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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.27 2005/02/14 15:55:13 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.28 2005/03/28 11:30:52 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.22</version> 11<version>2.00</version>
12<date>2005-02-14</date> 12<date>2005-03-28</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23</p> 23</p>
24 24
25</body> 25</body>
26</subsection> 26</subsection>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
41 <ti>64 MB</ti> 41 <ti>64 MB</ti>
42</tr> 42</tr>
43<tr> 43<tr>
44 <th>Diskspace</th> 44 <th>Diskspace</th>
45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti> 45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
46</tr> 46</tr>
47<tr> 47<tr>
48 <th>Swap space</th> 48 <th>Swap space</th>
49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti> 49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
50</tr> 50</tr>
51</table> 51</table>
52 52
53</body> 53</body>
54</subsection> 54</subsection>
55</section> 55</section>
56<!-- Copy/paste from the hb-install-x86-medium.xml file but no Universal LiveCD. 56<!-- Copy/paste from the hb-install-x86-medium.xml file. -->
57 Also s/x86/alpha -->
58<!-- START --> 57<!-- START -->
59<section> 58<section>
60<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title> 59<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
61<subsection> 60<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title> 61<title>Introduction</title>
63<body> 62<body>
64 63
65<p> 64<p>
66Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files. 65Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
67A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal 66A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
68environment. 67environment.
69</p> 68</p>
70 69
71<ul> 70<ul>
72 <li> 71 <li>
225 <th>-</th> 224 <th>-</th>
226 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 225 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
227</tr> 226</tr>
228</table> 227</table>
229 228
230<p> 229<p>
231You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different 230You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
232optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to 231optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
233recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. 232recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
234</p> 233</p>
235 234
236</body> 235</body>
237</subsection> 236</subsection>
238</section> 237</section>
239<section> 238<section>
240<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 239<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
241<subsection> 240<subsection>
242<title>Introduction</title> 241<title>Introduction</title>
243<body> 242<body>
244 243
245<p> 244<p>
246The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 245The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
247self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 246self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
248During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 247During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
249are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 248are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
250</p> 249</p>
251 250
252<p> 251<p>
253All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 252All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
254partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 253partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
255two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're 254two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
256planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version 255as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
257of the available packages. 256latest version of the available packages.
258</p> 257</p>
259 258
260<p> 259<p>
261If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 260If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
262the installation instructions described in the <uri 261the installation instructions described in the <uri
263link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>. This is currently not 262link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
264supported for the Alpha architecture though.
265</p>
266
267<p> 263</p>
268For the Alpha architecture, we only provide a <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD, 264
269a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
270system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation.
271</p> 265<p>
266The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
267</p>
272 268
269<ul>
270 <li>
271 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
272 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
273 with the Gentoo installation.
274 </li>
275 <li>
276 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
277 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and
278 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
279 </li>
280</ul>
281
282<p>
283To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
284major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
285</p>
286
273</body> 287</body>
274</subsection>
275<subsection> 288</subsection>
289<subsection>
276<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 290<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
277<body> 291<body>
278 292
279<p> 293<p>
280The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2004.3-r1.iso</c> and 294The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.0.iso</c>
281takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo, 295and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
282but always with a working Internet connection only. 296install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
283</p> 297</p>
284 298
285<table> 299<table>
286<tr> 300<tr>
287 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 301 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
288 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 302 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
289</tr> 303</tr>
290<tr> 304<tr>
291 <th>+</th> 305 <th>+</th>
292 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 306 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
293</tr> 307</tr>
294<tr> 308<tr>
295 <th>+</th> 309 <th>+</th>
296 <ti> 310 <ti>
297 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 311 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
298 net 312 net
299 </ti> 313 </ti>
300</tr> 314</tr>
301<tr> 315<tr>
302 <th>-</th> 316 <th>-</th>
303 <ti> 317 <ti>
304 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 318 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
305 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 319 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
306 </ti> 320 </ti>
307</tr> 321</tr>
308</table> 322</table>
309 323
310</body> 324</body>
311</subsection> 325</subsection>
326<subsection>
327<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
328<body>
329
330<p>
331The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-x86-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
332and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD
333to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working
334internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than
335the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
336</p>
337
338<table>
339<tr>
340 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
341 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
342</tr>
343<tr>
344 <ti>+</ti>
345 <ti>
346 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
347 connection.
348 </ti>
349</tr>
350<tr>
351 <ti>-</ti>
352 <ti>
353 Huge download
354 </ti>
355</tr>
356</table>
357
358</body>
359</subsection>
360<subsection>
361<title>Other CDs</title>
362<body>
363
364<p>
365You might find a so-called Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is no
366Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
367networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
368that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
369OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
370installation.
371</p>
372
373</body>
374</subsection>
312</section> 375</section>
313<!-- STOP --> 376<!-- STOP -->
314<section> 377<section>
315<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 378<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
316<subsection> 379<subsection>
317<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 380<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
318<body> 381<body>
319 382
320<p>
321You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
322burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
323LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
324</p> 383<p>
325 384You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
385downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
386the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
326<p> 387</p>
388
389<p>
327You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as 390You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
328well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 391CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
329LiveCDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2004.3/livecd</path> directory. 392Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2005.0/installcd</path>
393directory.
330</p> 394</p>
331 395
332<p> 396<p>
333Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 397Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
334which you can write on a CD-R. 398which you can write on a CD-R.
335</p> 399</p>
336 400
337<p> 401<p>
338In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 402In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
339check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 403check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
340<path>install-alpha-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 404<path>install-alpha-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
341with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 405checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
342link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 406link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
343</p> 407</p>
344 408
345<p> 409<p>
346Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 410Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
347verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 411verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
348<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 412<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
349</p> 413</p>
350 414
351<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 415<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
352$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 416$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
353</pre> 417</pre>
354 418
355<p> 419<p>
356Now verify the signature: 420Now verify the signature:
371 <li> 435 <li>
372 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 436 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
373 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 437 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
374 device path). 438 device path).
375 </li> 439 </li>
376 <li> 440 <li>
377 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 441 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
378 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 442 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
379 <c>Start</c>. 443 <c>Start</c>.
380 </li> 444 </li>
381</ul> 445</ul>
382 446
383</body> 447</body>
384</subsection> 448</subsection>
385<subsection> 449<subsection>
386<title>Booting the LiveCD</title> 450<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
387<body> 451<body>
388 452
389<p> 453<p>
390When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the 454When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the
391firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There 455firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There
392are two types of firmware on Alpha systems: SRM (<e>Systems Reference 456are two types of firmware on Alpha systems: SRM (<e>Systems Reference
393Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>). 457Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>).
394</p> 458</p>
395 459
396<p> 460<p>
397SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 461SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
398operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 462operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARC
399is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 463is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
400an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a 464an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
401<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on 465<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
402using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website. 466using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
403</p> 467</p>
404 468
405<p> 469<p>
406If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 470If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
407should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 471should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
408instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 472instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
409are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 473are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
410will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 474will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
411</p> 475</p>
412 476
413<p> 477<p>
414Now to boot an Alpha LiveCD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the system. 478Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
415You can use SRM to boot the LiveCD. If you cannot do that, you will have to use 479system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
416<c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, use one of the 480will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
417precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 481use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
418link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 482link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
419</p> 483</p>
420 484
421<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 485<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
422<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 486<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
423&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 487&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
424dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 488dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
425<comment>(...)</comment> 489<comment>(...)</comment>
426<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 490<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
427&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 491&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
428</pre> 492</pre>
429 493
430<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 494<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
431<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 495<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
432MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 496MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
437to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 501to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
438started on by pressing Alt-F1. 502started on by pressing Alt-F1.
439</p> 503</p>
440 504
441<p> 505<p>
442Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 506Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
443</p> 507</p>
444 508
445</body> 509</body>
446</subsection> 510</subsection>
447<subsection id="hardware"> 511<subsection id="hardware">
448<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 512<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
449<body> 513<body>
450 514
451<p> 515<p>
452When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 516When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
453loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 517loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
454vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 518vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
455SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 519not auto-load the kernel
456modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's 520modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
457hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 521hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
458</p> 522</p>
459 523
460<p> 524<p>
461In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 525In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
462certain kinds of network interfaces): 526certain kinds of network interfaces):
463</p> 527</p>
464 528
465<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 529<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
466# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 530# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
467</pre> 531</pre>
468 532
469</body> 533</body>
470</subsection> 534</subsection>

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