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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.36 2004/07/09 11:24:20 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.46 2004/09/11 13:34:53 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
15 15
16<p> 16<p>
17Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 17Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
18<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 18<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions
19(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 19(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
20(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 20and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
21etc.). 21them or not, etc.)
22</p> 22</p>
23 23
24</body> 24</body>
25</subsection> 25</subsection>
26<subsection> 26<subsection>
57</li> 57</li>
58<li> 58<li>
59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which 59 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. 60 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> 61 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
62 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary). 62 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
63</li> 63</li>
64</ul> 64</ul>
65 65
66<p> 66<p>
67The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is no valid fstab
67So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 68file</e>, so start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
68<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 69<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
69</p> 70</p>
70 71
71<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 72<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
72# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 73# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2 89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre> 90</pre>
90 91
91<p> 92<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted 93Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with 94automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition 95substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
95every time you want to use it. 96manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
96</p> 97</p>
97 98
98<p> 99<p>
99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 100Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 101option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 102aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
102</p> 103</p>
103 104
104<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 105<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
105/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 106/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
106</pre> 107</pre>
107 108
108<p> 109<p>
109If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 110If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
110<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 111<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
111</p> 112</p>
112 113
113<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 114<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
114/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 115/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
115/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 116/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
116/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 117/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
117</pre> 118</pre>
118 119
119<p> 120<p>
252<p> 253<p>
253If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 254If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
254to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>. 255to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
255If you need to setup your network manually and you're 256If you need to setup your network manually and you're
256not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 257not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
257link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 258link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#network_term">Understanding Network
258Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 259Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
259</p> 260</p>
260 261
261<p> 262<p>
262So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static 263So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
266</p> 267</p>
267 268
268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 269<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment> 270<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
270iface_eth0="dhcp" 271iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment>Some network admins require that you use the</comment> 272<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment>hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment> 273<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment>In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment> 274<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment>That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment> 275<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD" 276dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment>If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment> 277<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment>the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment> 278<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N" 279dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
279 280
280<comment>(For static IP)</comment> 281<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 282iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 283gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
300<subsection> 301<subsection>
301<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 302<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
302<body> 303<body>
303 304
304<p> 305<p>
305To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 306To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
306default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 307default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as
307the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script. 308the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
308</p> 309</p>
309 310
310<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 311<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 350192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
350</pre> 351</pre>
351 352
352<p> 353<p>
353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 354If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
354resolution) a single line is sufficient: 355resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
356system <c>tux.homenetwork</c>:
355</p> 357</p>
356 358
357<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 359<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
358127.0.0.1 localhost 360127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
359</pre> 361</pre>
360 362
361<p> 363<p>
362Save and exit the editor to continue. 364Save and exit the editor to continue.
363</p> 365</p>
377<note> 379<note>
378pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms. 380pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
379</note> 381</note>
380 382
381<p> 383<p>
382PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The 384PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also
383<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment: 385includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
386using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
387to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
384</p> 388</p>
385 389
386<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 390<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
387# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 391# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
388</pre> 392</pre>
398 402
399</body> 403</body>
400</subsection> 404</subsection>
401</section> 405</section>
402<section> 406<section>
407<title>System Information</title>
408<subsection>
409<title>Root Password</title>
410<body>
411
412<p>
413First we set the root password by typing:
414</p>
415
416<pre caption="Setting the root password">
417# <i>passwd</i>
418</pre>
419
420<p>
421If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
422<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
423</p>
424
425<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
426# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
427</pre>
428
429</body>
430</subsection>
431<subsection>
403<title>System Information</title> 432<title>System Information</title>
404<body> 433<body>
405 434
406<p> 435<p>
407Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 436Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
430to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 459to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
431</p> 460</p>
432 461
433<p> 462<p>
434When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 463When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
435continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 464continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
465Tools</uri>.
436</p> 466</p>
437 467
438</body> 468</body>
469</subsection>
439</section> 470</section>
440</sections> 471</sections>

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