/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml,v 1.17 2005/03/28 11:30:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml,v 1.18 2005/06/10 18:15:33 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.00</version> 11<version>2.1</version>
12<date>2005-03-28</date> 12<date>2005-06-10</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title> 15<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Block Devices</title> 17<title>Block Devices</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21We'll take a good look at disk-oriented aspects of Gentoo Linux 21We'll take a good look at disk-oriented aspects of Gentoo Linux
22and Linux in general, including Linux filesystems, partitions and block devices. 22and Linux in general, including Linux filesystems, partitions and block devices.
23Then, once you're familiar with the ins and outs of disks and filesystems, 23Then, once you're familiar with the ins and outs of disks and filesystems,
24you'll be guided through the process of setting up partitions and filesystems 24you'll be guided through the process of setting up partitions and filesystems
25for your Gentoo Linux installation. 25for your Gentoo Linux installation.
26</p> 26</p>
27 27
96</body> 96</body>
97</subsection> 97</subsection>
98<subsection> 98<subsection>
99<title>How Many and How Big?</title> 99<title>How Many and How Big?</title>
100<body> 100<body>
101 101
102<p> 102<p>
103The number of partitions is highly dependent on your environment. For instance, 103The number of partitions is highly dependent on your environment. For instance,
104if you have lots of users, you will most likely want to have your 104if you have lots of users, you will most likely want to have your
105<path>/home</path> separate as it increases security and makes backups easier. 105<path>/home</path> separate as it increases security and makes backups easier.
106If you are installing Gentoo to perform as a mailserver, your 106If you are installing Gentoo to perform as a mailserver, your
107<path>/var</path> should be separate as all mails are stored inside 107<path>/var</path> should be separate as all mails are stored inside
108<path>/var</path>. A good choice of filesystem will then maximise your 108<path>/var</path>. A good choice of filesystem will then maximise your
109performance. Gameservers will have a separate <path>/opt</path> as most gaming 109performance. Gameservers will have a separate <path>/opt</path> as most gaming
110servers are installed there. The reason is similar for <path>/home</path>: 110servers are installed there. The reason is similar for <path>/home</path>:
111security and backups. 111security and backups. You will definitely want to keep <path>/usr</path> big:
112not only will it contain the majority of applications, the Portage tree alone
113takes around 500 Mbyte excluding the various sources that are stored in it.
112</p> 114</p>
113 115
114<p> 116<p>
115As you can see, it very much depends on what you want to achieve. Separate 117As you can see, it very much depends on what you want to achieve. Separate
116partitions or volumes have the following advantages: 118partitions or volumes have the following advantages:
117</p> 119</p>
118 120
119<ul> 121<ul>
120<li> 122<li>
121 You can choose the best performing filesystem for each partition or volume 123 You can choose the best performing filesystem for each partition or volume
122</li> 124</li>
123<li> 125<li>
124 Your entire system cannot run out of free space if one defunct tool is 126 Your entire system cannot run out of free space if one defunct tool is
125 continuously writing files to a partition or volume 127 continuously writing files to a partition or volume
126</li> 128</li>

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