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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.30 2004/03/21 10:21:35 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.75 2006/02/27 00:55:34 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.17</version>
12<date>2006-02-27</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
18<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions
19(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
20(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
21etc.). 25them or not, etc.)
22</p> 26</p>
23 27
24</body> 28</body>
25</subsection> 29</subsection>
26<subsection> 30<subsection>
46 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 50 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
47</li> 51</li>
48<li> 52<li>
49 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 53 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
50 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 54 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions,
51 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 55 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
52 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated. 56 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated.
53</li> 57</li>
54<li> 58<li>
55 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 59 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
56 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 60 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
57</li> 61</li>
58<li> 62<li>
59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which 63 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. 64 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> 65 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary). 66 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
63</li> 67</li>
64</ul> 68</ul>
65 69
66<p> 70<p>
71The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is no valid fstab
67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 72file</e>, so start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
68<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 73<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
69</p> 74</p>
70 75
71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 76<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 77# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
73</pre> 78</pre>
74 79
75<p> 80<p>
76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 81Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 82partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as PPC), don't copy it verbatim. 83<path>/boot</path> partition (such as Apple <b>PPC</b> machines), don't copy it
84verbatim.
79</p> 85</p>
80 86
81<p> 87<p>
82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 88In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 89<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
84be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 90It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
85would write down:
86</p> 91</p>
87 92
88<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 93<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 94/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
95</pre>
96
97<p>
98Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
99automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
100substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
101manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
90</pre> 102</p>
91 103
92<p> 104<p>
93Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 105Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
94option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 106option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
95aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 107aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
96</p> 108</p>
97 109
98<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 110<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
99/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 111/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
100</pre> 112</pre>
101 113
102<p> 114<p>
103If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 115If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
104<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 116<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
105</p> 117</p>
106 118
107<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 119<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
108/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
109/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 121/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
110/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 122/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
111</pre> 123</pre>
112 124
113<p> 125<p>
115(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other 127(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
116partitions or drives, for those too): 128partitions or drives, for those too):
117</p> 129</p>
118 130
119<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 131<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example">
120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 132/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
121/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 133/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
122/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 134/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
123 135
124none /proc proc defaults 0 0 136none /proc proc defaults 0 0
125none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 137none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
126 138
127/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 139/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
128</pre> 140</pre>
129 141
130<p> 142<p>
133<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 145<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
134</p> 146</p>
135 147
136<p> 148<p>
137Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 149Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
138SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 150<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
151<path>/etc/fstab</path>
139too: 152too:
140</p> 153</p>
141 154
142<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 155<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
143none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 156none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
144</pre> 157</pre>
145 158
146<p> 159<p>
147If you need <c>usbfs</c>, add the following line to <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
148</p>
149
150<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
151none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
152</pre>
153
154<p>
155Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 160Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
156</p> 161</p>
157 162
158</body> 163</body>
159</subsection> 164</subsection>
160</section> 165</section>
163<subsection> 168<subsection>
164<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 169<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
165<body> 170<body>
166 171
167<p> 172<p>
168One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 173One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
169easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 174quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
170name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 175appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
171be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 176choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
172<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 177<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
173</p> 178</p>
174 179
175<p> 180<p>
176We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 181We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
177</p> 182</p>
178 183
179<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 184<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
180# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 185# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
186
187<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
188HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
181</pre> 189</pre>
182 190
183<p> 191<p>
184Second we set the domainname: 192Second we set the domainname:
185</p> 193</p>
186 194
187<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 195<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
188# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 196# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
197
198<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
199DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
189</pre> 200</pre>
190 201
191<p> 202<p>
192If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 203If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
193one), you need to define that one too: 204one), you need to define that one too:
194</p> 205</p>
195 206
196<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 207<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
197# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 208# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
209
210<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
211NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
198</pre> 212</pre>
199 213
200<p> 214<p>
201Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 215Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
202</p> 216</p>
211<title>Configuring your Network</title> 225<title>Configuring your Network</title>
212<body> 226<body>
213 227
214<p> 228<p>
215Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 229Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
216that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 230that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
217just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 231just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
218your Gentoo system permanently. 232your Gentoo system permanently.
219</p> 233</p>
220 234
235<note>
236More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
237bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
238link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
239</note>
240
221<p> 241<p>
222All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 242All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
223a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 243a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
224networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 244networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
225</p> 245commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
226 246<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
227<p> 247</p>
248
249<p>
250DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
251</p>
252
253<p>
254If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
255specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
228First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 256<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
229is used in this example): 257this example):
230</p> 258</p>
231 259
232<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 260<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
233# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 261# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
234</pre> 262</pre>
235 263
236<p> 264<p>
237The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 265You will see the following file:
238syntax:
239</p>
240
241<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
242iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
243</pre>
244
245<p> 266</p>
246If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 267
247to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>. 268<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
248If you need to setup your network manually and you're 269# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
249not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 270# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
250link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 271# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
251Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 272# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
273</pre>
274
252</p> 275<p>
253 276To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
277to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
254<p> 278</p>
255So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static 279
256IP (192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and 280<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
257gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for 281config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
258rp-pppoe usage: 282routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
283</pre>
284
259</p> 285<p>
260 286To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
261<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 287<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
262<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
263iface_eth0="dhcp"
264
265<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
266iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
267gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
268
269<comment>(For rp-pppoe)</comment>
270iface_eth0="up"
271</pre>
272
273<p> 288</p>
274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 289
275like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 290<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
276shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 291config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
292dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
293</pre>
294
295<p>
296Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
297options.
298</p>
299
300<p>
301If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
302<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
277</p> 303</p>
278 304
279<p> 305<p>
280Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 306Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
281</p> 307</p>
285<subsection> 311<subsection>
286<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 312<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
287<body> 313<body>
288 314
289<p> 315<p>
290To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 316To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
291default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 317default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as
292the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script. 318the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
293</p> 319</p>
294 320
295<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 321<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
334192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 360192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
335</pre> 361</pre>
336 362
337<p> 363<p>
338If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 364If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
339resolution) a single line is sufficient: 365resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
366system <c>tux</c>:
340</p> 367</p>
341 368
342<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 369<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
343127.0.0.1 localhost 370127.0.0.1 localhost tux
344</pre> 371</pre>
345 372
346<p> 373<p>
347Save and exit the editor to continue. 374Save and exit the editor to continue.
348</p> 375</p>
357</subsection> 384</subsection>
358<subsection> 385<subsection>
359<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 386<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
360<body> 387<body>
361 388
389<note>
390pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
391</note>
392
362<p> 393<p>
363PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The 394PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also
364<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment: 395includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
396using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
397to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
365</p> 398</p>
366 399
367<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 400<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
368# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 401# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
369</pre> 402</pre>
380</body> 413</body>
381</subsection> 414</subsection>
382</section> 415</section>
383<section> 416<section>
384<title>System Information</title> 417<title>System Information</title>
418<subsection>
419<title>Root Password</title>
420<body>
421
422<p>
423First we set the root password by typing:
424</p>
425
426<pre caption="Setting the root password">
427# <i>passwd</i>
428</pre>
429
430<p>
431If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
432<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
433</p>
434
435<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
436# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
437</pre>
438
439</body>
440</subsection>
441<subsection>
442<title>System Information</title>
385<body> 443<body>
386 444
387<p> 445<p>
388Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 446Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
389Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 447Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :)
392<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 450<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
393# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 451# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
394</pre> 452</pre>
395 453
396<p> 454<p>
455When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
456</p>
457
458<p>
397As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 459As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
398configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 460configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
399you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 461define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
400your keyboard. 462</p>
463
464<p>
465Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
466Edit it to configure your keyboard.
467</p>
468
469<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
470# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
471</pre>
472
473<p>
474Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
475<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
401</p> 476</p>
402 477
403<note> 478<note>
404Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 479Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
405keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 480select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
481keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
482have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
483keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
406</note> 484</note>
407 485
408<p> 486<p>
409PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB 487When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
410keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to 488exit.
411set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
412</p>
413
414<p> 489</p>
415When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 490
416continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
417</p> 491<p>
492Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
493according to your needs.
494</p>
418 495
496<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
497# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
498</pre>
499
500<p>
501If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
502the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. Furthermore, Windows
503assumes that your hardware clock uses local time, so if you want to dualboot,
504you should set this variable appropriately, otherwise your clock will go crazy.
505</p>
506
507<p>
508When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
509exit.
510</p>
511
512<p>
513If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
514<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
515</p>
516
517</body>
518</subsection>
519<subsection>
520<title>Configuring the Console</title>
419</body> 521<body>
522
523<note>
524The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
525</note>
526
527<p>
528If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
529you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
530virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
531</p>
532
533<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
534hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
535hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
536</pre>
537
538<p>
539You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
540listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
541</p>
542
543<p>
544You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
545System Tools</uri>.
546</p>
547
548</body>
549</subsection>
420</section> 550</section>
421</sections> 551</sections>

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