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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.4 2004/04/15 11:59:45 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.41 2006/08/30 22:52:28 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>7.0</version>
12<date>2006-08-30</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The Alpha Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>CPU</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check with the <uri
36 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Memory</th>
41 <ti>64 MB</ti>
42</tr>
43<tr>
44 <th>Diskspace</th>
45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Swap space</th>
49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
50</tr>
51</table>
52
26<body> 53</body>
54</subsection>
55</section>
27 56
57<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
58<!-- START -->
59<section>
60<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
61<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title>
63<body>
64
65<p>
66The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
67self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
68During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
28<p> 70</p>
29Check the following requirements before you 71
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 72<p>
73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
74partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
75two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
76as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
77latest version of the available packages.
78</p>
79
80<p>
81If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
82the installation instructions described in the <uri
83link="2006.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2006.1 Handbooks</uri>.
84</p>
85
86<p>
87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
31</p> 88</p>
32 89
33<ul> 90<ul>
34<li> 91 <li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 92 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
93 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
94 with the Gentoo installation.
36</li> 95 </li>
37<li> 96 <li>
38 For the <e>Alpha architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 97 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
39 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri> 98 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
99 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
40</li> 100 </li>
41</ul> 101</ul>
42 102
103<p>
104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
106</p>
107
43</body> 108</body>
44</subsection>
45</section>
46<section>
47<title>Make your Choice</title>
48<subsection> 109</subsection>
49<title>Introduction</title>
50<body>
51
52<p>
53Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
54choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
55choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
56Gentoo base system.
57</p>
58
59<p>
60The installation media we will describe are:
61</p>
62
63<ul>
64<li>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</li>
65</ul>
66
67<p>
68Before we continue, let's explain our three-stage installation.
69</p>
70
71</body>
72</subsection> 110<subsection>
73<subsection> 111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
74<title>The Three Stages</title>
75<body> 112<body>
76 113
77<p>
78Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
79The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
80yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
81build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
82building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
83The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
84been built for you.
85</p> 114<p>
86 115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso</c>
87<p> 116and takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
88Now what stage do you have to choose? 117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
89</p>
90
91<p>
92Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
93optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
94initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
95power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
96installation method for those who would like to know more about the
97inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
98</p> 118</p>
99 119
100<table> 120<table>
101<tr> 121<tr>
102 <th>Stage1</th> 122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
103 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
104</tr> 124</tr>
105<tr> 125<tr>
106 <th>+</th> 126 <th>+</th>
107 <ti> 127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
108 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
109 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
110 </ti>
111</tr>
112<tr>
113 <th>+</th>
114 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
115</tr>
116<tr>
117 <th>+</th>
118 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
119</tr>
120<tr>
121 <th>-</th>
122 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
123</tr> 128</tr>
124<tr> 129<tr>
125 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
126 <ti> 131 <ti>
127 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
128 </ti> 134 </ti>
129</tr> 135</tr>
130</table> 136</table>
131 137
138</body>
139</subsection>
140<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body>
143
132<p> 144<p>
133<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2006.1.iso</c>
134is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
135for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
149you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
136</p> 150</p>
137 151
138<table> 152<table>
139<tr> 153<tr>
140 <th>Stage2</th> 154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
141 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 155 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
142</tr> 156</tr>
143<tr> 157<tr>
144 <th>+</th> 158 <ti>+</ti>
145 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti> 159 <ti>
146</tr> 160 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
161 connection.
162 </ti>
147<tr> 163</tr>
148 <th>+</th>
149 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
150</tr> 164<tr>
151<tr>
152 <th>+</th>
153 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
154</tr>
155<tr>
156 <th>-</th> 165 <ti>-</ti>
157 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 166 <ti>
158</tr> 167 Huge download
159<tr> 168 </ti>
160 <th>-</th>
161 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
162</tr>
163<tr>
164 <th>-</th>
165 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
166</tr> 169</tr>
167</table> 170</table>
168 171
169<p>
170Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
171Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
172settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
173and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
174stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
175prebuilt packages.
176</p>
177
178<table>
179<tr>
180 <th>Stage3</th>
181 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
182</tr>
183<tr>
184 <th>+</th>
185 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
186</tr>
187<tr>
188 <th>-</th>
189 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
190</tr>
191<tr>
192 <th>-</th>
193 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
194</tr>
195</table>
196
197<p>
198Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
199you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
200be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
201after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
202with the new optimization settings.
203</p>
204
205<p>
206Now take a look at the available installation media.
207</p>
208
209</body> 172</body>
210</subsection>
211<subsection> 173</subsection>
212<title>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</title> 174<!-- No package CDs for Alpha - 2006.1
175<subsection>
176<title>Other CDs</title>
177<body>
178
179<p>
180You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
181Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
182networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
183set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
184(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
185Gentoo installation.
186</p>
187
188<p>
189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
190make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
191</p>
192
213<body> 193</body>
194</subsection>-->
195<subsection>
196<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
197<body>
214 198
215<p>
216The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a bootable CD which contain a
217self-sustained Gentoo environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD.
218During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
219are loaded. It is maintained by Gentoo developers.
220</p> 199<p>
221 200A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
222<p> 201to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
223The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole 202Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
224purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with the 203stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
225Gentoo installation. It does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a 204official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
226single stage1 file), source code or precompiled packages. For example the 205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
227alpha variant of this LiveCD can be found in the 206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
228<path>releases/1.4_rc1/alpha</path> subdirectory and is called 207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
229<c>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</c>.
230</p> 208</p>
231 209
232</body> 210</body>
233</subsection> 211</subsection>
234</section> 212</section>
213<!-- STOP -->
235<section> 214<section>
236<title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo LiveCD</title> 215<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
237<subsection> 216<subsection>
238<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 217<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
239<body> 218<body>
240 219
241<p>
242You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
243wrong document). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
244LiveCD.
245</p> 220<p>
246 221You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
247<p> 224</p>
248Visit one of our <uri 225
249link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 226<p>
250<path>releases/1.4rc1/alpha</path> which is where the LiveCD(s) of your choice 227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
251are located. Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are 228CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
252full CD images which you can write on a CD-R. 229Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2006.1/installcd</path>
230directory.
231</p>
232
233<p>
234Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
235can write on a CD-R.
253</p> 236</p>
254 237
255<p> 238<p>
256In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
257check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 240check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
258<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5 241<path>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
259checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 242checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
260link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
261</p>
262
263<p> 244</p>
264Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format 245
265using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on
266Unix/Linux systems):
267</p> 246<p>
247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
250</p>
268 251
269<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file"> 252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
270# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i> 253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
254</pre>
255
256<p>
257Now verify the signature:
258</p>
259
260<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
261$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
271</pre> 262</pre>
272 263
273<p> 264<p>
274To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 265To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
275do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 266do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
276tools on how to do this. 267<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
268link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
277</p> 269</p>
278 270
279<ul> 271<ul>
280 <li> 272 <li>
281 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD 273 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
282 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image 274 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
283 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on 275 device path).
284 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
285 </li> 276 </li>
286 <li> 277 <li>
287 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
288 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
289 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
290 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
291 following parameters:
292 <ul>
293 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
294 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
295 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
296 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
297 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
298 </ul>
299 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
300 </li>
301 <li>
302 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
303 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
304 by the path to the ISO file :)
305 </li>
306 <li>
307 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. The 278 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
308 under the 'Image to Burn' area, locate the ISO file. Finally click 279 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
309 <c>Start</c>. 280 <c>Start</c>.
310 </li> 281 </li>
311</ul> 282</ul>
312 283
313</body> 284</body>
314</subsection> 285</subsection>
315<subsection> 286<subsection>
316<title>Booting the Alpha LiveCD(s)</title> 287<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
317<body> 288<body>
318 289
319<p> 290<p>
320When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the 291When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the
321firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There 292firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There
323Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>). 294Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>).
324</p> 295</p>
325 296
326<p> 297<p>
327SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 298SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
328operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 299operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARC
329is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 300is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
330an operating environment for Windows NT. 301an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
331</p> 302<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
332 303using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
333<p> 304</p>
305
306<p>
334If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 307If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
335should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 308should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
336instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 309instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
337are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 310are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
338will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 311will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
339</p> 312</p>
340 313
341<p> 314<p>
342Now to boot an Alpha LiveCD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the system. 315Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
343You can use SRM to boot the LiveCD. If you cannot do that, you will have to use 316system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
344<c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, use one of the 317will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
345precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 318use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
346link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 319link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
320</p>
321
322<p>
323This release also includes two entries for people who want to use a serial
324console during the installation, possibly boxes with no keyboard and
325screen attached. One allow you to boot 2.6 using the serial console and
326the other will do the same with our 2.4 kernel.
327</p>
328
329<p>
330This release also includes two entries for people who want to use a serial
331console during the installation, possibly boxes with no keyboard and
332screen attached. One allow you to boot 2.6 using the serial console and
333the other will do the same with our 2.4 kernel.
347</p> 334</p>
348 335
349<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 336<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
350<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 337<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
351&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 338&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
352dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 339dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
353<comment>(...)</comment> 340<comment>(...)</comment>
354<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 341<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
355&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 342&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
343<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
344&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
345<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
346<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
347&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
348<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
349&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 3</i>
356</pre> 350</pre>
357 351
358<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 352<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
359<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 353<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
360MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:boot/vmlinuz initrd=initrd.img root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc</i> 354MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
355<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
356MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
357<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
358<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
359MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
360<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
361MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
361</pre> 362</pre>
362 363
363<p> 364<p>
364You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 365You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
365to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 366to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
375<subsection id="hardware"> 376<subsection id="hardware">
376<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 377<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
377<body> 378<body>
378 379
379<p> 380<p>
380When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 381When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
381loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 382loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
382vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 383vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
383SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 384not auto-load the kernel
384modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's 385modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
385hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 386hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
386</p> 387</p>
387 388
388<p> 389<p>
422<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 423<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
423</pre> 424</pre>
424 425
425</body> 426</body>
426</subsection> 427</subsection>
427<subsection> 428<subsection id="useraccounts">
428<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 429<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
429<body> 430<body>
430 431
431<p> 432<p>
432If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 433If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
450its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 451its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
451In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 452In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
452</p> 453</p>
453 454
454<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 455<pre caption="Creating a user account">
455# <i>useradd john</i> 456# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
456# <i>passwd john</i> 457# <i>passwd john</i>
457New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 458New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
458Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 459Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
459</pre> 460</pre>
460 461
462You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 463You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
463<c>su</c>: 464<c>su</c>:
464</p> 465</p>
465 466
466<pre caption="Changing user id"> 467<pre caption="Changing user id">
467# <i>su john -</i> 468# <i>su - john</i>
469</pre>
470
471</body>
472</subsection>
473<subsection>
474<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
475<body>
476
477<p>
478If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
479installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
480link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
481go to a new terminal and log in.
468</pre> 482</p>
483
484<p>
485If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
486<c>lynx</c> to read it:
487</p>
488
489<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
490# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
491</pre>
492
493<p>
494However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
495more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>
496as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
497chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
498document):
499</p>
500
501<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
502# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i>
503</pre>
504
505<p>
506You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
507</p>
469 508
470</body> 509</body>
471</subsection> 510</subsection>
472<subsection> 511<subsection>
473<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 512<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
488<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 527<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
489# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 528# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
490</pre> 529</pre>
491 530
492<p> 531<p>
493To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 532To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
494the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 533the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
495</p> 534</p>
496 535
497</body> 536</body>
498</subsection> 537</subsection>

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