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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.32 2004/03/29 19:11:27 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.39 2004/08/01 11:20:51 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section> 10<section>
11<title>Filesystem Information</title> 11<title>Filesystem Information</title>
12<subsection> 12<subsection>
78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim. 78<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim.
79</p> 79</p>
80 80
81<p> 81<p>
82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 82In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 83<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
84be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 84It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
85would write down:
86</p> 85</p>
87 86
88<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 87<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
89/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 88/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
89</pre>
90
91<p>
92Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
93automatically. Those people should substitute <c>defaults</c> with
94<c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to manually mount this partition
95every time you want to use it.
90</pre> 96</p>
91 97
92<p> 98<p>
93Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 99Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
94option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 100option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
95aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 101aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
151<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 157<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
152none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0 158none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
153</pre> 159</pre>
154 160
155<p> 161<p>
156Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 162Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
157</p> 163</p>
158 164
159</body> 165</body>
160</subsection> 166</subsection>
161</section> 167</section>
164<subsection> 170<subsection>
165<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 171<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
166<body> 172<body>
167 173
168<p> 174<p>
169One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 175One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
170easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 176quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
171name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 177appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
172be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 178choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
173<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 179<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
174</p> 180</p>
175 181
176<p> 182<p>
177We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 183We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
260</p> 266</p>
261 267
262<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 268<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
263<comment>(For DHCP)</comment> 269<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
264iface_eth0="dhcp" 270iface_eth0="dhcp"
271<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
272<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
273<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
274<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
275dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
276<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
277<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
278dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
265 279
266<comment>(For static IP)</comment> 280<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
267iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0" 281iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
268gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1" 282gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
269 283
335192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux 349192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
336</pre> 350</pre>
337 351
338<p> 352<p>
339If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 353If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
340resolution) a single line is sufficient: 354resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
355system <c>tux.homenetwork</c>:
341</p> 356</p>
342 357
343<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 358<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
344127.0.0.1 localhost 359127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
345</pre> 360</pre>
346 361
347<p> 362<p>
348Save and exit the editor to continue. 363Save and exit the editor to continue.
349</p> 364</p>
364pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms. 379pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
365</note> 380</note>
366 381
367<p> 382<p>
368PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The 383PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. The
369<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing XFree86 at this moment: 384<c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
370</p> 385</p>
371 386
372<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 387<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
373# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 388# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
374</pre> 389</pre>

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