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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.22 2004/11/20 22:23:30 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.46 2007/06/30 00:50:26 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.19</version> 11<version>8.2</version>
12<date>2004-11-04</date> 12<date>2007-06-29</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The Alpha Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>CPU</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check with the <uri
36 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Memory</th>
41 <ti>64 MB</ti>
42</tr>
43<tr>
44 <th>Diskspace</th>
45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Swap space</th>
49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
50</tr>
51</table>
52
30<body> 53</body>
54</subsection>
55</section>
31 56
57<section>
58<title>The Gentoo Installation CD</title>
59<subsection>
60<title>Introduction</title>
61<body>
62
63<p>
64The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
65self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
66During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
67are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
32<p> 68</p>
33Check the following requirements before you 69
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 70<!--
71<p>
72All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
73partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
74two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
75as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
76latest version of the available packages.
77</p>
78
79<p>
80If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
81the installation instructions described in the <uri
82link="2007.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2007.0 Handbooks</uri>.
83</p>
84
85<p>
86The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
35</p> 87</p>
36 88
37<ul> 89<ul>
38<li> 90 <li>
39 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 91 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
92 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
93 with the Gentoo installation.
40</li> 94 </li>
41<li> 95 <li>
42 For the <e>Alpha architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 96 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
43 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri> 97 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
98 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
44</li> 99 </li>
45</ul> 100</ul>
46 101
102<p>
103To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
104major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
105</p>
106-->
107
47</body> 108</body>
48</subsection>
49</section>
50<section>
51<title>Make your Choice</title>
52<subsection> 109</subsection>
53<title>Introduction</title>
54<body>
55
56<p>
57Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
58choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
59choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
60Gentoo base system.
61</p>
62
63<p>
64The installation media we will describe are:
65</p>
66
67<ul>
68<li>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</li>
69</ul>
70
71<p>
72Before we continue, let's explain our three-stage installation.
73</p>
74
75</body>
76</subsection> 110<subsection>
77<subsection> 111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
78<title>The Three Stages</title>
79<body> 112<body>
80 113
81<p>
82Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
83The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
84yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
85build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
86building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
87The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
88been built for you.
89</p> 114<p>
90 115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2007.0.iso</c>
116and takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You must use this Installation CD to
117install Gentoo, and you need a working Internet connection.
91<p> 118</p>
92Now what stage do you have to choose? 119<!--
93</p>
94
95<p>
96Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
97optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
98initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
99power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
100installation method for those who would like to know more about the
101inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
102</p>
103
104<p>
105A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
106Internet connection.
107</p>
108
109<table> 120<table>
110<tr> 121<tr>
111 <th>Stage1</th> 122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
112 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
113</tr> 124</tr>
114<tr> 125<tr>
115 <th>+</th> 126 <th>+</th>
116 <ti> 127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
117 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
118 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
119 </ti>
120</tr>
121<tr>
122 <th>+</th>
123 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>-</th>
131 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
132</tr> 128</tr>
133<tr> 129<tr>
134 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
135 <ti> 131 <ti>
136 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
137 </ti> 134 </ti>
138</tr> 135</tr>
136</table>
137
138</body>
139</subsection>
140<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body>
143
144<p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2007.0.iso</c>
146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
149you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
150</p>
151
152<table>
153<tr>
154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
155 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
139<tr> 156</tr>
157<tr>
140 <th>-</th> 158 <ti>+</ti>
141 <ti> 159 <ti>
142 Not suitable for networkless installations 160 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
161 connection.
143 </ti> 162 </ti>
144</tr> 163</tr>
164<tr>
165 <ti>-</ti>
166 <ti>
167 Huge download
168 </ti>
169</tr>
145</table> 170</table>
146 171
147<p>
148<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
149is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
150for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
151</p>
152
153<p>
154A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
155Internet connection.
156</p>
157
158<table>
159<tr>
160 <th>Stage2</th>
161 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
162</tr>
163<tr>
164 <th>+</th>
165 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
166</tr>
167<tr>
168 <th>+</th>
169 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
170</tr>
171<tr>
172 <th>+</th>
173 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
174</tr>
175<tr>
176 <th>-</th>
177 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
178</tr>
179<tr>
180 <th>-</th>
181 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
182</tr>
183<tr>
184 <th>-</th>
185 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
186</tr>
187<tr>
188 <th>-</th>
189 <ti>
190 Not suitable for networkless installations
191 </ti>
192</tr>
193</table>
194
195<p>
196Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
197Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
198settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
199and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
200stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
201prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
202</p>
203
204<table>
205<tr>
206 <th>Stage3</th>
207 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
208</tr>
209<tr>
210 <th>+</th>
211 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
212</tr>
213<tr>
214 <th>+</th>
215 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
216</tr>
217<tr>
218 <th>-</th>
219 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
220</tr>
221<tr>
222 <th>-</th>
223 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
224</tr>
225</table>
226
227<p>
228Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
229you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
230be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
231after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
232with the new optimization settings.
233</p>
234
235<p>
236Now take a look at the available installation media.
237</p>
238
239</body> 172</body>
240</subsection>
241<subsection> 173</subsection>
242<title>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</title> 174
175<subsection>
176<title>Other CDs</title>
177<body>
178
179<p>
180You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
181Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
182networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
183set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
184(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
185Gentoo installation.
186</p>
187
188<p>
189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
190make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
191</p>
192-->
243<body> 193</body>
194</subsection>
195<subsection>
196<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
197<body>
244 198
245<p>
246The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a bootable CD which contain a
247self-sustained Gentoo environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD.
248During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
249are loaded. It is maintained by Gentoo developers.
250</p> 199<p>
251 200A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
252<p> 201to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
253The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole 202Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
254purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with the 203stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
255Gentoo installation. It does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a 204official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
256single stage1 file), source code or precompiled packages. For example the 205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
257alpha variant of this LiveCD can be found in the 206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
258<path>releases/1.4_rc1/alpha</path> subdirectory and is called 207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
259<c>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</c>.
260</p> 208</p>
261 209
262</body> 210</body>
263</subsection> 211</subsection>
264</section> 212</section>
213<!-- STOP -->
265<section> 214<section>
266<title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo LiveCD</title> 215<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
267<subsection> 216<subsection>
268<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 217<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
269<body> 218<body>
270 219
271<p>
272You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
273wrong document). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
274LiveCD.
275</p> 220<p>
276 221You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
277<p> 224</p>
278Visit one of our <uri 225
279link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 226<p>
280<path>releases/1.4rc1/alpha</path> which is where the LiveCD(s) of your choice 227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD
281are located. Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are 228as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
282full CD images which you can write on a CD-R. 229Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
230id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
231</p>
232
233<p>
234Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
235can write on a CD-R.
283</p> 236</p>
284 237
285<p> 238<p>
286In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
287check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 240check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
288<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5 241<path>install-alpha-minimal-2007.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
289checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 242checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
290link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
291</p> 244</p>
292
293<p>
294Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format
295using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on
296Unix/Linux systems):
297</p>
298
299<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file">
300# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i>
301</pre>
302 245
303<p> 246<p>
304Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
305verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
306<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
307</p> 250</p>
308 251
309<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
310$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
311</pre> 254</pre>
312 255
313<p> 256<p>
314Now verify the signature: 257Now verify the signature:
315</p> 258</p>
325link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 268link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
326</p> 269</p>
327 270
328<ul> 271<ul>
329 <li> 272 <li>
330 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 273 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
331 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 274 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
332 by the path to the ISO file :) 275 device path).
333 </li> 276 </li>
334 <li> 277 <li>
335 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 278 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
336 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 279 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
337 <c>Start</c>.
338 </li> 280 </li>
339</ul> 281</ul>
340 282
341</body> 283</body>
342</subsection> 284</subsection>
343<subsection> 285<subsection>
344<title>Booting the Alpha LiveCD(s)</title> 286<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
345<body> 287<body>
346 288
347<p> 289<p>
348When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the 290When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the
349firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There 291firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There
351Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>). 293Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>).
352</p> 294</p>
353 295
354<p> 296<p>
355SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 297SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
356operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 298operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARC
357is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 299is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
358an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a 300an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
359<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on 301<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
360using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website. 302using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
361</p> 303</p>
362 304
363<p> 305<p>
364If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 306If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
365should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 307should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
366instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 308instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
367are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 309are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
368will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 310will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
369</p> 311</p>
370 312
371<p> 313<p>
372Now to boot an Alpha LiveCD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the system. 314Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
373You can use SRM to boot the LiveCD. If you cannot do that, you will have to use 315system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
374<c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, use one of the 316will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
375precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 317use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
376link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 318link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
377</p> 319</p>
378 320
379<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 321<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
380<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 322<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
381&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 323&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
382dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 324dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
383<comment>(...)</comment> 325<comment>(...)</comment>
384<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 326<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
385&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 327&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
328<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
329&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
386</pre> 330</pre>
387 331
388<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 332<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
389<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 333<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
390MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:boot/vmlinuz initrd=initrd.img root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc</i> 334MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
335<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
336MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
391</pre> 337</pre>
392 338
393<p> 339<p>
394You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 340You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
395to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 341to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
405<subsection id="hardware"> 351<subsection id="hardware">
406<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 352<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
407<body> 353<body>
408 354
409<p> 355<p>
410When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 356When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
411loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 357loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
412vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 358vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
413SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 359not auto-load the kernel
414modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's 360modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
415hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 361hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
416</p> 362</p>
417 363
418<p> 364<p>
446yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your 392yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
447disk): 393disk):
448</p> 394</p>
449 395
450<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance"> 396<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
451<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i> 397<comment>Activate DMA:</comment>
452<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 398# <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
399<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment>
400# <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
453</pre> 401</pre>
454 402
455</body> 403</body>
456</subsection> 404</subsection>
457<subsection id="useraccounts"> 405<subsection id="useraccounts">
526chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the 474chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
527document): 475document):
528</p> 476</p>
529 477
530<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation"> 478<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
531# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i> 479# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/<keyval id="online-book"/></i>
532</pre> 480</pre>
533 481
534<p> 482<p>
535You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>. 483You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
536</p> 484</p>

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