/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.62 2005/06/09 07:16:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.68 2005/06/24 19:38:00 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.4</version> 11<version>2.9</version>
12<date>2005-06-09</date> 12<date>2005-06-24</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
179<p> 179<p>
180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
181</p> 181</p>
182 182
183<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 183<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
184# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 184# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
185
186<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
187HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
185</pre> 188</pre>
186 189
187<p> 190<p>
188Second we set the domainname: 191Second we set the domainname:
189</p> 192</p>
190 193
191<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 194<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
192# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
196
197<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
198DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
193</pre> 199</pre>
194 200
195<p> 201<p>
196If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 202If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
197one), you need to define that one too: 203one), you need to define that one too:
198</p> 204</p>
199 205
200<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 206<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
201# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
208
209<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
210NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
202</pre> 211</pre>
203 212
204<p> 213<p>
205Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 214Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
206</p> 215</p>
215<title>Configuring your Network</title> 224<title>Configuring your Network</title>
216<body> 225<body>
217 226
218<p> 227<p>
219Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 228Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 229that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 230just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
222your Gentoo system permanently. 231your Gentoo system permanently.
223</p> 232</p>
233
234<note>
235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
236bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
238</note>
224 239
225<p> 240<p>
226All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
227a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
228networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :)
238</pre> 253</pre>
239 254
240<p> 255<p>
241The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 256The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably
242imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface 257imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface
243needs to automatically obtain an IP through DHCP, you should set it like so: 258needs to automatically obtain an IP address through DHCP, you should set it
259like so:
244</p> 260</p>
245 261
246<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP for eth0"> 262<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
247config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 263config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
248</pre> 264</pre>
249 265
250<p> 266<p>
251However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 267However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
410<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 426<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
411# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 427# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
412</pre> 428</pre>
413 429
414<p> 430<p>
431When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
432</p>
433
434<p>
415As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 435As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
416configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 436configuration variables. Among other settings, you can configure your console
417you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 437fonts, your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
418your keyboard. 438</p>
439
440<p>
441Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
442Edit it to configure your keyboard.
443</p>
444
445<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
446# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
447</pre>
448
449<p>
450Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
451<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
419</p> 452</p>
420 453
421<note> 454<note>
422Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 455Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
423select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 456select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
424</note> 457</note>
425 458
426<p> 459<p>
427<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use 460<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
428ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 461ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
429to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 462to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
463</p>
464
430</p> 465<p>
466When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
467exit.
468</p>
469
470<p>
471Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
472according to your needs.
473</p>
474
475<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
476# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
477</pre>
431 478
432<p> 479<p>
433If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 480If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
434the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 481the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
435</p> 482</p>
436 483
437<p> 484<p>
438When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 485When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
486exit.
439</p> 487</p>
440 488
441<p> 489<p>
442If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 490If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with
443<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 491<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.

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