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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
1<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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3 6
4<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.11 2003/11/24 05:23:11 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.100 2009/02/11 08:40:54 nightmorph Exp $ -->
5 8
6<sections> 9<sections>
7<section>
8<title>Timezone</title>
9<body>
10 10
11<p> 11<abstract>
12You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>: 14proceed.
15</p> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<pre caption="Setting the timezone information"> 17<version>9.3</version>
18# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i> 18<date>2009-02-11</date>
19<comment>(Suppose you want to use GMT:)</comment>
20# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
21</pre>
22 19
23</body>
24</section>
25<section> 20<section>
26<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
27<subsection> 22<subsection>
28<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
29<body> 24<body>
30 25
31<p> 26<p>
32Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
33<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions
34(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
35(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 30and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
36etc.). 31them or not, etc.)
37</p> 32</p>
38 33
39</body> 34</body>
40</subsection> 35</subsection>
41<subsection> 36<subsection>
42<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 37<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
43<body> 38<body>
44 39
45<p> 40<p>
46<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 41<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
47fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 42fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
48its own meaning: 43its own meaning:
49</p> 44</p>
50 45
51<ul> 46<ul>
52<li> 47<li>
53 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device 48 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device
54 file) 49 file)
55</li> 50</li>
56<li> 51<li>
57 The second field shows the <b>mountpoint</b> at which the partition should be 52 The second field shows the <b>mount point</b> at which the partition should be
58 mounted 53 mounted
59</li> 54</li>
60<li> 55<li>
61 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 56 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
62</li> 57</li>
63<li> 58<li>
64 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 59 The fourth field shows the <b>mount options</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
65 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 60 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mount options,
66 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 61 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
67 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated. 62 listing. Multiple mount options are comma-separated.
68</li> 63</li>
69<li> 64<li>
70 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 65 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
71 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 66 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
72</li> 67</li>
73<li> 68<li>
74 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 69 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
75 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 70 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
76 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 71 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
77 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 72 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
78</li> 73</li>
79</ul> 74</ul>
80 75
81<p> 76<impo>
82So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
83<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 78fstab file</e>. You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
84</p> 79</impo>
85 80
86<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
87# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
88</pre> 83</pre>
89 84
85</body>
86<body test="func:keyval('/boot')">
87
90<p> 88<p>
91Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
92partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
93<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
94</p>
95
96<p> 92</p>
93
94<p>
97In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
98<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
99be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
100would write down:
101</p> 98</p>
102 99
103<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
104/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
105</pre> 102</pre>
106 103
107<p>
108Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
109option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
110aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
111</p> 104<p>
112 105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
113<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
114/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 107substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
115</pre> 108manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
116
117<p> 109</p>
118If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 110
119<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 111</body>
112<body>
113
120</p> 114<p>
115Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
116your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
117for those too.
118</p>
121 119
122<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 120<p>
123/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
122</p>
123
124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
127/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
128
129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
130</pre>
131
132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
133<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
124/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 134/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
125/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 135/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
126</pre>
127 136
128<p> 137/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
129To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>
130(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
131partitions or drives, for those too):
132</p> 138</pre>
133 139
134<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 140<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
135/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 141/dev/sda1 / ext3 noatime 0 1
136/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 142/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
143/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
144/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
145/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
146
147<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
148openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
149
150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
151</pre>
152
153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
154func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
137/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 155/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
156/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
138 157
139none /proc proc defaults 0 0
140none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
141
142/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
143</pre> 159</pre>
144 160
145<p> 161<p>
146<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for 162<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for
147removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and 163removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and
148<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 164<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
149</p> 165</p>
150 166
151<p> 167<p>
152Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 168To improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
153SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 169mount option, which results in a faster system since access times
154too: 170aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway).
155</p>
156
157<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
158none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
159</pre>
160
161<p> 171</p>
162If you need <c>usbfs</c>, add the following line to <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 172
163</p> 173<p>
164
165<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
166none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
167</pre>
168
169<p>
170Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 174Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
171</p> 175</p>
172 176
173</body> 177</body>
174</subsection> 178</subsection>
175</section> 179</section>
176<section> 180<section>
177<title>Networking Information</title> 181<title>Networking Information</title>
178<subsection> 182<subsection>
179<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 183<title>Host name, Domainname, etc</title>
180<body> 184<body>
181 185
182<p> 186<p>
183One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 187One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
184easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 188quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
185name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 189appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
186be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 190choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
187<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 191<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
188</p> 192</p>
189 193
190<p>
191We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
192</p>
193
194<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 194<pre caption="Setting the host name">
195# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
196</pre>
197 196
197<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment>
198HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
199</pre>
200
198<p> 201<p>
199Second we set the domainname: 202Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
203You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
204have a DNS server but not a DHCP server. You don't need to worry about DNS or
205domainnames if your networking is setup for DHCP.
200</p> 206</p>
201 207
202<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 208<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
203# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 209# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
210
211<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment>
212dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>"
204</pre> 213</pre>
214
215<note>
216If you choose not to set a domainname, you can get rid of the "This is
217hostname.(none)" messages at your login screen by editing
218<path>/etc/issue</path>. Just delete the string <c>.\O</c> from that file.
219</note>
205 220
206<p> 221<p>
207If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 222If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
208one), you need to define that one too: 223one), you need to define that one too:
209</p> 224</p>
210 225
211<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 226<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
212# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 227# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
228
229<comment>(Set the nis_domain variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
230nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
213</pre> 231</pre>
232
233<note>
234For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
235provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge
236<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
237</note>
214 238
215</body> 239</body>
216</subsection> 240</subsection>
217<subsection> 241<subsection>
218<title>Configuring your Network</title> 242<title>Configuring your Network</title>
219<body> 243<body>
220 244
221<p> 245<p>
222Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 246Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
223that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 247that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
224just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 248just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
225your Gentoo system permanently. 249your Gentoo system permanently.
226</p> 250</p>
227 251
252<note>
253More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
254bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
255link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
256</note>
257
228<p> 258<p>
229All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 259All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
230a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 260a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
231networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 261networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
232</p> 262commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
233 263<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
234<p> 264</p>
265
266<p>
267DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
268client. This is described later in <uri
269link="?part=1&amp;chap=9#networking-tools">Installing Necessary System
270Tools</uri>. Do not forget to install a DHCP client.
271</p>
272
273<p>
274If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
275specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
235First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 276<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
236is used in this example): 277this example):
237</p> 278</p>
238 279
239<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 280<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
240# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 281# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
241</pre> 282</pre>
242 283
243<p> 284<p>
244The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 285You will see the following file:
245syntax:
246</p>
247
248<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
249iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
250</pre>
251
252<p> 286</p>
253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 287
254to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 288<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
255not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 289# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
256link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 290# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
257Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 291# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
292# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
293</pre>
294
258</p> 295<p>
259 296To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
297to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
260<p> 298</p>
261So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 299
262(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 300<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
263192.168.0.1: 301config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
302routes_eth0=( "default via 192.168.0.1" )
303</pre>
304
264</p> 305<p>
265 306To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
266<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
267<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
268iface_eth0="dhcp"
269
270<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
271iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
272gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
273</pre>
274
275<p> 307</p>
276If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 308
277like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 309<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
278shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 310config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
311</pre>
312
313<p>
314Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
315options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if you need to set
316specific DHCP options.
317</p>
318
319<p>
320If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
321<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
279</p> 322</p>
280 323
281<p> 324<p>
282Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 325Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
283</p> 326</p>
287<subsection> 330<subsection>
288<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 331<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
289<body> 332<body>
290 333
291<p> 334<p>
292To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 335To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
293default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 336default runlevel.
294the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
295</p> 337</p>
296 338
297<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 339<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
298# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 340# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
299</pre> 341</pre>
304use <c>ln</c> to do this: 346use <c>ln</c> to do this:
305</p> 347</p>
306 348
307<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts"> 349<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts">
308# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i> 350# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
309# <i>ln -s net.eth0 net.eth1</i> 351# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth1</i>
310# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i> 352# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i>
311</pre> 353</pre>
312 354
313</body> 355</body>
314</subsection> 356</subsection>
316<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 358<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
317<body> 359<body>
318 360
319<p> 361<p>
320You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 362You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
321<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 363<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving host names to IP addresses for
322for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 364hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. You need to define your system.
323internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 365You may also want to define other systems on your network if you don't want to
324<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 366set up your own internal DNS system.
325open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
326</p> 367</p>
327 368
328<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 369<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
329# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 370# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
330</pre> 371</pre>
331 372
332<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 373<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
374<comment>(This defines the current system)</comment>
333127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork localhost 375127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
334192.168.0.5 jenny
335192.168.0.56 benny
336</pre>
337 376
338<p> 377<comment>(Define extra systems on your network,
339If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 378they need to have a static IP to be defined this way.)</comment>
340resolution) a single line is sufficient: 379192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
341</p> 380192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
342
343<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
344127.0.0.1 localhost tux
345</pre> 381</pre>
346 382
347<p> 383<p>
348Save and exit the editor to continue. 384Save and exit the editor to continue.
349</p> 385</p>
350 386
351<p> 387<p test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
352If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 388If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
353link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 389link="#sysinfo">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
354following topic on PCMCIA. 390following topic on PCMCIA.
355</p> 391</p>
356 392
357</body> 393</body>
358</subsection> 394</subsection>
359<subsection> 395<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
360<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 396<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
361<body> 397<body>
362 398
363<p> 399<p>
364PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 400PCMCIA users should first install the <c>pcmciautils</c> package.
365</p> 401</p>
366 402
367<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 403<pre caption="Installing pcmciautils">
368# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 404# <i>emerge pcmciautils</i>
369</pre>
370
371<p>
372When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e>
373runlevel:
374</p>
375
376<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
377# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
378</pre> 405</pre>
379 406
380</body> 407</body>
381</subsection> 408</subsection>
382</section> 409</section>
410
411<section id="sysinfo">
412<title>System Information</title>
383<section> 413<subsection>
414<title>Root Password</title>
415<body>
416
417<p>
418First we set the root password by typing:
419</p>
420
421<pre caption="Setting the root password">
422# <i>passwd</i>
423</pre>
424
425</body>
426</subsection>
427<subsection>
384<title>System Information</title> 428<title>System Information</title>
385<body> 429<body>
386 430
387<p> 431<p>
388Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 432Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
392<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 436<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
393# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 437# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
394</pre> 438</pre>
395 439
396<p> 440<p>
441When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
442</p>
443
444<p>
397As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 445As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
398configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 446configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
399<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 447define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
448</p>
449
400</p> 450<p>
451Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
452Edit it to configure your keyboard.
453</p>
401 454
455<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
456# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
457</pre>
458
459<p>
460Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
461<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
462</p>
463
464<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
465PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB
466keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to
467set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
468</note>
469
470<p>
471When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
472exit.
473</p>
474
475<p>
476Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
477according to your needs.
478</p>
479
480<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
481# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
482</pre>
483
484<p>
485If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
486to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
487</p>
488
489<p>
490You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
491<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
492<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
493automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
494<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
495</p>
496
497<p>
498When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
499exit.
500</p>
501
502<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
503Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
504Tools</uri>.
505</p>
506
507</body>
508</subsection>
509<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
510<title>Configuring the Console</title>
402</body> 511<body>
512
513<p>
514If you are using a virtual console, you must uncomment the appropriate line in
515<path>/etc/inittab</path> for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
516</p>
517
518<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
519hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
520hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
521</pre>
522
523<p>
524You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
525listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
526</p>
527
528<p>
529You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
530System Tools</uri>.
531</p>
532
533</body>
534</subsection>
403</section> 535</section>
404</sections> 536</sections>

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