/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.11 Revision 1.23
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
1<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
2<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
3 6
4<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.11 2003/11/24 05:23:11 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.23 2004/02/08 09:54:39 swift Exp $ -->
5 8
6<sections> 9<sections>
7<section>
8<title>Timezone</title>
9<body>
10
11<p>
12You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is
13located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
14symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
15</p>
16
17<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
18# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
19<comment>(Suppose you want to use GMT:)</comment>
20# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
21</pre>
22
23</body>
24</section>
25<section> 10<section>
26<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
27<subsection> 12<subsection>
28<title>What is fstab?</title> 13<title>What is fstab?</title>
29<body> 14<body>
41<subsection> 26<subsection>
42<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 27<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
43<body> 28<body>
44 29
45<p> 30<p>
46<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 31<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
47fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 32fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
48its own meaning: 33its own meaning:
49</p> 34</p>
50 35
51<ul> 36<ul>
69<li> 54<li>
70 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 55 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
71 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 56 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
72</li> 57</li>
73<li> 58<li>
74 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
75 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
76 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
77 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary).
78</li> 63</li>
79</ul> 64</ul>
80 65
81<p> 66<p>
82So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
86<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
87# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
88</pre> 73</pre>
89 74
90<p> 75<p>
91Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
92partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
93<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim.
94</p> 79</p>
95 80
96<p> 81<p>
210 195
211<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 196<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
212# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 197# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i>
213</pre> 198</pre>
214 199
200<p>
201Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
202</p>
203
204<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
205# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
206</pre>
207
215</body> 208</body>
216</subsection> 209</subsection>
217<subsection> 210<subsection>
218<title>Configuring your Network</title> 211<title>Configuring your Network</title>
219<body> 212<body>
249iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>" 242iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
250</pre> 243</pre>
251 244
252<p> 245<p>
253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 246If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
247to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
254to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 248If you need to setup your network manually and you're
255not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 249not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
256link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 250link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network
257Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 251Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
258</p> 252</p>
259 253
260<p> 254<p>
261So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 255So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
262(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 256IP (192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and
263192.168.0.1: 257gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
258rp-pppoe usage:
264</p> 259</p>
265 260
266<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 261<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
267<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment> 262<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
268iface_eth0="dhcp" 263iface_eth0="dhcp"
269 264
270<comment>(For static IP:)</comment> 265<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
271iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 266iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
272gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 267gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
268
269<comment>(For rp-pppoe:)</comment>
270iface_eth0="up"
273</pre> 271</pre>
274 272
275<p> 273<p>
276If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
277like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 275like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable
319<p> 317<p>
320You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 318You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
321<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 319<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses
322for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 320for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your
323internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 321internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5),
324<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 322<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (192.168.0.7 - this system) you would
325open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values: 323open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
326</p> 324</p>
327 325
328<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 326<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
329# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 327# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
330</pre> 328</pre>
331 329
332<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 330<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
333127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork localhost 331127.0.0.1 localhost
334192.168.0.5 jenny 332192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
335192.168.0.56 benny 333192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
334192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
336</pre> 335</pre>
337 336
338<p> 337<p>
339If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 338If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
340resolution) a single line is sufficient: 339resolution) a single line is sufficient:
348Save and exit the editor to continue. 347Save and exit the editor to continue.
349</p> 348</p>
350 349
351<p> 350<p>
352If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 351If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
353link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 352link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
354following topic on PCMCIA. 353following topic on PCMCIA.
355</p> 354</p>
356 355
357</body> 356</body>
358</subsection> 357</subsection>
367<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 366<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
368# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 367# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i>
369</pre> 368</pre>
370 369
371<p> 370<p>
372When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e> 371When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
373runlevel: 372runlevel:
374</p> 373</p>
375 374
376<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel"> 375<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
377# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i> 376# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
378</pre> 377</pre>
379 378
380</body> 379</body>
381</subsection> 380</subsection>
382</section> 381</section>
393# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 392# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
394</pre> 393</pre>
395 394
396<p> 395<p>
397As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 396As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
398configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 397configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if
399<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 398you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
399your keyboard.
400</p>
401
402<note>
403Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
404keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
405</note>
406
407<p>
408When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
409continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
400</p> 410</p>
401 411
402</body> 412</body>
403</section> 413</section>
404</sections> 414</sections>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.11  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.23

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20