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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.4 2004/04/15 11:59:45 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.14 2004/09/12 22:59:22 vapier Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 11<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
95power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 95power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
96installation method for those who would like to know more about the 96installation method for those who would like to know more about the
97inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 97inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
98</p> 98</p>
99 99
100<p>
101A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
102Internet connection.
103</p>
104
100<table> 105<table>
101<tr> 106<tr>
102 <th>Stage1</th> 107 <th>Stage1</th>
103 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 108 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
104</tr> 109</tr>
125 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
126 <ti> 131 <ti>
127 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 132 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
128 </ti> 133 </ti>
129</tr> 134</tr>
135<tr>
136 <th>-</th>
137 <ti>
138 Not suitable for networkless installations
139 </ti>
140</tr>
130</table> 141</table>
131 142
132<p> 143<p>
133<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 144<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
134is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 145is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
135for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 146for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
136</p> 147</p>
137 148
149<p>
150A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
151Internet connection.
152</p>
153
138<table> 154<table>
139<tr> 155<tr>
140 <th>Stage2</th> 156 <th>Stage2</th>
141 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 157 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
142</tr> 158</tr>
161 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 177 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
162</tr> 178</tr>
163<tr> 179<tr>
164 <th>-</th> 180 <th>-</th>
165 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 181 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
182</tr>
183<tr>
184 <th>-</th>
185 <ti>
186 Not suitable for networkless installations
187 </ti>
166</tr> 188</tr>
167</table> 189</table>
168 190
169<p> 191<p>
170Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 192Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
171Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 193Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
172settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 194settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
173and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 195and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
174stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 196stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
175prebuilt packages. 197prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
176</p> 198</p>
177 199
178<table> 200<table>
179<tr> 201<tr>
180 <th>Stage3</th> 202 <th>Stage3</th>
181 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 203 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
182</tr> 204</tr>
183<tr> 205<tr>
184 <th>+</th> 206 <th>+</th>
185 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 207 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
208</tr>
209<tr>
210 <th>+</th>
211 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
186</tr> 212</tr>
187<tr> 213<tr>
188 <th>-</th> 214 <th>-</th>
189 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 215 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
190</tr> 216</tr>
255<p> 281<p>
256In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 282In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
257check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 283check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
258<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5 284<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5
259checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 285checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
260link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 286link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
261</p> 287</p>
262 288
263<p> 289<p>
264Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format 290Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format
265using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on 291using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on
269<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file"> 295<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file">
270# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i> 296# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i>
271</pre> 297</pre>
272 298
273<p> 299<p>
300Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
301verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
302<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
303</p>
304
305<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
306$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
307</pre>
308
309<p>
310Now verify the signature:
311</p>
312
313<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
314$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
315</pre>
316
317<p>
274To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 318To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
275do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 319do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
276tools on how to do this. 320<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
321link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
277</p> 322</p>
278 323
279<ul> 324<ul>
280 <li>
281 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
282 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image
283 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
284 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
285 </li>
286 <li>
287 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
288 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
289 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
290 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
291 following parameters:
292 <ul>
293 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
294 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
295 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
296 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
297 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
298 </ul>
299 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
300 </li>
301 <li> 325 <li>
302 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 326 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
303 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 327 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
304 by the path to the ISO file :) 328 by the path to the ISO file :)
305 </li> 329 </li>
306 <li> 330 <li>
307 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. The 331 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
308 under the 'Image to Burn' area, locate the ISO file. Finally click 332 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
309 <c>Start</c>. 333 <c>Start</c>.
310 </li> 334 </li>
311</ul> 335</ul>
312 336
313</body> 337</body>
325 349
326<p> 350<p>
327SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 351SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
328operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 352operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM
329is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 353is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
330an operating environment for Windows NT. 354an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
355<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
356using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
331</p> 357</p>
332 358
333<p> 359<p>
334If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 360If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
335should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 361should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
422<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 448<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
423</pre> 449</pre>
424 450
425</body> 451</body>
426</subsection> 452</subsection>
427<subsection> 453<subsection id="useraccounts">
428<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 454<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
429<body> 455<body>
430 456
431<p> 457<p>
432If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 458If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
468</pre> 494</pre>
469 495
470</body> 496</body>
471</subsection> 497</subsection>
472<subsection> 498<subsection>
499<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
500<body>
501
502<p>
503If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
504installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
505link="#useraccouts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
506go to a new terminal and log in.
507</p>
508
509<p>
510If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
511<c>links2</c> to read it:
512</p>
513
514<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
515# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
516</pre>
517
518<p>
519However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
520more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
521as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
522chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
523document):
524</p>
525
526<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
527# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i>
528</pre>
529
530<p>
531You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
532</p>
533
534</body>
535</subsection>
536<subsection>
473<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 537<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
474<body> 538<body>
475 539
476<p> 540<p>
477If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the 541If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the

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