120 <section>
121 <title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
122 <subsection>
123 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
124 <body>
125
126 <p>
127 You can download the Universal Installation CD from one of our <uri
128 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CD is located in
129 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
130 </p>
131
132 <p>
133 Inside those directories you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which
134 you can write on a CD-R.
135 </p>
136
137 <p>
138 After downloading the file, you can verify its integrity to see if it is
139 corrupted or not:
140 </p>
141
142 <ul>
143 <li>
144 You can check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we
145 provide (for instance with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
146 <uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows)
147 </li>
148 <li>
149 You can verify the cryptographic signature that we provide. You need to
150 obtain the public key we use (17072058) before you proceed though.
151 </li>
152 </ul>
153
154 <p>
155 To fetch our public key using the GnuPG application, run the following command:
156 </p>
157
158 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
159 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
160 </pre>
161
162 <p>
163 Now verify the signature:
164 </p>
165
166 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
167 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
168 </pre>
169
170 <p>
171 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
172 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
173 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
174 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
175 </p>
176
177 <ul>
178 <li>
179 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
180 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
181 path).
182 </li>
183 <li>
184 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
185 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
186 </li>
187 </ul>
188
189 </body>
190 </subsection>
191 <subsection>
192 <title>Booting the Universal Installation CD</title>
193 <body>
194
195 <note>
196 If you have problems booting the Installation CD or any other media, please
197 read the <uri
198 link="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html">
199 PA-RISC Linux Boot HOWTO</uri>.
200 </note>
201
202 <p>
203 Boot your HPPA system. During the boot process, you will see a message similar
204 to the following:
205 </p>
206
207 <pre caption="HPPA boot message">
208 Searching for Potential Boot Devices.
209 To terminate search, press and hold the ESCAPE key.
210 </pre>
211
212 <p>
213 When this message appears, press and hold the Esc-key until an option menu
214 appears. This can take a while, be patient. By default, you should enter the
215 BOOT_ADMIN console. If you receive an option menu, choose <c>Enter Boot
216 Administration mode</c> to enter the BOOT_ADMIN console. You should now have an
217 '&gt;' prompt.
218 </p>
219
220 <p>
221 Put the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM. If you do not know the SCSI ID of
222 your CD-ROM drive, your PA-RISC station will search for it when you issue the
223 <c>search</c> command.
224 </p>
225
226 <pre caption="Searching for SCSI ID">
227 &gt; <i>search</i>
228 Searching for Devices with Bootable Media.
229 To terminate search, please press and hold the ESCAPE key.
230 </pre>
231
232 <p>
233 Your PA-RISC station will now display all the available boot media. This is an
234 example result of this command:
235 </p>
236
237 <pre caption="Available boot media">
238 Device Selection Device Path Device Type and Utilities
239 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
240
241 P0 scsi.5.0 TOSHIBA CD-ROM XM-3301TA
242 IPL
243 P1 scsi.2.0 COMPAQ ST32550N
244 IPL
245 P2 lan.0010a7-06d1b6.3.6 server
246 IPL
247 </pre>
248
249 <p>
250 To boot from a CD-ROM you need the accompanying Device Path. For instance, if we
251 want to boot from the TOSHIBA CD-ROM in the above example, we would need to type
252 the following command:
253 </p>
254
255 <pre caption="Booting from a CD-ROM">
256 &gt; <i>boot scsi.5.0 ipl</i>
257
258 Trying scsi.5.0
259 </pre>
260
261 <p>
262 The <c>ipl</c> keyword (Initial Program Loader) tells palo (the PA-RISC boot
263 LOader) to enter interactive mode. This will allow you to change, for example,
264 the kernel boot parameters.
265 </p>
266
267 <p>
268 When the boot is successful, palo will start in interactive mode:
269 </p>
270
271 <pre caption="PALO Interactive Mode">
272 Boot path initialized.
273 Attempting to load IPL.
274
275
276 HARD Booted.
277 palo ipl 1.5 root@hope Sat Apr 23 18:06:47 CEST 2005
278
279 Boot image contains:
280 0/vmlinux32 6241293 bytes @ 0x3904000
281 0/vmlinux64 8352719 bytes @ 0x3ef8000
282 0/ramdisk 1007589 bytes @ 0x105800
283
284 Information: No console specified on kernel command line. This is normal.
285 PALO will choose the console currently used by firmware (serial).Current command line:
286 0/vmlinux initrd=initrd TERM=linux root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc cdroot looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs hda=scsi console=ttyS0
287 0: 0/vmlinux
288 1: initrd=initrd
289 2: TERM=linux
290 3: root=/dev/ram0
291 4: init=/linuxrc
292 5: cdroot
293 6: looptype=squashfs
294 7: loop=/livecd.squashfs
295 8: hda=scsi
296 9: console=ttyS0
297
298 &lt;#&gt; edit the numbered field
299 'b' boot with this command line
300 'r' restore command line
301 'l' list dir
302 </pre>
303
304 <p>
305 These parameters are suitable for most situations.
306 </p>
307
308 <p>
309 If you need extra features you must add the appropriate keyword(s) to the end of
310 the command line. To add a keyword, edit the last field, add a space and type
311 your keyword. The only implemented keywords as of now are <c>cdcache</c> which
312 tells the Installation CD to load itself into RAM, allowing you to unmount the
313 CD, and <c>noload=module1[,module2[,...]]</c> which allows you to explicitly
314 disable loading of particular modules.
315 </p>
316
317 <pre caption="Adding hdb=scsi as boot option">
318 (or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>9</i>
319 console=ttyS0 <i>hdb=scsi</i>
320 </pre>
321
322 <p>
323 Now that you have tweaked your kernel boot params, boot it.
324 </p>
325
326 <pre caption="Booting the kernel">
327 (or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>b</i>
328 </pre>
329
330 <p>
331 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
332 to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
333 started on by pressing Alt-F1.
334 </p>
335
336 <p>
337 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware
338 Configuration</uri>.
339 </p>
340
341 </body>
342 </subsection>
343
344 <subsection>
345 <include href="../hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
346 </subsection>
347
348 </section>
349 </sections>

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