/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.36 2004/07/09 11:24:20 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.43 2004/08/06 13:10:11 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2 88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre> 89</pre>
90 90
91<p> 91<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted 92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with 93automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition 94substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
95every time you want to use it. 95manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
96</p> 96</p>
97 97
98<p> 98<p>
99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
102</p> 102</p>
103 103
104<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 104<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
105/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 105/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
106</pre> 106</pre>
107 107
108<p> 108<p>
109If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 109If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
110<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 110<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
111</p> 111</p>
112 112
113<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 113<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
114/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 114/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
115/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 115/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
116/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 116/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
117</pre> 117</pre>
118 118
119<p> 119<p>
252<p> 252<p>
253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
254to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>. 254to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
255If you need to setup your network manually and you're 255If you need to setup your network manually and you're
256not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 256not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
257link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 257link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#network_term">Understanding Network
258Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 258Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
259</p> 259</p>
260 260
261<p> 261<p>
262So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static 262So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
266</p> 266</p>
267 267
268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment> 269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
270iface_eth0="dhcp" 270iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment>Some network admins require that you use the</comment> 271<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment>hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment> 272<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment>In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment> 273<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment>That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment> 274<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD" 275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment>If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment> 276<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment>the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment> 277<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N" 278dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
279 279
280<comment>(For static IP)</comment> 280<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
350</pre> 350</pre>
351 351
352<p> 352<p>
353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
354resolution) a single line is sufficient: 354resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
355system <c>tux.homenetwork</c>:
355</p> 356</p>
356 357
357<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 358<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
358127.0.0.1 localhost 359127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
359</pre> 360</pre>
360 361
361<p> 362<p>
362Save and exit the editor to continue. 363Save and exit the editor to continue.
363</p> 364</p>
378pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms. 379pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
379</note> 380</note>
380 381
381<p> 382<p>
382PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The 383PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
383<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment: 384<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
384</p> 385</p>
385 386
386<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 387<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
387# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 388# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
388</pre> 389</pre>
398 399
399</body> 400</body>
400</subsection> 401</subsection>
401</section> 402</section>
402<section> 403<section>
404<title>System Information</title>
405<subsection>
406<title>Root Password</title>
407<body>
408
409<p>
410First we set the root password by typing:
411</p>
412
413<pre caption="Setting the root password">
414# <i>passwd</i>
415</pre>
416
417<p>
418If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
419<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
420</p>
421
422<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
423# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
424</pre>
425
426</body>
427</subsection>
428<subsection>
403<title>System Information</title> 429<title>System Information</title>
404<body> 430<body>
405 431
406<p> 432<p>
407Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 433Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
430to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 456to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
431</p> 457</p>
432 458
433<p> 459<p>
434When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 460When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
435continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 461continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
462Tools</uri>.
436</p> 463</p>
437 464
438</body> 465</body>
466</subsection>
439</section> 467</section>
440</sections> 468</sections>

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