/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.66 2005/06/19 11:25:21 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.67 2005/06/24 18:47:21 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.8</version> 11<version>2.9</version>
12<date>2005-06-19</date> 12<date>2005-06-24</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions
23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount 24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
25them or not, etc.) 25them or not, etc.)
26</p> 26</p>
27 27
214Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 214Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
215</p> 215</p>
216 216
217<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel"> 217<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
218# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i> 218# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
219</pre> 219</pre>
220 220
221</body> 221</body>
222</subsection> 222</subsection>
223<subsection> 223<subsection>
224<title>Configuring your Network</title> 224<title>Configuring your Network</title>
225<body> 225<body>
226 226
227<p> 227<p>
228Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 228Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
229that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 229that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
230just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 230just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
231your Gentoo system permanently. 231your Gentoo system permanently.
232</p> 232</p>
233 233
234<note> 234<note>
235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like 235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
236bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri 236bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section. 237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
238</note> 238</note>
239 239
240<p> 240<p>
241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :)
244</p> 244</p>
416</subsection> 416</subsection>
417<subsection> 417<subsection>
418<title>System Information</title> 418<title>System Information</title>
419<body> 419<body>
420 420
421<p> 421<p>
422Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 422Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
423Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 423Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :)
424</p> 424</p>
425 425
426<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 426<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
427# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 427# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
428</pre> 428</pre>
429 429
430<p> 430<p>
431When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
432</p>
433
434<p>
431As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 435As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
432configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 436configuration variables. Among other settings, you can configure your console
433you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 437fonts, your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
434your keyboard. 438</p>
439
440<p>
441Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
442Edit it to configure your keyboard.
443</p>
444
445<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
446# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
447</pre>
448
449<p>
450Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
451<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
435</p> 452</p>
436 453
437<note> 454<note>
438Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 455Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
439select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 456select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
440</note> 457</note>
441 458
442<p> 459<p>
443<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use 460<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
444ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 461ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
445to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 462to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
463</p>
464
446</p> 465<p>
466When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
467exit.
468</p>
469
470<p>
471Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
472according to your needs.
473</p>
474
475<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
476# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
477</pre>
447 478
448<p> 479<p>
449If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 480If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
450the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 481the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
451</p> 482</p>
452 483
453<p> 484<p>
454When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 485When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
486exit.
455</p> 487</p>
456 488
457<p> 489<p>
458If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 490If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with
459<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 491<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
460</p> 492</p>
461 493
462</body> 494</body>
463</subsection> 495</subsection>
464<subsection> 496<subsection>
465<title>Configuring the Console</title> 497<title>Configuring the Console</title>
466<body> 498<body>
467 499
468<note> 500<note>
469The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 501The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms.

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