/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.103 Revision 1.113
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.103 2011/08/02 17:43:17 jkt Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.113 2012/04/08 20:34:04 cam Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>10</version> 17<version>20</version>
18<date>2011-08-02</date> 18<date>2012-04-08</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
204</p> 204</p>
205 205
206<pre caption="Setting the host name"> 206<pre caption="Setting the host name">
207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
208 208
209<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment> 209<comment>(Set the hostname variable to your host name)</comment>
210HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>" 210hostname="<i>tux</i>"
211</pre> 211</pre>
212 212
213<p> 213<p>
214Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. 214Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
215You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you 215You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>" 242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
243</pre> 243</pre>
244 244
245<note> 245<note>
246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
247provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge 247provided in <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> which
248can be read using <c>bzless</c>. Also, you may want to emerge <c>openresolv</c>
248<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup. 249to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
249</note> 250</note>
250 251
251</body> 252</body>
252</subsection> 253</subsection>
253<subsection> 254<subsection>
270<p> 271<p>
271All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 272All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
272a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 273a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
273networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully 274networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
274commented example that covers many different configurations is available in 275commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
275<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. 276<path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path>.
276</p> 277</p>
277 278
278<p> 279<p>
279DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP 280DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
280client. This is described later in <uri 281client. This is described later in <uri
298</p> 299</p>
299 300
300<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net"> 301<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
301# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.* 302# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
302# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration, 303# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
303# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration 304# please review /usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2 and save
304# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!). 305# your configuration in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
305</pre> 306</pre>
306 307
307<p> 308<p>
308To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 309To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
309to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 310to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
310</p> 311</p>
311 312
312<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 313<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
313config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" ) 314config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255"
314routes_eth0=( "default via 192.168.0.1" ) 315routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1"
315</pre> 316</pre>
316 317
317<p> 318<p>
318To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>: 319To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
319</p> 320</p>
320 321
321<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0"> 322<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
322config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 323config_eth0="dhcp"
323</pre> 324</pre>
324 325
325<p> 326<p>
326Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available 327Please read <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> for a
327options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if you need to set 328list of all available options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if
328specific DHCP options. 329you need to set specific DHCP options.
329</p> 330</p>
330 331
331<p> 332<p>
332If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 333If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
333<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 334<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
435<subsection> 436<subsection>
436<title>System Information</title> 437<title>System Information</title>
437<body> 438<body>
438 439
439<p> 440<p>
440Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 441Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> to configure the services, startup,
441Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 442and shutdown of your system. Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all
443the comments in the file.
442</p> 444</p>
443 445
444<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 446<pre caption="Configuring services">
445# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 447# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
446</pre> 448</pre>
447 449
448<p> 450<p>
449When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 451When you're finished configuring these two files, save them and exit.
450</p>
451
452<p>
453As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
454configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
455define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
456</p> 452</p>
457 453
458<p> 454<p>
459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration. 455Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
460Edit it to configure your keyboard. 456Edit it to configure your keyboard.
463<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps"> 459<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
464# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i> 460# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
465</pre> 461</pre>
466 462
467<p> 463<p>
468Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong 464Take special care with the <c>keymap</c> variable. If you select the wrong
469<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 465<c>keymap</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
470</p> 466</p>
471 467
472<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 468<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
473PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. 469PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
474</note> 470</note>
477When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and 473When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
478exit. 474exit.
479</p> 475</p>
480 476
481<p> 477<p>
482Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it 478Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
483according to your needs. 479according to your needs.
484</p> 480</p>
485 481
486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock"> 482<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i> 483# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
488</pre> 484</pre>
489 485
490<p> 486<p>
491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 487If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>clock="local"</c>
492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 488to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
493</p> 489</p>
494 490
495<p> 491<p>
492When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
493exit.
494</p>
495
496<p>
496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to 497You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the 498<path>/etc/localtime</path> in the <path>/etc/timezone</path> file so that
498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path> 499further upgrades of the <c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update
499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add 500<path>/etc/localtime</path> automatically. For instance, if you used the
500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c> 501Europe/Brussels timezone, you would write <c>Europe/Brussels</c> in the
501</p> 502<path>/etc/timezone</path> file.
502
503<p> 503</p>
504When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 504
505exit. 505</body>
506</subsection>
507
508<subsection>
509<title>Configure locales</title>
510<body>
511
512<p>
513You will probably only use one or maybe two locales on your system. You have to
514specify locales you will need in <path>/etc/locale.gen</path>.
515</p>
516
517<pre caption="Opening /etc/locale.gen">
518# <i>nano -w /etc/locale.gen</i>
519</pre>
520
521<p>
522The following locales are an example to get both English (United States) and
523German (Germany) with the accompanying character formats (like UTF-8).
524</p>
525
526<pre caption="Specify your locales">
527en_US ISO-8859-1
528en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
529de_DE ISO-8859-1
530de_DE@euro ISO-8859-15
531</pre>
532
533<note>
534You can select your desired locales in the list given by running <c>locale -a</c>.
535</note>
536
537<warn>
538We strongly suggest that you should use at least one UTF-8 locale because some
539applications would require it.
540</warn>
541
542<p>
543The next step is to run <c>locale-gen</c>. It will generates all the locales you
544have specified in the <path>/etc/locale.gen</path> file.
545</p>
546
547<pre caption="Running locale-gen">
548# <i>locale-gen</i>
549</pre>
550
551<p>
552Once done, you now have the possibility to set the system-wide locale settings
553in the <path>/etc/env.d/02locale</path> file:
554</p>
555
556<pre caption="Setting the default system locale in /etc/env.d/02locale">
557LANG="de_DE.UTF-8"
558LC_COLLATE="C"
559</pre>
560
561<p>
562And reload your environment:
563</p>
564
565<pre caption="Reload shell environment">
566# env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile
567</pre>
568
569<p>
570We made a full <uri link="../guide-localization.xml#doc_chap3">Localization
571Guide</uri> to help you through this process. You can also read our detailed
572<uri link="../utf-8.xml#doc_chap2">UTF-8 Guide</uri> for very specific
573informations to enable UTF-8 on your system.
506</p> 574</p>
507 575
508<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 576<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
509Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System 577Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
510Tools</uri>. 578Tools</uri>.

Legend:
Removed from v.1.103  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.113

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20