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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.19 2004/01/09 20:59:21 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.36 2004/07/09 11:24:20 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section>
11<title>Timezone</title>
12<body>
13
14<p>
15You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is
16located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
17symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
18</p>
19
20<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
21# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
22<comment>(Suppose you want to use GMT:)</comment>
23# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
24</pre>
25
26</body>
27</section>
28<section> 10<section>
29<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
30<subsection> 12<subsection>
31<title>What is fstab?</title> 13<title>What is fstab?</title>
32<body> 14<body>
91</pre> 73</pre>
92 74
93<p> 75<p>
94Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
95partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
96<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim.
97</p> 79</p>
98 80
99<p> 81<p>
100In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
101<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
102be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 84It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
103would write down:
104</p> 85</p>
105 86
106<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 87<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
107/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre>
90
91<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition
95every time you want to use it.
108</pre> 96</p>
109 97
110<p> 98<p>
111Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
112option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
113aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
151<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 139<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
152</p> 140</p>
153 141
154<p> 142<p>
155Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 143Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
156SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 144<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
145<path>/etc/fstab</path>
157too: 146too:
158</p> 147</p>
159 148
160<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 149<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
161none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 150none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
168<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 157<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
169none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0 158none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
170</pre> 159</pre>
171 160
172<p> 161<p>
173Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 162Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
174</p> 163</p>
175 164
176</body> 165</body>
177</subsection> 166</subsection>
178</section> 167</section>
181<subsection> 170<subsection>
182<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 171<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
183<body> 172<body>
184 173
185<p> 174<p>
186One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 175One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
187easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 176quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
188name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 177appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
189be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 178choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
190<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 179<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
191</p> 180</p>
192 181
193<p> 182<p>
194We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 183We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
260iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>" 249iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
261</pre> 250</pre>
262 251
263<p> 252<p>
264If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
254to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
265to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 255If you need to setup your network manually and you're
266not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 256not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
267link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 257link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network
268Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 258Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
269</p> 259</p>
270 260
271<p> 261<p>
272So let us give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 262So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
273(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 263IP (192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and
274192.168.0.1: 264gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
265rp-pppoe usage:
275</p> 266</p>
276 267
277<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
278<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment> 269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
279iface_eth0="dhcp" 270iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment>Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment>hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment>In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment>That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment>If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment>the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
280 279
281<comment>(For static IP:)</comment> 280<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
282iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
283gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
283
284<comment>(For rp-pppoe)</comment>
285iface_eth0="up"
284</pre> 286</pre>
285 287
286<p> 288<p>
287If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 289If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
288like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 290like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable
340# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 342# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
341</pre> 343</pre>
342 344
343<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 345<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
344127.0.0.1 localhost 346127.0.0.1 localhost
345192.168.0.5 jenny 347192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
346192.168.0.6 benny 348192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
347192.168.0.7 tux 349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
348</pre> 350</pre>
349 351
350<p> 352<p>
351If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
352resolution) a single line is sufficient: 354resolution) a single line is sufficient:
353</p> 355</p>
354 356
355<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 357<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
356127.0.0.1 localhost tux 358127.0.0.1 localhost
357</pre> 359</pre>
358 360
359<p> 361<p>
360Save and exit the editor to continue. 362Save and exit the editor to continue.
361</p> 363</p>
362 364
363<p> 365<p>
364If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 366If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
365link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 367link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
366following topic on PCMCIA. 368following topic on PCMCIA.
367</p> 369</p>
368 370
369</body> 371</body>
370</subsection> 372</subsection>
371<subsection> 373<subsection>
372<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 374<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
373<body> 375<body>
374 376
377<note>
378pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
379</note>
380
375<p> 381<p>
376PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 382PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
383<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment:
377</p> 384</p>
378 385
379<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 386<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
380# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 387# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
381</pre> 388</pre>
382 389
383<p> 390<p>
384When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e> 391When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
385runlevel: 392runlevel:
411you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 418you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
412your keyboard. 419your keyboard.
413</p> 420</p>
414 421
415<note> 422<note>
416Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 423Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
417keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 424select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
418</note> 425</note>
426
427<p>
428<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
429ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
430to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
431</p>
419 432
420<p> 433<p>
421When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 434When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
422continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 435continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
423</p> 436</p>

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