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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.42 2006/09/05 06:50:30 rane Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.54 2011/02/27 07:05:54 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>7.1</version> 11<version>12</version>
12<date>2006-09-04</date> 12<date>2011-02-26</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
52 52
53</body> 53</body>
54</subsection> 54</subsection>
55</section> 55</section>
56 56
57<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
58<!-- START -->
59<section> 57<section>
60<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 58<title>The Gentoo Installation CD</title>
61<subsection> 59<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title> 60<title>Introduction</title>
63<body> 61<body>
64 62
65<p> 63<p>
69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 67are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
70</p> 68</p>
71 69
72<p> 70<p>
73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 71All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
74partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 72partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
75two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
76as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
77latest version of the available packages.
78</p>
79
80<p> 73</p>
74
75<!--
76<impo>
81If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 77If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
82the installation instructions described in the <uri 78the installation instructions described in the <uri
83link="2006.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2006.1 Handbooks</uri>. 79link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
84</p> 80</impo>
85 81
86<p> 82<p>
87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are: 83The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
88</p> 84</p>
89 85
102 98
103<p> 99<p>
104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 100To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 101major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
106</p> 102</p>
103-->
107 104
108</body> 105</body>
109</subsection>
110<subsection> 106</subsection>
107<subsection>
111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 108<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
112<body> 109<body>
113 110
114<p>
115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso</c>
116and takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
118</p> 111<p>
119 112The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
113takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
114Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
115connection.
116</p>
117<!--
120<table> 118<table>
121<tr> 119<tr>
122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 120 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 121 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr> 122</tr>
140<subsection> 138<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 139<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body> 140<body>
143 141
144<p> 142<p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2006.1.iso</c> 143The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2008.0.iso</c>
146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install 144and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet 145Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one 146connection.
149you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
150</p> 147</p>
151 148
152<table> 149<table>
153<tr> 150<tr>
154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 151 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
169</tr> 166</tr>
170</table> 167</table>
171 168
172</body> 169</body>
173</subsection> 170</subsection>
174<!-- No package CDs for Alpha - 2006.1 171
175<subsection> 172<subsection>
176<title>Other CDs</title> 173<title>Other CDs</title>
177<body> 174<body>
178 175
179<p> 176<p>
187 184
188<p> 185<p>
189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 186If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
190make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use. 187make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
191</p> 188</p>
192 189-->
193</body> 190</body>
194</subsection>--> 191</subsection>
195<subsection> 192<subsection>
196<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title> 193<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
197<body> 194<body>
198 195
199<p> 196<p>
205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read 202performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo 203the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri> 204Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
208</p> 205</p>
209 206
207<p>
208Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
209id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
210link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
211on the LiveCD.
212</p>
213
210</body> 214</body>
211</subsection> 215</subsection>
212</section> 216</section>
213<!-- STOP --> 217<!-- STOP -->
214<section> 218<section>
222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 226downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 227the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
224</p> 228</p>
225 229
226<p> 230<p>
227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 231You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
228CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 232link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
229Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2006.1/installcd</path> 233the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
230directory.
231</p>
232
233<p> 234</p>
235
236<p>
234Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you 237Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
235can write on a CD-R. 238can write on a CD-R.
236</p> 239</p>
237 240
238<p> 241<p>
239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 242In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
240check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 243its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
241<path>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 244<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
242checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 245with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 246link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
244</p> 247</p>
245 248
246<p> 249<p>
247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 250Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 251verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 252<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
250</p> 253</p>
251 254
252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 255<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i> 256$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 2D182910</i>
254</pre> 257</pre>
255 258
256<p> 259<p>
257Now verify the signature: 260Now verify the signature:
258</p> 261</p>
259 262
260<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 263<pre caption="Verify the files">
261$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 264<comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
265$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
266<comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
267$ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
262</pre> 268</pre>
263 269
264<p> 270<p>
265To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 271To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
266do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 272do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
273 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 279 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
274 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 280 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
275 device path). 281 device path).
276 </li> 282 </li>
277 <li> 283 <li>
278 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 284 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
279 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 285 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
280 <c>Start</c>.
281 </li> 286 </li>
282</ul> 287</ul>
283 288
284</body> 289</body>
285</subsection> 290</subsection>
310are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 315are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
311will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 316will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
312</p> 317</p>
313 318
314<p> 319<p>
315Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the 320Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
316system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you 321system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
317will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, 322will have to use <c>MILO</c>.
318use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
319link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
320</p>
321
322<p>
323This release also includes two entries for people who want to use a serial
324console during the installation, possibly boxes with no keyboard and
325screen attached. One allows you to boot 2.6 using the serial console and
326the other will do the same with our 2.4 kernel.
327</p> 323</p>
328 324
329<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 325<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
330<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 326<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
331&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 327&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
332dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 328dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
333<comment>(...)</comment> 329<comment>(...)</comment>
334<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 330<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
335&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 331&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
336<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment> 332<comment>(This flag will use serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
337&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
338<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
339<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
340&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i> 333&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
341<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
342&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 3</i>
343</pre> 334</pre>
344 335
345<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 336<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
346<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 337<comment>(Substitute sdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
347MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 338MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot</i>
348<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment> 339<comment>(Using serial port ttyS0 as the default console)</comment>
349MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
350<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
351<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
352MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i> 340MILO&gt; <i>boot sdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
353<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
354MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
355</pre> 341</pre>
356 342
357<p> 343<p>
358You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 344You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
359to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 345to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
364Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 350Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
365</p> 351</p>
366 352
367</body> 353</body>
368</subsection> 354</subsection>
369<subsection id="hardware">
370<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
371<body>
372 355
373<p>
374When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
375loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
376vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
377not auto-load the kernel
378modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
379hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
380</p>
381
382<p>
383In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
384certain kinds of network interfaces):
385</p>
386
387<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
388# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
389</pre>
390
391</body>
392</subsection> 356<subsection>
357<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
393<subsection> 358</subsection>
394<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
395<body>
396 359
397<p>
398If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
399performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
400test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
401more precise impression):
402</p>
403
404<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
405# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
406</pre>
407
408<p>
409To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
410yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
411disk):
412</p>
413
414<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
415<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
416<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
417</pre>
418
419</body>
420</subsection>
421<subsection id="useraccounts">
422<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
423<body>
424
425<p>
426If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
427environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
428security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
429the root password.
430</p>
431
432<p>
433To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
434</p>
435
436<pre caption="Changing the root password">
437# <i>passwd</i>
438New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
439Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
440</pre>
441
442<p>
443To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
444its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
445In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
446</p>
447
448<pre caption="Creating a user account">
449# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
450# <i>passwd john</i>
451New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
452Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
453</pre>
454
455<p>
456You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
457<c>su</c>:
458</p>
459
460<pre caption="Changing user id">
461# <i>su - john</i>
462</pre>
463
464</body>
465</subsection>
466<subsection>
467<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
468<body>
469
470<p>
471If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
472installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
473link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
474go to a new terminal and log in.
475</p>
476
477<p>
478If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
479<c>lynx</c> to read it:
480</p>
481
482<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
483# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
484</pre>
485
486<p>
487However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
488more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>
489as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
490chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
491document):
492</p>
493
494<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
495# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i>
496</pre>
497
498<p>
499You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
500</p>
501
502</body>
503</subsection>
504<subsection>
505<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
506<body>
507
508<p>
509If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
510Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
511install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
512account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
513(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
514</p>
515
516<p>
517To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
518</p>
519
520<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
521# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
522</pre>
523
524<p>
525To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
526the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
527</p>
528
529</body>
530</subsection>
531</section> 360</section>
532</sections> 361</sections>

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