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1 neysx 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE book SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4 jkt 1.146 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml,v 1.145 2005/11/11 17:27:15 swift Exp $ -->
5 neysx 1.1
6     <book link="handbook-x86.xml">
7 swift 1.140 <title>Gentoo Linux x86 Handbook</title>
8 neysx 1.1
9 swift 1.121 <author title="Author">
10 swift 1.130 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
11 neysx 1.1 </author>
12     <author title="Author">
13 swift 1.142 <mail link="uberlord@gentoo.org">Roy Marples</mail>
14     </author>
15     <author title="Author">
16 swift 1.130 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail>
17 neysx 1.1 </author>
18     <author title="Author">
19     <mail link="chouser@gentoo.org">Chris Houser</mail>
20     </author>
21     <author title="Author">
22     <mail link="jerry@gentoo.org">Jerry Alexandratos</mail>
23     </author>
24     <author title="Gentoo x86 Developer">
25     <mail link="seemant@gentoo.org">Seemant Kulleen</mail>
26     </author>
27     <author title="Gentoo Alpha Developer">
28     <mail link="taviso@gentoo.org">Tavis Ormandy</mail>
29 swift 1.143 </author><!-- Does not want to be listed on the rendered page
30     <author title="Gentoo Developer">
31     Aron Griffis
32 neysx 1.1 </author>
33 swift 1.143 -->
34 neysx 1.1 <author title="Gentoo AMD64 Developer">
35 dertobi123 1.53 <mail link="jhuebel@gentoo.org">Jason Huebel</mail>
36 neysx 1.1 </author>
37     <author title="Gentoo HPPA developer">
38     <mail link="gmsoft@gentoo.org">Guy Martin</mail>
39     </author>
40     <author title="Gentoo PPC developer">
41     <mail link="pvdabeel@gentoo.org">Pieter Van den Abeele</mail>
42     </author>
43     <author title="Gentoo SPARC developer">
44     <mail link="blademan@gentoo.org">Joe Kallar</mail>
45     </author>
46     <author title="Editor">
47     <mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail>
48     </author>
49     <author title="Editor">Pierre-Henri Jondot</author>
50     <author title="Editor">
51     <mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail>
52     </author>
53     <author title="Editor">
54     <mail link="rajiv@gentoo.org">Rajiv Manglani</mail>
55     </author>
56     <author title="Editor">
57     <mail link="seo@gentoo.org">Jungmin Seo</mail>
58     </author>
59     <author title="Editor">
60     <mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail>
61     </author>
62     <author title="Editor">
63     <mail link="jhhudso@gentoo.org">Jared Hudson</mail>
64     </author>
65     <author title="Editor">
66     <mail link="peitolm@gentoo.org">Colin Morey</mail>
67     </author>
68     <author title="Editor">
69     <mail link="peesh@gentoo.org">Jorge Paulo</mail>
70     </author>
71     <author title="Editor">
72     <mail link="carl@gentoo.org">Carl Anderson</mail>
73     </author>
74     <author title="Editor">
75     <mail link="avenj@gentoo.org">Jon Portnoy</mail>
76     </author>
77     <author title="Editor">
78     <mail link="klasikahl@gentoo.org">Zack Gilburd</mail>
79     </author>
80     <author title="Editor">
81     <mail link="jmorgan@gentoo.org">Jack Morgan</mail>
82     </author>
83     <author title="Editor">
84     <mail link="bennyc@gentoo.org">Benny Chuang</mail>
85     </author>
86     <author title="Editor">
87     <mail link="erwin@gentoo.org">Erwin</mail>
88     </author>
89     <author title="Editor">
90     <mail link="kumba@gentoo.org">Joshua Kinard</mail>
91     </author>
92 dertobi123 1.53 <author title="Editor">
93     <mail link="dertobi123@gentoo.org">Tobias Scherbaum</mail>
94     </author>
95 neysx 1.144 <author title="Editor">
96     <mail link="neysx@gentoo.org">Xavier Neys</mail>
97     </author>
98 neysx 1.1 <author title="Reviewer">
99     <mail link="g2boojum@gentoo.org">Grant Goodyear</mail>
100     </author>
101     <author title="Reviewer">
102     <mail link="gerrynjr@gentoo.org">Gerald J. Normandin Jr.</mail>
103     </author>
104     <author title="Reviewer">
105     <mail link="spyderous@gentoo.org">Donnie Berkholz</mail>
106     </author>
107     <author title="Reviewer">
108     <mail link="antifa@gentoo.org">Ken Nowack</mail>
109     </author>
110     <author title="Contributor">
111     <mail link="pylon@gentoo.org">Lars Weiler</mail>
112     </author>
113    
114     <abstract>
115 jkt 1.146 This is the Gentoo Handbook, an effort to centralize Gentoo/Linux information.
116     This handbook contains the installation instructions for an Internet-based
117 neysx 1.144 installation on x86 systems and parts about working with Gentoo and Portage.
118 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
119    
120     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
121 neysx 1.144 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
122 neysx 1.1 <license/>
123    
124 swift 1.145 <version>4.2</version>
125     <date>2005-11-11</date>
126 neysx 1.1
127     <part>
128     <title>Installing Gentoo</title>
129     <abstract>
130     In this part you learn how to install Gentoo on your system.
131     </abstract>
132    
133     <chapter>
134     <title>About the Gentoo Linux Installation</title>
135     <abstract>
136 swift 1.140 This chapter introduces you to the installation approach documented in this
137     part.
138 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
139     <include href="hb-install-about.xml"/>
140     </chapter>
141    
142     <chapter>
143     <title>Choosing the Right Installation Medium</title>
144     <abstract>
145 swift 1.3 You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install Gentoo
146 swift 1.141 using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the Universal
147     Installation CD is possible as well.
148 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
149     <include href="hb-install-x86-medium.xml"/>
150     </chapter>
151    
152     <chapter>
153     <title>Configuring your Network</title>
154     <abstract>
155 swift 1.140 To be able to download the latest source code, you will need to setup
156 neysx 1.1 networking.
157     </abstract>
158     <include href="hb-install-network.xml"/>
159     </chapter>
160    
161     <chapter>
162     <title>Preparing the Disks</title>
163     <abstract>
164     To be able to install Gentoo, you must create the necessary partitions.
165     This chapter describes how to partition a disk for future usage.
166     </abstract>
167     <include href="hb-install-x86-disk.xml"/>
168     </chapter>
169    
170     <chapter>
171     <title>Installing the Gentoo Installation Files</title>
172     <abstract>
173 swift 1.145 Gentoo installs work through a stage3 archive. In this chapter we
174     describe how you extract the stage3 archive and configure Portage.
175 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
176     <include href="hb-install-stage.xml"/>
177     </chapter>
178    
179     <chapter>
180     <title>Installing the Gentoo Base System</title>
181     <abstract>
182     Independent of what stage you chose, the eventual result is that you
183     have a Gentoo base system at your disposal. This chapter describes how
184     to progress to that stadium.
185     </abstract>
186     <include href="hb-install-system.xml"/>
187     </chapter>
188    
189     <chapter>
190     <title>Configuring the Kernel</title>
191     <abstract>
192     The Linux kernel is the core of every distribution. This chapter
193     explains how to configure your kernel.
194     </abstract>
195     <include href="hb-install-x86-kernel.xml"/>
196     </chapter>
197    
198     <chapter>
199     <title>Configuring your System</title>
200     <abstract>
201     You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
202     you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
203     proceed.
204     </abstract>
205     <include href="hb-install-config.xml"/>
206     </chapter>
207    
208     <chapter>
209 swift 1.81 <title>Installing Necessary System Tools</title>
210     <abstract>
211     As mentioned before, Gentoo is about choices. In this chapter we help you
212     choose and install some important tools.
213     </abstract>
214     <include href="hb-install-tools.xml"/>
215     </chapter>
216    
217     <chapter>
218 neysx 1.1 <title>Configuring the Bootloader</title>
219     <abstract>
220 swift 1.3 Several bootloaders exist for the x86 architecture. Each one of them has its
221     own way of configuration. We step you through the process of configuring a
222     bootloader to your needs.
223 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
224     <include href="hb-install-x86-bootloader.xml"/>
225     </chapter>
226    
227     <chapter>
228     <title>Finalizing your Gentoo Installation</title>
229     <abstract>
230     You're almost done. We'll just create one (or more) users for your
231 swift 1.140 system.
232 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
233     <include href="hb-install-finalise.xml"/>
234     </chapter>
235    
236     <chapter>
237     <title>Where to go from here?</title>
238     <abstract>
239     Now you have your Gentoo system, but what's next?
240     </abstract>
241     <include href="hb-install-next.xml"/>
242     </chapter>
243     </part>
244    
245     <part>
246     <title>Working with Gentoo</title>
247     <abstract>
248     Learn how to work with Gentoo: installing software, altering variables, changing
249 swift 1.129 Portage behaviour etc.
250 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
251    
252     <chapter>
253 swift 1.128 <title>A Portage Introduction</title>
254 neysx 1.1 <abstract>
255 swift 1.128 This chapter explains the "simple" steps a user definitely needs to know to
256     maintain the software on his system.
257 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
258 swift 1.128 <include href="hb-working-portage.xml"/>
259 neysx 1.1 </chapter>
260    
261     <chapter>
262 swift 1.128 <title>USE flags</title>
263 neysx 1.1 <abstract>
264 swift 1.128 USE-flags are a very important aspect of Gentoo. In this chapter, you learn to
265     work with USE-flags and understand how USE-flags interact with your system.
266 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
267 swift 1.128 <include href="hb-working-use.xml"/>
268 neysx 1.1 </chapter>
269    
270     <chapter>
271     <title>Portage Features</title>
272     <abstract>
273 swift 1.128 Discover the features Portage has, such as support for distributed compiling,
274     ccache and more.
275 neysx 1.1 </abstract>
276     <include href="hb-working-features.xml"/>
277     </chapter>
278    
279     <chapter>
280     <title>Initscripts</title>
281     <abstract>
282     Gentoo uses a special initscript format which, amongst other features, allows
283     dependency-driven decisions and virtual initscripts. This chapter explains all
284     these aspects and explains how to deal with these scripts.
285     </abstract>
286     <include href="hb-working-rcscripts.xml"/>
287     </chapter>
288    
289     <chapter>
290     <title>Environment Variables</title>
291     <abstract>
292     With Gentoo you can easily manage the environment variables for your system.
293     This chapter explains how you do that, and also describes frequently used
294     variables.
295     </abstract>
296     <include href="hb-working-variables.xml"/>
297     </chapter>
298     </part>
299    
300 swift 1.128 <part>
301     <title>Working with Portage</title>
302     <abstract>
303     "Working with Portage" provides an in-depth coverage of Portage, Gentoo's
304     Software Management Tool.
305     </abstract>
306    
307     <chapter>
308     <title>Files and Directories</title>
309     <abstract>
310 swift 1.130 Once you want to know Portage in-depth you need to know where it stores its
311 swift 1.128 files and data.
312     </abstract>
313     <include href="hb-portage-files.xml"/>
314     </chapter>
315    
316     <chapter>
317     <title>Configuring through Variables</title>
318     <abstract>
319     Portage is completely configurable through various variables you can set in the
320     configuration file or as environment variable.
321     </abstract>
322     <include href="hb-portage-configuration.xml"/>
323     </chapter>
324    
325     <chapter>
326     <title>Mixing Software Branches</title>
327     <abstract>
328     Gentoo provides software separated in several branches, depending on stability
329     and architectural support. "Mixing Software Branches" inform you how these
330     branches can be configured and how you can override this separation
331     individually.
332     </abstract>
333     <include href="hb-portage-branches.xml"/>
334     </chapter>
335    
336     <chapter>
337     <title>Additional Portage Tools</title>
338     <abstract>
339     Portage comes with a few extra tools that might make your Gentoo experience even
340     better. Read on to discover how to use dispatch-conf and other tools.
341     </abstract>
342     <include href="hb-portage-tools.xml"/>
343     </chapter>
344    
345     <chapter>
346     <title>Diverting from the Official Tree</title>
347     <abstract>
348     "Diverting from the Official Tree" gives you some tips and tricks on how to use
349     your own Portage tree, how to synchronise only the categories you want, inject
350     packages and more.
351     </abstract>
352     <include href="hb-portage-diverttree.xml"/>
353     </chapter>
354    
355     <chapter>
356     <title>The Ebuild Application</title>
357     <abstract>
358     In "The Ebuild Application" you are informed about the steps Portage takes while
359     installing software and how you can do this yourself using the ebuild
360     application.
361     </abstract>
362     <include href="hb-portage-ebuild.xml"/>
363     </chapter>
364     </part>
365    
366 swift 1.142 <part>
367     <title>Gentoo Network Configuration</title>
368     <abstract>A comprehensive guide to Networking in Gentoo.</abstract>
369    
370     <chapter>
371     <title>Getting Started</title>
372     <abstract>
373     A guide to quickly get your network interface up and running in most common
374     environments.
375     </abstract>
376     <include href="hb-net-start.xml"/>
377     </chapter>
378    
379     <chapter>
380     <title>Advanced Configuration</title>
381     <abstract>
382     Here we learn about how the configuration works - you need to know this
383     before we learn about modular networking.
384     </abstract>
385     <include href="hb-net-advanced.xml"/>
386     </chapter>
387    
388     <chapter>
389     <title>Modular Networking</title>
390     <abstract>
391     Gentoo provides you flexible networking - here you are told about choosing
392     different DHCP clients, setting up bonding, bridging, VLANs and more.
393     </abstract>
394     <include href="hb-net-modules.xml"/>
395     </chapter>
396    
397     <chapter>
398     <title>Wireless Networking</title>
399     <abstract>
400     Wireless isn't straight-forward. Hopefully we'll get you working!
401     </abstract>
402     <include href="hb-net-wireless.xml"/>
403     </chapter>
404    
405     <chapter>
406     <title>Adding Functionality</title>
407     <abstract>
408     If you're feeling adventurous, you can add your own functions to networking.
409     </abstract>
410     <include href="hb-net-functions.xml"/>
411     </chapter>
412    
413     <chapter>
414     <title>Network Management</title>
415     <abstract>
416     For laptop users or people who move their computer around different networks.
417     </abstract>
418     <include href="hb-net-management.xml"/>
419     </chapter>
420     </part>
421    
422 neysx 1.1 </book>

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