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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.103 2011/08/02 17:43:17 jkt Exp $ -->
8
1<sections> 9<sections>
2<section>
3<title>Timezone</title>
4<body>
5 10
6<p> 11<abstract>
7You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
8located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
9symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>: 14proceed.
10</p> 15</abstract>
11 16
12<pre caption="Setting the timezone information"> 17<version>10</version>
13# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i> 18<date>2011-08-02</date>
14<comment>(Suppose you want to use GTM:)</comment>
15# <i>ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
16</pre>
17 19
18</body>
19</section>
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
24<body> 24<body>
25 25
26<p> 26<p>
27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions
29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
30(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 30and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
31etc.). 31them or not, etc.)
32</p> 32</p>
33 33
34</body> 34</body>
35</subsection> 35</subsection>
36<subsection> 36<subsection>
37<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 37<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
38<body> 38<body>
39 39
40<p> 40<p>
41<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 41<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
42fields, seperated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 42fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
43its own meaning: 43its own meaning:
44</p> 44</p>
45 45
46<ul> 46<ul>
47<li> 47<li>
48 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device 48 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device
49 file) 49 file)
50</li> 50</li>
51<li> 51<li>
52 The second field shows the <b>mountpoint</b> at which the partition should be 52 The second field shows the <b>mount point</b> at which the partition should be
53 mounted 53 mounted
54</li> 54</li>
55<li> 55<li>
56 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 56 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
57</li> 57</li>
58<li> 58<li>
59 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 59 The fourth field shows the <b>mount options</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
60 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 60 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mount options,
61 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 61 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
62 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-seperated. 62 listing. Multiple mount options are comma-separated.
63</li> 63</li>
64<li> 64<li>
65 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 65 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
66 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 66 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
67</li> 67</li>
68<li> 68<li>
69 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 69 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
70 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 70 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
71 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 71 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
72 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 72 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
73</li> 73</li>
74</ul> 74</ul>
75 75
76<p> 76<impo>
77So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
78<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 78fstab file</e>. You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
79</p> 79</impo>
80 80
81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
83</pre> 83</pre>
84 84
85</body>
86<body test="func:keyval('/boot')">
87
85<p> 88<p>
86Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
87partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
88<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
89</p>
90
91<p> 92</p>
93
94<p>
92In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
93<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
94be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
95would write down:
96</p> 98</p>
97 99
98<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
99/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
100</pre> 102</pre>
101 103
102<p>
103Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
104option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
105aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
106</p> 104<p>
107 105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
108<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
109/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 107substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
110</pre> 108manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
111
112<p> 109</p>
113If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 110
114<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 111</body>
112<body>
113
115</p> 114<p>
115Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
116your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
117for those too.
118</p>
116 119
117<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 120<p>
118/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
122</p>
123
124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
127/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
128
129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
130
131proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
132shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
133</pre>
134
135<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
136<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
119/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 137/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
120/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 138/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
121</pre>
122 139
123<p> 140/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
124To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> 141
125(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and ofcourse, if you have other 142proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
126partitions or drives, for those too): 143shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
127</p> 144</pre>
128 145
129<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 146<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
130/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 147/dev/sda1 / ext3 noatime 0 1
131/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 148/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
149/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
150/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
151/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
152
153<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
154openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
155
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157
158proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
159shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
160</pre>
161
162<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
163func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
132/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 164/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
165/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
133 166
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168
134none /proc proc defaults 0 0 169proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
135none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 170shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
136
137/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
138</pre> 171</pre>
139 172
140<p> 173<p>
141<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for 174<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for
142removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and 175removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and
143<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 176<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
144</p> 177</p>
145 178
146<p> 179<p>
147Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 180To improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
148SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 181mount option, which results in a faster system since access times
149too: 182aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway).
150</p>
151
152<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
153none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
154</pre>
155
156<p> 183</p>
184
185<p>
157Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 186Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
158</p> 187</p>
159 188
160</body> 189</body>
161</subsection> 190</subsection>
162</section> 191</section>
163<section> 192<section>
164<title>Networking Information</title> 193<title>Networking Information</title>
165<subsection> 194<subsection>
166<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 195<title>Host name, Domainname, etc</title>
167<body> 196<body>
168 197
169<p> 198<p>
170One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 199One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
171easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 200quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
172name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 201appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
173be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 202choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
174<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 203<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
175</p> 204</p>
176 205
177<p>
178We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
179</p>
180
181<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 206<pre caption="Setting the host name">
182# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
183</pre>
184 208
209<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment>
210HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
211</pre>
212
185<p> 213<p>
186Second we set the domainname: 214Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
215You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
216have a DNS server but not a DHCP server. You don't need to worry about DNS or
217domainnames if your networking is setup for DHCP.
187</p> 218</p>
188 219
189<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 220<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
190# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 221# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
222
223<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment>
224dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>"
191</pre> 225</pre>
226
227<note>
228If you choose not to set a domainname, you can get rid of the "This is
229hostname.(none)" messages at your login screen by editing
230<path>/etc/issue</path>. Just delete the string <c>.\O</c> from that file.
231</note>
192 232
193<p> 233<p>
194If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 234If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
195one), you need to define that one too: 235one), you need to define that one too:
196</p> 236</p>
197 237
198<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 238<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
199# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 239# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
240
241<comment>(Set the nis_domain variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
200</pre> 243</pre>
244
245<note>
246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
247provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge
248<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
249</note>
201 250
202</body> 251</body>
203</subsection> 252</subsection>
204<subsection> 253<subsection>
205<title>Configuring your Network</title> 254<title>Configuring your Network</title>
206<body> 255<body>
207 256
208<p> 257<p>
209Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 258Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
210that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 259that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
211just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 260just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
212your Gentoo system permanently. 261your Gentoo system permanently.
213</p> 262</p>
214 263
264<note>
265More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
266bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
267link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
268</note>
269
215<p> 270<p>
216All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 271All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
217a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 272a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
218networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 273networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
219</p> 274commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
220 275<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
221<p> 276</p>
277
278<p>
279DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
280client. This is described later in <uri
281link="?part=1&amp;chap=9#networking-tools">Installing Necessary System
282Tools</uri>. Do not forget to install a DHCP client.
283</p>
284
285<p>
286If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
287specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
222First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 288<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
223is used in this example): 289this example):
224</p> 290</p>
225 291
226<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 292<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
227# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 293# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
228</pre> 294</pre>
229 295
230<p> 296<p>
231The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 297You will see the following file:
232syntax:
233</p>
234
235<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
236iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
237</pre>
238
239<p> 298</p>
240If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 299
241to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 300<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
242not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 301# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
243link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 302# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
244Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 303# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
304# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
305</pre>
306
245</p> 307<p>
246 308To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
309to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
247<p> 310</p>
248So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 311
249(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 312<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
250192.168.0.1: 313config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
314routes_eth0=( "default via 192.168.0.1" )
315</pre>
316
251</p> 317<p>
252 318To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
253<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
254<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
255iface_eth0="dhcp"
256
257<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
258iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
259gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
260</pre>
261
262<p> 319</p>
263If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 320
264like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 321<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
265shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 322config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
323</pre>
324
325<p>
326Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
327options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if you need to set
328specific DHCP options.
329</p>
330
331<p>
332If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
333<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
266</p> 334</p>
267 335
268<p> 336<p>
269Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 337Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
270</p> 338</p>
274<subsection> 342<subsection>
275<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 343<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
276<body> 344<body>
277 345
278<p> 346<p>
279To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 347To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
280default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 348default runlevel.
281the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
282</p> 349</p>
283 350
284<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 351<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
352# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
353# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth0</i>
285# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 354# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
286</pre> 355</pre>
287 356
288<p> 357<p>
289If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate 358If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate
290<path>net.eth1</path>, <path>net.eth2</path> etc. initscripts for those. You can 359<path>net.eth1</path>, <path>net.eth2</path> etc. just like you did with
291use <c>ln</c> to do this: 360<path>net.eth0</path>.
292</p>
293
294<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts">
295# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
296# <i>ln -s net.eth0 net.eth1</i>
297# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i>
298</pre> 361</p>
299 362
300</body> 363</body>
301</subsection> 364</subsection>
302<subsection> 365<subsection>
303<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 366<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
304<body> 367<body>
305 368
306<p> 369<p>
307You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 370You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
308<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 371<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving host names to IP addresses for
309for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 372hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. You need to define your system.
310internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 373You may also want to define other systems on your network if you don't want to
311<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 374set up your own internal DNS system.
312open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
313</p> 375</p>
314 376
315<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 377<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
316# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 378# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
317</pre> 379</pre>
318 380
319<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 381<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
320127.0.0.1 localhost tux 382<comment>(This defines the current system)</comment>
321192.168.0.5 jenny 383127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
322192.168.0.56 benny
323</pre>
324 384
325<p> 385<comment>(Define extra systems on your network,
326If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 386they need to have a static IP to be defined this way.)</comment>
327resolution) a single line is sufficient: 387192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
328</p> 388192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
329
330<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
331127.0.0.1 localhost tux
332</pre> 389</pre>
333 390
334<p> 391<p>
335Save and exit the editor to continue. 392Save and exit the editor to continue.
336</p> 393</p>
337 394
338<p> 395<p test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
339If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 396If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
340link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 397link="#sysinfo">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
341following topic on PCMCIA. 398following topic on PCMCIA.
342</p> 399</p>
343 400
344</body> 401</body>
345</subsection> 402</subsection>
346<subsection> 403<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
347<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 404<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
348<body> 405<body>
349 406
350<p> 407<p>
351PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 408PCMCIA users should first install the <c>pcmciautils</c> package.
352</p> 409</p>
353 410
354<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 411<pre caption="Installing pcmciautils">
355# <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> 412# <i>emerge pcmciautils</i>
356</pre>
357
358<p>
359When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e>
360runlevel:
361</p>
362
363<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
364# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
365</pre> 413</pre>
366 414
367</body> 415</body>
368</subsection> 416</subsection>
369</section> 417</section>
418
419<section id="sysinfo">
420<title>System Information</title>
370<section> 421<subsection>
422<title>Root Password</title>
423<body>
424
425<p>
426First we set the root password by typing:
427</p>
428
429<pre caption="Setting the root password">
430# <i>passwd</i>
431</pre>
432
433</body>
434</subsection>
435<subsection>
371<title>System Information</title> 436<title>System Information</title>
372<body> 437<body>
373 438
374<p> 439<p>
375Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 440Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
379<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 444<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
380# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 445# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
381</pre> 446</pre>
382 447
383<p> 448<p>
449When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
450</p>
451
452<p>
384As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 453As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
385configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 454configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
386<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 455define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
456</p>
457
387</p> 458<p>
459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
460Edit it to configure your keyboard.
461</p>
388 462
463<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
464# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
465</pre>
466
467<p>
468Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
469<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
470</p>
471
472<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
473PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
474</note>
475
476<p>
477When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
478exit.
479</p>
480
481<p>
482Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
483according to your needs.
484</p>
485
486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
488</pre>
489
490<p>
491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
493</p>
494
495<p>
496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
501</p>
502
503<p>
504When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
505exit.
506</p>
507
508<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
509Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
510Tools</uri>.
511</p>
512
513</body>
514</subsection>
515<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
516<title>Configuring the Console</title>
389</body> 517<body>
518
519<p>
520If you are using a virtual console, you must uncomment the appropriate line in
521<path>/etc/inittab</path> for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
522</p>
523
524<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
525hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
526hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
527</pre>
528
529<p>
530You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
531listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
532</p>
533
534<p>
535You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
536System Tools</uri>.
537</p>
538
539</body>
540</subsection>
390</section> 541</section>
391</sections> 542</sections>

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