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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.23 2004/02/08 09:54:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.36 2004/07/09 11:24:20 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
73</pre> 73</pre>
74 74
75<p> 75<p>
76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim.
79</p> 79</p>
80 80
81<p> 81<p>
82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
84be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 84It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
85would write down:
86</p> 85</p>
87 86
88<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 87<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre>
90
91<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition
95every time you want to use it.
90</pre> 96</p>
91 97
92<p> 98<p>
93Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
94option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
95aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
133<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 139<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
134</p> 140</p>
135 141
136<p> 142<p>
137Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 143Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
138SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 144<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
145<path>/etc/fstab</path>
139too: 146too:
140</p> 147</p>
141 148
142<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 149<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
143none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 150none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
150<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 157<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
151none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0 158none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
152</pre> 159</pre>
153 160
154<p> 161<p>
155Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 162Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
156</p> 163</p>
157 164
158</body> 165</body>
159</subsection> 166</subsection>
160</section> 167</section>
163<subsection> 170<subsection>
164<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 171<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
165<body> 172<body>
166 173
167<p> 174<p>
168One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 175One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
169easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 176quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
170name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 177appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
171be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 178choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
172<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 179<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
173</p> 180</p>
174 181
175<p> 182<p>
176We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 183We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
257gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for 264gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
258rp-pppoe usage: 265rp-pppoe usage:
259</p> 266</p>
260 267
261<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
262<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment> 269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
263iface_eth0="dhcp" 270iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment>Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment>hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment>In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment>That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment>If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment>the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
264 279
265<comment>(For static IP:)</comment> 280<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
266iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
267gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
268 283
269<comment>(For rp-pppoe:)</comment> 284<comment>(For rp-pppoe)</comment>
270iface_eth0="up" 285iface_eth0="up"
271</pre> 286</pre>
272 287
273<p> 288<p>
274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 289If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
338If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
339resolution) a single line is sufficient: 354resolution) a single line is sufficient:
340</p> 355</p>
341 356
342<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 357<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
343127.0.0.1 localhost tux 358127.0.0.1 localhost
344</pre> 359</pre>
345 360
346<p> 361<p>
347Save and exit the editor to continue. 362Save and exit the editor to continue.
348</p> 363</p>
357</subsection> 372</subsection>
358<subsection> 373<subsection>
359<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 374<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
360<body> 375<body>
361 376
377<note>
378pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
379</note>
380
362<p> 381<p>
363PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 382PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
383<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment:
364</p> 384</p>
365 385
366<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 386<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
367# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 387# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
368</pre> 388</pre>
369 389
370<p> 390<p>
371When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e> 391When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
372runlevel: 392runlevel:
398you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 418you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
399your keyboard. 419your keyboard.
400</p> 420</p>
401 421
402<note> 422<note>
403Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 423Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
404keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 424select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
405</note> 425</note>
426
427<p>
428<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
429ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
430to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
431</p>
406 432
407<p> 433<p>
408When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 434When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
409continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 435continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
410</p> 436</p>

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