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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.36 2004/07/09 11:24:20 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.44 2004/08/29 11:38:12 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary). 62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary).
63</li> 63</li>
64</ul> 64</ul>
65 65
66<p> 66<p>
67The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is no valid fstab
67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 68file</e>, so start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
68<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 69<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
69</p> 70</p>
70 71
71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 72<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 73# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2 89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre> 90</pre>
90 91
91<p> 92<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted 93Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with 94automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition 95substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
95every time you want to use it. 96manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
96</p> 97</p>
97 98
98<p> 99<p>
99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 100Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 101option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 102aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
102</p> 103</p>
103 104
104<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 105<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
105/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 106/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
106</pre> 107</pre>
107 108
108<p> 109<p>
109If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 110If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
110<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 111<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
111</p> 112</p>
112 113
113<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 114<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
114/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 115/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
115/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 116/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
116/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 117/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
117</pre> 118</pre>
118 119
119<p> 120<p>
252<p> 253<p>
253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 254If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
254to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>. 255to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
255If you need to setup your network manually and you're 256If you need to setup your network manually and you're
256not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 257not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
257link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 258link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#network_term">Understanding Network
258Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 259Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
259</p> 260</p>
260 261
261<p> 262<p>
262So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static 263So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
266</p> 267</p>
267 268
268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 269<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment> 270<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
270iface_eth0="dhcp" 271iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment>Some network admins require that you use the</comment> 272<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment>hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment> 273<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment>In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment> 274<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment>That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment> 275<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD" 276dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment>If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment> 277<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment>the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment> 278<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N" 279dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
279 280
280<comment>(For static IP)</comment> 281<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 282iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 283gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 350192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
350</pre> 351</pre>
351 352
352<p> 353<p>
353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 354If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
354resolution) a single line is sufficient: 355resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
356system <c>tux.homenetwork</c>:
355</p> 357</p>
356 358
357<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 359<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
358127.0.0.1 localhost 360127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
359</pre> 361</pre>
360 362
361<p> 363<p>
362Save and exit the editor to continue. 364Save and exit the editor to continue.
363</p> 365</p>
378pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms. 380pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
379</note> 381</note>
380 382
381<p> 383<p>
382PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The 384PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
383<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment: 385<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
384</p> 386</p>
385 387
386<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 388<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
387# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 389# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
388</pre> 390</pre>
398 400
399</body> 401</body>
400</subsection> 402</subsection>
401</section> 403</section>
402<section> 404<section>
405<title>System Information</title>
406<subsection>
407<title>Root Password</title>
408<body>
409
410<p>
411First we set the root password by typing:
412</p>
413
414<pre caption="Setting the root password">
415# <i>passwd</i>
416</pre>
417
418<p>
419If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
420<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
421</p>
422
423<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
424# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
425</pre>
426
427</body>
428</subsection>
429<subsection>
403<title>System Information</title> 430<title>System Information</title>
404<body> 431<body>
405 432
406<p> 433<p>
407Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 434Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
430to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 457to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
431</p> 458</p>
432 459
433<p> 460<p>
434When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 461When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
435continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 462continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
463Tools</uri>.
436</p> 464</p>
437 465
438</body> 466</body>
467</subsection>
439</section> 468</section>
440</sections> 469</sections>

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