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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.20 2004/01/19 18:48:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.83 2006/09/08 10:53:26 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>7.2</version>
12<date>2006-09-08</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
18<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions
19(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
20(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
21etc.). 25them or not, etc.)
22</p> 26</p>
23 27
24</body> 28</body>
25</subsection> 29</subsection>
26<subsection> 30<subsection>
37<li> 41<li>
38 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device 42 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device
39 file) 43 file)
40</li> 44</li>
41<li> 45<li>
42 The second field shows the <b>mountpoint</b> at which the partition should be 46 The second field shows the <b>mount point</b> at which the partition should be
43 mounted 47 mounted
44</li> 48</li>
45<li> 49<li>
46 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 50 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
47</li> 51</li>
48<li> 52<li>
49 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 53 The fourth field shows the <b>mount options</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
50 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 54 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mount options,
51 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 55 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
52 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated. 56 listing. Multiple mount options are comma-separated.
53</li> 57</li>
54<li> 58<li>
55 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 59 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
56 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 60 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
57</li> 61</li>
58<li> 62<li>
59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which 63 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. 64 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> 65 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary). 66 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
63</li> 67</li>
64</ul> 68</ul>
65 69
66<p> 70<impo>
67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 71The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
68<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 72fstab file</e>, You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
69</p> 73</impo>
70 74
71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 75<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 76# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
73</pre> 77</pre>
74 78
79</body>
80<body test="func:keyval('/boot')">
81
75<p> 82<p>
76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 83Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 84partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 85<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
79</p>
80
81<p> 86</p>
87
88<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/hd')">
82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 89In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 90usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition (or
84be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 91<path>/dev/sda*</path> if you use SCSI or SATA drives), with <c>ext2</c> as
85would write down: 92filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
93</p>
94
95<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/sd')">
96In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
97usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
98filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
86</p> 99</p>
87 100
88<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 101<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 102<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
90</pre> 103</pre>
91 104
92<p>
93Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
94option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
95aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
96</p> 105<p>
97 106Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
98<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 107automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
99/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 108substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
100</pre> 109manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
101
102<p> 110</p>
103If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 111
104<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 112</body>
113<body>
114
115<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')">
116Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
117<path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if
118you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
119</p>
120
121<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
122Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for
123<path>/proc/openprom</path>, <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> , for your CD-ROM
124drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
125</p>
126
105</p> 127<p>
128Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
129</p>
106 130
107<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 131<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
108/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 132<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
109/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 133/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
110/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 134/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
111</pre>
112 135
113<p>
114To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>
115(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
116partitions or drives, for those too):
117</p>
118
119<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example">
120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
121/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
122/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
123
124none /proc proc defaults 0 0 136none /proc proc defaults 0 0
125none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 137none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
126 138
139/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
140</pre>
141
142<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
143<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
144/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
145/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
146
147none /proc proc defaults 0 0
148none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
149
150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
151</pre>
152
153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'">
154<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
155/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
156/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
157
158none /proc proc defaults 0 0
159none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
160
161/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
162</pre>
163
164<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
165/dev/sda1 / ext3 noatime 0 1
166/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
167/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
168/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
169/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
170
171none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
172none /proc proc defaults 0 0
173none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
174
127/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 175/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
176</pre>
177
178<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
179There are important variations between PPC machine types. Please make sure you
180adapt the following example to your system.
181</note>
182
183<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
184/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
185/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0
186
187none /proc proc defaults 0 0
188none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
189
190/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
191</pre>
192
193<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
194/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
195/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
196
197none /proc proc defaults 0 0
198none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
199
200/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
128</pre> 201</pre>
129 202
130<p> 203<p>
131<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for 204<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for
132removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and 205removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and
133<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 206<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
134</p> 207</p>
135 208
136<p> 209<p>
137Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 210To improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
138SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 211mount option, which results in a faster system since access times
139too: 212aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway).
140</p>
141
142<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
143none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
144</pre>
145
146<p> 213</p>
147If you need <c>usbfs</c>, add the following line to <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 214
148</p> 215<p>
149
150<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
151none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
152</pre>
153
154<p>
155Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 216Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
156</p> 217</p>
157 218
158</body> 219</body>
159</subsection> 220</subsection>
160</section> 221</section>
161<section> 222<section>
162<title>Networking Information</title> 223<title>Networking Information</title>
163<subsection> 224<subsection>
164<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 225<title>Host name</title>
165<body> 226<body>
166 227
167<p> 228<p>
168One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 229One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
169easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 230quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
170name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 231appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
171be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 232choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
172<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 233<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
173</p> 234</p>
174 235
175<p>
176We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
177</p>
178
179<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 236<pre caption="Setting the host name">
180# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 237# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
181</pre>
182 238
183<p> 239<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment>
184Second we set the domainname: 240HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
185</p>
186
187<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
188# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
189</pre>
190
191<p>
192If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
193one), you need to define that one too:
194</p>
195
196<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
197# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i>
198</pre>
199
200<p>
201Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
202</p>
203
204<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
205# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
206</pre> 241</pre>
207 242
208</body> 243</body>
209</subsection> 244</subsection>
210<subsection> 245<subsection>
211<title>Configuring your Network</title> 246<title>Configuring your Network</title>
212<body> 247<body>
213 248
214<p> 249<p>
215Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 250Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
216that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 251that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
217just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 252just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
218your Gentoo system permanently. 253your Gentoo system permanently.
219</p> 254</p>
220 255
256<note>
257More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
258bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
259link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
260</note>
261
221<p> 262<p>
222All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 263All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
223a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 264a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
224networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 265networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
225</p> 266commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
226 267<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
227<p> 268</p>
269
270<p>
271DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
272client. This is described later in <uri
273link="?part=1&amp;chap=9#networking-tools">Installing Necessary System
274Tools</uri>. Do not forget to install a DHCP client.
275</p>
276
277<p>
278If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
279specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
228First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 280<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
229is used in this example): 281this example):
230</p> 282</p>
231 283
232<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 284<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
233# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 285# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
234</pre> 286</pre>
235 287
236<p> 288<p>
237The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 289You will see the following file:
238syntax:
239</p>
240
241<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
242iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
243</pre>
244
245<p> 290</p>
246If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 291
247to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 292<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
248not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 293# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
249link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 294# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
250Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 295# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
296# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
297</pre>
298
251</p> 299<p>
252 300To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
301to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
253<p> 302</p>
254So let us give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 303
255(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 304<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
256192.168.0.1: 305config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
306routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
307</pre>
308
257</p> 309<p>
258 310To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
259<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 311<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
260<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
261iface_eth0="dhcp"
262
263<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
264iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
265gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
266</pre>
267
268<p> 312</p>
269If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 313
270like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 314<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
271shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 315config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
316dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
317</pre>
318
319<p>
320Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
321options.
322</p>
323
324<p>
325If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
326<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
272</p> 327</p>
273 328
274<p> 329<p>
275Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 330Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
276</p> 331</p>
280<subsection> 335<subsection>
281<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 336<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
282<body> 337<body>
283 338
284<p> 339<p>
285To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 340To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
286default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 341default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as
287the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script. 342the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
288</p> 343</p>
289 344
290<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 345<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
297use <c>ln</c> to do this: 352use <c>ln</c> to do this:
298</p> 353</p>
299 354
300<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts"> 355<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts">
301# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i> 356# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
302# <i>ln -s net.eth0 net.eth1</i> 357# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth1</i>
303# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i> 358# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i>
304</pre> 359</pre>
305 360
306</body> 361</body>
307</subsection> 362</subsection>
309<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 364<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
310<body> 365<body>
311 366
312<p> 367<p>
313You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 368You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
314<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 369<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving host names to IP addresses for
315for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 370hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. You need to define your system.
316internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 371You may also want to define other systems on your network if you don't want to
317<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (192.168.0.7 - this system) you would 372set up your own internal DNS system.
318open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
319</p> 373</p>
320 374
321<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 375<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
322# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 376# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
323</pre> 377</pre>
324 378
325<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 379<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
326127.0.0.1 localhost 380<comment>(This defines the current system)</comment>
327192.168.0.5 jenny 381127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
328192.168.0.6 benny
329192.168.0.7 tux
330</pre>
331 382
332<p> 383<comment>(Define extra systems on your network,
333If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 384they need to have a static IP to be defined this way.)</comment>
334resolution) a single line is sufficient: 385192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
335</p> 386192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
336
337<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
338127.0.0.1 localhost tux
339</pre> 387</pre>
340 388
341<p> 389<p>
342Save and exit the editor to continue. 390Save and exit the editor to continue.
343</p> 391</p>
344 392
345<p> 393<p test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
346If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 394If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
347link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 395link="#sysinfo">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
348following topic on PCMCIA. 396following topic on PCMCIA.
349</p> 397</p>
350 398
351</body> 399</body>
352</subsection> 400</subsection>
353<subsection> 401<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
354<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 402<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
355<body> 403<body>
356 404
357<p> 405<p>
358PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 406PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also
407includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
408using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
409to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
359</p> 410</p>
360 411
361<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 412<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
362# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 413# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
363</pre> 414</pre>
364 415
365<p> 416<p>
366When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e> 417When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
367runlevel: 418runlevel:
372</pre> 423</pre>
373 424
374</body> 425</body>
375</subsection> 426</subsection>
376</section> 427</section>
428
429<section id="sysinfo">
430<title>System Information</title>
377<section> 431<subsection>
432<title>Root Password</title>
433<body>
434
435<p>
436First we set the root password by typing:
437</p>
438
439<pre caption="Setting the root password">
440# <i>passwd</i>
441</pre>
442
443<p>
444If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
445<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
446</p>
447
448<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
449# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
450</pre>
451
452</body>
453</subsection>
454<subsection>
378<title>System Information</title> 455<title>System Information</title>
379<body> 456<body>
380 457
381<p> 458<p>
382Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 459Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
386<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 463<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
387# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 464# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
388</pre> 465</pre>
389 466
390<p> 467<p>
468When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
469</p>
470
471<p>
391As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 472As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
392configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 473configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
393you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 474define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
394your keyboard. 475</p>
476
395</p> 477<p>
478Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
479Edit it to configure your keyboard.
480</p>
396 481
397<note> 482<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
483# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
484</pre>
485
486<p>
487Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
488<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
489</p>
490
491<note test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
398Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 492Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
399keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 493keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
400</note> 494</note>
401 495
402<p> 496<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
403When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 497PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB
404continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 498keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to
499set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
500</note>
501
405</p> 502<p>
503When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
504exit.
505</p>
406 506
507<p>
508Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
509according to your needs.
510</p>
511
512<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
513# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
514</pre>
515
516<p>
517If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
518to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
519</p>
520
521<p>
522When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
523exit.
524</p>
525
526<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
527Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
528Tools</uri>.
529</p>
530
531</body>
532</subsection>
533<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
534<title>Configuring the Console</title>
407</body> 535<body>
536
537<p>
538If you are using a virtual console, you must uncomment the appropriate line in
539<path>/etc/inittab</path> for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
540</p>
541
542<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
543hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
544hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
545</pre>
546
547<p>
548You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
549listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
550</p>
551
552<p>
553You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
554System Tools</uri>.
555</p>
556
557</body>
558</subsection>
408</section> 559</section>
409</sections> 560</sections>

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