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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
1<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
2<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
3 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.23 2004/02/08 09:54:39 swift Exp $ -->
8
4<sections> 9<sections>
5<section>
6<title>Timezone</title>
7<body>
8
9<p>
10You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is
11located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
12symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
13</p>
14
15<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
16# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
17<comment>(Suppose you want to use GTM:)</comment>
18# <i>ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
19</pre>
20
21</body>
22</section>
23<section> 10<section>
24<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
25<subsection> 12<subsection>
26<title>What is fstab?</title> 13<title>What is fstab?</title>
27<body> 14<body>
39<subsection> 26<subsection>
40<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 27<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
41<body> 28<body>
42 29
43<p> 30<p>
44<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 31<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
45fields, seperated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 32fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
46its own meaning: 33its own meaning:
47</p> 34</p>
48 35
49<ul> 36<ul>
50<li> 37<li>
60</li> 47</li>
61<li> 48<li>
62 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 49 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
63 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 50 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions,
64 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 51 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
65 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-seperated. 52 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated.
66</li> 53</li>
67<li> 54<li>
68 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 55 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
69 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 56 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
70</li> 57</li>
71<li> 58<li>
72 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
73 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
74 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
75 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary).
76</li> 63</li>
77</ul> 64</ul>
78 65
79<p> 66<p>
80So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
84<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
85# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
86</pre> 73</pre>
87 74
88<p> 75<p>
89Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
90partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
91<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim.
92</p> 79</p>
93 80
94<p> 81<p>
123/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 110/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
124</pre> 111</pre>
125 112
126<p> 113<p>
127To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> 114To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>
128(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and ofcourse, if you have other 115(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
129partitions or drives, for those too): 116partitions or drives, for those too):
130</p> 117</p>
131 118
132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 119<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example">
133/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
208 195
209<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 196<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
210# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 197# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i>
211</pre> 198</pre>
212 199
200<p>
201Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
202</p>
203
204<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
205# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
206</pre>
207
213</body> 208</body>
214</subsection> 209</subsection>
215<subsection> 210<subsection>
216<title>Configuring your Network</title> 211<title>Configuring your Network</title>
217<body> 212<body>
247iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>" 242iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
248</pre> 243</pre>
249 244
250<p> 245<p>
251If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 246If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
247to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
252to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 248If you need to setup your network manually and you're
253not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 249not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
254link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 250link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network
255Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 251Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
256</p> 252</p>
257 253
258<p> 254<p>
259So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 255So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
260(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 256IP (192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and
261192.168.0.1: 257gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
258rp-pppoe usage:
262</p> 259</p>
263 260
264<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 261<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
265<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment> 262<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
266iface_eth0="dhcp" 263iface_eth0="dhcp"
267 264
268<comment>(For static IP:)</comment> 265<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
269iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 266iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
270gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 267gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
268
269<comment>(For rp-pppoe:)</comment>
270iface_eth0="up"
271</pre> 271</pre>
272 272
273<p> 273<p>
274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
275like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 275like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable
317<p> 317<p>
318You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 318You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
319<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 319<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses
320for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 320for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your
321internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 321internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5),
322<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 322<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (192.168.0.7 - this system) you would
323open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values: 323open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
324</p> 324</p>
325 325
326<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 326<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
327# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 327# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
328</pre> 328</pre>
329 329
330<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 330<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
331127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork localhost 331127.0.0.1 localhost
332192.168.0.5 jenny 332192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
333192.168.0.56 benny 333192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
334192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
334</pre> 335</pre>
335 336
336<p> 337<p>
337If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 338If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
338resolution) a single line is sufficient: 339resolution) a single line is sufficient:
346Save and exit the editor to continue. 347Save and exit the editor to continue.
347</p> 348</p>
348 349
349<p> 350<p>
350If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 351If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
351link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 352link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
352following topic on PCMCIA. 353following topic on PCMCIA.
353</p> 354</p>
354 355
355</body> 356</body>
356</subsection> 357</subsection>
361<p> 362<p>
362PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 363PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package:
363</p> 364</p>
364 365
365<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 366<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
366# <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> 367# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i>
367</pre> 368</pre>
368 369
369<p> 370<p>
370When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e> 371When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
371runlevel: 372runlevel:
372</p> 373</p>
373 374
374<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel"> 375<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
375# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i> 376# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
376</pre> 377</pre>
377 378
378</body> 379</body>
379</subsection> 380</subsection>
380</section> 381</section>
391# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 392# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
392</pre> 393</pre>
393 394
394<p> 395<p>
395As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 396As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
396configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 397configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if
397<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 398you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
399your keyboard.
400</p>
401
402<note>
403Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
404keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
405</note>
406
407<p>
408When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
409continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
398</p> 410</p>
399 411
400</body> 412</body>
401</section> 413</section>
402</sections> 414</sections>

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