/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml,v 1.2 2004/04/02 22:15:29 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-disk.xml,v 1.3 2004/07/16 09:37:11 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title> 11<title>Introduction to Block Devices</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
13<title>Block Devices</title> 13<title>Block Devices</title>
14<body> 14<body>
15 15
16<p> 16<p>
17We'll take a good look at disk-oriented aspects of Gentoo Linux 17We'll take a good look at disk-oriented aspects of Gentoo Linux
18and Linux in general, including Linux filesystems, partitions and block devices. 18and Linux in general, including Linux filesystems, partitions and block devices.
19Then, once you're familiar with the ins and outs of disks and filesystems, 19Then, once you're familiar with the ins and outs of disks and filesystems,
20you'll be guided through the process of setting up partitions and filesystems 20you'll be guided through the process of setting up partitions and filesystems
21for your Gentoo Linux installation. 21for your Gentoo Linux installation.
22</p> 22</p>
100If you are installing Gentoo to perform as a mailserver, your 100If you are installing Gentoo to perform as a mailserver, your
101<path>/var</path> should be separate as all mails are stored inside 101<path>/var</path> should be separate as all mails are stored inside
102<path>/var</path>. A good choice of filesystem will then maximise your 102<path>/var</path>. A good choice of filesystem will then maximise your
103performance. Gameservers will have a separate <path>/opt</path> as most gaming 103performance. Gameservers will have a separate <path>/opt</path> as most gaming
104servers are installed there. The reason is similar for <path>/home</path>: 104servers are installed there. The reason is similar for <path>/home</path>:
105security and backups. 105security and backups.
106</p> 106</p>
107 107
108<p> 108<p>
109As you can see, it very much depends on what you want to achieve. Separate 109As you can see, it very much depends on what you want to achieve. Separate
110partitions or volumes have the following advantages: 110partitions or volumes have the following advantages:
111</p> 111</p>
112 112
113<ul> 113<ul>
114<li> 114<li>
115 You can choose the most performant filesystem for each partition or volume 115 You can choose the best performing filesystem for each partition or volume
116</li> 116</li>
117<li> 117<li>
118 Your entire system cannot run out of free space if one defunct tool is 118 Your entire system cannot run out of free space if one defunct tool is
119 continuously writing files to a partition or volume 119 continuously writing files to a partition or volume
120</li> 120</li>
121<li> 121<li>
122 If necessary, file system checks are reduced in time, as multiple checks can 122 If necessary, file system checks are reduced in time, as multiple checks can
123 be done in parallel (although this advantage is more with multiple disks than 123 be done in parallel (although this advantage is more with multiple disks than
124 it is with multiple partitions) 124 it is with multiple partitions)
125</li> 125</li>
126<li> 126<li>
127 Security can be enhanced by mounting some partitions or volumes read-only, 127 Security can be enhanced by mounting some partitions or volumes read-only,
128 nosuid (setuid bits are ignored), noexec (executable bits are ignored) etc. 128 nosuid (setuid bits are ignored), noexec (executable bits are ignored) etc.
129</li> 129</li>
130</ul> 130</ul>

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