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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.26 2004/02/23 16:40:12 vapier Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.39 2004/08/01 11:20:51 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
73</pre> 73</pre>
74 74
75<p> 75<p>
76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 76Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 77partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
78<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim.
79</p> 79</p>
80 80
81<p> 81<p>
82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
84be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 84It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
85would write down:
86</p> 85</p>
87 86
88<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 87<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre>
90
91<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition
95every time you want to use it.
90</pre> 96</p>
91 97
92<p> 98<p>
93Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
94option as a mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
95aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
96</p> 102</p>
97 103
98<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 104<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
99/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 105/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
133<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 139<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
134</p> 140</p>
135 141
136<p> 142<p>
137Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 143Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
138SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 144<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
145<path>/etc/fstab</path>
139too: 146too:
140</p> 147</p>
141 148
142<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 149<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
143none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 150none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
150<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 157<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
151none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0 158none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
152</pre> 159</pre>
153 160
154<p> 161<p>
155Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 162Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
156</p> 163</p>
157 164
158</body> 165</body>
159</subsection> 166</subsection>
160</section> 167</section>
163<subsection> 170<subsection>
164<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 171<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
165<body> 172<body>
166 173
167<p> 174<p>
168One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 175One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
169easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 176quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
170name for their Linux PC. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 177appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
171be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 178choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
172<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 179<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
173</p> 180</p>
174 181
175<p> 182<p>
176We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 183We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
211<title>Configuring your Network</title> 218<title>Configuring your Network</title>
212<body> 219<body>
213 220
214<p> 221<p>
215Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 222Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
216that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was 223that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was
217just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 224just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
218your Gentoo system permanently. 225your Gentoo system permanently.
219</p> 226</p>
220 227
221<p> 228<p>
257gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for 264gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
258rp-pppoe usage: 265rp-pppoe usage:
259</p> 266</p>
260 267
261<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
262<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment> 269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
263iface_eth0="dhcp" 270iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
264 279
265<comment>(For static IP:)</comment> 280<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
266iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
267gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
268 283
269<comment>(For rp-pppoe:)</comment> 284<comment>(For rp-pppoe)</comment>
270iface_eth0="up" 285iface_eth0="up"
271</pre> 286</pre>
272 287
273<p> 288<p>
274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 289If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
334192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
335</pre> 350</pre>
336 351
337<p> 352<p>
338If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
339resolution) a single line is sufficient: 354resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
355system <c>tux.homenetwork</c>:
340</p> 356</p>
341 357
342<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 358<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
343127.0.0.1 localhost tux 359127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
344</pre> 360</pre>
345 361
346<p> 362<p>
347Save and exit the editor to continue. 363Save and exit the editor to continue.
348</p> 364</p>
357</subsection> 373</subsection>
358<subsection> 374<subsection>
359<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 375<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
360<body> 376<body>
361 377
378<note>
379pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
380</note>
381
362<p> 382<p>
363PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 383PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
384<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
364</p> 385</p>
365 386
366<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 387<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
367# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 388# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
368</pre> 389</pre>
369 390
370<p> 391<p>
371When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e> 392When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
372runlevel: 393runlevel:
398you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 419you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on
399your keyboard. 420your keyboard.
400</p> 421</p>
401 422
402<note> 423<note>
403Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 424Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
404keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 425select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
405</note> 426</note>
427
428<p>
429<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
430ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
431to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
432</p>
406 433
407<p> 434<p>
408When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 435When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then
409continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 436continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>.
410</p> 437</p>

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