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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.62 2005/06/09 07:16:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.75 2006/02/27 00:55:34 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.4</version> 11<version>2.17</version>
12<date>2005-06-09</date> 12<date>2006-02-27</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
78</pre> 78</pre>
79 79
80<p> 80<p>
81Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 81Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
82partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 82partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
83<path>/boot</path> partition (such as <b>PPC</b>), don't copy it verbatim. 83<path>/boot</path> partition (such as Apple <b>PPC</b> machines), don't copy it
84verbatim.
84</p> 85</p>
85 86
86<p> 87<p>
87In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 88In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
88<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. 89<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
179<p> 180<p>
180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 181We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
181</p> 182</p>
182 183
183<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 184<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
184# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 185# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
186
187<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
188HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
185</pre> 189</pre>
186 190
187<p> 191<p>
188Second we set the domainname: 192Second we set the domainname:
189</p> 193</p>
190 194
191<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 195<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
192# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 196# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
197
198<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
199DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
193</pre> 200</pre>
194 201
195<p> 202<p>
196If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 203If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
197one), you need to define that one too: 204one), you need to define that one too:
198</p> 205</p>
199 206
200<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 207<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
201# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 208# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
209
210<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
211NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
202</pre> 212</pre>
203 213
204<p> 214<p>
205Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 215Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
206</p> 216</p>
215<title>Configuring your Network</title> 225<title>Configuring your Network</title>
216<body> 226<body>
217 227
218<p> 228<p>
219Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 229Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 230that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 231just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
222your Gentoo system permanently. 232your Gentoo system permanently.
223</p> 233</p>
224 234
235<note>
236More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
237bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
238link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
239</note>
240
225<p> 241<p>
226All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 242All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
227a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 243a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
228networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 244networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
229</p> 245commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
230 246<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
231<p> 247</p>
248
249<p>
250DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
251</p>
252
253<p>
254If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
255specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
232First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 256<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
233is used in this example): 257this example):
234</p> 258</p>
235 259
236<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 260<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
237# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 261# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
238</pre> 262</pre>
239 263
240<p> 264<p>
241The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 265You will see the following file:
242imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface 266</p>
243needs to automatically obtain an IP through DHCP, you should set it like so: 267
268<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
269# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
270# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
271# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
272# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
273</pre>
274
244</p> 275<p>
276To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
277to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
278</p>
245 279
280<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
281config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
282routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
283</pre>
284
285<p>
286To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
287<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
288</p>
289
246<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP for eth0"> 290<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
247config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 291config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
292dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
248</pre> 293</pre>
249 294
250<p>
251However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
252to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
253</p> 295<p>
254 296Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
255<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 297options.
256config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" )
257routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
258</pre> 298</p>
259 299
260<p> 300<p>
261If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 301If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
262<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 302<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
263</p> 303</p>
410<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 450<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
411# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 451# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
412</pre> 452</pre>
413 453
414<p> 454<p>
455When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
456</p>
457
458<p>
415As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 459As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
416configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 460configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
417you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 461define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
418your keyboard. 462</p>
463
464<p>
465Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
466Edit it to configure your keyboard.
467</p>
468
469<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
470# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
471</pre>
472
473<p>
474Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
475<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
419</p> 476</p>
420 477
421<note> 478<note>
422Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 479Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
423select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 480select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
481keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
482have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
483keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
424</note> 484</note>
425 485
426<p> 486<p>
427<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use 487When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
428ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 488exit.
429to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 489</p>
490
430</p> 491<p>
492Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
493according to your needs.
494</p>
495
496<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
497# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
498</pre>
431 499
432<p> 500<p>
433If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 501If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
434the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 502the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. Furthermore, Windows
435</p> 503assumes that your hardware clock uses local time, so if you want to dualboot,
436 504you should set this variable appropriately, otherwise your clock will go crazy.
437<p> 505</p>
506
507<p>
438When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 508When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
439</p> 509exit.
440
441<p> 510</p>
511
512<p>
442If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 513If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
443<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 514<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
444</p> 515</p>
445 516
446</body> 517</body>
447</subsection> 518</subsection>
448<subsection> 519<subsection>
449<title>Configuring the Console</title> 520<title>Configuring the Console</title>
450<body> 521<body>
451 522
452<note> 523<note>
453The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 524The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
454</note> 525</note>
455 526
456<p> 527<p>
457If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment 528If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
458the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt. 529you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
530virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
459</p> 531</p>
460 532
461<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab"> 533<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
462hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220 534hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
535hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
536</pre>
537
538<p>
539You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
540listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
463</pre> 541</p>
464 542
465<p> 543<p>
466You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary 544You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
467System Tools</uri>. 545System Tools</uri>.
468</p> 546</p>

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