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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
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7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.4 2004/04/15 11:59:45 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.22 2004/11/20 22:23:30 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>1.19</version>
12<date>2004-11-04</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
95power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 99power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
96installation method for those who would like to know more about the 100installation method for those who would like to know more about the
97inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 101inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
98</p> 102</p>
99 103
104<p>
105A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
106Internet connection.
107</p>
108
100<table> 109<table>
101<tr> 110<tr>
102 <th>Stage1</th> 111 <th>Stage1</th>
103 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 112 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
104</tr> 113</tr>
125 <th>-</th> 134 <th>-</th>
126 <ti> 135 <ti>
127 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 136 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
128 </ti> 137 </ti>
129</tr> 138</tr>
139<tr>
140 <th>-</th>
141 <ti>
142 Not suitable for networkless installations
143 </ti>
144</tr>
130</table> 145</table>
131 146
132<p> 147<p>
133<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 148<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
134is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 149is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
135for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 150for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
136</p> 151</p>
137 152
153<p>
154A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
155Internet connection.
156</p>
157
138<table> 158<table>
139<tr> 159<tr>
140 <th>Stage2</th> 160 <th>Stage2</th>
141 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 161 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
142</tr> 162</tr>
161 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 181 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
162</tr> 182</tr>
163<tr> 183<tr>
164 <th>-</th> 184 <th>-</th>
165 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 185 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
186</tr>
187<tr>
188 <th>-</th>
189 <ti>
190 Not suitable for networkless installations
191 </ti>
166</tr> 192</tr>
167</table> 193</table>
168 194
169<p> 195<p>
170Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 196Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
171Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 197Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
172settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 198settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
173and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 199and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
174stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 200stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
175prebuilt packages. 201prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
176</p> 202</p>
177 203
178<table> 204<table>
179<tr> 205<tr>
180 <th>Stage3</th> 206 <th>Stage3</th>
181 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 207 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
182</tr> 208</tr>
183<tr> 209<tr>
184 <th>+</th> 210 <th>+</th>
185 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 211 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
212</tr>
213<tr>
214 <th>+</th>
215 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
186</tr> 216</tr>
187<tr> 217<tr>
188 <th>-</th> 218 <th>-</th>
189 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 219 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
190</tr> 220</tr>
255<p> 285<p>
256In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 286In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
257check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 287check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
258<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5 288<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5
259checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 289checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
260link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 290link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
261</p> 291</p>
262 292
263<p> 293<p>
264Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format 294Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format
265using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on 295using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on
269<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file"> 299<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file">
270# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i> 300# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i>
271</pre> 301</pre>
272 302
273<p> 303<p>
304Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
305verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
306<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
307</p>
308
309<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
310$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
311</pre>
312
313<p>
314Now verify the signature:
315</p>
316
317<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
318$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
319</pre>
320
321<p>
274To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 322To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
275do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 323do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
276tools on how to do this. 324<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
325link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
277</p> 326</p>
278 327
279<ul> 328<ul>
280 <li>
281 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
282 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image
283 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
284 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
285 </li>
286 <li>
287 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
288 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
289 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
290 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
291 following parameters:
292 <ul>
293 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
294 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
295 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
296 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
297 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
298 </ul>
299 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
300 </li>
301 <li> 329 <li>
302 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 330 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
303 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 331 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
304 by the path to the ISO file :) 332 by the path to the ISO file :)
305 </li> 333 </li>
306 <li> 334 <li>
307 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. The 335 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
308 under the 'Image to Burn' area, locate the ISO file. Finally click 336 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
309 <c>Start</c>. 337 <c>Start</c>.
310 </li> 338 </li>
311</ul> 339</ul>
312 340
313</body> 341</body>
325 353
326<p> 354<p>
327SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 355SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
328operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 356operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM
329is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 357is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
330an operating environment for Windows NT. 358an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
359<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
360using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
331</p> 361</p>
332 362
333<p> 363<p>
334If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 364If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
335should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 365should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
422<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 452<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
423</pre> 453</pre>
424 454
425</body> 455</body>
426</subsection> 456</subsection>
427<subsection> 457<subsection id="useraccounts">
428<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 458<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
429<body> 459<body>
430 460
431<p> 461<p>
432If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 462If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
450its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 480its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
451In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 481In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
452</p> 482</p>
453 483
454<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 484<pre caption="Creating a user account">
455# <i>useradd john</i> 485# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
456# <i>passwd john</i> 486# <i>passwd john</i>
457New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 487New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
458Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 488Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
459</pre> 489</pre>
460 490
462You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 492You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
463<c>su</c>: 493<c>su</c>:
464</p> 494</p>
465 495
466<pre caption="Changing user id"> 496<pre caption="Changing user id">
467# <i>su john -</i> 497# <i>su - john</i>
498</pre>
499
500</body>
501</subsection>
502<subsection>
503<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
504<body>
505
506<p>
507If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
508installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
509link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
510go to a new terminal and log in.
468</pre> 511</p>
512
513<p>
514If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
515<c>lynx</c> to read it:
516</p>
517
518<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
519# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
520</pre>
521
522<p>
523However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
524more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>
525as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
526chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
527document):
528</p>
529
530<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
531# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i>
532</pre>
533
534<p>
535You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
536</p>
469 537
470</body> 538</body>
471</subsection> 539</subsection>
472<subsection> 540<subsection>
473<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 541<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
488<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 556<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
489# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 557# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
490</pre> 558</pre>
491 559
492<p> 560<p>
493To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 561To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
494the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 562the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
495</p> 563</p>
496 564
497</body> 565</body>
498</subsection> 566</subsection>

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