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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.62 2005/06/09 07:16:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.69 2005/06/28 12:28:00 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.4</version> 11<version>2.10</version>
12<date>2005-06-09</date> 12<date>2005-06-28</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
179<p> 179<p>
180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
181</p> 181</p>
182 182
183<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 183<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
184# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 184# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
185
186<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
187HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
185</pre> 188</pre>
186 189
187<p> 190<p>
188Second we set the domainname: 191Second we set the domainname:
189</p> 192</p>
190 193
191<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 194<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
192# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
196
197<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
198DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
193</pre> 199</pre>
194 200
195<p> 201<p>
196If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 202If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
197one), you need to define that one too: 203one), you need to define that one too:
198</p> 204</p>
199 205
200<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 206<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
201# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
208
209<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
210NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
202</pre> 211</pre>
203 212
204<p> 213<p>
205Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 214Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
206</p> 215</p>
215<title>Configuring your Network</title> 224<title>Configuring your Network</title>
216<body> 225<body>
217 226
218<p> 227<p>
219Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 228Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 229that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 230just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
222your Gentoo system permanently. 231your Gentoo system permanently.
223</p> 232</p>
224 233
234<note>
235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
236bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
238</note>
239
225<p> 240<p>
226All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
227a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
228networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
229</p> 244commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
230 245<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
231<p> 246</p>
247
248<p>
249DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
250</p>
251
252<p>
253If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
254specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
232First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 255<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
233is used in this example): 256this example):
234</p> 257</p>
235 258
236<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 259<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
237# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 260# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
238</pre> 261</pre>
239 262
240<p> 263<p>
241The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 264You will see the following file:
242imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface
243needs to automatically obtain an IP through DHCP, you should set it like so:
244</p>
245
246<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP for eth0">
247config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
248</pre>
249
250<p> 265</p>
266
267<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
268# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
269# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
270# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
271# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
272</pre>
273
274<p>
251However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 275To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
252to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 276to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
253</p> 277</p>
254 278
255<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 279<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
256config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" ) 280config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" )
257routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" ) 281routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
258</pre> 282</pre>
283
284<p>
285To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
286<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
287</p>
288
289<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
290config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
291dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
292</pre>
293
294<p>
295Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
296options.
297</p>
259 298
260<p> 299<p>
261If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 300If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
262<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 301<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
263</p> 302</p>
410<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 449<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
411# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 450# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
412</pre> 451</pre>
413 452
414<p> 453<p>
454When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
455</p>
456
457<p>
415As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 458As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
416configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 459configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
417you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 460define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
418your keyboard. 461</p>
462
463<p>
464Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
465Edit it to configure your keyboard.
466</p>
467
468<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
469# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
470</pre>
471
472<p>
473Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
474<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
419</p> 475</p>
420 476
421<note> 477<note>
422Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 478Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
423select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 479select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
424</note> 480</note>
425 481
426<p> 482<p>
427<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use 483<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
428ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 484ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
429to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 485to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
486</p>
487
430</p> 488<p>
489When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
490exit.
491</p>
492
493<p>
494Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
495according to your needs.
496</p>
497
498<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
499# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
500</pre>
431 501
432<p> 502<p>
433If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 503If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
434the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 504the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
435</p> 505</p>
436 506
437<p> 507<p>
438When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 508When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
509exit.
439</p> 510</p>
440 511
441<p> 512<p>
442If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 513If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with
443<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 514<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
452<note> 523<note>
453The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 524The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms.
454</note> 525</note>
455 526
456<p> 527<p>
457If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment 528If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment the
458the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt. 529hvc line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the virtual console to spawn a login
530prompt.
459</p> 531</p>
460 532
461<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab"> 533<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab">
462hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220 534hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220
463</pre> 535</pre>

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