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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.103 2011/08/02 17:43:17 jkt Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.108 2011/10/30 11:56:08 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>10</version> 17<version>15</version>
18<date>2011-08-02</date> 18<date>2011-10-30</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
204</p> 204</p>
205 205
206<pre caption="Setting the host name"> 206<pre caption="Setting the host name">
207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
208 208
209<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment> 209<comment>(Set the hostname variable to your host name)</comment>
210HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>" 210hostname="<i>tux</i>"
211</pre> 211</pre>
212 212
213<p> 213<p>
214Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. 214Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
215You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you 215You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>" 242nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
243</pre> 243</pre>
244 244
245<note> 245<note>
246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 246For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
247provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge 247provided in <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> which
248can be read using <c>bzless</c>. Also, you may want to emerge <c>openresolv</c>
248<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup. 249to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
249</note> 250</note>
250 251
251</body> 252</body>
252</subsection> 253</subsection>
253<subsection> 254<subsection>
270<p> 271<p>
271All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 272All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
272a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 273a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
273networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully 274networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
274commented example that covers many different configurations is available in 275commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
275<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. 276<path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path>.
276</p> 277</p>
277 278
278<p> 279<p>
279DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP 280DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
280client. This is described later in <uri 281client. This is described later in <uri
298</p> 299</p>
299 300
300<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net"> 301<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
301# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.* 302# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
302# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration, 303# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
303# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration 304# please review /usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2 and save
304# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!). 305# your configuration in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
305</pre> 306</pre>
306 307
307<p> 308<p>
308To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 309To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
309to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 310to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
310</p> 311</p>
311 312
312<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 313<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
313config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" ) 314config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255"
314routes_eth0=( "default via 192.168.0.1" ) 315routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1"
315</pre> 316</pre>
316 317
317<p> 318<p>
318To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>: 319To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
319</p> 320</p>
320 321
321<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0"> 322<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
322config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 323config_eth0="dhcp"
323</pre> 324</pre>
324 325
325<p> 326<p>
326Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available 327Please read <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> for a
327options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if you need to set 328list of all available options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if
328specific DHCP options. 329you need to set specific DHCP options.
329</p> 330</p>
330 331
331<p> 332<p>
332If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 333If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
333<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 334<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
463<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps"> 464<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
464# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i> 465# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
465</pre> 466</pre>
466 467
467<p> 468<p>
468Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong 469Take special care with the <c>keymap</c> variable. If you select the wrong
469<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 470<c>keymap</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
470</p> 471</p>
471 472
472<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 473<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
473PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. 474PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
474</note> 475</note>
477When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and 478When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
478exit. 479exit.
479</p> 480</p>
480 481
481<p> 482<p>
482Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it 483Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
483according to your needs. 484according to your needs.
484</p> 485</p>
485 486
486<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock"> 487<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
487# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i> 488# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
488</pre> 489</pre>
489 490
490<p> 491<p>
491If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 492If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>clock="local"</c>
492to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 493to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
493</p> 494</p>
494 495
495<p> 496<p>
497When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
498exit.
499</p>
500
501<p>
496You should define the timezone that you previously copied to 502You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
497<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the 503<path>/etc/localtime</path> in the <path>/etc/timezone</path> file so that
498<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path> 504further upgrades of the <c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update
499automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add 505<path>/etc/localtime</path> automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT
500<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c> 506timezone, you would write <c>GMT</c> in the <path>/etc/timezone</path> file.
501</p>
502
503<p>
504When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
505exit.
506</p> 507</p>
507 508
508<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 509<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
509Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System 510Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
510Tools</uri>. 511Tools</uri>.

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